Renaissance dating

With a history dating back 3,100 years, the ancient city of Xi'an offers the opportunity to experience the birthplace of Chinese culture through a modern lens. Renaissance Xi'an Hotel is an authentic destination for Social Discoverers, addressing the needs and tastes of forward-thinking travelers while shining a light on the past. Renaissance is a French word meaning “rebirth.” It refers to a period in European civilization that was marked by a revival of Classical learning and wisdom. The Renaissance saw many contributions to different fields, including new scientific laws, new forms of art and architecture, and new religious and political ideas. Renaissance faire dating sites VICE Canada has a Newsletter. I would never willingly infect someone. Of course, I usually only practice safer sex, but there is still that fear. When fairs discovered that AIDS was caused by the HIV virus, guidelines for having safer sex were emphasized that reduced the risk of sexually transmitting the virus. Courting was a much more formal than dating. It was a long and somewhat strict procedure. Partners were chosen more so on how much money they owned and their social status. Dating is much more casual and is more or less based on love. Courting in the Renaissance Era Who Was Romance during the Age of Renaissance. During the age of the Renaissance, the Europeans perceive love and marriage as two essential parts of life. However, they are viewed very differently from each other. Love was described as a powerful force, like a magnet, that draws two people together both spiritually and sexually. Renaissance Dating is part of the dating network, which includes many other general and larp dating sites. As a member of Renaissance Dating, your profile will automatically be shown on related larp dating sites or to related users in the network at no additional charge. For more information on how this works, click here. The Dating Renaissance. David Friedman, C.S.W. Body Positive. Nov. 1, 1997. There is a relatively new phenomenon sweeping the current social scene: dating. Dating seems to be appealing to ... Renaissance dating site – If you are a middle-aged man looking to have a good time dating man half your age, this advertisement is for you. Is the number one destination for online dating with more marriages than any other dating or personals site. Louis Airport Hotel see 9. Avalon Exchange is located in the Delmar Loop shopping and ... Renaissance's best FREE dating site! 100% Free Online Dating for Renaissance Singles at Mingle2.com. Our free personal ads are full of single women and men in Renaissance looking for serious relationships, a little online flirtation, or new friends to go out with. Start meeting singles in Renaissance today with our free online personals and free Renaissance chat!

Polyphony and medieval music

2012.02.17 20:21 Garrulus Polyphony and medieval music

[link]


2017.04.12 01:07 critfist A place to learn ancient cookery

Welcome to /ArchaicCooking. This is a subreddit for those interested in learning to cook and discuss the food of the past. Subjects can range anywhere from ancient Roman cookery to the delights of 1700's London. Generally, nothing from the 1800's and above.
[link]


2014.03.12 23:41 fallingwhale06 conspiracy theories dating back to 5th century BC

These can be conspiracy theories dating anytime from Pre-history to the Renaissance. They don't all have to be ancient really, I just wanted the subreddit to have a cool name. Also, If you want to make up your own conspiracy theory, feel free do do so.
[link]


2020.09.20 18:06 cmbwriting I Met a Man from my Night Terrors

This story spans many years of my life, starting at age 4. To kick it off, I'd like to say that my whole life I have been plagued with night terrors, strange but accurate premonitions, and seeing things that others don't (but I am not diagnosed with Schizophrenia, despite having discussed the possibility with a psychiatrist).
Staring at the age of four, I had the same night terror multiple times a week. This wasn't a nightmare, it was much worse. I could feel everything I'm extreme detail, including the ending of the dream: me getting stabbed in the stomach with a dagger. I could feel this to the level where I would wake up screaming, crying, and sometimes physically paralyzed in pain. When I was seven years old, this paralysis was so bad that my family had to take me to the hospital. I ended up suffering a pain induced seizure from how bad it hurt.
This night terror was weird, because unlike things I see, it was realistic. It seemed real. It went like this. I was sat in the back of my dad's Izuzu Trooper in our driveway, which is quite secluded from everywhere around us. My sister (three years older than me) would hop into the car beside me. My mother would get into the front seat. Then my father would approach the car, but before he could get to it, a surreally large man (around seven or so feet tall) who was extremely muscular, with tan skin, long black dreadlocks, and bright blue eyes would stab him sideways through the neck. The man would then walk up and sit in the driver's seat of our car. With one quick motion, he would slit the throat or my mother and turn to my sister and I. With a massive smile on his face, he would always say the same thing, even though it makes no sense to me, "I think I like this more than you," he would say, marveling at the dagger in his hand. He would proceed to stab my sister multiple times, covering me in warm blood, which I swear I could feel, and then he would stab me in the stomach, and I would wake up screaming in agony and terror.
There are lots of weird things about this dream that happened over the years. When I was eleven, my father bought me a present from the Renaissance Festival. A dagger. A dagger that looked exactly like the one from my sketches of my night terror. A pentacle (not a pentagram) with the point facing the blade and an iron cross on the hilt with a red gem in it. Since my dad got me it, I slept with it next to my bed, and somehow the terrors stopped. It was weird. But there's more.
The first time I remember meeting the Goliath seen in my dream was when I was seven, a week or two after the time I had to go to hospital. We were in a Safeway and he was pushing a cart. I started crying, in public, out of pure fear. I'd told my dad about everything from my dreams, and he saw the man, and since I was a kid he just directed me away from him and said "Don't worry, this isn't a dream." The next time I met the man was truly terrifying and scarring for me.
I was twelve years old, my dad and I were going to Safeway again to get food. We got out of our car (the Trooper still) when I man yelled "Get back in the car!" I threw myself back into the car, and my dad and I saw, at the same time, a police officer with a gun pointed past us. We both ducked in the car and looked out the window, and there he was. The same damn Goliath of a man. Piercing blue eyes, dark tan skin, long black dreads, and built like a house. In his hand was a pistol, which he fired aimlessly at the police. My dad and I witnessed this man be shot multiple times by the police. As a twelve year old, that was scarring, and I can still see it in detail until this day. But even my dad says it looked exactly like the man from my dreams. But he was dead. He was gone. Right in front of my eyes.
Fast forward to a few months ago, I'm 18, my sister moved to Canada for college. I've been free of almost all of my strange instances for two years now (no weird premonitions, I haven't had sleep paralysis, hadn't seen anything that wasn't there, and no night terrors). One night, the dream came back. It was scarier than ever though. My sister was still seven years old in it, but my parents and I had aged. And the man? Covered in blood, it was matted in his hair, splashed all over his face, torso, arms, everything. He had three bullet holes in his chest, but he was walking. And he did the same things. Killed my dad. Killed my mom. Then he looked at me. He looked me in the eyes and said "I'm not dead yet. I think I still like this more than you." He proceeded to kill my sister, then me. And I woke up paralyzed, in agony, and covered in tears.
Fast forward to two weeks ago. I was at the same Safeway as previously mentioned, but I'd driven there myself now. I'm able to, I was just buying lunch for my family. But there he was. Sitting outside, smoking. He and I made direct eye contact, at which point he stood up startlingly fast. Let's just say I booked it out of there and have not gone to that place since. I don't know what that man is. I don't even know if he's real. Anyone have any ideas?
Just a note: u first poster this to nosleep, and this is a copy of that post so some of the dates are off by a bit.
submitted by cmbwriting to Unexplained [link] [comments]


2020.09.19 09:33 edufiorivan Procession for sacrifice to Apollo (crater with red figures, Spina Valle Pega Tomb 57C, Kleophon painter, 430 BC)

Procession for sacrifice to Apollo (crater with red figures, Spina Valle Pega Tomb 57C, Kleophon painter, 430 BC)
Perhaps Spina's best known vase has the burden and the honor of introducing the public to the new exhibition section of the National Archaeological Museum of Ferrara. The famous Attic red-figure volute krater by the Kleophon Painter, who stands proudly and singly in the Hall of Geographic Maps, is the extraordinary testimonial of what awaits visitors in the eight adjoining rooms: almost 550 finds, many of which are simply unique, that reasons of space and opportunity had hitherto deprived the case of the limelight.

https://preview.redd.it/m8u974ai42o51.png?width=1632&format=png&auto=webp&s=e05a7690b06fd71b6c0955b1750c957732449a51
Treasures not exhibited but certainly not unpublished: their fame precedes them for almost a century. The Attic red-figure vases - including the volute krater from tomb 57C in Valle Pega, the chalice-shaped one from tomb 313 in Valle Trebba, the hydria from tomb 325 in Valle Pega by the Niobid Painter, the amphora from tomb 422 di Valle Trebba- or the amazing group of 20 fish dishes are widely published masterpieces, known to scholars of every latitude. Yet, at least so far, never permanently exposed. Like karst rivers, they periodically re-emerged on the occasion of thematic exhibitions or for study needs, and then disappeared again in the deposits, waiting for their own place in the sun. And finally that day has come.It took years to carry out the structural works necessary for the conservation of the envelope and the restoration of the rooms on the noble floor of a building, Palazzo Costabili, known as Ludovico il Moro, which is certainly a Renaissance jewel but for this reason not intended to host a museum, with offices and laboratories. The National Archaeological Museum of Ferrara doubles and, after long works, finally opens to the public the rooms on the main floor adjacent to the hall known as the Geographic Maps, with vaulted ceilings and coffered ceilings, fireplaces and tasteful stuccoes baroque dating back to the eighteenth-century modifications.with offices and laboratories.
Follow MANFE, the National Archaeological Museum of Ferrara, on Facebook and Instagram!
submitted by edufiorivan to Archaeology [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 19:54 Brother_Moloch_969 List of Academic Resources for Pre-1800's Magic & Sorcery (Books, Websites, Blogs & Etc.)

Cross-posted from Magick.
Greetings. Several years ago, I along with some friends (Aaron Leitch, Jake Stratton-Kent, Frater Rufus Opus, and many others) contributed to a list we thought would be a great resource for studying Magic & Sorcery with academic elements listed prior to the 1800's new age movement. Here you will find a lot of useful information and realize this list is NOT complete because since the time we created this list, more academic material has emerged on the market. Also realize these books are not often found free on the Net in pdf form so you will have to do like the rest of us had to do which is purchase them - if you want them. I got many of these books in used condition from Amazon, AbeBooks, Half-Price Books, and so forth. Getting these materials & studying them will seriously up your magical game. Enjoy!
8o) Br Moloch 9.6.9.
Books:
  1. The Greek Magical Papyri in Translation: Including the Demotic Spells: Texts (Volume 1)” by Hans Dieter Betz - This is a collection of magical spells and formulas, hymns, and rituals from Greco-Roman Egypt, dating from the second century B.C. to the fifth century A.D. A must read.
  2. Curse Tablets and Binding Spells from the Ancient World” edited by John G. Gager - In the ancient Greco-Roman world, it was common practice to curse or bind an enemy or rival by writing an incantation on a tablet and dedicating it to a god or spirit. These curses or binding spells, commonly called defixiones were intended to bring other people under the power and control of those who commissioned them
  3. Magika Hiera: Ancient Greek Magic and Religion” edited by Christopher A. Faraone & Dirk Obbink - This collection challenges the tendency among scholars of ancient Greece to see magical and religious ritual as mutually exclusive and to ignore "magical" practices in Greek religion. The contributors survey specific bodies of archaeological, epigraphical, and papyrological evidence for magical practices in the Greek world, and, in each case, determine whether the traditional dichotomy between magic and religion helps in any way to conceptualize the objective features of the evidence examined.
  4. Arcana Mundi: Magic and the Occult in the Greek and Roman Worlds: A Collection of Ancient Texts” by Georg Luck - Magic, miracles, daemonology, divination, astrology, and alchemy were the arcana mundi, the "secrets of the universe," of the ancient Greeks and Romans. In this path-breaking collection of Greek and Roman writings on magic and the occult, Georg Luck provides a comprehensive sourcebook and introduction to magic as it was practiced by witches and sorcerers, magi and astrologers, in the Greek and Roman worlds.
  5. Greek and Roman Necromancy” by Daniel Ogden - In classical antiquity, there was much interest in necromancy--the consultation of the dead for divination. People could seek knowledge from the dead by sleeping on tombs, visiting oracles, and attempting to reanimate corpses and skulls. Ranging over many of the lands in which Greek and Roman civilizations flourished, including Egypt, from the Greek archaic period through the late Roman empire, this book is the first comprehensive survey of the subject ever published in any language.
  6. Forbidden Rites: A Necromancer's Manual of the Fifteenth Century” by Richard Kieckhefer - Like many medieval texts for the use of magicians, this handbook is a miscellany rather than a systematic treatise. It is exceptional, however, in the scope and variety of its contents—prayers and conjurations, rituals of sympathetic magic, procedures involving astral magic, a catalogue of spirits, lengthy ceremonies for consecrating a book of magic, and other materials.
  7. Ritual Magic” by Elizabeth M. Butler - In this classic book (first published in 1949), Butler explores ritual magic using a wide range of texts from the pre-Christian rites of the Akkadians and Chaldeans to the Solomonic Clavicles of medieval Europe. Throughout, there is extensive quotation from the documents themselves, providing the reader with an authentic sense of the richness and power of these texts.
  8. Conjuring Spirits: Texts and Traditions of Medieval Ritual Magic” edited by Claire Fanger - Included are chapters by Richard Kieckhefer and Robert Mathiesen on the Sworn Book of Honorius, Michael Camille on the Ars Notoria, John B. Friedman on the Secretum Philosophorum, Nicholas Watson on the McMaster text, and Elizabeth Wade on Lullian divination. The work also includes Juris Lidaka's edition of the Liber de Angelis, and an overview of late medieval English ritual manuscripts by Frank Klaassen.
  9. The Fortunes of Faust” by Elizabeth M. Butler - Butler follows the magic tradition of the Magus—the priest-king—and its reformulation in the Christian world. In the process, the Magus was transformed into a wicked sorcerer who comes to a bad end in this world and a worse one hereafter. This conception, which gained ground in the Middle Ages, received its most categorical statement in the Faust legend.
  10. The Goetia of Dr. Rudd” by David Rankine & Stephen Skinner - The Goetia of Dr. Rudd explains how the 72 angels of the Shemhamphorash are used to evoke and safely bind demons—material that has not been made available in any previous edition. This rare volume contains a transcription of a hitherto unpublished manuscript of the Lemegeton and includes illustrations drawn from rare manuscripts held in the British Library.
  11. The Complete Magician’s Tables” by Stephen Skinner - The sources of this remarkable compilation range from classic grimoires such as the Sworn Book to modern theories of prime numbers and atomic weights. Data from Peter de Abano, Abbott Trithemium, Albertus Magnus, Cornelius Agrippa, and other prominent scholars is referenced here, in addition to hidden gems found in unpublished medieval grimoires and Kabbalistic works.
  12. The Keys to the Gateway of Magic: Summoning the Solomonic Archangels and Demon Princes” by Stephen Skinner & David Rankine - This classic text of the Nine Great Keys details the invocation of the Archangels, the full hierarchy of spiritual beings (including Olympic Spirits and Elementals) and the evocation of the four Demon Princes
  13. Three Books of Occult Philosophy” by Henry Cornelius Agrippa & edited by Donald Tyson - How magicians collect virtues from the three-fold World, is declared in these three books. Seeing there is a three-fold World, Elementary, Celestial, and Intellectual, and every inferior is governed by its superior. Indispensable.
  14. The Complete Picatrix: The Occult Classic Of Astrological Magic Liber Atratus” translated by John Michael Greer & Christopher Warnock - The Picatrix is the most famous grimoire of astrological magic and one of the most important works of medieval and Renaissance magic. With all four books of the Latin Picatrix complete in one volume, the Picatrix is an encyclopedic work with over 300 pages of Hermetic magical philosophy, ritual, talismanic and natural magic.
  15. Secrets of the Magical Grimoires Revealed” by Aaron Leitch - The magickal methods and esoteric knowledge of medieval Europe (476 to 1453 C.E.) form the ancestral backbone of modern ceremonial magick. To understand medieval magick, it’s necessary to know the primary repositories of this knowledge - the grimoires of spells, incantations, and ritual instructions for working with angels and conjuring spirits. And to understand the grimoires, you must delve into the life and times of the magicians who wrote them.
  16. The True Grimoire” by Jake Kent-Stratton - The True Grimoire is a major contribution to the practice and study of Goetic magic. The neglected Grimorium Verum has been restored to it's rightful place as a potent and coherent system of Goetic magic. Jake Stratton-Kent has reconstructed a working version from the corrupted Italian and French versions of this important grimoire.
  17. Geosophia: The Argo of Magic” by Jake Stratton-Kent - Geosophia traces the development of magic from the Greeks to the grimoires, laying bare the chthonic roots of goetic ritual. By exposing the necromantic origins of much of modern magic we are able to reconnect with the source of our ritual tradition. There is a continuity of practice in the West which encompasses the pre-Olympian cults of Dionysus and Cybele, is found in the Greek Magical Papyri and Picatrix and flows into the grimoires.
  18. "Ancient Christian Magic: Coptic Texts of Ritual Power" by Marvin W. Meyer & Richard Smith - This provocative collection of rites, spells, amulets, curses, and recipes of the early Coptic Christians documents Christianity as a living folk religion resembling other popular belief systems - something quite different from what theological and doctrinal traditions have led us to believe.
  19. Invoking Angels: Theurgic Ideas and Practices, Thirteenth to Sixteenth Centuries” edited by Claire Fanger - Bring0s together a tightly themed collection of essays on late medieval and early modern texts concerned with the role of angels in the cosmos, focusing on angelic rituals and spiritual cosmologies. Collectively, these essays tie medieval angel magic texts more clearly to medieval religion and to the better-known author-magicians of the early modern period.
  20. The Testament of Cyprian the Mage” by Jake Stratton-Kent - An ambitious and far-seeing work, addressing two ends of the magical spectrum: the Testament of Solomon and one version of the Iberian Book of Saint Cyprian. In doing so, key aspects of magical practice are revealed. This work draws upon these texts to create a clear understanding of the practice of grimoire magic, not as a discrete or degenerate subset of ceremonial magic, but one which is integrated with folk magic and witchcraft.
  21. Veritable Key of Solomon” by Stephen Skinner & David Rankine - Based on one of the best-known grimoires of the Western world, The Veritable Key of Solomon presents all aspects of this revered magical system in one impressive source.
  22. The Magical Treatise of Solomon, or Hygromanteia” by Ioannis Marathakis - The true source of the Key of Solomon, it is arguably the most significant magical text in the world. For the first time ever, this extraordinary work has been translated from the original Greek into English.
  23. Magic, Witchcraft and Ghosts in the Greek and Roman World: A Sourcebook” by Daniel Ogden - Contains three hundred texts in new translations, along with brief but explicit commentaries. Alongside descriptions of sorcerers, witches, and ghosts in the works of ancient writers, it reproduces curse tablets, spells from ancient magical recipe books, and inscriptions from magical amulets.
  24. Ancient Jewish Magic: A History” by Gideon Bohak - Gives a pioneering account of the broad history of ancient Jewish magic, from the Second Temple to the rabbinic period. It is based both on ancient magicians' own compositions and products in Aramaic, Hebrew and Greek, and on the descriptions and prescriptions of non-magicians, to reconstruct a historical picture that is as balanced and nuanced as possible.
  25. John Dee's Natural Philosophy: Between Science and Religion” by Nicholas Clulee - Thoroughly examining Dee’s natural philosophy, this book provides a balanced evaluation of his place, and the role of the occult, in sixteenth-century intellectual history. It brings together insights from a study of Dee’s writings, the available biographical material, and his sources as reflected in his extensive library and, more importantly, numerous surviving annotated volumes from it.
  26. Grimoires: A History of Magic Books” by Owen Davies - Put simply, grimoires are books of spells that were first recorded in the Ancient Middle East and which have developed and spread across much of the Western Hemisphere and beyond over the ensuing millennia. At their most benign, they contain charms and remedies for natural and supernatural ailments and advice on contacting spirits to help find treasures and protect from evil. But at their most sinister they provide instructions on how to manipulate people for corrupt purposes and, worst of all, to call up and make a pact with the Devil. Both types have proven remarkably resilient and adaptable and retain much of their relevance and fascination to this day.
  27. The Language of Demons and Angels: Cornelius Agrippa's Occult Philosophy” by Christopher I. Lehrich - The analysis walks the reader through the text of De Occulta Philosophia, Agrippa's 1533 masterpiece, explicating the often hidden structure and argument of the work.
  28. Thrice-Greatest Hermes; Studies in Hellenistic Theosophy and Gnosis” by G. R. S. Mead - Three Volumes bound into one. Volume contents are: Vol. 1. Prolegomena. -- Vol. 2. Sermons. -- Vol. 3. Excerpts and fragments.
  29. The Egyptian Hermes: A Historical Approach to the Late Pagan Mind” by Garth Fowden - Starting from the complex fusions and tensions that molded Graeco-Egyptian culture, and in particular Hermetism, during the centuries after Alexander, the author argues that the technical and philosophical Hermetica, apparently so different, might be seen as aspects of a single "way of Hermes".
  30. Restless Dead: Encounters between the Living and the Dead in Ancient Greece” by Sarah Illes Johnston - Topics of focus include the origin of the goes (the ritual practitioner who made interaction with the dead his specialty), the threat to the living presented by the ghosts of those who died dishonorably or prematurely, the development of Hecate into a mistress of ghosts and its connection to female rites of transition, and the complex nature of the Erinyes.
  31. Hekate Soteira: A Study of Hekate's Roles in the Chaldean Oracles and Related Literature” by Sarah Illes Johnston - Hekate is best known to classicists and historians of religion as the horrific patroness of witches. But from the Hellenistic age onward, some Greek and Roman philosophers and magicians portrayed her quite differently.
  32. Magic and Ritual in the Ancient World” edited by Paul Mirecki and Marvin Meyer.
  33. Marsilio Ficino: His Theology, His Philosophy, His Legacy” edited by V. Rees, Michael J. B. Allen & Valery Rees - This volume consists of 21 essays on Marsilio Ficino (1433-99), the great Florentine scholar, philosopher and priest who was the architect of Renaissance Platonism and whose long-lasting influence on philosophy, love and music theory, medicine and magic extended across Europe.
  34. Secrets of Nature: Astrology and Alchemy in Early Modern Europe” edited by William R. Newman & Anthony Grafton - Shows the many ways in which astrology and alchemy diverge as well as intersect. Overall, it shows how an appreciation of the role of the occult opens up new ways of understanding the past.
  35. Trithemius and Magical Theology: A Chapter in the Controversy over Occult Studies in Early Modern Europe” by Noel L. Brann - This is a very useful, exciting and informative text for those interested in the philosophy and theology behind Renaissance Magic. Mentor to Agrippa, pioneer of cryptography, Trithemius is one of the most important (and well-placed in Church history) yet difficult to understand of the great Renaissance writers on magic, and this book provides a detailed but readable introduction to his views on the subject.
  36. John Dee's Conversations with Angels” by Deborah E. Harkness - John Dee's angel conversations have been an enigmatic facet of Elizabethan England's most famous natural philosopher's life and work. Professor Harkness contextualizes Dee's angel conversations within the natural philosophical, religious and social contexts of his time. She argues that they represent a continuing development of John Dee's earlier concerns and interests. These conversations include discussions of the natural world, the practice of natural philosophy, and the apocalypse.
  37. John Dee's Occultism: Magical Exaltation Through Powerful Signs” by Gyorgy E. Szonyi - Presents an analysis of Renaissance occultism and its place in the chronology of European cultural history. Culling examples of "magical thinking" from classical, medieval, and Renaissance philosophers, Szonyi revisits the body of Dee's own scientific and spiritual writings as reflective sources of traditional mysticism.
  38. The Arch Conjuror of England: John Dee” by Glyn Parry - Explores Dee’s vast array of political, magical, and scientific writings and finds that they cast significant new light on policy struggles in the Elizabethan court, conservative attacks on magic, and Europe's religious wars. John Dee was more than just a fringe magus, Parry shows Dee was a major figure of the Reformation and Renaissance.
  39. The Eternal Hermes: From Greek God to Alchemical Magus” by Antoine Favre - Drawing upon rare books and manuscripts, this highly illustrated work explores the question of where Hermes Trismegistus came from how he came to be a patron of the esoteric traditions and how the figure of Hermes has remained lively and inspiring to our own day.
  40. Glamorous Sorcery: Magic and Literacy in the High Middle Ages” by David Rollo - Demonstrates how closely interconnected certain types of vernacular and Latin writing were in this period. Uncovered through a series of illuminating, incisive, and often surprising close readings, these connections give us a new, more complex appraisal of the relationship between literacy, social status, and political power in a time and place in which various languages competed for cultural sovereignty-at a critical juncture in the cultural history of the West.
  41. Unlocked Books: Manuscripts of Learned Magic in the Medieval Libraries of Central Europe” by Benedek Láng - During the Middle Ages, the Western world translated the incredible Arabic scientific corpus and imported it into Western culture: Arabic philosophy, optics, and physics, as well as alchemy, astrology, and talismanic magic. The line between the scientific and the magical was blurred. According to popular lore, magicians of the Middle Ages were trained in the art of magic in “magician schools” located in various metropolitan areas, such as Naples, Athens, and Toledo.
  42. The History of Magic and Experimental Science” by Lynn Thorndike.
  43. The Mechanics of Ancient Egyptian Magical Practice” by Robert K. Ritner - This study represents the first critical examination of "magical techniques," revealing their widespread appearance and pivotal significance for all Egyptian "religious" practices from the earliest periods through the Coptic era, influencing as well the Greco-Egyptian magical papyri.
  44. Eternal Egypt: Ancient Rituals for the Modern World” by Richard J. Reidy - The first comprehensive collection of important temple rituals performed throughout Egypt during the time of the pharaohs. The author presents seven key rites from official temple records and ancient esoteric texts for personal or group use.
  45. Arguing With Angels” by Egil Asprem - Examining this magical system from its Renaissance origins to present day occultism, Egil Asprem shows how the reception of Dee’s magic is replete with struggles to construct and negotiate authoritative interpretational frameworks for doing magic. Arguing with Angels offers a novel, nuanced approach to questions about how ritual magic has survived the advent of modernity and demonstrates the ways in which modern culture has recreated magical discourse.
  46. Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism” by Wouter J. Hanegraaff - This is the first comprehensive reference work to cover the entire domain of “Gnosis and Western Esotericism” from the period of Late Antiquity to the present. Containing around 400 articles by over 180 international specialists, it provides critical overviews discussing the nature and historical development of all its important currents and manifestations, from Gnosticism and Hermetism to Astrology, Alchemy and Magic, from the Hermetic Tradition of the Renaissance to Rosicrucianism and Christian Theosophy, and from Freemasonry and Illuminism to 19th-century Occultism and the contemporary New Age movement.
  47. The Alchemy of Light: Geometry and Optics in Late Renaissance Alchemical Illustration” by Ursula Szulakowska - This study concerns the late Renaissance metaphysics of light in its adoption to a Paracelsian alchemical context by John Dee, Heinrich Khunrath, Michael Maier and Robert Fludd. he volume includes 50 illustrations from alchemical treatises of the period, the emphasis being placed on Khunrath's "Amphiteatrum Sapientiea Aeternae" (1595-1609). The study investigates these images using analytical tools drawn from semiotics, structuralism and post-structuralism.
  48. Theurgy and the Soul: The Neoplatonism of Iamblichus” by Gregory Shaw - A study of Iamblichus of Syria (ca. 240-325), whose teachings set the final form of pagan spirituality prior to the Christianization of the Roman Empire. Shaw focuses on the theory and practice of theurgy, the most controversial and significant aspect of Iamblichus's Platonism.
  49. Platonic Theology, Volume 1: Books I-IV” by Marsilio Ficino, edited by James Hankins - A visionary work and philosophical masterpiece of Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499), the Florentine scholar-philosopher-magus who was largely responsible for the Renaissance revival of Plato. A student of the Neoplatonic schools of Plotinus and Proclus, Ficino was committed to reconciling Platonism with Christianity, in the hope that such a reconciliation would initiate a spiritual revival and return of the golden age. This is one of the keys to understanding the art, thought, culture, and spirituality of the Renaissance.
  50. Giordano Bruno and Renaissance Science” by Hilary Gatti - This argument, associated with the work of Frances Yates, holds that early modern science was impregnated with and shaped by Hermetic and occult traditions, and has led scholars to view Bruno primarily as a magus.
  51. De Umbris Idearum” (The Collected Works of Giordano Bruno, Book 1)” by Giordano Bruno, edited by Scott Gosnell - To memorize anything, distribute vivid, emotionally stirring imagined images around a piece of familiar architecture. This is the method of loci, or memory palace method, first developed in classical antiquity.
  52. "Hermes: Guide of Souls" by Karl Kerenyi, translated by Murray Stein - Presents an authoritative study of the great god Hermes whom the Greeks revered as the Guides of Souls as well as the complex role of Hermes in classical mythology.
  53. Ritual Texts for the Afterlife: Orpheus and the Bacchic Gold Tablets” by Fritz Graf and Sarah Illes Johnston - Fascinating texts written on small gold tablets that were deposited in graves provide a unique source of information about what some Greeks and Romans believed regarding the fate that awaited them after death, and how they could influence it. These texts, dating from the late fifth century BCE to the second century CE, have been part of the scholarly debate on ancient afterlife beliefs since the end of the nineteenth century. The tablets belonged to those who had been initiated into the mysteries of Dionysus Bacchius and relied heavily upon myths narrated in poems ascribed to the mythical singer Orpheus.
  54. Magic and Magicians in the Greco-Roman World” by Matthew W. Dickie - This study is the first to assemble the evidence for the existence of sorcerors in the ancient world; it also addresses the question of their identity and social origins. The resulting investigation takes us to the underside of Greek and Roman society, into a world of wandering holy men and women, conjurors and wonder-workers, and into the lives of prostitutes, procuresses, charioteers and theatrical performers.

Further Resources
PDF’s:
Seeing The Word: John Dee and Renaissance Occultism” by Hakan Hakannson http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Seeing+the+Word%3A+John+Dee+and+Renaissance+Occultism.+.-a099012024

Miscellaneous Articles:
Khunrath by Peter Forshaw
http://uva.academia.edu/PeterForshaw
Enoch Traditions by Andrei Orlov
http://www.marquette.edu/maqom/metatronyouth.html
Hermes, Proclus, and the Question of A Philosophy of Magic in the Renaissance by Copenhaver

Websites & Blogs:
Brian P. Copenhaver
https://philosophy.ucla.edu/person/brian-copenhave
Claire Fanger:
http://rice.academia.edu/ClaireFanger
Wouter J. Hanegraaff: http://uva.academia.edu/WouterHanegraaff
The Ritman Library & The Embassy of the Free Mind
https://www.youtube.com/c/EmbassyoftheFreeMind/videos

Scholarly Journals:
Dionysius
https://www.dal.ca/faculty/arts/classics/journals/dionysius.html
Aries: Journal for the Study of Western Esotericism
https://brill.com/view/serial/ARBS?language=en
Copyright www.molochsorcery.com All Rights Reserved
submitted by Brother_Moloch_969 to realwitchcraft [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 19:44 Brother_Moloch_969 List of Academic Books, Websites, Blogs & More Resources for Pre-1800's Magic & Sorcery

Crossposted from Magick.
Greetings. Several years ago, I along with some friends (Aaron Leitch, Jake Stratton-Kent, Frater Rufus Opus, and many others) contributed to a list we thought would be a great resource for studying Magic & Sorcery with academic elements listed prior to the 1800's new age movement. Here you will find a lot of useful information and realize this list is NOT complete because since the time we created this list, more academic material has emerged on the market. Also realize these books are not often found free on the Net in pdf form so you will have to do like the rest of us had to do which is purchase them - if you want them. I got many of these books in used condition from Amazon, AbeBooks, Half-Price Books, and so forth. Getting these materials & studying them will seriously up your magical game. Enjoy!
8o) Br Moloch 9.6.9.
Books:
  1. The Greek Magical Papyri in Translation: Including the Demotic Spells: Texts (Volume 1)” by Hans Dieter Betz - This is a collection of magical spells and formulas, hymns, and rituals from Greco-Roman Egypt, dating from the second century B.C. to the fifth century A.D. A must read.
  2. Curse Tablets and Binding Spells from the Ancient World” edited by John G. Gager - In the ancient Greco-Roman world, it was common practice to curse or bind an enemy or rival by writing an incantation on a tablet and dedicating it to a god or spirit. These curses or binding spells, commonly called defixiones were intended to bring other people under the power and control of those who commissioned them
  3. Magika Hiera: Ancient Greek Magic and Religion” edited by Christopher A. Faraone & Dirk Obbink - This collection challenges the tendency among scholars of ancient Greece to see magical and religious ritual as mutually exclusive and to ignore "magical" practices in Greek religion. The contributors survey specific bodies of archaeological, epigraphical, and papyrological evidence for magical practices in the Greek world, and, in each case, determine whether the traditional dichotomy between magic and religion helps in any way to conceptualize the objective features of the evidence examined.
  4. Arcana Mundi: Magic and the Occult in the Greek and Roman Worlds: A Collection of Ancient Texts” by Georg Luck - Magic, miracles, daemonology, divination, astrology, and alchemy were the arcana mundi, the "secrets of the universe," of the ancient Greeks and Romans. In this path-breaking collection of Greek and Roman writings on magic and the occult, Georg Luck provides a comprehensive sourcebook and introduction to magic as it was practiced by witches and sorcerers, magi and astrologers, in the Greek and Roman worlds.
  5. Greek and Roman Necromancy” by Daniel Ogden - In classical antiquity, there was much interest in necromancy--the consultation of the dead for divination. People could seek knowledge from the dead by sleeping on tombs, visiting oracles, and attempting to reanimate corpses and skulls. Ranging over many of the lands in which Greek and Roman civilizations flourished, including Egypt, from the Greek archaic period through the late Roman empire, this book is the first comprehensive survey of the subject ever published in any language.
  6. Forbidden Rites: A Necromancer's Manual of the Fifteenth Century” by Richard Kieckhefer - Like many medieval texts for the use of magicians, this handbook is a miscellany rather than a systematic treatise. It is exceptional, however, in the scope and variety of its contents—prayers and conjurations, rituals of sympathetic magic, procedures involving astral magic, a catalogue of spirits, lengthy ceremonies for consecrating a book of magic, and other materials.
  7. Ritual Magic” by Elizabeth M. Butler - In this classic book (first published in 1949), Butler explores ritual magic using a wide range of texts from the pre-Christian rites of the Akkadians and Chaldeans to the Solomonic Clavicles of medieval Europe. Throughout, there is extensive quotation from the documents themselves, providing the reader with an authentic sense of the richness and power of these texts.
  8. Conjuring Spirits: Texts and Traditions of Medieval Ritual Magic” edited by Claire Fanger - Included are chapters by Richard Kieckhefer and Robert Mathiesen on the Sworn Book of Honorius, Michael Camille on the Ars Notoria, John B. Friedman on the Secretum Philosophorum, Nicholas Watson on the McMaster text, and Elizabeth Wade on Lullian divination. The work also includes Juris Lidaka's edition of the Liber de Angelis, and an overview of late medieval English ritual manuscripts by Frank Klaassen.
  9. The Fortunes of Faust” by Elizabeth M. Butler - Butler follows the magic tradition of the Magus—the priest-king—and its reformulation in the Christian world. In the process, the Magus was transformed into a wicked sorcerer who comes to a bad end in this world and a worse one hereafter. This conception, which gained ground in the Middle Ages, received its most categorical statement in the Faust legend.
  10. The Goetia of Dr. Rudd” by David Rankine & Stephen Skinner - The Goetia of Dr. Rudd explains how the 72 angels of the Shemhamphorash are used to evoke and safely bind demons—material that has not been made available in any previous edition. This rare volume contains a transcription of a hitherto unpublished manuscript of the Lemegeton and includes illustrations drawn from rare manuscripts held in the British Library.
  11. The Complete Magician’s Tables” by Stephen Skinner - The sources of this remarkable compilation range from classic grimoires such as the Sworn Book to modern theories of prime numbers and atomic weights. Data from Peter de Abano, Abbott Trithemium, Albertus Magnus, Cornelius Agrippa, and other prominent scholars is referenced here, in addition to hidden gems found in unpublished medieval grimoires and Kabbalistic works.
  12. The Keys to the Gateway of Magic: Summoning the Solomonic Archangels and Demon Princes” by Stephen Skinner & David Rankine - This classic text of the Nine Great Keys details the invocation of the Archangels, the full hierarchy of spiritual beings (including Olympic Spirits and Elementals) and the evocation of the four Demon Princes
  13. Three Books of Occult Philosophy” by Henry Cornelius Agrippa & edited by Donald Tyson - How magicians collect virtues from the three-fold World, is declared in these three books. Seeing there is a three-fold World, Elementary, Celestial, and Intellectual, and every inferior is governed by its superior. Indispensable.
  14. The Complete Picatrix: The Occult Classic Of Astrological Magic Liber Atratus” translated by John Michael Greer & Christopher Warnock - The Picatrix is the most famous grimoire of astrological magic and one of the most important works of medieval and Renaissance magic. With all four books of the Latin Picatrix complete in one volume, the Picatrix is an encyclopedic work with over 300 pages of Hermetic magical philosophy, ritual, talismanic and natural magic.
  15. Secrets of the Magical Grimoires Revealed” by Aaron Leitch - The magickal methods and esoteric knowledge of medieval Europe (476 to 1453 C.E.) form the ancestral backbone of modern ceremonial magick. To understand medieval magick, it’s necessary to know the primary repositories of this knowledge - the grimoires of spells, incantations, and ritual instructions for working with angels and conjuring spirits. And to understand the grimoires, you must delve into the life and times of the magicians who wrote them.
  16. The True Grimoire” by Jake Kent-Stratton - The True Grimoire is a major contribution to the practice and study of Goetic magic. The neglected Grimorium Verum has been restored to it's rightful place as a potent and coherent system of Goetic magic. Jake Stratton-Kent has reconstructed a working version from the corrupted Italian and French versions of this important grimoire.
  17. Geosophia: The Argo of Magic” by Jake Stratton-Kent - Geosophia traces the development of magic from the Greeks to the grimoires, laying bare the chthonic roots of goetic ritual. By exposing the necromantic origins of much of modern magic we are able to reconnect with the source of our ritual tradition. There is a continuity of practice in the West which encompasses the pre-Olympian cults of Dionysus and Cybele, is found in the Greek Magical Papyri and Picatrix and flows into the grimoires.
  18. "Ancient Christian Magic: Coptic Texts of Ritual Power" by Marvin W. Meyer & Richard Smith - This provocative collection of rites, spells, amulets, curses, and recipes of the early Coptic Christians documents Christianity as a living folk religion resembling other popular belief systems - something quite different from what theological and doctrinal traditions have led us to believe.
  19. Invoking Angels: Theurgic Ideas and Practices, Thirteenth to Sixteenth Centuries” edited by Claire Fanger - Bring0s together a tightly themed collection of essays on late medieval and early modern texts concerned with the role of angels in the cosmos, focusing on angelic rituals and spiritual cosmologies. Collectively, these essays tie medieval angel magic texts more clearly to medieval religion and to the better-known author-magicians of the early modern period.
  20. The Testament of Cyprian the Mage” by Jake Stratton-Kent - An ambitious and far-seeing work, addressing two ends of the magical spectrum: the Testament of Solomon and one version of the Iberian Book of Saint Cyprian. In doing so, key aspects of magical practice are revealed. This work draws upon these texts to create a clear understanding of the practice of grimoire magic, not as a discrete or degenerate subset of ceremonial magic, but one which is integrated with folk magic and witchcraft.
  21. Veritable Key of Solomon” by Stephen Skinner & David Rankine - Based on one of the best-known grimoires of the Western world, The Veritable Key of Solomon presents all aspects of this revered magical system in one impressive source.
  22. The Magical Treatise of Solomon, or Hygromanteia” by Ioannis Marathakis - The true source of the Key of Solomon, it is arguably the most significant magical text in the world. For the first time ever, this extraordinary work has been translated from the original Greek into English.
  23. Magic, Witchcraft and Ghosts in the Greek and Roman World: A Sourcebook” by Daniel Ogden - Contains three hundred texts in new translations, along with brief but explicit commentaries. Alongside descriptions of sorcerers, witches, and ghosts in the works of ancient writers, it reproduces curse tablets, spells from ancient magical recipe books, and inscriptions from magical amulets.
  24. Ancient Jewish Magic: A History” by Gideon Bohak - Gives a pioneering account of the broad history of ancient Jewish magic, from the Second Temple to the rabbinic period. It is based both on ancient magicians' own compositions and products in Aramaic, Hebrew and Greek, and on the descriptions and prescriptions of non-magicians, to reconstruct a historical picture that is as balanced and nuanced as possible.
  25. John Dee's Natural Philosophy: Between Science and Religion” by Nicholas Clulee - Thoroughly examining Dee’s natural philosophy, this book provides a balanced evaluation of his place, and the role of the occult, in sixteenth-century intellectual history. It brings together insights from a study of Dee’s writings, the available biographical material, and his sources as reflected in his extensive library and, more importantly, numerous surviving annotated volumes from it.
  26. Grimoires: A History of Magic Books” by Owen Davies - Put simply, grimoires are books of spells that were first recorded in the Ancient Middle East and which have developed and spread across much of the Western Hemisphere and beyond over the ensuing millennia. At their most benign, they contain charms and remedies for natural and supernatural ailments and advice on contacting spirits to help find treasures and protect from evil. But at their most sinister they provide instructions on how to manipulate people for corrupt purposes and, worst of all, to call up and make a pact with the Devil. Both types have proven remarkably resilient and adaptable and retain much of their relevance and fascination to this day.
  27. The Language of Demons and Angels: Cornelius Agrippa's Occult Philosophy” by Christopher I. Lehrich - The analysis walks the reader through the text of De Occulta Philosophia, Agrippa's 1533 masterpiece, explicating the often hidden structure and argument of the work.
  28. Thrice-Greatest Hermes; Studies in Hellenistic Theosophy and Gnosis” by G. R. S. Mead - Three Volumes bound into one. Volume contents are: Vol. 1. Prolegomena. -- Vol. 2. Sermons. -- Vol. 3. Excerpts and fragments.
  29. The Egyptian Hermes: A Historical Approach to the Late Pagan Mind” by Garth Fowden - Starting from the complex fusions and tensions that molded Graeco-Egyptian culture, and in particular Hermetism, during the centuries after Alexander, the author argues that the technical and philosophical Hermetica, apparently so different, might be seen as aspects of a single "way of Hermes".
  30. Restless Dead: Encounters between the Living and the Dead in Ancient Greece” by Sarah Illes Johnston - Topics of focus include the origin of the goes (the ritual practitioner who made interaction with the dead his specialty), the threat to the living presented by the ghosts of those who died dishonorably or prematurely, the development of Hecate into a mistress of ghosts and its connection to female rites of transition, and the complex nature of the Erinyes.
  31. Hekate Soteira: A Study of Hekate's Roles in the Chaldean Oracles and Related Literature” by Sarah Illes Johnston - Hekate is best known to classicists and historians of religion as the horrific patroness of witches. But from the Hellenistic age onward, some Greek and Roman philosophers and magicians portrayed her quite differently.
  32. Magic and Ritual in the Ancient World” edited by Paul Mirecki and Marvin Meyer.
  33. Marsilio Ficino: His Theology, His Philosophy, His Legacy” edited by V. Rees, Michael J. B. Allen & Valery Rees - This volume consists of 21 essays on Marsilio Ficino (1433-99), the great Florentine scholar, philosopher and priest who was the architect of Renaissance Platonism and whose long-lasting influence on philosophy, love and music theory, medicine and magic extended across Europe.
  34. Secrets of Nature: Astrology and Alchemy in Early Modern Europe” edited by William R. Newman & Anthony Grafton - Shows the many ways in which astrology and alchemy diverge as well as intersect. Overall, it shows how an appreciation of the role of the occult opens up new ways of understanding the past.
  35. Trithemius and Magical Theology: A Chapter in the Controversy over Occult Studies in Early Modern Europe” by Noel L. Brann - This is a very useful, exciting and informative text for those interested in the philosophy and theology behind Renaissance Magic. Mentor to Agrippa, pioneer of cryptography, Trithemius is one of the most important (and well-placed in Church history) yet difficult to understand of the great Renaissance writers on magic, and this book provides a detailed but readable introduction to his views on the subject.
  36. John Dee's Conversations with Angels” by Deborah E. Harkness - John Dee's angel conversations have been an enigmatic facet of Elizabethan England's most famous natural philosopher's life and work. Professor Harkness contextualizes Dee's angel conversations within the natural philosophical, religious and social contexts of his time. She argues that they represent a continuing development of John Dee's earlier concerns and interests. These conversations include discussions of the natural world, the practice of natural philosophy, and the apocalypse.
  37. John Dee's Occultism: Magical Exaltation Through Powerful Signs” by Gyorgy E. Szonyi - Presents an analysis of Renaissance occultism and its place in the chronology of European cultural history. Culling examples of "magical thinking" from classical, medieval, and Renaissance philosophers, Szonyi revisits the body of Dee's own scientific and spiritual writings as reflective sources of traditional mysticism.
  38. The Arch Conjuror of England: John Dee” by Glyn Parry - Explores Dee’s vast array of political, magical, and scientific writings and finds that they cast significant new light on policy struggles in the Elizabethan court, conservative attacks on magic, and Europe's religious wars. John Dee was more than just a fringe magus, Parry shows Dee was a major figure of the Reformation and Renaissance.
  39. The Eternal Hermes: From Greek God to Alchemical Magus” by Antoine Favre - Drawing upon rare books and manuscripts, this highly illustrated work explores the question of where Hermes Trismegistus came from how he came to be a patron of the esoteric traditions and how the figure of Hermes has remained lively and inspiring to our own day.
  40. Glamorous Sorcery: Magic and Literacy in the High Middle Ages” by David Rollo - Demonstrates how closely interconnected certain types of vernacular and Latin writing were in this period. Uncovered through a series of illuminating, incisive, and often surprising close readings, these connections give us a new, more complex appraisal of the relationship between literacy, social status, and political power in a time and place in which various languages competed for cultural sovereignty-at a critical juncture in the cultural history of the West.
  41. Unlocked Books: Manuscripts of Learned Magic in the Medieval Libraries of Central Europe” by Benedek Láng - During the Middle Ages, the Western world translated the incredible Arabic scientific corpus and imported it into Western culture: Arabic philosophy, optics, and physics, as well as alchemy, astrology, and talismanic magic. The line between the scientific and the magical was blurred. According to popular lore, magicians of the Middle Ages were trained in the art of magic in “magician schools” located in various metropolitan areas, such as Naples, Athens, and Toledo.
  42. The History of Magic and Experimental Science” by Lynn Thorndike.
  43. The Mechanics of Ancient Egyptian Magical Practice” by Robert K. Ritner - This study represents the first critical examination of "magical techniques," revealing their widespread appearance and pivotal significance for all Egyptian "religious" practices from the earliest periods through the Coptic era, influencing as well the Greco-Egyptian magical papyri.
  44. Eternal Egypt: Ancient Rituals for the Modern World” by Richard J. Reidy - The first comprehensive collection of important temple rituals performed throughout Egypt during the time of the pharaohs. The author presents seven key rites from official temple records and ancient esoteric texts for personal or group use.
  45. Arguing With Angels” by Egil Asprem - Examining this magical system from its Renaissance origins to present day occultism, Egil Asprem shows how the reception of Dee’s magic is replete with struggles to construct and negotiate authoritative interpretational frameworks for doing magic. Arguing with Angels offers a novel, nuanced approach to questions about how ritual magic has survived the advent of modernity and demonstrates the ways in which modern culture has recreated magical discourse.
  46. Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism” by Wouter J. Hanegraaff - This is the first comprehensive reference work to cover the entire domain of “Gnosis and Western Esotericism” from the period of Late Antiquity to the present. Containing around 400 articles by over 180 international specialists, it provides critical overviews discussing the nature and historical development of all its important currents and manifestations, from Gnosticism and Hermetism to Astrology, Alchemy and Magic, from the Hermetic Tradition of the Renaissance to Rosicrucianism and Christian Theosophy, and from Freemasonry and Illuminism to 19th-century Occultism and the contemporary New Age movement.
  47. The Alchemy of Light: Geometry and Optics in Late Renaissance Alchemical Illustration” by Ursula Szulakowska - This study concerns the late Renaissance metaphysics of light in its adoption to a Paracelsian alchemical context by John Dee, Heinrich Khunrath, Michael Maier and Robert Fludd. he volume includes 50 illustrations from alchemical treatises of the period, the emphasis being placed on Khunrath's "Amphiteatrum Sapientiea Aeternae" (1595-1609). The study investigates these images using analytical tools drawn from semiotics, structuralism and post-structuralism.
  48. Theurgy and the Soul: The Neoplatonism of Iamblichus” by Gregory Shaw - A study of Iamblichus of Syria (ca. 240-325), whose teachings set the final form of pagan spirituality prior to the Christianization of the Roman Empire. Shaw focuses on the theory and practice of theurgy, the most controversial and significant aspect of Iamblichus's Platonism.
  49. Platonic Theology, Volume 1: Books I-IV” by Marsilio Ficino, edited by James Hankins - A visionary work and philosophical masterpiece of Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499), the Florentine scholar-philosopher-magus who was largely responsible for the Renaissance revival of Plato. A student of the Neoplatonic schools of Plotinus and Proclus, Ficino was committed to reconciling Platonism with Christianity, in the hope that such a reconciliation would initiate a spiritual revival and return of the golden age. This is one of the keys to understanding the art, thought, culture, and spirituality of the Renaissance.
  50. Giordano Bruno and Renaissance Science” by Hilary Gatti - This argument, associated with the work of Frances Yates, holds that early modern science was impregnated with and shaped by Hermetic and occult traditions, and has led scholars to view Bruno primarily as a magus.
  51. De Umbris Idearum” (The Collected Works of Giordano Bruno, Book 1)” by Giordano Bruno, edited by Scott Gosnell - To memorize anything, distribute vivid, emotionally stirring imagined images around a piece of familiar architecture. This is the method of loci, or memory palace method, first developed in classical antiquity.
  52. "Hermes: Guide of Souls" by Karl Kerenyi, translated by Murray Stein - Presents an authoritative study of the great god Hermes whom the Greeks revered as the Guides of Souls as well as the complex role of Hermes in classical mythology.
  53. Ritual Texts for the Afterlife: Orpheus and the Bacchic Gold Tablets” by Fritz Graf and Sarah Illes Johnston - Fascinating texts written on small gold tablets that were deposited in graves provide a unique source of information about what some Greeks and Romans believed regarding the fate that awaited them after death, and how they could influence it. These texts, dating from the late fifth century BCE to the second century CE, have been part of the scholarly debate on ancient afterlife beliefs since the end of the nineteenth century. The tablets belonged to those who had been initiated into the mysteries of Dionysus Bacchius and relied heavily upon myths narrated in poems ascribed to the mythical singer Orpheus.
  54. Magic and Magicians in the Greco-Roman World” by Matthew W. Dickie - This study is the first to assemble the evidence for the existence of sorcerors in the ancient world; it also addresses the question of their identity and social origins. The resulting investigation takes us to the underside of Greek and Roman society, into a world of wandering holy men and women, conjurors and wonder-workers, and into the lives of prostitutes, procuresses, charioteers and theatrical performers.

Further Resources
PDF’s:
Seeing The Word: John Dee and Renaissance Occultism” by Hakan Hakannson http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Seeing+the+Word%3A+John+Dee+and+Renaissance+Occultism.+.-a099012024

Miscellaneous Articles:
Khunrath by Peter Forshaw
http://uva.academia.edu/PeterForshaw
Enoch Traditions by Andrei Orlov
http://www.marquette.edu/maqom/metatronyouth.html
Hermes, Proclus, and the Question of A Philosophy of Magic in the Renaissance by Copenhaver

Websites & Blogs:
Brian P. Copenhaver
https://philosophy.ucla.edu/person/brian-copenhave
Claire Fanger:
http://rice.academia.edu/ClaireFanger
Wouter J. Hanegraaff: http://uva.academia.edu/WouterHanegraaff
The Ritman Library & The Embassy of the Free Mind
https://www.youtube.com/c/EmbassyoftheFreeMind/videos

Scholarly Journals:
Dionysius
https://www.dal.ca/faculty/arts/classics/journals/dionysius.html
Aries: Journal for the Study of Western Esotericism
https://brill.com/view/serial/ARBS?language=en
Copyright www.molochsorcery.com All Rights Reserved
submitted by Brother_Moloch_969 to witchcraft [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 19:33 Brother_Moloch_969 List of Academic Sources for Pre-1800's Magic & Sorcery Books, Websites, Blogs and etc.

Cross-posted from Magick.
Greetings. Several years ago, I along with some friends (Aaron Leitch, Jake Stratton-Kent, Frater Rufus Opus, and many others) contributed to a list we thought would be a great resource for studying Magic & Sorcery with academic elements listed prior to the 1800's new age movement. Here you will find a lot of useful information and realize this list is NOT complete because since the time we created this list, more academic material has emerged on the market. Also realize these books are not often found free on the Net in pdf form so you will have to do like the rest of us had to do which is purchase them - if you want them. I got many of these books in used condition from Amazon, AbeBooks, Half-Price Books, and so forth. Getting these materials & studying them will seriously up your magical game. Enjoy!
8o) Br Moloch 9.6.9.
Books:
  1. The Greek Magical Papyri in Translation: Including the Demotic Spells: Texts (Volume 1)” by Hans Dieter Betz - This is a collection of magical spells and formulas, hymns, and rituals from Greco-Roman Egypt, dating from the second century B.C. to the fifth century A.D. A must read.
  2. Curse Tablets and Binding Spells from the Ancient World” edited by John G. Gager - In the ancient Greco-Roman world, it was common practice to curse or bind an enemy or rival by writing an incantation on a tablet and dedicating it to a god or spirit. These curses or binding spells, commonly called defixiones were intended to bring other people under the power and control of those who commissioned them
  3. Magika Hiera: Ancient Greek Magic and Religion” edited by Christopher A. Faraone & Dirk Obbink - This collection challenges the tendency among scholars of ancient Greece to see magical and religious ritual as mutually exclusive and to ignore "magical" practices in Greek religion. The contributors survey specific bodies of archaeological, epigraphical, and papyrological evidence for magical practices in the Greek world, and, in each case, determine whether the traditional dichotomy between magic and religion helps in any way to conceptualize the objective features of the evidence examined.
  4. Arcana Mundi: Magic and the Occult in the Greek and Roman Worlds: A Collection of Ancient Texts” by Georg Luck - Magic, miracles, daemonology, divination, astrology, and alchemy were the arcana mundi, the "secrets of the universe," of the ancient Greeks and Romans. In this path-breaking collection of Greek and Roman writings on magic and the occult, Georg Luck provides a comprehensive sourcebook and introduction to magic as it was practiced by witches and sorcerers, magi and astrologers, in the Greek and Roman worlds.
  5. Greek and Roman Necromancy” by Daniel Ogden - In classical antiquity, there was much interest in necromancy--the consultation of the dead for divination. People could seek knowledge from the dead by sleeping on tombs, visiting oracles, and attempting to reanimate corpses and skulls. Ranging over many of the lands in which Greek and Roman civilizations flourished, including Egypt, from the Greek archaic period through the late Roman empire, this book is the first comprehensive survey of the subject ever published in any language.
  6. Forbidden Rites: A Necromancer's Manual of the Fifteenth Century” by Richard Kieckhefer - Like many medieval texts for the use of magicians, this handbook is a miscellany rather than a systematic treatise. It is exceptional, however, in the scope and variety of its contents—prayers and conjurations, rituals of sympathetic magic, procedures involving astral magic, a catalogue of spirits, lengthy ceremonies for consecrating a book of magic, and other materials.
  7. Ritual Magic” by Elizabeth M. Butler - In this classic book (first published in 1949), Butler explores ritual magic using a wide range of texts from the pre-Christian rites of the Akkadians and Chaldeans to the Solomonic Clavicles of medieval Europe. Throughout, there is extensive quotation from the documents themselves, providing the reader with an authentic sense of the richness and power of these texts.
  8. Conjuring Spirits: Texts and Traditions of Medieval Ritual Magic” edited by Claire Fanger - Included are chapters by Richard Kieckhefer and Robert Mathiesen on the Sworn Book of Honorius, Michael Camille on the Ars Notoria, John B. Friedman on the Secretum Philosophorum, Nicholas Watson on the McMaster text, and Elizabeth Wade on Lullian divination. The work also includes Juris Lidaka's edition of the Liber de Angelis, and an overview of late medieval English ritual manuscripts by Frank Klaassen.
  9. The Fortunes of Faust” by Elizabeth M. Butler - Butler follows the magic tradition of the Magus—the priest-king—and its reformulation in the Christian world. In the process, the Magus was transformed into a wicked sorcerer who comes to a bad end in this world and a worse one hereafter. This conception, which gained ground in the Middle Ages, received its most categorical statement in the Faust legend.
  10. The Goetia of Dr. Rudd” by David Rankine & Stephen Skinner - The Goetia of Dr. Rudd explains how the 72 angels of the Shemhamphorash are used to evoke and safely bind demons—material that has not been made available in any previous edition. This rare volume contains a transcription of a hitherto unpublished manuscript of the Lemegeton and includes illustrations drawn from rare manuscripts held in the British Library.
  11. The Complete Magician’s Tables” by Stephen Skinner - The sources of this remarkable compilation range from classic grimoires such as the Sworn Book to modern theories of prime numbers and atomic weights. Data from Peter de Abano, Abbott Trithemium, Albertus Magnus, Cornelius Agrippa, and other prominent scholars is referenced here, in addition to hidden gems found in unpublished medieval grimoires and Kabbalistic works.
  12. The Keys to the Gateway of Magic: Summoning the Solomonic Archangels and Demon Princes” by Stephen Skinner & David Rankine - This classic text of the Nine Great Keys details the invocation of the Archangels, the full hierarchy of spiritual beings (including Olympic Spirits and Elementals) and the evocation of the four Demon Princes
  13. Three Books of Occult Philosophy” by Henry Cornelius Agrippa & edited by Donald Tyson - How magicians collect virtues from the three-fold World, is declared in these three books. Seeing there is a three-fold World, Elementary, Celestial, and Intellectual, and every inferior is governed by its superior. Indispensable.
  14. The Complete Picatrix: The Occult Classic Of Astrological Magic Liber Atratus” translated by John Michael Greer & Christopher Warnock - The Picatrix is the most famous grimoire of astrological magic and one of the most important works of medieval and Renaissance magic. With all four books of the Latin Picatrix complete in one volume, the Picatrix is an encyclopedic work with over 300 pages of Hermetic magical philosophy, ritual, talismanic and natural magic.
  15. Secrets of the Magical Grimoires Revealed” by Aaron Leitch - The magickal methods and esoteric knowledge of medieval Europe (476 to 1453 C.E.) form the ancestral backbone of modern ceremonial magick. To understand medieval magick, it’s necessary to know the primary repositories of this knowledge - the grimoires of spells, incantations, and ritual instructions for working with angels and conjuring spirits. And to understand the grimoires, you must delve into the life and times of the magicians who wrote them.
  16. The True Grimoire” by Jake Kent-Stratton - The True Grimoire is a major contribution to the practice and study of Goetic magic. The neglected Grimorium Verum has been restored to it's rightful place as a potent and coherent system of Goetic magic. Jake Stratton-Kent has reconstructed a working version from the corrupted Italian and French versions of this important grimoire.
  17. Geosophia: The Argo of Magic” by Jake Stratton-Kent - Geosophia traces the development of magic from the Greeks to the grimoires, laying bare the chthonic roots of goetic ritual. By exposing the necromantic origins of much of modern magic we are able to reconnect with the source of our ritual tradition. There is a continuity of practice in the West which encompasses the pre-Olympian cults of Dionysus and Cybele, is found in the Greek Magical Papyri and Picatrix and flows into the grimoires.
  18. "Ancient Christian Magic: Coptic Texts of Ritual Power" by Marvin W. Meyer & Richard Smith - This provocative collection of rites, spells, amulets, curses, and recipes of the early Coptic Christians documents Christianity as a living folk religion resembling other popular belief systems - something quite different from what theological and doctrinal traditions have led us to believe.
  19. Invoking Angels: Theurgic Ideas and Practices, Thirteenth to Sixteenth Centuries” edited by Claire Fanger - Bring0s together a tightly themed collection of essays on late medieval and early modern texts concerned with the role of angels in the cosmos, focusing on angelic rituals and spiritual cosmologies. Collectively, these essays tie medieval angel magic texts more clearly to medieval religion and to the better-known author-magicians of the early modern period.
  20. The Testament of Cyprian the Mage” by Jake Stratton-Kent - An ambitious and far-seeing work, addressing two ends of the magical spectrum: the Testament of Solomon and one version of the Iberian Book of Saint Cyprian. In doing so, key aspects of magical practice are revealed. This work draws upon these texts to create a clear understanding of the practice of grimoire magic, not as a discrete or degenerate subset of ceremonial magic, but one which is integrated with folk magic and witchcraft.
  21. Veritable Key of Solomon” by Stephen Skinner & David Rankine - Based on one of the best-known grimoires of the Western world, The Veritable Key of Solomon presents all aspects of this revered magical system in one impressive source.
  22. The Magical Treatise of Solomon, or Hygromanteia” by Ioannis Marathakis - The true source of the Key of Solomon, it is arguably the most significant magical text in the world. For the first time ever, this extraordinary work has been translated from the original Greek into English.
  23. Magic, Witchcraft and Ghosts in the Greek and Roman World: A Sourcebook” by Daniel Ogden - Contains three hundred texts in new translations, along with brief but explicit commentaries. Alongside descriptions of sorcerers, witches, and ghosts in the works of ancient writers, it reproduces curse tablets, spells from ancient magical recipe books, and inscriptions from magical amulets.
  24. Ancient Jewish Magic: A History” by Gideon Bohak - Gives a pioneering account of the broad history of ancient Jewish magic, from the Second Temple to the rabbinic period. It is based both on ancient magicians' own compositions and products in Aramaic, Hebrew and Greek, and on the descriptions and prescriptions of non-magicians, to reconstruct a historical picture that is as balanced and nuanced as possible.
  25. John Dee's Natural Philosophy: Between Science and Religion” by Nicholas Clulee - Thoroughly examining Dee’s natural philosophy, this book provides a balanced evaluation of his place, and the role of the occult, in sixteenth-century intellectual history. It brings together insights from a study of Dee’s writings, the available biographical material, and his sources as reflected in his extensive library and, more importantly, numerous surviving annotated volumes from it.
  26. Grimoires: A History of Magic Books” by Owen Davies - Put simply, grimoires are books of spells that were first recorded in the Ancient Middle East and which have developed and spread across much of the Western Hemisphere and beyond over the ensuing millennia. At their most benign, they contain charms and remedies for natural and supernatural ailments and advice on contacting spirits to help find treasures and protect from evil. But at their most sinister they provide instructions on how to manipulate people for corrupt purposes and, worst of all, to call up and make a pact with the Devil. Both types have proven remarkably resilient and adaptable and retain much of their relevance and fascination to this day.
  27. The Language of Demons and Angels: Cornelius Agrippa's Occult Philosophy” by Christopher I. Lehrich - The analysis walks the reader through the text of De Occulta Philosophia, Agrippa's 1533 masterpiece, explicating the often hidden structure and argument of the work.
  28. Thrice-Greatest Hermes; Studies in Hellenistic Theosophy and Gnosis” by G. R. S. Mead - Three Volumes bound into one. Volume contents are: Vol. 1. Prolegomena. -- Vol. 2. Sermons. -- Vol. 3. Excerpts and fragments.
  29. The Egyptian Hermes: A Historical Approach to the Late Pagan Mind” by Garth Fowden - Starting from the complex fusions and tensions that molded Graeco-Egyptian culture, and in particular Hermetism, during the centuries after Alexander, the author argues that the technical and philosophical Hermetica, apparently so different, might be seen as aspects of a single "way of Hermes".
  30. Restless Dead: Encounters between the Living and the Dead in Ancient Greece” by Sarah Illes Johnston - Topics of focus include the origin of the goes (the ritual practitioner who made interaction with the dead his specialty), the threat to the living presented by the ghosts of those who died dishonorably or prematurely, the development of Hecate into a mistress of ghosts and its connection to female rites of transition, and the complex nature of the Erinyes.
  31. Hekate Soteira: A Study of Hekate's Roles in the Chaldean Oracles and Related Literature” by Sarah Illes Johnston - Hekate is best known to classicists and historians of religion as the horrific patroness of witches. But from the Hellenistic age onward, some Greek and Roman philosophers and magicians portrayed her quite differently.
  32. Magic and Ritual in the Ancient World” edited by Paul Mirecki and Marvin Meyer.
  33. Marsilio Ficino: His Theology, His Philosophy, His Legacy” edited by V. Rees, Michael J. B. Allen & Valery Rees - This volume consists of 21 essays on Marsilio Ficino (1433-99), the great Florentine scholar, philosopher and priest who was the architect of Renaissance Platonism and whose long-lasting influence on philosophy, love and music theory, medicine and magic extended across Europe.
  34. Secrets of Nature: Astrology and Alchemy in Early Modern Europe” edited by William R. Newman & Anthony Grafton - Shows the many ways in which astrology and alchemy diverge as well as intersect. Overall, it shows how an appreciation of the role of the occult opens up new ways of understanding the past.
  35. Trithemius and Magical Theology: A Chapter in the Controversy over Occult Studies in Early Modern Europe” by Noel L. Brann - This is a very useful, exciting and informative text for those interested in the philosophy and theology behind Renaissance Magic. Mentor to Agrippa, pioneer of cryptography, Trithemius is one of the most important (and well-placed in Church history) yet difficult to understand of the great Renaissance writers on magic, and this book provides a detailed but readable introduction to his views on the subject.
  36. John Dee's Conversations with Angels” by Deborah E. Harkness - John Dee's angel conversations have been an enigmatic facet of Elizabethan England's most famous natural philosopher's life and work. Professor Harkness contextualizes Dee's angel conversations within the natural philosophical, religious and social contexts of his time. She argues that they represent a continuing development of John Dee's earlier concerns and interests. These conversations include discussions of the natural world, the practice of natural philosophy, and the apocalypse.
  37. John Dee's Occultism: Magical Exaltation Through Powerful Signs” by Gyorgy E. Szonyi - Presents an analysis of Renaissance occultism and its place in the chronology of European cultural history. Culling examples of "magical thinking" from classical, medieval, and Renaissance philosophers, Szonyi revisits the body of Dee's own scientific and spiritual writings as reflective sources of traditional mysticism.
  38. The Arch Conjuror of England: John Dee” by Glyn Parry - Explores Dee’s vast array of political, magical, and scientific writings and finds that they cast significant new light on policy struggles in the Elizabethan court, conservative attacks on magic, and Europe's religious wars. John Dee was more than just a fringe magus, Parry shows Dee was a major figure of the Reformation and Renaissance.
  39. The Eternal Hermes: From Greek God to Alchemical Magus” by Antoine Favre - Drawing upon rare books and manuscripts, this highly illustrated work explores the question of where Hermes Trismegistus came from how he came to be a patron of the esoteric traditions and how the figure of Hermes has remained lively and inspiring to our own day.
  40. Glamorous Sorcery: Magic and Literacy in the High Middle Ages” by David Rollo - Demonstrates how closely interconnected certain types of vernacular and Latin writing were in this period. Uncovered through a series of illuminating, incisive, and often surprising close readings, these connections give us a new, more complex appraisal of the relationship between literacy, social status, and political power in a time and place in which various languages competed for cultural sovereignty-at a critical juncture in the cultural history of the West.
  41. Unlocked Books: Manuscripts of Learned Magic in the Medieval Libraries of Central Europe” by Benedek Láng - During the Middle Ages, the Western world translated the incredible Arabic scientific corpus and imported it into Western culture: Arabic philosophy, optics, and physics, as well as alchemy, astrology, and talismanic magic. The line between the scientific and the magical was blurred. According to popular lore, magicians of the Middle Ages were trained in the art of magic in “magician schools” located in various metropolitan areas, such as Naples, Athens, and Toledo.
  42. The History of Magic and Experimental Science” by Lynn Thorndike.
  43. The Mechanics of Ancient Egyptian Magical Practice” by Robert K. Ritner - This study represents the first critical examination of "magical techniques," revealing their widespread appearance and pivotal significance for all Egyptian "religious" practices from the earliest periods through the Coptic era, influencing as well the Greco-Egyptian magical papyri.
  44. Eternal Egypt: Ancient Rituals for the Modern World” by Richard J. Reidy - The first comprehensive collection of important temple rituals performed throughout Egypt during the time of the pharaohs. The author presents seven key rites from official temple records and ancient esoteric texts for personal or group use.
  45. Arguing With Angels” by Egil Asprem - Examining this magical system from its Renaissance origins to present day occultism, Egil Asprem shows how the reception of Dee’s magic is replete with struggles to construct and negotiate authoritative interpretational frameworks for doing magic. Arguing with Angels offers a novel, nuanced approach to questions about how ritual magic has survived the advent of modernity and demonstrates the ways in which modern culture has recreated magical discourse.
  46. Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism” by Wouter J. Hanegraaff - This is the first comprehensive reference work to cover the entire domain of “Gnosis and Western Esotericism” from the period of Late Antiquity to the present. Containing around 400 articles by over 180 international specialists, it provides critical overviews discussing the nature and historical development of all its important currents and manifestations, from Gnosticism and Hermetism to Astrology, Alchemy and Magic, from the Hermetic Tradition of the Renaissance to Rosicrucianism and Christian Theosophy, and from Freemasonry and Illuminism to 19th-century Occultism and the contemporary New Age movement.
  47. The Alchemy of Light: Geometry and Optics in Late Renaissance Alchemical Illustration” by Ursula Szulakowska - This study concerns the late Renaissance metaphysics of light in its adoption to a Paracelsian alchemical context by John Dee, Heinrich Khunrath, Michael Maier and Robert Fludd. he volume includes 50 illustrations from alchemical treatises of the period, the emphasis being placed on Khunrath's "Amphiteatrum Sapientiea Aeternae" (1595-1609). The study investigates these images using analytical tools drawn from semiotics, structuralism and post-structuralism.
  48. Theurgy and the Soul: The Neoplatonism of Iamblichus” by Gregory Shaw - A study of Iamblichus of Syria (ca. 240-325), whose teachings set the final form of pagan spirituality prior to the Christianization of the Roman Empire. Shaw focuses on the theory and practice of theurgy, the most controversial and significant aspect of Iamblichus's Platonism.
  49. Platonic Theology, Volume 1: Books I-IV” by Marsilio Ficino, edited by James Hankins - A visionary work and philosophical masterpiece of Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499), the Florentine scholar-philosopher-magus who was largely responsible for the Renaissance revival of Plato. A student of the Neoplatonic schools of Plotinus and Proclus, Ficino was committed to reconciling Platonism with Christianity, in the hope that such a reconciliation would initiate a spiritual revival and return of the golden age. This is one of the keys to understanding the art, thought, culture, and spirituality of the Renaissance.
  50. Giordano Bruno and Renaissance Science” by Hilary Gatti - This argument, associated with the work of Frances Yates, holds that early modern science was impregnated with and shaped by Hermetic and occult traditions, and has led scholars to view Bruno primarily as a magus.
  51. De Umbris Idearum” (The Collected Works of Giordano Bruno, Book 1)” by Giordano Bruno, edited by Scott Gosnell - To memorize anything, distribute vivid, emotionally stirring imagined images around a piece of familiar architecture. This is the method of loci, or memory palace method, first developed in classical antiquity.
  52. "Hermes: Guide of Souls" by Karl Kerenyi, translated by Murray Stein - Presents an authoritative study of the great god Hermes whom the Greeks revered as the Guides of Souls as well as the complex role of Hermes in classical mythology.
  53. Ritual Texts for the Afterlife: Orpheus and the Bacchic Gold Tablets” by Fritz Graf and Sarah Illes Johnston - Fascinating texts written on small gold tablets that were deposited in graves provide a unique source of information about what some Greeks and Romans believed regarding the fate that awaited them after death, and how they could influence it. These texts, dating from the late fifth century BCE to the second century CE, have been part of the scholarly debate on ancient afterlife beliefs since the end of the nineteenth century. The tablets belonged to those who had been initiated into the mysteries of Dionysus Bacchius and relied heavily upon myths narrated in poems ascribed to the mythical singer Orpheus.
  54. Magic and Magicians in the Greco-Roman World” by Matthew W. Dickie - This study is the first to assemble the evidence for the existence of sorcerors in the ancient world; it also addresses the question of their identity and social origins. The resulting investigation takes us to the underside of Greek and Roman society, into a world of wandering holy men and women, conjurors and wonder-workers, and into the lives of prostitutes, procuresses, charioteers and theatrical performers.

Further Resources
PDF’s:
Seeing The Word: John Dee and Renaissance Occultism” by Hakan Hakannson http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Seeing+the+Word%3A+John+Dee+and+Renaissance+Occultism.+.-a099012024

Miscellaneous Articles:
Khunrath by Peter Forshaw
http://uva.academia.edu/PeterForshaw
Enoch Traditions by Andrei Orlov
http://www.marquette.edu/maqom/metatronyouth.html
Hermes, Proclus, and the Question of A Philosophy of Magic in the Renaissance by Copenhaver

Websites & Blogs:
Brian P. Copenhaver
http://www.cmrs.ucla.edu/brian/index.htm
Claire Fanger:
http://rice.academia.edu/ClaireFanger
Wouter J. Hanegraaff: http://uva.academia.edu/WouterHanegraaff
The Ritman Library
https://www.youtube.com/useTheRitmanLibrary/videos

Scholarly Journals:
Dionysius
http://www.dal.ca/faculty/arts/classics/journals/dionysius.html
Aries: Journal for the Study of Western Esotericism
http://www.brill.com/aries
Copyright www.molochsorcery.com All Rights Reserved
submitted by Brother_Moloch_969 to occult [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 19:31 Brother_Moloch_969 List of Academic Pre-1800's Occult Books, Websites, Blogs & Etc.

Greetings. Several years ago, I along with some friends (Aaron Leitch, Jake Stratton-Kent, Frater Rufus Opus, and many others) contributed to a list we thought would be a great resource for studying Magic & Sorcery with academic elements listed prior to the 1800's new age movement. Here you will find a lot of useful information and realize this list is NOT complete because since the time we created this list, more academic material has emerged on the market. Also realize these books are not often found free on the Net in pdf form so you will have to do like the rest of us had to do which is purchase them - if you want them. I got many of these books in used condition from Amazon, AbeBooks, Half-Price Books, and so forth. Getting these materials & studying them will seriously up your magical game. Enjoy!
8o) Br Moloch 9.6.9.
Books:
  1. The Greek Magical Papyri in Translation: Including the Demotic Spells: Texts (Volume 1)” by Hans Dieter Betz - This is a collection of magical spells and formulas, hymns, and rituals from Greco-Roman Egypt, dating from the second century B.C. to the fifth century A.D. A must read.
  2. Curse Tablets and Binding Spells from the Ancient World” edited by John G. Gager - In the ancient Greco-Roman world, it was common practice to curse or bind an enemy or rival by writing an incantation on a tablet and dedicating it to a god or spirit. These curses or binding spells, commonly called defixiones were intended to bring other people under the power and control of those who commissioned them
  3. Magika Hiera: Ancient Greek Magic and Religion” edited by Christopher A. Faraone & Dirk Obbink - This collection challenges the tendency among scholars of ancient Greece to see magical and religious ritual as mutually exclusive and to ignore "magical" practices in Greek religion. The contributors survey specific bodies of archaeological, epigraphical, and papyrological evidence for magical practices in the Greek world, and, in each case, determine whether the traditional dichotomy between magic and religion helps in any way to conceptualize the objective features of the evidence examined.
  4. Arcana Mundi: Magic and the Occult in the Greek and Roman Worlds: A Collection of Ancient Texts” by Georg Luck - Magic, miracles, daemonology, divination, astrology, and alchemy were the arcana mundi, the "secrets of the universe," of the ancient Greeks and Romans. In this path-breaking collection of Greek and Roman writings on magic and the occult, Georg Luck provides a comprehensive sourcebook and introduction to magic as it was practiced by witches and sorcerers, magi and astrologers, in the Greek and Roman worlds.
  5. Greek and Roman Necromancy” by Daniel Ogden - In classical antiquity, there was much interest in necromancy--the consultation of the dead for divination. People could seek knowledge from the dead by sleeping on tombs, visiting oracles, and attempting to reanimate corpses and skulls. Ranging over many of the lands in which Greek and Roman civilizations flourished, including Egypt, from the Greek archaic period through the late Roman empire, this book is the first comprehensive survey of the subject ever published in any language.
  6. Forbidden Rites: A Necromancer's Manual of the Fifteenth Century” by Richard Kieckhefer - Like many medieval texts for the use of magicians, this handbook is a miscellany rather than a systematic treatise. It is exceptional, however, in the scope and variety of its contents—prayers and conjurations, rituals of sympathetic magic, procedures involving astral magic, a catalogue of spirits, lengthy ceremonies for consecrating a book of magic, and other materials.
  7. Ritual Magic” by Elizabeth M. Butler - In this classic book (first published in 1949), Butler explores ritual magic using a wide range of texts from the pre-Christian rites of the Akkadians and Chaldeans to the Solomonic Clavicles of medieval Europe. Throughout, there is extensive quotation from the documents themselves, providing the reader with an authentic sense of the richness and power of these texts.
  8. Conjuring Spirits: Texts and Traditions of Medieval Ritual Magic” edited by Claire Fanger - Included are chapters by Richard Kieckhefer and Robert Mathiesen on the Sworn Book of Honorius, Michael Camille on the Ars Notoria, John B. Friedman on the Secretum Philosophorum, Nicholas Watson on the McMaster text, and Elizabeth Wade on Lullian divination. The work also includes Juris Lidaka's edition of the Liber de Angelis, and an overview of late medieval English ritual manuscripts by Frank Klaassen.
  9. The Fortunes of Faust” by Elizabeth M. Butler - Butler follows the magic tradition of the Magus—the priest-king—and its reformulation in the Christian world. In the process, the Magus was transformed into a wicked sorcerer who comes to a bad end in this world and a worse one hereafter. This conception, which gained ground in the Middle Ages, received its most categorical statement in the Faust legend.
  10. The Goetia of Dr. Rudd” by David Rankine & Stephen Skinner - The Goetia of Dr. Rudd explains how the 72 angels of the Shemhamphorash are used to evoke and safely bind demons—material that has not been made available in any previous edition. This rare volume contains a transcription of a hitherto unpublished manuscript of the Lemegeton and includes illustrations drawn from rare manuscripts held in the British Library.
  11. The Complete Magician’s Tables” by Stephen Skinner - The sources of this remarkable compilation range from classic grimoires such as the Sworn Book to modern theories of prime numbers and atomic weights. Data from Peter de Abano, Abbott Trithemium, Albertus Magnus, Cornelius Agrippa, and other prominent scholars is referenced here, in addition to hidden gems found in unpublished medieval grimoires and Kabbalistic works.
  12. The Keys to the Gateway of Magic: Summoning the Solomonic Archangels and Demon Princes” by Stephen Skinner & David Rankine - This classic text of the Nine Great Keys details the invocation of the Archangels, the full hierarchy of spiritual beings (including Olympic Spirits and Elementals) and the evocation of the four Demon Princes
  13. Three Books of Occult Philosophy” by Henry Cornelius Agrippa & edited by Donald Tyson - How magicians collect virtues from the three-fold World, is declared in these three books. Seeing there is a three-fold World, Elementary, Celestial, and Intellectual, and every inferior is governed by its superior. Indispensable.
  14. The Complete Picatrix: The Occult Classic Of Astrological Magic Liber Atratus” translated by John Michael Greer & Christopher Warnock - The Picatrix is the most famous grimoire of astrological magic and one of the most important works of medieval and Renaissance magic. With all four books of the Latin Picatrix complete in one volume, the Picatrix is an encyclopedic work with over 300 pages of Hermetic magical philosophy, ritual, talismanic and natural magic.
  15. Secrets of the Magical Grimoires Revealed” by Aaron Leitch - The magickal methods and esoteric knowledge of medieval Europe (476 to 1453 C.E.) form the ancestral backbone of modern ceremonial magick. To understand medieval magick, it’s necessary to know the primary repositories of this knowledge - the grimoires of spells, incantations, and ritual instructions for working with angels and conjuring spirits. And to understand the grimoires, you must delve into the life and times of the magicians who wrote them.
  16. The True Grimoire” by Jake Kent-Stratton - The True Grimoire is a major contribution to the practice and study of Goetic magic. The neglected Grimorium Verum has been restored to it's rightful place as a potent and coherent system of Goetic magic. Jake Stratton-Kent has reconstructed a working version from the corrupted Italian and French versions of this important grimoire.
  17. Geosophia: The Argo of Magic” by Jake Stratton-Kent - Geosophia traces the development of magic from the Greeks to the grimoires, laying bare the chthonic roots of goetic ritual. By exposing the necromantic origins of much of modern magic we are able to reconnect with the source of our ritual tradition. There is a continuity of practice in the West which encompasses the pre-Olympian cults of Dionysus and Cybele, is found in the Greek Magical Papyri and Picatrix and flows into the grimoires.
  18. "Ancient Christian Magic: Coptic Texts of Ritual Power" by Marvin W. Meyer & Richard Smith - This provocative collection of rites, spells, amulets, curses, and recipes of the early Coptic Christians documents Christianity as a living folk religion resembling other popular belief systems - something quite different from what theological and doctrinal traditions have led us to believe.
  19. Invoking Angels: Theurgic Ideas and Practices, Thirteenth to Sixteenth Centuries” edited by Claire Fanger - Bring0s together a tightly themed collection of essays on late medieval and early modern texts concerned with the role of angels in the cosmos, focusing on angelic rituals and spiritual cosmologies. Collectively, these essays tie medieval angel magic texts more clearly to medieval religion and to the better-known author-magicians of the early modern period.
  20. The Testament of Cyprian the Mage” by Jake Stratton-Kent - An ambitious and far-seeing work, addressing two ends of the magical spectrum: the Testament of Solomon and one version of the Iberian Book of Saint Cyprian. In doing so, key aspects of magical practice are revealed. This work draws upon these texts to create a clear understanding of the practice of grimoire magic, not as a discrete or degenerate subset of ceremonial magic, but one which is integrated with folk magic and witchcraft.
  21. Veritable Key of Solomon” by Stephen Skinner & David Rankine - Based on one of the best-known grimoires of the Western world, The Veritable Key of Solomon presents all aspects of this revered magical system in one impressive source.
  22. The Magical Treatise of Solomon, or Hygromanteia” by Ioannis Marathakis - The true source of the Key of Solomon, it is arguably the most significant magical text in the world. For the first time ever, this extraordinary work has been translated from the original Greek into English.
  23. Magic, Witchcraft and Ghosts in the Greek and Roman World: A Sourcebook” by Daniel Ogden - Contains three hundred texts in new translations, along with brief but explicit commentaries. Alongside descriptions of sorcerers, witches, and ghosts in the works of ancient writers, it reproduces curse tablets, spells from ancient magical recipe books, and inscriptions from magical amulets.
  24. Ancient Jewish Magic: A History” by Gideon Bohak - Gives a pioneering account of the broad history of ancient Jewish magic, from the Second Temple to the rabbinic period. It is based both on ancient magicians' own compositions and products in Aramaic, Hebrew and Greek, and on the descriptions and prescriptions of non-magicians, to reconstruct a historical picture that is as balanced and nuanced as possible.
  25. John Dee's Natural Philosophy: Between Science and Religion” by Nicholas Clulee - Thoroughly examining Dee’s natural philosophy, this book provides a balanced evaluation of his place, and the role of the occult, in sixteenth-century intellectual history. It brings together insights from a study of Dee’s writings, the available biographical material, and his sources as reflected in his extensive library and, more importantly, numerous surviving annotated volumes from it.
  26. Grimoires: A History of Magic Books” by Owen Davies - Put simply, grimoires are books of spells that were first recorded in the Ancient Middle East and which have developed and spread across much of the Western Hemisphere and beyond over the ensuing millennia. At their most benign, they contain charms and remedies for natural and supernatural ailments and advice on contacting spirits to help find treasures and protect from evil. But at their most sinister they provide instructions on how to manipulate people for corrupt purposes and, worst of all, to call up and make a pact with the Devil. Both types have proven remarkably resilient and adaptable and retain much of their relevance and fascination to this day.
  27. The Language of Demons and Angels: Cornelius Agrippa's Occult Philosophy” by Christopher I. Lehrich - The analysis walks the reader through the text of De Occulta Philosophia, Agrippa's 1533 masterpiece, explicating the often hidden structure and argument of the work.
  28. Thrice-Greatest Hermes; Studies in Hellenistic Theosophy and Gnosis” by G. R. S. Mead - Three Volumes bound into one. Volume contents are: Vol. 1. Prolegomena. -- Vol. 2. Sermons. -- Vol. 3. Excerpts and fragments.
  29. The Egyptian Hermes: A Historical Approach to the Late Pagan Mind” by Garth Fowden - Starting from the complex fusions and tensions that molded Graeco-Egyptian culture, and in particular Hermetism, during the centuries after Alexander, the author argues that the technical and philosophical Hermetica, apparently so different, might be seen as aspects of a single "way of Hermes".
  30. Restless Dead: Encounters between the Living and the Dead in Ancient Greece” by Sarah Illes Johnston - Topics of focus include the origin of the goes (the ritual practitioner who made interaction with the dead his specialty), the threat to the living presented by the ghosts of those who died dishonorably or prematurely, the development of Hecate into a mistress of ghosts and its connection to female rites of transition, and the complex nature of the Erinyes.
  31. Hekate Soteira: A Study of Hekate's Roles in the Chaldean Oracles and Related Literature” by Sarah Illes Johnston - Hekate is best known to classicists and historians of religion as the horrific patroness of witches. But from the Hellenistic age onward, some Greek and Roman philosophers and magicians portrayed her quite differently.
  32. Magic and Ritual in the Ancient World” edited by Paul Mirecki and Marvin Meyer.
  33. Marsilio Ficino: His Theology, His Philosophy, His Legacy” edited by V. Rees, Michael J. B. Allen & Valery Rees - This volume consists of 21 essays on Marsilio Ficino (1433-99), the great Florentine scholar, philosopher and priest who was the architect of Renaissance Platonism and whose long-lasting influence on philosophy, love and music theory, medicine and magic extended across Europe.
  34. Secrets of Nature: Astrology and Alchemy in Early Modern Europe” edited by William R. Newman & Anthony Grafton - Shows the many ways in which astrology and alchemy diverge as well as intersect. Overall, it shows how an appreciation of the role of the occult opens up new ways of understanding the past.
  35. Trithemius and Magical Theology: A Chapter in the Controversy over Occult Studies in Early Modern Europe” by Noel L. Brann - This is a very useful, exciting and informative text for those interested in the philosophy and theology behind Renaissance Magic. Mentor to Agrippa, pioneer of cryptography, Trithemius is one of the most important (and well-placed in Church history) yet difficult to understand of the great Renaissance writers on magic, and this book provides a detailed but readable introduction to his views on the subject.
  36. John Dee's Conversations with Angels” by Deborah E. Harkness - John Dee's angel conversations have been an enigmatic facet of Elizabethan England's most famous natural philosopher's life and work. Professor Harkness contextualizes Dee's angel conversations within the natural philosophical, religious and social contexts of his time. She argues that they represent a continuing development of John Dee's earlier concerns and interests. These conversations include discussions of the natural world, the practice of natural philosophy, and the apocalypse.
  37. John Dee's Occultism: Magical Exaltation Through Powerful Signs” by Gyorgy E. Szonyi - Presents an analysis of Renaissance occultism and its place in the chronology of European cultural history. Culling examples of "magical thinking" from classical, medieval, and Renaissance philosophers, Szonyi revisits the body of Dee's own scientific and spiritual writings as reflective sources of traditional mysticism.
  38. The Arch Conjuror of England: John Dee” by Glyn Parry - Explores Dee’s vast array of political, magical, and scientific writings and finds that they cast significant new light on policy struggles in the Elizabethan court, conservative attacks on magic, and Europe's religious wars. John Dee was more than just a fringe magus, Parry shows Dee was a major figure of the Reformation and Renaissance.
  39. The Eternal Hermes: From Greek God to Alchemical Magus” by Antoine Favre - Drawing upon rare books and manuscripts, this highly illustrated work explores the question of where Hermes Trismegistus came from how he came to be a patron of the esoteric traditions and how the figure of Hermes has remained lively and inspiring to our own day.
  40. Glamorous Sorcery: Magic and Literacy in the High Middle Ages” by David Rollo - Demonstrates how closely interconnected certain types of vernacular and Latin writing were in this period. Uncovered through a series of illuminating, incisive, and often surprising close readings, these connections give us a new, more complex appraisal of the relationship between literacy, social status, and political power in a time and place in which various languages competed for cultural sovereignty-at a critical juncture in the cultural history of the West.
  41. Unlocked Books: Manuscripts of Learned Magic in the Medieval Libraries of Central Europe” by Benedek Láng - During the Middle Ages, the Western world translated the incredible Arabic scientific corpus and imported it into Western culture: Arabic philosophy, optics, and physics, as well as alchemy, astrology, and talismanic magic. The line between the scientific and the magical was blurred. According to popular lore, magicians of the Middle Ages were trained in the art of magic in “magician schools” located in various metropolitan areas, such as Naples, Athens, and Toledo.
  42. The History of Magic and Experimental Science” by Lynn Thorndike.
  43. The Mechanics of Ancient Egyptian Magical Practice” by Robert K. Ritner - This study represents the first critical examination of "magical techniques," revealing their widespread appearance and pivotal significance for all Egyptian "religious" practices from the earliest periods through the Coptic era, influencing as well the Greco-Egyptian magical papyri.
  44. Eternal Egypt: Ancient Rituals for the Modern World” by Richard J. Reidy - The first comprehensive collection of important temple rituals performed throughout Egypt during the time of the pharaohs. The author presents seven key rites from official temple records and ancient esoteric texts for personal or group use.
  45. Arguing With Angels” by Egil Asprem - Examining this magical system from its Renaissance origins to present day occultism, Egil Asprem shows how the reception of Dee’s magic is replete with struggles to construct and negotiate authoritative interpretational frameworks for doing magic. Arguing with Angels offers a novel, nuanced approach to questions about how ritual magic has survived the advent of modernity and demonstrates the ways in which modern culture has recreated magical discourse.
  46. Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism” by Wouter J. Hanegraaff - This is the first comprehensive reference work to cover the entire domain of “Gnosis and Western Esotericism” from the period of Late Antiquity to the present. Containing around 400 articles by over 180 international specialists, it provides critical overviews discussing the nature and historical development of all its important currents and manifestations, from Gnosticism and Hermetism to Astrology, Alchemy and Magic, from the Hermetic Tradition of the Renaissance to Rosicrucianism and Christian Theosophy, and from Freemasonry and Illuminism to 19th-century Occultism and the contemporary New Age movement.
  47. The Alchemy of Light: Geometry and Optics in Late Renaissance Alchemical Illustration” by Ursula Szulakowska - This study concerns the late Renaissance metaphysics of light in its adoption to a Paracelsian alchemical context by John Dee, Heinrich Khunrath, Michael Maier and Robert Fludd. he volume includes 50 illustrations from alchemical treatises of the period, the emphasis being placed on Khunrath's "Amphiteatrum Sapientiea Aeternae" (1595-1609). The study investigates these images using analytical tools drawn from semiotics, structuralism and post-structuralism.
  48. Theurgy and the Soul: The Neoplatonism of Iamblichus” by Gregory Shaw - A study of Iamblichus of Syria (ca. 240-325), whose teachings set the final form of pagan spirituality prior to the Christianization of the Roman Empire. Shaw focuses on the theory and practice of theurgy, the most controversial and significant aspect of Iamblichus's Platonism.
  49. Platonic Theology, Volume 1: Books I-IV” by Marsilio Ficino, edited by James Hankins - A visionary work and philosophical masterpiece of Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499), the Florentine scholar-philosopher-magus who was largely responsible for the Renaissance revival of Plato. A student of the Neoplatonic schools of Plotinus and Proclus, Ficino was committed to reconciling Platonism with Christianity, in the hope that such a reconciliation would initiate a spiritual revival and return of the golden age. This is one of the keys to understanding the art, thought, culture, and spirituality of the Renaissance.
  50. Giordano Bruno and Renaissance Science” by Hilary Gatti - This argument, associated with the work of Frances Yates, holds that early modern science was impregnated with and shaped by Hermetic and occult traditions, and has led scholars to view Bruno primarily as a magus.
  51. De Umbris Idearum” (The Collected Works of Giordano Bruno, Book 1)” by Giordano Bruno, edited by Scott Gosnell - To memorize anything, distribute vivid, emotionally stirring imagined images around a piece of familiar architecture. This is the method of loci, or memory palace method, first developed in classical antiquity.
  52. "Hermes: Guide of Souls" by Karl Kerenyi, translated by Murray Stein - Presents an authoritative study of the great god Hermes whom the Greeks revered as the Guides of Souls as well as the complex role of Hermes in classical mythology.
  53. Ritual Texts for the Afterlife: Orpheus and the Bacchic Gold Tablets” by Fritz Graf and Sarah Illes Johnston - Fascinating texts written on small gold tablets that were deposited in graves provide a unique source of information about what some Greeks and Romans believed regarding the fate that awaited them after death, and how they could influence it. These texts, dating from the late fifth century BCE to the second century CE, have been part of the scholarly debate on ancient afterlife beliefs since the end of the nineteenth century. The tablets belonged to those who had been initiated into the mysteries of Dionysus Bacchius and relied heavily upon myths narrated in poems ascribed to the mythical singer Orpheus.
  54. Magic and Magicians in the Greco-Roman World” by Matthew W. Dickie - This study is the first to assemble the evidence for the existence of sorcerors in the ancient world; it also addresses the question of their identity and social origins. The resulting investigation takes us to the underside of Greek and Roman society, into a world of wandering holy men and women, conjurors and wonder-workers, and into the lives of prostitutes, procuresses, charioteers and theatrical performers.

Further Resources
PDF’s:
Seeing The Word: John Dee and Renaissance Occultism” by Hakan Hakannson http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Seeing+the+Word%3A+John+Dee+and+Renaissance+Occultism.+.-a099012024

Miscellaneous Articles:
Khunrath by Peter Forshaw
http://uva.academia.edu/PeterForshaw
Enoch Traditions by Andrei Orlov
http://www.marquette.edu/maqom/metatronyouth.html
Hermes, Proclus, and the Question of A Philosophy of Magic in the Renaissance by Copenhaver

Websites & Blogs:
Brian P. Copenhaver
http://www.cmrs.ucla.edu/brian/index.htm
Claire Fanger:
http://rice.academia.edu/ClaireFanger
Wouter J. Hanegraaff: http://uva.academia.edu/WouterHanegraaff
The Ritman Library
https://www.youtube.com/useTheRitmanLibrary/videos

Scholarly Journals:
Dionysius
http://www.dal.ca/faculty/arts/classics/journals/dionysius.html
Aries: Journal for the Study of Western Esotericism
http://www.brill.com/aries
Copyright www.molochsorcery.com All Rights Reserved
submitted by Brother_Moloch_969 to magick [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 03:24 NamNguyen56 The last game of President Trump: Breaking the coup attempt of the Democratic Party and the enemy of the country

The last game of President Trump: Breaking the coup attempt of the Democratic Party and the enemy of the country

https://preview.redd.it/ug8v68p56tn51.jpg?width=250&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=5d4811f34c36b80a4f611e03de3336cffb2223e1

https://preview.redd.it/5819wev66tn51.jpg?width=250&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=23fed9616c328b90788ccfa78aaf9a6c94c9dbd7

https://preview.redd.it/tdjj0cn76tn51.jpg?width=250&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=5ca5f61d3efd5ae5d6d52beb7c8aee0a0aa84f7f

The last game of President Trump: Breaking the coup attempt of the Democratic Party and the enemy of the country
The closer you get to the election day (November 3), you can feel the heat from all sides surrounded the ballot box, from the Democratic Party's push to vote by mail to the application of the military to the election. or not? It can be said that President Trump is facing a lot of pitfalls of the righteous "enemy" in the heart of the country.
But as a "warrior" of difficult space, it can be said that the current decisions and statements of President Trump have pushed "the opponent" into the situation ... do not know where to go. 2020: The Democratic Party's "n" coup attempt
In February 2020, after many failed "coups" since Trump entered the White House (January 2017), Democrats and other underground State forces plotted to "oust" President Trump. out of the White House with a "farce" or "farce", and it ultimately failed miserably.
When the "tricks" are applied based on both "subjective and objective" factors such as the Wuhan virus, shutting down the economy, destroying riot, abolishing the police ... counterproductive, more precise. is a huge failure again, now the Democratic "rulers" are openly talking about staging a "coup".
Starting with statements from the US Department of Defense to quietly guide public opinion that the military will not obey the orders of the President. All of the above statements are from former generals - most of them are those who served under former President Barack Obama, and helped "spread" by Big Media to the American public. In July 2018, CNN once "revealed" that a series of generals in the Trump administration were disobeying his requests. And CNN, New York Times ... try to "illustrate" so that the American people believe that the President of the United States cannot afford to become the most powerful man in the world. (first)
CNN opened up, Defense Secretary James Mattis - then among those "disobedient" top officials - is said to have made disparaging comments on President Trump on matters related to Syria and North Korea, with the comments "Mr. Trump understands these issues at the level of an elementary school student".
US Joint Chiefs of Staff Vice Chairman John Hyten, who is responsible for America's top nuclear command, said he opposes President Trump's order on a nuclear strike if that is " illegal". As for CNBC, incumbent Defense Secretary Mark Esper opposes the introduction of the Resurrection Act - allowing President Trump to deploy US troops in active service - in response to civil unrest caused by Antifa, Black Lives Matter caused in major cities across the US in May 2020. (2) As the riots intensified by domestic terrorist groups, with the "help" of the Democratic governors run earlier in June, Defense Secretary Mark Esper declared publicly announced in the media that the President should not invoke the Resurrection Act.
The left-wing media massively released this information, simultaneously interpreting and dissecting the Secretary of Defense's message: “Mr. President, don't tell us to do it, because we won't, And he knows what will happen after that.
All these "tricks" of the left-wing media have "breathed relay" for candidate Joe Biden to confidently assert to Fox News that the military will "escort [Trump] from the White House with an official dispatch." great ”if the president refuses to leave office. And yet, former Vice President Al Gore (under the Bill Clinton administration) also publicly agreed with this view of Joe Biden. (3)
You may think that this is just a "joking" comment of a "patient" with dementia, and of a "hideout" who always offers "renaissance" campaign policies to America. from inside the basement of the house he is in.
But Democrats are not accidentally "innocent" as you think. They have a methodical strategy to "brainwash" the American people step by step before "coup", even for Mr. Joe Biden "doze" to say innocuous statements as above. Democrats are not accidentally "innocent" as you think. They have a methodical strategy to "brainwash" the American people step by step before "coup". (Getty)
It is no coincidence that the Washington Post recently (September 3) published an article titled: "What's the worst that could happen ..." The article publicly outlined a scenario, in which "Trump won," the Democrats desperate and vice versa. (4)
They purposely leaked a summer story about a meeting of about 100 Democrats who were former "anti-Trump" Republicans and other underground powers. (following the devilish trend of billionaire George Soros) together "play the lottery" - outlined different options and results in the 2020 election.
The end result is an absolute victory of the current President Trump. However, Bill Clinton's former White House Chief of Staff John Podesta (who plays Joe Biden) refused to give in, pressuring states that Trump had won the Democratic nomination for the main vote. formula of the Electoral College, and is confident that the military will take care of the rest. (5) This
deliberately "leaked" report shows that, if there is "dispute" from the post-election tally, then "technocratic solutions, courts and dependence on elites comply by standards is not the answer ”. Which it promises, what will happen after the November elections will be "a street fight, not a war of riot.
The underground powers and Democrats have outlined a bold plan to topple President Trump if he is re-elected. (Getty)
That means Big Media has "confirmed" to the American public that the possibility of post-election rioting (if President Trump is re-elected) will occur. Add two other baselines that can't be ignored.
The first data is that on August 11, Representatives Elissa Slotkin (Michigan) and Mikie Sherrill (New Jersey) wrote an open letter to General Mark Milley, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. In the letter, two Democrats urged General Mark Milley to deploy the 82nd Airborne Division to "escort" President Trump out of the Oval Office at 12:01 p.m. on January 20, 2021 for Joe Biden to "continue. The White House. (6)
The letter is the most obvious answer to the Democratic conspiracy right after candidate Joe Biden offered his "idea": If President Trump loses in the 2020 election (and if he refuses to give in ), then the Democrats may have to "ask" the military to escort him out of the White House.
The second data is that just about a month later, Hillary Clinton publicly declared that Joe Biden should not give in to the election "under any circumstances". (7) This does not sound like the "rhetoric" of a great politician, of a major political party.
All the above facts show that the Democrats are once again planning to "coup" President Donald Trump even if he wins over Joe Biden in the 2020 election.
Why Big Media and the Citizen Party Owner openly conspired "coup"?
The answer is simple, because the Deep State forces know that, for this coup "conspiracy" to succeed, it must not seem like a conspiracy. And at all times, wherever they are, they need to instill in the minds of the American people and the world public that, illegally removing President Trump from his term is partly due to the "fault" of yourself: Fascist dictator, entrenched power etc and so forth
They "brainwash" the American people not to mind Joe Biden's "extravagant" statement, that President Trump will refuse to leave the White House when he believed he had won legally. But what they want to emphasize through the "firm" statement of Hillary Clinton that: Joe Biden should not lose under any circumstances.
The focus of the Democratic Party's coup "conspiracy" is by all means to exaggerate the risk of pandemic Wuhan virus, with the help of CDC, Big Tech, Big Media, Big Pharma to stop the people. The United States voted directly, which in turn led to voting by mail. This is a form to create conditions for Democrats to cheat votes and "buy time" to count votes.
The Deep State powers know that in order for this coup "plot" to succeed, it must not act like a conspiracy.
In early September, the Hawkfish analysis firm (backed Joe Biden) announced that there was a chance that President Trump would win a landslide match on election night (November 3), but could lose. after the Democrats tally their mail ballots.
Hawkfish's director, Josh Mendelsohn, said a possible scenario when President Trump holds a 408-130 electoral ballot on election night, but has only 15% of the vote. by mail is checked. But after all the votes were counted, the company predicted Joe Biden "eventually won a big, 334-204 win."
Mr. Mendelsohn said: “When every legitimate vote is checked and we reach the last day, which is the day after Election Day, reality shows what happened on the exact election night. as such. Looks like Donald Trump took the lead, and he basically won't win when every vote counts. "
Meanwhile, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg also said that Americans have to get used to thinking that the election results may take "weeks" to be confirmed after the vote (November 3), and "status "Civil unrest is possible."
Twitter announced that they will delete any tweet declaring victory before the election results are confirmed. Meaning Twitter indirectly confirmed, the platform would prevent President Trump's supporters from challenging the legitimacy of any delay in announcing winners.
The worst case scenario will result in some states having ambiguous votes. Then a fierce dispute will happen to the point where no one can accurately declare the winner. Of course, then a whole system of Underground State behind "back", will help Democrats declare Joe Biden final victory.
America "runs out" if Joe Biden and Democrats win.
As President Trump once warned, if Joe Biden wins, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) will take over America. At the same time, many observers also found that America, under the leadership of Joe Biden, would follow a socialist model.
This should come as no surprise, given that Joe Biden has a close "history", with the CCP leaders, openly downplaying the threat from China as well as his "demographic" campaigning policies. always attaching special importance to high taxes, supporting abortion, similar to the socialist democratic model.
The dangerous thing is, if Joe Biden and the Democrats somehow "take over" the White House in this 2020 election, they will change the US Constitution and the Bill of Rights, by canceling the Second Amendment. 2 (allowing Americans the right to own guns), opening up the border so that millions of illegal immigrants enter the United States, causing job "bleeding" and chaos.
At the same time, Democrats will keep all political dissidents - true Americans - silent. Under the mighty power of the Underground State, opposition Americans, patriotic Americans, and traditional rightists will be tightly censored.
Believers, Christians will be intimidated, beaten, and even executed by domestic terrorist groups such as Antifa, Black Lives Matter, and even executed, whose law (of the Democratic Party) will protect them in a favorable way. ethnic minorities. All Christian speeches will be "criminalized", and the Bible will be outlawed.
America is embraced by Marxist left-wing ideology. The riots over the past three months in the United States have demonstrated an ever darker outlook after the election, and show that the extreme left is a frantic, authoritarian, anti-American "sect."
The radical left "nurtured" and activated by the mainstream media, launched a violent communist revolution against America's values ​​of freedom and democracy.
Big Media, Big Tech has demonstrated dangerous lawlessness by censoring all speeches online, protesting the radical liberal's psychotic delusions. The ultimate purpose of this underworld is: Full power to rule, eliminate police and censor people with opposing views.
In the future, America is no longer a shore of Freedom, but becomes a country like the country the CCP is running: Disrespecting the law and upholding the "law of the forest". Every American election from now on will be easily manipulated, stolen, cheated, or altered with violence by leftists who hate America, and despise all Americans who love. True water.
President Trump - lonely warrior: "Quick quenching" violence
Of course, all the above actions are prevented by President Donald Trump.
The Politico newspaper reported that on September 10, President Trump threatened to "quell ... very quickly" the riots on election night (November 3), if the Democrats were dissatisfied. Street after his victory. (8)
The remarks were made in an interview with Fox News host Jeanine Pirro, in which President Trump was asked how he would react to riots if he was declared the winner. on November 3. (9)
We will take them down very quickly if they do. We have the right to do that. We have the power to do it, if we want to… "(Getty)
"We will take them down very quickly if they do," replied the President. We have the right to do that. We have the power to do it, if we want to ... Look, it's called rebellion. We just send, and we do it, very easily. I mean, it's very easy. I don't want to do it because there is no reason, but if we have to do so, we will do it and solve the problem within minutes ”.
President Trump appears to be referring to the National Emergency Act - a law dating back to 1807 - that allows the President to deploy troops in the country for enforcement in certain emergencies. In other words, President Trump is declaring that he will deploy his army to end the rebellions.
There have been many analyzes and comments after this statement of President Trump. One of them is that President Trump will introduce the Resurrection Act shortly after the election. This allows the President to invoke the executive powers of the Fourteenth Amendment, in which paragraph 3 states:
“Anyone who is a member of Congress, or an official of the United States, or a member of a state legislature, or an administrative or judicial official of any state has made a declaration. o swear to support the Constitution of the United States but participate in revolts or rebellions against the Constitution or assist or lie in enemies, cannot be a senator or a deputy in Congress, or a representative voters to elect the President and Vice President, or in charge of any civil or military agency of the United States or of a certain state. But Congress can with 2/3 votes of two-thirds of the members of each House to reject the above prohibition. (From vi.wikisource) (10)
The Fourteenth Amendment was approved in 1868, shortly after the Civil War. President Trump could use this Amendment to order the arrest of a series of traitors, while stripping Electoral College votes from states participating in an overt revolt against the United Nations. USA.
That means President Trump has the power to remove the powers of governors, mayors, judges, lawmakers or military leaders who have granted "aid or commissar" to the anti-insurgent / rebellion. back to the United States.
That also means Democrats Gavin Newsom (California), Kate Brown (Oregon), Jay Inslee (Washington) and Andrew Cuomo (New York), and many left-wing mayors like Ted Wheeler (Portland), Lori Lightfoot (Chicago) and Bill de Blasio of (New York City) will be stripped of power.
President Trump will likely declare first that an illegal nationwide rebellion is in progress, and then deploy troops to quell the riots and restore the rule of law.
Extreme violence, and anarchy in Democratic-run states like this one, and likely to get even more intense shortly after the election, will give President Trump a rationale. it was justifiable for him to declare sending troops to these rebellious states.
u The 14th Judgment will allow President Trump to deprive mayors, governors, and MPs of the Democratic Party if riots do break out. (Getty)
This was not an act of "martial law" because President Trump remained at the helm of the country, and America was not run by a military general. Rather, the military is being deployed as a tool of the President to crack down on illegal rebellions.
Radical leftists are frantically burning, destroying, dismantling everything of America, from business to historic sites, harassing electoral sites, and deconstructing the foundation. the republic to replace the totalitarian socialist regime - will be abolished.
Of course, once the riots were abolished, this military deployment would cease, and the United States returned to a civil society. However, Underground State forces like Big Media and Big Tech will not sit and sit still once President Trump starts the Resurrection Act.
This "insane" faction will accuse President Trump of being a "military dictator" as they have long been attributed to him.At the same time, the Underground State forces will call on leftists to protest and rise. teach in the way that billionaire George Soros's Open Society Fund typically funds "color revolutions" that overthrow governments around the world.
His Open Society Foundation and other coalition organizations are the sponsors, supporters of the Democratic Party and radical liberal leftists, promoting racial wars, riots. , violence and revolution against America.
George Soros - the man behind many revolutions, riots overthrew the incumbent government worldwide, and profited to get rich through endless wars. (Getty)
George Eliason, investigative reporters of Americans now live in Ukraine, has connected the signs related to administration before Barack Obama with a wicked conspiracy to disturb and disrupt civil society America. This conspiracy is not only aimed at "overthrowing" President Trump from the White House, but also wants to open up a form of government in the line of atheistic communist socialism.
George Eliason released a report alleging that foreign terrorists were brought into the United States by conspiracy by former President Obama and CIA Director John Brennan. This shocking report indicates that the Obama administration "imported" foreign terrorists into the US in preparation for the Antifa / Black Lives Matter uprising, which caused chaos in US cities. (11)
So in recent months, domestic terrorists have been so strong that they shot and killed those who support President Trump, bombed gas bombs and destroyed federal government buildings. and attack the police. This is not difficult to predict that it will inevitably happen - to an even more intense extent - if President Trump is re-elected.
President Trump fully realized that a war against America had begun, and he decided to act decisively to protect America by "manipulating" the enemy when he declared that he would use legal military force and all executive powers of a commander in chief of the United States of America.
President Trump knew what was about to happen, and he molded the enemy by threatening to use the military to completely suppress uprising. (Getty)
President Trump's high-handed move
On August 23, just a day before the Republican National Congress began, President Trump held a major event welcoming the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for allowing emergency use. patient's plasma level COVID-19 was healthy during treatment. A few hours later, it was reported that the Trump administration was considering speeding up the vaccine test to get it and roll it out before the November election.
After voicing out that Democrats could fake votes if they passed the election. Letter, President Trump continued to shock with a statement related to vaccines: "The underground State elements at the FDA are trying to prevent companies from testing vaccines. They are looking to delay vaccines until after election day. 3-11 ", Mr. Trump wrote on Twitter August 22.
According to Bloomberg, the Trump administration is working to dramatically cut the time it takes to develop the coronavirus vaccine, with the goal of giving it enough doses for most Americans by the end of the year. Known as "Warp Speed", the campaign will bring together private pharmaceutical companies, government agencies and the military to try to cut the vaccine development time to eight months. (12)
In a matter of weeks In the past, the Trump administration has actively promoted the supply of vaccines on November 1 across the United States. (13) So why choose November 1 to provide vaccines? The answer is: November 1 is important because it is only two days away from the election (November 3). The Warp Speed ​​campaign on the surface involved vaccines, but in reality President Trump was not really "on the hook" with Big Pharma - home to the notorious vaccine manufacturing corporations. And President Trump has relied on this campaign to preserve national security by sending troops in every major city in the United States in an attempt to restore the rule of law, arrest leftist terrorists and traitors.
On March 27, 2020, President Trump issued an executive order that allowed the Pentagon to mobilize US veterans and members of the reserve force, and the National Guard returned to work. Permanent reinforcement for soldiers participating in the Army's COVID-19 pandemic campaign. (14)
The Individual Ready Reserve includes veterans, and members of the Mobilization Reserve, who are considered out of the military and rarely re-convened. These reserves will be deployed as part of the national defense against the Antifa terrorist groups, the Black Lives Matter. All of this could explain why President Trump pushed for the supply of vaccines on November 1, in which the military was sent to the country to "distribute" the vaccine.
This appears to be an extremely daring plan, "based on" the scheming brains of extremist left-wing Democracy - as a way of distributing troops across the country on election day, to prepare for application of the Resurrection Act immediately following elections.
Simply put, President Trump is a President of Law and Order.
Along with the continuous wave of American Police Associations voicing support for President Donald Trump, it can be said that the Democrats are on the same path. In other words, the Democrats were sticking him on his back, and to put it more literally, they were dancing the "music" exactly as the "talented composer": Donald Trump.
https://preview.redd.it/vusr6abb6tn51.jpg?width=250&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=579242b6ecf341e7b0d070ffe54f5d76b818b482
submitted by NamNguyen56 to u/NamNguyen56 [link] [comments]


2020.09.17 13:02 closeprotections Close Protection London Close Protection Services London

Close protection – is a concept that has been known for ages – it has been with us since early days of humankind and now its condition is more than satisfactory. Since time immemorial, people have tried to protect their wealth, assets, as well as their own health, life, and welfare. By means of the transfer of gathered goods, wealthy individuals have been paying other parties to protect them, their families, and possessions from others. As a general rule, young, notably strong, and grim-looking individuals have been considered perfectly suitable for such a job. The idea behind such a choice has been to scare away a potential adversary by taking advantage of the very looks of the guard. The aforementioned state of affairs has been observed for the consecutive ages. Wealthy landowners and kings created their own trusted guards (in ancient times and during the medieval age, those were troops designated to protect the authorities; later on, they were transformed into elite soldiers). Aside from serving representative and managerial purposes, such individuals were required to take care of their master and his beloved ones. In the 11th century England, during the Battle of Hastings, King Harold assembled a group of troops to protect his life and widely understood health condition. One may consider them to be the ancestors of modern bodyguards. As both civilization and society progressed, there were an increasing number of various organizations and people. Therefore, the risk of attack was significantly higher. Numerous authorities attempted to discourage potential aggressors from committing a crime by introducing severe forms of punishment. It must be noted, however, that there was still the question if it was enough to protect high authorities and the wealthy from the effects of outside attacks. The protection-oriented market has been developing to be – at some point – dominated by professional soldiers. The said progression has made it possible for police officers to investigate and deal with common, less dangerous crimes only. Together with technical revolution and the increasing social awareness, the number of citizens not satisfied with the current order skyrockets. It is likely to cause radical groups aiming at the change of the existing ruling paradigm to occur. This in turn may lead to anarchy and the increase in people willing to put their antisocial theories and plans into effect. The latter may start from sabotaging the work of others and demolishing valuable devices, but it may also end up in killings. If such a thing happens, one may openly talk about terrorism. The unusual social situation boosts the demand for personal protection. Both the army and police focus on securing the wellbeing of those of high position in the country. The rest of the threatened society must protect itself. The demand identified above has given rise to a new profession – a security guard. In the past, it was performed in a more or less organized fashion and that is why the effectiveness of arising task achievement varied. The attempt on Tsar’s Alexander the Second life on 1st March 1881 is a perfect exemplification of the formulated thesis. The ruler in question was attacked by the members of Narodnaya Volya at 2:15 P.M. A bomb was thrown under the carriage, but its explosion did not harm either the tsar or the horses. Alexander the Second, together with his companion including secret police representatives, started to assess damages. It was a mistake. At 2:20 P.M, yet another bomb was detonated. Its accuracy was notably higher as it managed to severely injure the tsar. He died relatively quickly, even with professional care he was under. At this point, it must be indicated that the demand for close protection increases. However, the perception of it is in a significant number of cases rather faulty, leading to pitiful outcomes. As it was hundreds of years earlier, modern people tend to hire grim musclemen to protect them, disregarding the fact that their intellectual level and possessed knowledge are negligible. Formerly, a test had to be passed in order for a person to be considered a bodyguard. Unfortunately, it does not hold true anymore. On numerous occasions, we can observe security guards stylized to look like stats of action movies, with the lack of intelligence written all over their faces. To give them justice, such people may also perform exceptionally well – up to the time they encounter a real attack. Unprofessional guards may be employed to protect rock stars or boxers. Real bodyguards of today are, however, highly skilled and motivated. They are trained to prevent rather than to counteract, as it may be too late in the latter case. Such people are capable of estimating potential risk and juxtaposing it with the resources at their disposal that may minimize it. Modern security guards are physically active, as well as skilled in giving first aid and driving a car defensively. They can fight without using any weapon – especially by taking advantage of psychology and persuasion. Such people are proficient in at least two languages and are characterized by an above-average intelligence level. The described model of a security guard is perfectly suited to current conditions and the needs of individuals hiring them.

VIP close protection over the world – organizations specializing in personal protection. One of the most famous and at the same time – the oldest organized bodies dealing with close protection was created in the 19th century. It was the American United States Secret Service. The USSS was created in 1865 as the US Treasury Law Enforcement Agency. Secret Service is the oldest national agency focusing entirely on investigations. Initially, their only task was to protect the economic structure of the country by means of preventing governmental cheques and bonds from being counterfeited. The mission was followed up to 1901, when president William McKinley was attacked in Buffalo (NY state). The assault resulted in appointing the Secret Service by the US Congress to protect the newly elected president, Theodore Roosevelt. In 1906, the Congress finally adopted the act on the responsibility of the Secret Service for the safety of the White House. Since 1950, the protection has been extended from presidents and first ladies only to vice-presidents as well. Before the murder of John F. Kennedy in 1963 and senator Robert F. Kennedy in 1968, the Secret Service had been a relatively small organization, employing as many as 284 agents. The discussed events translated directly into its rapid development. Currently, it is stated that over 5000 employees work for the Secret Service. Separate branches of the organization are located all over the United States, in Puerto Rico, and in other places all over the world (Paris, Lyon, London, Bonn, Rome, Milano, Hong Kong, Montreal, Lefkosa, Bogota, and Manila). The representatives of the organization are both secret agents (serving protection and investigation-related roles), as well as uniformed units responsible for the safety of the White House and diplomatic outposts. They maintain law and order by means of the network of both foot and motorized patrols, as well as of fixed posts. Such people also support other branches of the Secret Service. A wide scope of professional is also employed therein – those are electronics, engineers, communication experts, protection-related professionals, and IT workers. The Secret Service protects the president with his family, vice-president, elected vice-president, candidates for the said posts (from the 120th day before the elections onwards), former president, his children up to 16, as well as heads of other states staying in the USA in order to realize international missions. The unit of the Secret Service liable for taking care about the safety of the president in the White House fulfills its duties in identical uniforms. Due to the said fact, the Secret Service is sometimes referred to as the Uniformed Division. Its tasks also include the protection of president’s mansions, diplomatic outposts in Washington, and places alike located within the borders of the USA.

Another known formation is the Swiss Guard (Latin: Cohors Helvetica) which was for the very first time gathered on 22nd January 1506 by the then pope – Julius II. Its major aim was to protect the spiritual successor of Saint Peter and his palace. The pope wanted to grant himself protection from the enemies and avoid a political murder. In 1512, the Guard secured Vatican against French soldiers. The Defendants of the Church, as the representatives of the discussed formation were also called, had to face the biggest trail while taking care of pope Clemens VII during the invasion of Roman emperor, Charles V. The boldness, discipline, and resourcefulness of the representatives of the Guard made it possible to save the life of the pope, even though about 600 bold men died in the process. To commemorate the event, a solemn vow of the newly appointed guards takes place every year on 6th May. Each of the Swiss guards-to-be holds a banner in his left hand and raises his right hand with the thumb and two other fingers in an upright position (it is the symbol of the Holy Trinity). Then, the new soldiers promise to protect the pope and – to die in his defense if necessary. The representatives of the Swiss Guard are chosen from men between the age of 19 and 25 living in one of Swiss cantons (basing on contracts with Zurich and Lucerne). Each of them has to be at least 174 cm (5 feet and a half inch) tall and be an unmarried practicing Catholic (according to a special letter issued by the local bishop). Candidates for the service are properly trained, including teaching them how to use firearms, side arms, as well as how to defend themselves and establish proper contacts with other people. One of the items of the list is the proper usage of halberd. Currently, the number of soldiers in the Guard is estimated to circulate around 120, including officers, junior, and senior soldiers. They serve in the formation from two to twenty-five years. It must be also indicated at this point that officers and senior sergeants may be granted by the pope the right to enter into a holy matrimony. Aside from their characteristic outfit, soldiers are additionally equipped with halberds and Renaissance swords – those are the symbols of formation’s tradition. Nowadays, they are also fitted with firearms, tear gas, and excellent communication-oriented devices. With its almost five hundred years of heritage, the Swiss Guard is one of the oldest active defense-oriented groups in the world. One may assume that it will last until Switzerland and the Catholic Church exist.

Yet another example of a close protection-focused formation is the Cedrug Order, the major task of which is to take care about the ruler of Tibet – Dalai Lama. It comprises of national spiritual authorities who organized themselves in a form of an order. Thanks to strict upbringing, their physical strength is much higher than the one of secular officials. Therefore, the former are the most trusted soldiers caring about the safety of the leader of the nation. Cedurg School is located in the left wing of Potala – the palace of Dalai Lama, which is in turn situated in the Holy City of Lhasa (eastern Tibet, Kyitsu river valley). Every Tibet citizen is allowed to enroll to the school, but only chosen ones are granted the privilege to join the Order. For several hundred years, there have been a limited number of monks allowed, namely – 175. Only selected candidates have been worthy enough to defend the powerful Dalai Lama. Those are especially bold, tall, and muscular men. The representatives of the Order earned their name in 1959, when they protected the king of Tibet against Chinese adversaries.

One of the biggest organizations in the world established to consociate and train bodyguards is the International Bodyguard Association (IBA). The IBA was established in 1957 in Paris by major Lucien Victor Ott. Major Ott had been closely connected to the French Foreign Legion in Algeria since his early childhood. He had been born and raised in the said country. In 1947, he joined the French Special Forces and took part in France-Indochina war. Furthermore, he was the participant of the battle of Dien-Bien Phu that ended with the defeat of the French forces. He was being injured and captured by Vietminh. After a bold escape, he decided to join forces with the French Military Intelligence (Deuxieme Bureau). Major Lucien Ott got famous due to, inter alia, perfect securing of president Charles de Gaulle against the OAS terrorist organization. Thanks to him, 30 prepared attacks were foiled, 11 of which were aimed directly at the head of the state. After the death of the creator of a modern bodyguard profile, major Ott, one of his students – James G. Shortt took care of the management of the IBA. As a young man, he had joined a cadet school. Later on, he had become landing operation troops officer and a member of the elite SAS (Special Air Service) unit. Moreover, during his service, he also taught soldiers in Afghanistan the art of Mujahedeen war. Currently, he teaches security guards, police officers, and soldiers all over the world in the IBA branches. The main aim of the organization is to properly prepare bodyguards-to-be to properly perform their duties. It is not an entity employing such individuals, but those who have presented exceptional skills may become members of royal, diplomatic, or personal guards recommended by the IBA. Coaches being the representatives of the organization trained bodyguards in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, as well as helped during the Baltic Crisis between 1989 and 1991. The qualifications of the International Bodyguard Association are exceptional, international, and backed by the documentation concerning the organization of training sessions for the military, governmental authorities, police, and private bodyguards all over the world. Such undertakings have been continuously performed since 1957. The IBA also operates and trains willing individuals in Poland. Its branch was established in the said country in 1992. The basic training offered to candidates includes 60 hours of comprehensive preparation divided into six consecutive days. After its completion, the candidates are required to undergo the so-called refresher once a year. It is one of the conditions of the membership in the IBA.

Another training organization worth mentioning is the ESI - Executive Security International. It must be highlighted that it is one of the biggest and most appreciated American companies oriented towards training personal protection guards. Its second name is as follows: Bodyguard Training Academy for Executive, Dignitary and Celebrity Protection. The ESI was formed at the beginning of the 80s by Bob Duggan – martial arts expert and master in Hwarang Do. Its creation had been preceded by the establishment of the very first bodyguard training program by the Martial Arts Academy in Aspen, Colorado. The ESI, being one of the USA’s private schools, offers its students over 2000 hours of education with regard to protection, investigation, data gathering, company and individual security, etc. The training unit of the organization is situated high up in the mountains and is run by skilled professionals. Fun fact – film writer, Tracy Keenan Wynn, cooperates with the ESI. His preeminent task has been to create scenarios of situational exercises. While writing them, the said individual takes advantage of real life situations and attacks, such as assaults on Aldo Moro, John Paul the Second, kidnapping of Hans Martin Schleyer by the RAF (Red Army Faction), and scenarios alike. The ESI collaborates with corporations operating in the close protection branch of industry, as well as with the police and military. The organized training sessions are top secret. No journalists are allowed to enter the Aspen unit. Due to the fact that the ESI is a private school, it may provide professional training to civil, police-related, and military institutions all over the world.

The citizens of Israel have never had the chance to feel safe in their country. The issue of safety has been always treated seriously there. Aside from a constant Israel-Arab world conflict threat, the Israelis have been the subjects of terrorist attracts, both within the borders of their country and outside it. Jews and Americans are most frequent victims of operations organized by highly skilled terrorist groups. Taking into account the impact the Russian mafia has on Israel, the amount of care put on widely understood safety is fully justified. The Israeli Special Forces protect their citizens by means of intelligence and security-oriented undertakings. They host training sessions in various organizations preparing bodyguards, providing the adepts with the experience gained during the service. Most famous units of the said kind in Israel are undoubtedly the ISA - International Security Academy and the ISS - International Security School.

ISA is an international organization established and managed by former leaders, police instructors, and special service members. The very first unit of the ISA was formed in Latvia as a training and advising agency for both governmental and private security guards belonging to the Baltic States and the countries of the former USSR. The fact that the ISA is not exclusively Israeli in character is proved by the figure of the organization chairman, major Urlich Wegener – the creator and very first leader of German Border Control Service called GSG 9. The team of instructors and coaches also has international roots. The credo of the organization is that the preparation of the individuals for the proper protection of others is the key. Such people have to be offered highest quality training, extensive knowledge, and practical background. The ISS training programs are based predominantly on the experiences gained in Israel and in other countries, as well as while training people for the purpose of protecting VIPs over the world. Individuals, governmental authorities, and large-size corporations have been taking advantage of the services provided by the ISA/ISS.

At the moment, civil bodyguards are also involved in close protection. The safety of the individuals hiring them, as well as their possessions depends highly on the qualifications of the former. Quite frequently, those are former policemen, soldiers, or special force members. However, a number of inexperienced adepts would like to start their adventure with personal protection as well. Are they bound to fail in their attempts? It is not always so. The most crucial component affecting the effectiveness of the training is one’s psychological preparation. It is a commonly known fact that it is exceptional in former police officers and troops. However, it is a common belief that one can be trained how to perform the job of a bodyguard, just as it is possible to teach a person how to shoot or be properly engaged in melee combat. It all depends on one’s motivation and willingness to achieve success in the industry. Regulations to date limit the training process of a security guard to the moment of being awarded with a license. In order to perform his tasks properly, such a person has to constantly improve his skills and qualifications.

Phenomena connected with the need of utilization of close protection techniques – Terrorism/Terrorist. It goes without saying that terrorism is one of the biggest threats of today’s world. While analyzing the severity of attacks and their scale, one should not doubt that VIPs should be at all possible occasions protected against the aforementioned forms of assault. In order to assess the threat a given problem pose, its specificity must be identified at first. The notion of „terrorism” was for the first time in history used during the Conference of the International Criminal Law Association in Brussels, in 1930. To date, there have been approximately 200 various definitions of the phenomenon in question. While trying to grasp its characteristic features, one will face a number of limitations and difficulties. One of statements of historian Walter Laqueur has to be touched upon here. While asked why he has been avoiding formulating an unequivocal definition of terrorism, he replied: „For 50 or so years, people are constantly trying to understand the idea behind terrorism. It is a phenomenon having different forms, depending on its place of origin and epoch. How can one find common ground between Russian revolutionists from the end of the 19th century and Al-Qaida anarchists?

Terrorism is mainly based on the utilization of force or threat in order to achieve political or ideological goals. It is hard to say something beyond that. Terrorism is like pornography – it escapes logical classification, but if one sees it – then it becomes apparent.” It is hard to argue with the statement, as it perfectly shows the complexity of the phenomenon in question. For the purpose of this publication, a strict definition of terrorism is not needed. All that is required is the utterance formulated by Walter Laqueur stating that terrorism can be most fully perceived through its manifestations. Terrorist acts are undoubtedly illegal, as they are based on kidnapping people and forcedly taking control over means of communication, economic sabotage, attacks, robberies, demanding ransom to finance organization’s own activity, posing threat to life, health, and freedom of authorities, and kidnapping people from outside the area in order to gain publicity (especially journalists, priests, voluntary workers). One may also indicate the usage of explosives and firearms in public areas and poisoning certain spots by means of radioactive materials and chemicals. Longin Tadeusz Szmidt additionally pointed out that terrorism has always been strictly connected with crafty and hard to identify methods of killing the leaders of nations. While describing the phenomenon of terrorism as a threat for the protected person, one should also point out and indicate its sources. The following are enumerated: - social and economic sources that are directly connected to economic crises, social tensions, social and national discrimination, as well as with the perception of dissonance between the factual reality and the one presented by the media; - historical and political sources. They have their beginning in severe social reactions, demanding full democratization and respecting human rights; - sociological sources that may be related to the atmosphere typical for a given country or the so-called spirit of violence; - psychological sources stating that a significant part of terrorists is highly mentally unstable which is additionally combined with the overly high self-esteem. When it comes to the area of attack, the following are proposed by the experts: - land terrorism (the major threat area for VIPs and the key one for security guards), - air terrorism (personal protection is then entrusted to the authorities managing planes, airports, etc.), and – maritime terrorism (tasks and responsibilities are then similar to air attacks). While taking into account the type of terroristic activities, one may distinguish: bombing-based, nuclear, biological, chemical, technical, cybernetic (attacks on IT networks), and narcotic-oriented (narcotic cartels undertakings) terrorism. The highest threat for VIPs is undoubtedly the first type, namely – bombing-based one. Close protection-oriented undertakings should therefore incorporate the knowledge on paradigms effective during a bomb attack. They will be discussed in further sections of this publication. It is exceptionally difficult to argue with the thesis that we must be protected against terrorism. The same applies to VIPs. The importance of the latter is also worth discussing, as the threat is much higher when a top authority is attacked than when the assault poses threat to a pop star or a wealthy businessman. However, it does not limit the necessity to analyze and counteract terroristic attack threat. It may directly impact the safety of the person a given security guard is responsible for.

Crime is also one of the issues that may endanger protected VIPs. Up to the beginning of the 80s, Poland had been considered to be one of the safest countries in Europe. Law enforcement bodies had been numerous and properly financed there, and crime forecasting, prevention, and penalizing schemes had met all the European standards. However, at the end of the discussed period, the myth of threat-free Poland started to crumble. The effects of crime fighting scene were becoming gradually more negligible. The said state of affairs was predominantly caused by the decreasing trust in law enforcing organizations, as well as by the rapid increase in crimes committed by the citizens. Another important aspect that must be taken into account were economic and political changes taking place in 1989,the liberalization of economic activity, and the emergence of free market. Some individuals possessed unimaginable riches, whereas others were exceptionally poor. In order to survive till the next day, the latter searched for the answer in crimes, leading to the occurrence of the phenomenon commonly known as organized crime. According to official data from 2001, within the borders of Poland, there were over 400 organized crime groups consociating approximately 45 thousand people. They were generating profits by means of goods smuggling, selling stolen cars, producing and marketing narcotics, counterfeiting national currency, commuting bank frauds, selling firearms, and – what is of exceptional importance from the point of view of VIPs – demanding ransom. Criminals induce fear in the society, especially due to using terror and blackmailing. They do not hesitate to kidnap others or kill them. Such individuals resort to brutal treatment, such as beating, torturing, drowning, etc. All those factors combined directly translate into wealthy representatives of the society feeling threatened. What is more, criminals frequently tend to attack the family of a VIP as well, in order to convince him to perform a given action. Therefore, children, wife, and beloved ones of such an individual must be highly protected.

Popularity/Fame –The threat of attack may be in some cases linked to the popularity of a given human being. When a VIP is in isolation, then he may only receive unwanted phone calls or be nagged by photographers. The problem arises when he has to leave his place of permanent residence or workplace, as well as when he is in a publically accessible place. Danger may still be low, but the inquisitiveness of journalist may quickly become overwhelming. Fans or supporters of a given sportsman or artist may cause havoc in order to touch their idol or get hold of any item belonging to him or her. Of course, there is also the risk of serious injuries or even death (let us take John Lennon as an example) – it cannot be neglected. That is why famous and popular individuals should by all means care about their safety. The matter also concerns politicians who are widely recognizable and controversial. In politics, there are no limitations. Opponents may even resort to killing a representative of the other side to impose his or her right on others. Elected politicians tend to have close protection, but care should be additionally exercised to care about those running in elections. Such VIPs may be ridiculed by the crowd or the opposition (by throwing eggs or pouring water over the candidate), leading to the end of their political career. The role of security guards should in the aforementioned cases not be limited to physical protection only. They must also keep information about VIP’s family, realized projects, and operation profile confidential. The image of a famous person highly depends on the bodyguards being in his immediate surroundings. The manner of their operation, professionalism, and knowledge are top priorities there.

Attack on person – By definition, attack on person is the attempt to kill someone, steal his or her possessions, as well as to kidnap him or her. The criminal action in question has a long history, as assaults have been made throughout the consecutive ages. Their goal has been to achieve a political, economic, or cultural aim. Attacks on person may lead to tremendous changes in the society, which is perfectly depicted by the killing of John Kennedy and Icchak Rabin. In the majority of cases, however, such an attack does not have significantly far-reaching consequences. In order to be effective, bodyguards must answer themselves the following questions – why do criminals attack? How do they attack? How may the assault look like? Therefore, it is highly advised to specify the motif, methods utilized, and consecutive stages of one and every attack on person. Taking into account motifs, one must bear in mind that all the assaults have their agenda. No attack is made voluntarily, without forethought. In the following sections, most common causes of the aforementioned activity are going to be enumerated:

Revolutionary or political ones – organized groups (frequently consisting of fanatics) attack others in order to force the society to change the existing system or overthrow the current government (in the attempt to choose a new one). Their victims are often the authorities ruling the country. The attackers, who follow their revolutionary or political agenda, try to win the sympathy of other representatives of the society. Long before the planned attack itself, they distribute leaflets blaming current rulers for the widespread injustice. According to their belief, the elimination of the elites in power would bring positive outcomes for the whole country. Such an action was performed in Armenia in 1999, where members of the government were shot dead during one of their meetings. The terrorists informed that their death would improve the national situation.

Economic – terrorists claim that their potential victim is responsible for the poor economic condition of the country, company, or a group of people. In the majority of cases, economic attacks take place in countries where there are extreme disproportions between the wealthy and the poor. It must be taken into consideration, however that it is not always the case, as the assessment of the attackers tend to be highly subjective. Quite frequently, the cause of the assault is the personal conviction that the unsatisfying economic condition of the terrorist is the result of actions performed by the victim. It pushes the attacker into thinking that killing him would aid the situation.

Personal – In this case, the wrongdoers are motivated to make an attack due to jealousy, vengeance or other personal causes. Those people in many cases have notable personality disorders, manifesting themselves especially in the inability to control their behavior. The aforementioned state also leads to the failure to distinguish reality from fiction. A perfect exemplification of the motif in question is shooting Zuzanna Leśniak and an artist – Andrzej Zaucha by Yves Goulais in 1991. The trigger there was jealousy.

Ideological – The terrorist is convinced that the victim chosen by him has been threatening the values and principles followed by the attacker. The said rules are often of significant importance for both the group he belongs to and for himself personally. Ideological attacks on a person may be religious or social in character. The first case is oriented towards killing a religious person in the attempt to make it impossible for him to achieve his goals. The second scenario relates to the willingness to eliminate the leader of a given social group. Quite frequently, the additional agenda is to make the organization the terrorist is a part of more memorable and popular in the media. Free publicity is an additional benefit then.

Psychological – The most commonplace group of attacks. Modern psychology claims that every person using firearms, stabbing others with a knife, or taking advantage of explosives has been struggling with mental problems. The motif is of negligible importance, as the attacker may justify his actions with revolutionary, economic, or personal goals, but the fact is that the driving force is the inability to perceive the world correctly. The assassination of Bill Clinton in 1994 illustrates the above bluntly. Francisco Martin Duran stated that he had attacked Clinton to destroy the mist connecting him to an alien entity. Apparently, Duran wanted to eliminate the mist in order to save the world. Attacks considered as crimes may be triggered by a myriad of factors. Among them,there are: - clashes between the representatives of a crime organization, willingness to demonstrate one’s power or threat the victim (attempt to force the latter to pay ransom or forget about debts), - desire to kill suspects that may endanger one’s business, - attempt to exert pressure on certain individuals or to threaten them for their professional achievements (relates to, inter alia, attorneys and tax collectors).

Attack methods to be considered by security guards. Close range attack. It may be performed by means of utilization of: - firearms, - melee weapon (knife, bayonet, dagger), - chemical substance (for example: toxic substance, such as hydrochloric acid). There are no exceptional skills needed to successfully attack a person, as almost everybody can use a knife or a dagger to a satisfactory extent. The same goes with firearms, the utilization of which is as difficult as driving a car. The aforementioned types of weapons can be transported to the place of the assault with ease. The characteristic feature of this attack type is the fact that the wrongdoer is situated maximally several centimeters away from the victim. The difficulty here is directly connected with the inability to improvise the act. It must be preceded by a prolonged observation of the subject, learning his or her customs, daily routine, places he or she visits, and the protection type he or she uses. Only after drawing proper conclusions from the examination, can the terrorist attack the victim. Marek Papała, a police commissioner, was killed due to a close range attack in 1998, Warsaw.

Long-range attack – in this case firearms are often used, especially rifles and carbines. It is not an uncommon situation to learn about an attacker who has used a sniper rifle fitted with professional laser and optical aiming devices. The distance between the wrongdoer and the subject of the attack is commonly higher than 5 meters. The former must also be much more skilled than a close range attacker, as he has to be capable of utilizing a professional gun in an effective manner. The death of John Kennedy in Dallas on 22nd November 1963 was the result of the attack form in question. Lee Harvey Oswald, who was a former marine soldier, shot his subject from a storage located several meters away from president’s cavalcade. To perform the act, he used Mannlicher-Carcano, cal. 6.5 mm rifle. The proficiency of the attacker was proven by the fact that he fired three shots and only one of them missed the target.

Attack with explosives – it requires notable skills, for the wrongdoers has to build a bomb before performing the attack. He must also know how and where to plant the explosive, how to situate the fuse inside and where to detonate it. Such a person also has to be familiar with the effects of explosion. Assault on Margaret Thatcher on 12th October 1984 showed how patient and clever can an attacker taking advantage of explosives be. Patrick Magee, a member of Irish Republican Army, moved into the hotel where the British prime minister was expected to stay 24 days before the said fact. Every single day, he worked meticulously destroying the wall and placing a 50-kilogram explosive inside the hole. The bomb was then fitted with a timer. It exploded when Miss Thatcher was considered to wash herself in the bathroom – the attacker was perfectly acquainted with her customs. She would have died if she had not received a document to be read. The explosive was detonated five floors above the bathroom located in the apartment of the „Iron Lady”. Six other people died as a result, but the suspect managed to avoid the clever assassination.

If you are looking to hire close protection in London do not wait and contact us immiedletly for professional bodyguard services in London.
submitted by closeprotections to u/closeprotections [link] [comments]


2020.09.16 03:07 E70M Tracking Clayton Kershaw’s Velocity in 2020: 9/14, [email protected]

Tracking Clayton Kershaw’s Velocity in 2020: 9/14, LAD@SD
This is the eighth installment on the topic I’m doing this year. You can find the previous post here.
I'm going to preface this with just one thing: that was complete bullshit. (Very analytical right there)
I don't care what Kershaw's final line looked like (6.1 IP, 5 H, 3 R, 0 BB, 9 K, 1 HR), and neither should you; our ace dealt for 6 innings, got pulled on 99 pitches with two runners on (who reached on grounders), then watched both score on a flare double and some horrible defense. Turns out being the Kershaw of old's a package deal; get your stuff back, get screwed by the rest of the team.
But really, ask anyone who watched the game, and they'll tell you the same thing: Kershaw pitched a gem, and the ending was not on him. He really did experience the flipside of BABIP luck in the worst possible way at the worst possible time. The eye test alone tells us he was dealing, but let's see why, starting with the stuff (courtesy of Baseball Savant):
Pitch Type Count Swings Whiffs Called Strikes Fouls Balls in Play Avg (PV) Min (PV) Max (PV) Avg (EV) Min (EV) Max (EV)
4SFB 39 18 2 9 11 5 92.3 90.6 93.7 82.5 63.8 104.9
SL 48 34 17 5 8 9 88.3 82.8 89.7 83.6 44.3 110.1
CB 12 4 1 3 2 1 73.7 72.4 75.1 96.8 96.8 96.8
Total 99 56 20 17 21 15 88.1 72.4 93.7 84.1 44.3 110.1
It's pretty neat that Kershaw could've potentially been even better, if he had a better feel for the curve, but since he didn't, he didn't throw it as much. That's fine, because he threw the fastball as hard and with as much life as he has all season (93.7 MPH is his hardest thrown pitch since 2017), and because his slider was as sharp as it's been all season, he had batters flailing left and right. In fact, his 20 whiffs were more than the pitcher he lost to, Dinelson Lamet. On top of the swing-and-miss stuff, Kershaw's career-long ability to limit hard contact came out in full force, because although he gave up 4 hard hits in 25 balls in play (and 2 more that were fouled), you only need to see the average exit velocity on his fastball and slider (82.5 and 83.6, respectively) to know that batters weren't squaring him up. Even adding the one curve hit for a single brings it up to merely 84.1 MPH. As far as outcomes Kershaw could control, the one home run was really it. He was elite.
Further evidence to this point was that, like always when he's on, Kershaw lived in the strike zone, which he does better than anyone this year. See for yourself on his pitch map:
https://preview.redd.it/nojcg1knmen51.jpg?width=1280&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=9b9633fd1023928845e3b037a441c78a0ea3f5ef
By the way, Kershaw threw 73 of 99 pitches for strikes, and you can see why. The fastball command, especially arm-side, was pinpoint. It's rare to see someone's fastball have both life and pinpoint command; Kershaw has both, and he used that here. You can also see the strikes below the zone, where Kershaw made a living attacking with his slider.
Also, about that exit velocity. I pointed out last time that Kershaw's hard hit / barrel % / exit velocity figures were starting to become a tad concerning, despite the small sample size, and boy did he shut me up. Here's his updated peripheral percentiles:
https://preview.redd.it/l1w1qbkcsen51.png?width=401&format=png&auto=webp&s=a9917ea03c91e907bed73fbb72db064180270f71
That's a big improvement for exit velocity, hard hit %, and barrel %, considering where they were after his last start. I mean sure, I'll again point to the small sample size and his HFB ratio (which now sits at a more reasonable 18.2%), but the fact of the matter is that one really good start was bound to give him some course correction. This is why his FIP has fallen all the way down to 3.18, and his xFIP of 2.89 indicates that Kershaw's renaissance is becoming more real.
So all of this put together, you would look at this and expect Kershaw got the stats to show his dominance. Unfortunately, that's not how things played out. In the 6th inning, Kershaw served a meatball 91.7 MPH fastball down the middle to Trent Grisham, who promptly deposited it in the bleachers. Our dugout wasn't happy with Grisham's actions, but it didn't bother Kershaw (I'll admit I was mad at first, but I think it was more me directing my anger about the homer having been hit in the first place - I came around eventually). But as we know, things fell apart for the team in the bottom of the 7th. Kershaw pitched through a Myers infield single (which was challenged), a Jake Cronenworth flyout, and a Jurickson Profar soft single that got through the right side. On the one hand, if Kershaw stayed in and let those runners score, I would've had to defend how good Kershaw was until the 7th without anyone else to blame. But control of Kershaw's own destiny was taken out of his hands when he was pulled, despite being one of the best pitchers in baseball in 2020 with runners in scoring position. In comes Pedro Baez, who gives up a soft flyball RBI double after a battle. Then... ugh, watch them for yourself (ugh, gross, disgusting, why, stop). That was nauseating. Oh, and on top of all that, it took a caught stealing on Machado to actually end that nightmare.
I was absolutely livid when all that happened. How did our ace, likely one of the top 5 pitchers in the NL this year, managed to get so screwed over? Why were all of these soft hits falling in all at once? Why did our defense completely shit the bed for an inning? Why couldn't the pitchers brought on after Kershaw do their jobs? Why was Kershaw taken out in the first place? And most of all, where the fuck was the run support?
I know we know these kind of nights don't happen every day. When our best pitcher goes out and is as nasty as he was, 9 times out of 10, you can write us down for an automatic win. But sometimes, that one time for every ten, things just completely fall apart around him, and suddenly it's 2013 all over again. Kershaw didn't deserve this.
Oh boy, the next start's at Coors. Fantastic. I hope the team's ready to get out there and hit some moonshots to make it up to him.
Projected next start: 9/19, [email protected]
submitted by E70M to Dodgers [link] [comments]


2020.09.15 18:42 StevenStevens43 From Mempricius to Saul

From Mempricius to Saul
Mempricius:
Mempricius was King of Cornwall and Loegrie, after his Mother queen Gwendolen from Cornwall, conquered Loegria by killing her husband Locrinas, and king of Loegria, in battle, at the river Stour.
This has already been established in my previous article, "From Gwendolen to".
Mempricius
Mempricius (Welsh: Membyr) was a legendary king of the Britons), as recounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth. He was the son of King Maddan and brother of Malin.
Wolves:
Now apparently Mempricius met his death by being mauled by a pack of Wolves.
Death
While on a hunting expedition, he was separated from his companions and attacked by a pack of wolves. He died and was succeeded by his son Ebraucus as monarch.
Link for photo
Wolf

Eur-asia:
It is also not unbelievable that he could have been mauled by Wolves, as the Wolf was not made extinct in Britain until 1684 AD, and 1770 AD, in Ireland.
Eurasia
Wolves have been persecuted in Europe for centuries, having been exterminated in Great Britain by 1684, in Ireland by 1770
Link for photo

Wolf distribution
Date:
Now, according to legend, Mempricius reigned during the same period that Saul was the king of Judaea. And Eurysthenes was the king of Sparta.
Tyranny
According to Geoffrey of Monmouth, he reigned at the same period of time as Saul, the King in Judea, and Eurysthenes, King in Sparta.
Link for photo

Sparta
Dorian Spartans:
Now, the legends of Sparta, are actually extremely consistant with contemporary historical understandings, that i have revealed on other articles, available to read in the lobby, complete with sources, with that understanding being, that what we officially call, the foundations of Sparta, was in fact not the foundations at-all, and was actually the conquest resulting from the Dorian invasion, and the "official founders of Sparta", were in fact considered as foreigners, by indigenous Spartans, that originally denied the foreigners the right to rule Sparta.
However to attempt to resolve the war, they agreed to a co-regency, were there would be two lines.
There would be an indigenous line of Spartans.
And there would be a foreign line of Spartans.
Of course, what does this do?
Well, it makes it possible to have historical records that actually depict a war between Spartans, and Spartans.
And whenever there is a war involving Spartans, it is hard to actually fathem whether this is the Greek Spartans, or the Northern invading Spartans (Dorians).
Anyway! At the right hand side of the page given in the link below, you should find out that Eurysthenes reign is attested to as being 1104 – 1066 BC, so that should roughly correspond to the period of Mempricius, and Saul.
Eurysthenes
The title of archēgetēs, "founding magistrate," was explicitly denied to Eurysthenes and Procles by the later Spartan government on the grounds that they were not founders of a state, but were maintained in their offices by parties of foreigners. Instead the honor was granted to their son and grandson, for which reason the two lines were called the Agiads and the Eurypontids.[3]
Link for photo

Eurysthenes
Saul:
Now, i need to find out a little bit about Saul.
Saul was apparently the first king of the United Kingdom of Israel and Judah.
Though Celtic legends only attest to him being the founder of Judaea.
Biblical scholars also give his reign as being possibly 1037-1010 BCE.
However Celtic legends give an approximate more like 1104 – 1066 BC.
You will need to read my other articles, to decide whether or not you think Celtic legends have ever let me down yet.
Saul
Saul (/sɔːl/; Hebrew: שָׁאוּל‎ – Šāʾūl, Greek: Σαούλ, meaning "asked for, prayed for"), according to the Hebrew Bible, was the first king of the United Kingdom of Israel (Israel and Judah)). His reign, traditionally placed in the late 11th century BCE,[1] supposedly marked a transition from a tribal society to statehood).[2]
Link for photo

Saul
Smendes:
Now, there was an Egyptian pharoah named Smendes that rose to power in Egypt during this precise period.
Smendes
Hedjkheperre Setepenre Smendes was the founder of the Twenty-first Dynasty of Egypt and succeeded to the throne after burying Ramesses XI in Lower Egypt – territory which he controlled. His Egyptian nomen) or birth name was actually Nesbanebdjed[5] meaning "He of the Ram, Lord of Mendes",[6] but it was translated into Greek as Smendes by later classical writers such as Josephus and Sextus Africanus. According to the Story of Wenamun from c. 1000 BC, Smendes was a governor of Lower Egypt during the Era of the Renaissance
1077/1076–1052 BC[1]
Link for photo
Jar of Smendes
Era of the Renaissance:
He was notable for reigning during the Egyptian Renaissance, which was the end of the old kingdom, and the birth of the new kingdom.
Wehem Mesut
The period of ancient Egyptian history known as wehem mesut or, more commonly, Whm Mswt (Manuel de Codage transliteration: wHm msw.t) can be literally translated as Repetition of Births, but is usually referred to as the (Era of the) Renaissance.[1]
Summary:
Therefore, Smendes, is almost definitely the person being referred to in Celtic legends.
submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 18:01 IndieheadsAOTY Album of the Year 2014 #14: Weezer - Everything Will Be Alright In The End

Album of the Year 2014 #14: Weezer - Everything Will Be Alright In The End
Howdy! Welcome back to Album of the Year 2014, our daily writing series going through records from the year of this sub's founding! Today we have u/pinkertonrams talkin' Weezer.

October 7th, 2014 - Republic
Listen:
Youtube
Spotify
Apple Music
Background:
Everything that led up to Weezer’s 2014 album, Everything Will Be Alright in the End makes it all the more triumphant. Four geeks from Los Angeles who shred like Zeppelin and harmonize like the Wilson family on their debut. A follow up that was too blue, heavier and panned by critics and fans alike upon release.
Weezer was one of the first bands I loved. My friend Nate taught me to play them on guitar, and we rode bikes together singing their greatest hits.
Weezer and I lost touch. I had to find myself and so did the band. I fell deep into depression the summer after my freshman year of college, and Weezer’s first two albums were my confidants as I tried to claw myself out of that hole. That was the same year the band released White Album, a record that was able to recapture the magic of Blue and Pinkerton. For my birthday that year, I bought EWBAITE on vinyl, the first Weezer album I bought for that medium.
That’s when I began to find myself again. Just as Weezer had done on EWBAITE and White. Preceding those two albums were generally underwhelming releases. The 2001 self-titled Green Album is the sterilized cousin of Blue (both were produced by The Cars’ Ric Ocaesk [RIP], a group that heavily influenced Weezer.] It was followed by Maladroit the next year, an underappreciated, heavy pop rock album that failed to recapture the success of its predecessors. Both albums had whispers of greatness. Green is bookended by a sweet love song in “Don’t Let Go” and a Pinkerton-esque drug ballad in “Don’t Let Go.” Maladroit had heavy pop gold such as “Keep Fishin” and “Slob” and finished with a melancholic love song, “December.”
By 2009, the band lost itself. Raditude is a messy album that starts great and nosedives into terrible pop rock. Its follow up, Hurley, is seen as a mild return to form. It’s one of my favorite albums by the group because of its post-punk flavors and sounds like a natural exploration for the band. But it wasn’t a commercial success and is derided by many.
That left Weezer in a precarious situation. The initial plan for the follow up was to be the yin to Hurley’s yang. A glimpse light from the despair that Hurley, apparently, was.
“I was talking to the producer and he was saying, ‘These songs sound totally different from Hurley,” said frontman Rivers Cuomo to the AV Club in 2010. “Hurley was kind of dark, and the new songs sound like you’re 16, riding your bicycle to get a Slurpee.”
Review by u/PinkertonRams
A lot changed from that point to October 7 2014. Instead of the childlike serenity that the producer’s interpreted, we got the serenity of a triumphant, unquestioned return to form when EWBAITE was released.
Part of the reason why Blue and Pinkerton are so beloved is because of what their music evokes. Those albums are able to connect with the losers, wallflowers and outcasts of suburbia in a way few others are able to.
EWBAITE was the first post-Pinkerton album where the entire product elicited any emotion. It’s not nostalgic like Blue nor is it crushing like Pinkerton. But it is triumphant and satisfying. It leaves you feeling victorious even though you haven’t achieved anything.
The album opener, “Ain’t Got Nobody,” starts with a simple beat, followed by the band singing the song title like an anthem before flourishing into a power pop banger. u/ReconEG wrote in the Never Hungover Again post that a good opener is, essentially, a thesis for the album. It will showcase sonic or lyrical elements that will pop up throughout the rest of the album, and that’s the case with “Nobody.” Like the following 12 tracks, this one is unafraid of letting its hair down and rocking out.
A key piece to the success on EWBAITE is the production from Ric Ocasek (RIP). The sound on most Weezer records post-Pinkerton was so clean it would slip in one ear and out the other. The band that built an image of relatability with its first two records suddenly made it clear they were coming from a corporate recording studio.
Ocasek ripped the sheen off of the guitars, let Wilson’s drumming turn from steady-rhythm keeping into tone-setting thrashing and took us back into the garage with Weezer. It’s as if, similar to Blue, Ocasek brings out the best in the band.
The best example of Ocasek’s impact on the album is the third track, “Eulogy for a Rock Band.” On it, Wilson’s drums are tasked with grabbing your attention with a jarring snare-kick combo to start the song. At times, the guitars croon to match Cuomo’s mournful lyrics.
“We’ll never forget the jams you made/let it fade/it’s time we laid you in your grave/let it fade/goodbye,” he sings in the last leg of the track.
In an interview with Mike Ayers for The Wall Street Journal, Cuomo said that “Eulogy” was written for one of the band’s forefathers. He doesn’t specify who, though he hints at the sobering subtext of the song.
“[T]here’s gonna come a time when the next generations don’t continue listening to his music. And he will be forgotten, along with the rest of us,” he said. “And that’s a sobering thought for those of us who are striving now to achieve even a fraction of what he achieved.”
This emotion was absent on the majority of EWBAITE’s predecessors, and to hear it return is satisfying.
An issue on other post-Pinkerton albums that EWBAITE solved was the failure to stick the landing. Red, for example, ends with the fan-favorite “The Angel and The One” but is immediately preceded by three clunkers. But here, the band churns out three of its most triumphant songs yet.
“Cleopatra,” is a mid-tempo sort of love song for its first half and then turns its intensity to “11” for the final. On, “Foolish Father” Cuomo delivers his most mature lyrics yet. He apologizes to his daughter for not being present or meeting his own standards.
“Forgive your foolish fatheHe did the best that he could do/You are his daughteAnd he’d do anything for you,” he sings in the chorus, and follows it up with some of his most mature lyrics yet. “Think of how destroyed he feels/Walking to his grave plot/Knowing that the one he loves
Hates him with all of her heart/These nucleotides are paired up in a strand/How comical this stuff that makes a man.”
What sounds like a children’s chorus joins the band at the end to sing the album title for a triumphant ending. The holy trinity comes full circle with the progressive rock-inspired, three part song “The Futurescope Trilogy.” Two apocalyptic instrumentals — “I. The Wasteland” and “III. Return to Ithaka” — bookend a hard pop rock song that evokes the best qualities of Maladroit. As the guitar screeches fade out on “Ithaka” you feel, for the first time, that Weezer delivered a proper follow up to Pinkerton.
You wouldn’t mind more of this, but you’re just happy that the Weezer you fell in love with when you first listened to Blue is still there.
Favorite Lyrics:
I know you're scared
I know you're sad
I'm here to help you realize it's not so bad
So, open your arms
And let me come in
I’d never hurt you girl ‘cause that would be a sin
  • "Lonely Girl"
Punk-ass redcoats trying to run the show
Telling me what to do and where to go
Mount your horse 'cause it's time to tell the world
  • "The British are Coming"
Think of how destroyed he feels
Walking to his grave plot
Knowing that the one he loves
Hates him with all of her heart
These nucleotides are paired up in a strand
How comical this stuff that makes a man
  • "Foolish Father"
Talking Points:
  • Six years on, how has EWBAITE aged? What are its strengths and weaknesses? Do you think the “back to the shack” ethos paid off? Or is it too nostalgic?
  • Weezer’s minor renaissance era is EWBAITE and White Album, how do those compare to Blue and Pinkerton? Is it fair to compare them?
  • The band members seem to be talking about the upcoming Van Weezer and OK Human similar to that of EWBAITE. (Wilson called OK Human is favorite stuff from the band to date.) Are you excited for these?
  • After the releases of Pacific Daydream, Teal Album and Black Album — the best of the bunch being PD, in my opinion, and that’s just average — how do you look back on Post-Pinkerton albums such as Green, Maladroit and Hurley?
  • Top five post-Pinkerton Weezer songs, go:
Thanks again to u/pinkertonrams for the writeup. Tomorrow we've got u/seaofblasphemy discussing Sharon Van Etten and her album Are We There! Discuss this record down below in the comments, where the schedule will also be.
submitted by IndieheadsAOTY to indieheads [link] [comments]


2020.09.12 23:30 ack1308 [The Uncle Tal Stories] - Chapter Eleven (How It All Began)

Inspired by: [WP] You're a time traveller originating from the year 2023, and from your travels you seem to continuously recognize one man, and that man seems to recognize you. You find out that man is actually immortal, and you now have someone to talk to in any time period.
[Chapter 1] [Chapter 10] [Chapter 12]
For my first jump outside my home decade, I chose a small town in the Midwest in the nineteen thirties. I made sure to engage the paradox dissipators, the chronon storage banks and the mental deflection field that ensured random strangers would remain incurious of my origins. The era was familiar to me, and I fitted the phenotype and gender least likely to draw unwelcome attention.
When the jump-fog dissipated (to this day, I'm still not entirely sure what generated that) I found that I'd hit my target dead on; an alleyway between the blacksmith and livery stable. An aged dog looked up at me, voiced a half-hearted bark, then completed its mission of urinating against a wooden post. It then wandered off, which meant either that my deflection field also worked against canines or that it just couldn't give a damn.
Avoiding the small puddle of dog piss, I ventured out into the street. The era wasn't quite two centuries gone by, and it had been easy enough to acquire period clothing. I looked normal and spoke the language fluently, having grown up with it. There was very little that was likely to happen to me in broad daylight.
And nothing did. I meandered up the sidewalk, walking as if I knew where I was going. Outwardly I looked casual, but inside I was ecstatic at my success. The jump had been perfect, down to the date that I read from the front page of a newspaper posted on the front wall of a general store. This was the perfect time-jump, where I didn't cause any problems that might redline my paradox dissipators, and where nobody knew I didn't belong.
"Wondered when I'd see you again."
I have to admit, I was startled. I jumped, then turned to see an elderly man. He was shorter but broader than me, and the little hair he had left was greying. He was also wearing the uniform of a town constable, and an expression of suspicion. Which was a problem, because he was a total stranger to me.
"I beg your pardon, but I think you might be mistaken." My phrasing was less important than my tone, and I surreptitiously checked my contact-lens HUD for the status of the deflection field. It was still operational, which meant he should be bidding me a vague hello then going on his way.
“Nope.” He stepped closer to me, his expression hardening. “For the record, I’m not fond of time travellers. So, git.”
The bottom dropped out of my world. I stared at him, but he didn’t seem to be making a move for the pistol holstered at his hip. Somehow I knew that he wasn’t guessing, which made for a second mystery. I’d been careful to show no anachronous items; no obvious electronics, no newspapers from the year two thousand sticking out of my pocket. He had no reason to accuse me of being what I truly was, and yet that was exactly what he’d just done.
My go-home button was disguised as the winding knob of a pocket watch—and yes, the irony had not escaped me—so I stepped back away from him and pressed it with my thumb. The jump-field enfolded me, pulling me out of the era. The last thing I saw before the jump-fog formed was his expression; neither surprised nor shocked, but instead satisfied.
I spent the next month trying to work out where I’d gone wrong, where I knew that man from. It was highly doubtful that he was an acquaintance from my home era; in the nineteen thirties, he’d looked in his fifties or sixties, which would make him over two hundred and fifty years old in my time. Neither was he a known time traveller; those people trained and registered for the use of chronal transport devices were (with very few exceptions) recorded on a searchable database. This was intended to keep awkward incidents to a minimum. And nobody even remotely similar to that man was on the database.
After the month had passed, I decided to write it off as a retrochronal recognition event (or, as we in the trade called it, 'déjà who?'). The man I’d met was old, which meant that he might have encountered me at an earlier point in his personal timeline and a later point in mine. I couldn’t dwell on the likelihood, though. There were stories about travellers who had attempted to close the perceived loop and had bad things happen to them. I decided to let whatever happened, happen; in the meantime, I had decided my next jump was going to be to a place and time far removed from a small town in the nineteen thirties, or even the North American continent.
My next destination was Europe; specifically Italy, in a time when the Renaissance was growing in strength and the conflict of the past few decades was dying down. Posing as a traveller with an appreciation for the arts, I jumped myself to Milan and spent another month locating my target. It wasn’t hard; at this point in his life, everyone knew the name Leonardo da Vinci.
His workshop was airy and well-lit, with carefully-polished bronze mirrors angled to bring more illumination in where the skylights would fail. The half-completed paintings were exquisite and I could have stayed a year, but that was far too long. For an hour I lingered, speaking with the artist of painting and sculpture and a dozen other subjects while my audio and video recorders, cunningly concealed about my clothing, captured the conversation and the surroundings in high fidelity.
I would have stayed longer, until evening, but when da Vinci excused himself to go and relieve himself, one of the servants approached me. Broad-shouldered and brutish, I had paid little attention to him as he had spent most of the time washing brushes and sweeping the other room. But now he pushed back his hood and I knew him. Barely a day of difference lay between this man of the fifteenth century, and the town constable from the early twentieth century.
“I know what you’re doing,” he hissed in a local patois more pure than my own, rather than the lazy twang of the town I had seen him last. Then he switched to English. “Fuck off … time traveller.”
In my shock, I did not register pressing the go-home button. The first I knew of it was when the jump-fog obscured my vision.
Back home, I went through the time traveller index once more. He did not appear in it. Which had to be impossible, as he had been speaking a dialect of English which would not appear for another few centuries. And yet, far from recognizing me as one of his own, he seemed to bear a dislike for time travellers.
The mystery seemed impenetrable. I did not travel for another two years, local time. Then, deciding that enough was enough, I renewed my license and checked my equipment over. Whatever was going on had to be a fluke of some sort.
It seemed that I was right; for my next half-dozen jumps, I did not see the short, broad-shouldered man anywhere. And then one day, I spotted him in the middle of a Viking raid. He saw me, but before he could approach, I jumped out. Time and again, throughout history, I found myself watching for short, broad-shouldered men who looked too old and too knowledgeable for their time. And sometimes I found them. Or him. I didn’t know which it was.
And then came the fateful day. I had determined to find out what was going on with this mysterious stranger. Why he knew me, and disliked me. No matter how far back I went, if I encountered him, he knew my face. So I went farther back again, and again, and again. The safety interlocks prevented me from pushing back too far and too fast, so I disabled them. They were merely a precaution, like airbags in a car.
Sometimes, airbags can save your life.
Once in a very long while, time travellers will encounter a rough patch in the timestream, usually due to too many travellers homing in on a particular era. This one was in the Middle East, around about two or three millennia from my home time. I wasn’t even paying attention to the historical (or religious) significance anymore; I just wanted to see if I could spot him.
And I did; he was training a young man to use a sling. Then, he turned and spotted me. Anger in his eyes, he started toward me, so I proceeded to jump out … just as someone else jumped in. Our temporal fields meshed, then rejected each other. He was shot forward in time, though his safety interlocks no doubt saved him after he went a few centuries.
Mine … didn’t. Exacerbated by the rough patch, I was hurtled into the far past. My paradox dissipators overloaded and shut down, and my chronon storage banks had to take over. I could feel them heating up as they went far beyond capacity.
I popped back into standard three-dimensional space in a terrain I did not recognise. Nor should I have; the world was a very different place, eighty thousand years ago. A number of fur-clad figures, dark and brutish, were easing up behind a walking pile of hair that I belatedly identified as a mammoth. My arrival caused all of them to look around in some surprise, then my chronon banks auto-ejected … just before they exploded.
The blast enveloped both myself and the nearest of the humanoid figures. I was knocked unconscious, as was he. When I came to, it was to the realization that my time-travel apparatus was dead and gone, and that there was a strange energy singing in my veins. The mammoth and the rest of the hunters had fled; there was just me and the one who had been caught in the blast.
As I climbed painfully to my feet, he did the same. “I’m sorry,” I said, unsure as to why I was bothering. It wasn’t as though he would understand me. “That wasn’t supposed to happen. You see, I’m a time traveller.”
Then he turned to face me fully, nostrils flared, sniffing the air.
And that was when I recognized him.
*****
So that was how I first met the impossible man. The explosion of the chronon storage units had imbued us with a measure of immortality, and so we lived forward from that time. I taught him English and math and engineering, and he taught me how to survive an Ice Age.
We were never friends, but though he could have killed me in a dozen different ways, he chose not to. It was an uneasy truce that sometimes led to us joining forces and at other times parting ways with him swearing never to see me again.
I wanted him to keep his head down. Although now I see that the deflection field has somehow imbued him with the ability to sidestep all but the most stringent of official scrutiny, at the time I didn’t want him sending history off its rails. And that worked, until it didn’t.
Yet he hasn’t bent history out of true. His actions seem to be keeping it in line … or perhaps, he’s always been a part of history. Which means that I was always intended to embed him in it.
Still and all, he’s never forgiven me, and I don’t think he ever will. He’s still around somewhere, spending his days in a nursing home that he owns the deeds to, maintaining trust funds for the families of people he’s met over the course of his long, long life.
To me, he’s the eternal man, the last Neandertal.
But they just call him ‘Uncle Tal'.
[Chapter 1] [Chapter 10] [Chapter 12]
submitted by ack1308 to redditserials [link] [comments]


2020.09.12 23:20 ack1308 The Uncle Tal Stories: Chapter Eleven

Inspired by: [WP] You're a time traveller originating from the year 2023, and from your travels you seem to continuously recognize one man, and that man seems to recognize you. You find out that man is actually immortal, and you now have someone to talk to in any time period.

Chapter Eleven: How It All Began

[Chapter One] [Chapter Ten] [Chapter Twelve]
For my first jump outside my home decade, I chose a small town in the Midwest in the nineteen thirties. I made sure to engage the paradox dissipators, the chronon storage banks and the mental deflection field that ensured random strangers would remain incurious of my origins. The era was familiar to me, and I fitted the phenotype and gender least likely to draw unwelcome attention.
When the jump-fog dissipated (to this day, I'm still not entirely sure what generated that) I found that I'd hit my target dead on; an alleyway between the blacksmith and livery stable. An aged dog looked up at me, voiced a half-hearted bark, then completed its mission of urinating against a wooden post. It then wandered off, which meant either that my deflection field also worked against canines or that it just couldn't give a damn.
Avoiding the small puddle of dog piss, I ventured out into the street. The era wasn't quite two centuries gone by, and it had been easy enough to acquire period clothing. I looked normal and spoke the language fluently, having grown up with it. There was very little that was likely to happen to me in broad daylight.
And nothing did. I meandered up the sidewalk, walking as if I knew where I was going. Outwardly I looked casual, but inside I was ecstatic at my success. The jump had been perfect, down to the date that I read from the front page of a newspaper posted on the front wall of a general store. This was the perfect time-jump, where I didn't cause any problems that might redline my paradox dissipators, and where nobody knew I didn't belong.
"Wondered when I'd see you again."
I have to admit, I was startled. I jumped, then turned to see an elderly man. He was shorter but broader than me, and the little hair he had left was greying. He was also wearing the uniform of a town constable, and an expression of suspicion. Which was a problem, because he was a total stranger to me.
"I beg your pardon, but I think you might be mistaken." My phrasing was less important than my tone, and I surreptitiously checked my contact-lens HUD for the status of the deflection field. It was still operational, which meant he should be bidding me a vague hello then going on his way.
“Nope.” He stepped closer to me, his expression hardening. “For the record, I’m not fond of time travellers. So, git.”
The bottom dropped out of my world. I stared at him, but he didn’t seem to be making a move for the pistol holstered at his hip. Somehow I knew that he wasn’t guessing, which made for a second mystery. I’d been careful to show no anachronous items; no obvious electronics, no newspapers from the year two thousand sticking out of my pocket. He had no reason to accuse me of being what I truly was, and yet that was exactly what he’d just done.
My go-home button was disguised as the winding knob of a pocket watch—and yes, the irony had not escaped me—so I stepped back away from him and pressed it with my thumb. The jump-field enfolded me, pulling me out of the era. The last thing I saw before the jump-fog formed was his expression; neither surprised nor shocked, but instead satisfied.
I spent the next month trying to work out where I’d gone wrong, where I knew that man from. It was highly doubtful that he was an acquaintance from my home era; in the nineteen thirties, he’d looked in his fifties or sixties, which would make him over two hundred and fifty years old in my time. Neither was he a known time traveller; those people trained and registered for the use of chronal transport devices were (with very few exceptions) recorded on a searchable database. This was intended to keep awkward incidents to a minimum. And nobody even remotely similar to that man was on the database.
After the month had passed, I decided to write it off as a retrochronal recognition event (or, as we in the trade called it, 'déjà who?'). The man I’d met was old, which meant that he might have encountered me at an earlier point in his personal timeline and a later point in mine. I couldn’t dwell on the likelihood, though. There were stories about travellers who had attempted to close the perceived loop and had bad things happen to them. I decided to let whatever happened, happen; in the meantime, I had decided my next jump was going to be to a place and time far removed from a small town in the nineteen thirties, or even the North American continent.
My next destination was Europe; specifically Italy, in a time when the Renaissance was growing in strength and the conflict of the past few decades was dying down. Posing as a traveller with an appreciation for the arts, I jumped myself to Milan and spent another month locating my target. It wasn’t hard; at this point in his life, everyone knew the name Leonardo da Vinci.
His workshop was airy and well-lit, with carefully-polished bronze mirrors angled to bring more illumination in where the skylights would fail. The half-completed paintings were exquisite and I could have stayed a year, but that was far too long. For an hour I lingered, speaking with the artist of painting and sculpture and a dozen other subjects while my audio and video recorders, cunningly concealed about my clothing, captured the conversation and the surroundings in high fidelity.
I would have stayed longer, until evening, but when da Vinci excused himself to go and relieve himself, one of the servants approached me. Broad-shouldered and brutish, I had paid little attention to him as he had spent most of the time washing brushes and sweeping the other room. But now he pushed back his hood and I knew him. Barely a day of difference lay between this man of the fifteenth century, and the town constable from the early twentieth century.
“I know what you’re doing,” he hissed in a local patois more pure than my own, rather than the lazy twang of the town I had seen him last. Then he switched to English. “Fuck off … time traveller.”
In my shock, I did not register pressing the go-home button. The first I knew of it was when the jump-fog obscured my vision.
Back home, I went through the time traveller index once more. He did not appear in it. Which had to be impossible, as he had been speaking a dialect of English which would not appear for another few centuries. And yet, far from recognizing me as one of his own, he seemed to bear a dislike for time travellers.
The mystery seemed impenetrable. I did not travel for another two years, local time. Then, deciding that enough was enough, I renewed my license and checked my equipment over. Whatever was going on had to be a fluke of some sort.
It seemed that I was right; for my next half-dozen jumps, I did not see the short, broad-shouldered man anywhere. And then one day, I spotted him in the middle of a Viking raid. He saw me, but before he could approach, I jumped out. Time and again, throughout history, I found myself watching for short, broad-shouldered men who looked too old and too knowledgeable for their time. And sometimes I found them. Or him. I didn’t know which it was.
And then came the fateful day. I had determined to find out what was going on with this mysterious stranger. Why he knew me, and disliked me. No matter how far back I went, if I encountered him, he knew my face. So I went farther back again, and again, and again. The safety interlocks prevented me from pushing back too far and too fast, so I disabled them. They were merely a precaution, like airbags in a car.
Sometimes, airbags can save your life.
Once in a very long while, time travellers will encounter a rough patch in the timestream, usually due to too many travellers homing in on a particular era. This one was in the Middle East, around about two or three millennia from my home time. I wasn’t even paying attention to the historical (or religious) significance anymore; I just wanted to see if I could spot him.
And I did; he was training a young man to use a sling. Then, he turned and spotted me. Anger in his eyes, he started toward me, so I proceeded to jump out … just as someone else jumped in. Our temporal fields meshed, then rejected each other. He was shot forward in time, though his safety interlocks no doubt saved him after he went a few centuries.
Mine … didn’t. Exacerbated by the rough patch, I was hurtled into the far past. My paradox dissipators overloaded and shut down, and my chronon storage banks had to take over. I could feel them heating up as they went far beyond capacity.
I popped back into standard three-dimensional space in a terrain I did not recognise. Nor should I have; the world was a very different place, eighty thousand years ago. A number of fur-clad figures, dark and brutish, were easing up behind a walking pile of hair that I belatedly identified as a mammoth. My arrival caused all of them to look around in some surprise, then my chronon banks auto-ejected … just before they exploded.
The blast enveloped both myself and the nearest of the humanoid figures. I was knocked unconscious, as was he. When I came to, it was to the realization that my time-travel apparatus was dead and gone, and that there was a strange energy singing in my veins. The mammoth and the rest of the hunters had fled; there was just me and the one who had been caught in the blast.
As I climbed painfully to my feet, he did the same. “I’m sorry,” I said, unsure as to why I was bothering. It wasn’t as though he would understand me. “That wasn’t supposed to happen. You see, I’m a time traveller.”
Then he turned to face me fully, nostrils flared, sniffing the air.
And that was when I recognized him.
*****
So that was how I first met the impossible man. The explosion of the chronon storage units had imbued us with a measure of immortality, and so we lived forward from that time. I taught him English and math and engineering, and he taught me how to survive an Ice Age.
We were never friends, but though he could have killed me in a dozen different ways, he chose not to. It was an uneasy truce that sometimes led to us joining forces and at other times parting ways with him swearing never to see me again.
I wanted him to keep his head down. Although now I see that the deflection field has somehow imbued him with the ability to sidestep all but the most stringent of official scrutiny, at the time I didn’t want him sending history off its rails. And that worked, until it didn’t.
Yet he hasn’t bent history out of true. His actions seem to be keeping it in line … or perhaps, he’s always been a part of history. Which means that I was always intended to embed him in it.
Still and all, he’s never forgiven me, and I don’t think he ever will. He’s still around somewhere, spending his days in a nursing home that he owns the deeds to, maintaining trust funds for the families of people he’s met over the course of his long, long life.
To me, he’s the eternal man, the last Neandertal.
But they just call him ‘Uncle Tal'.
[Chapter One] [Chapter Ten] [Chapter Twelve]
submitted by ack1308 to HFY [link] [comments]


2020.09.11 13:14 House_of_Suns /r/QOTSA Official Band of the Week 19: THE STROKES

Sometimes you are in the mood for a fantastic gourmet meal. Appetizers. Soup. Salad. Multiple courses. Sauces. Wine pairings. Dessert. A complex, long affair where incredible thought is put into each and every small detail, to create a singular experience.
Sometimes you just want a cheeseburger.
I have to believe that the more complex you make something, and the more overproduced and over-thought it is, the less and less it appeals to the masses.
Radiohead, for example, had a bunch of great early guitar rock albums. They then followed up those straightforward albums by completely changing their sound. I am pretty sure that their latest album was made by setting guitar pedals on fire and mixing those noises in a computer with feedback and whale song and firecrackers and 6 year olds learning the violin and you can guess the result.
They still had a number one album.
Shit. They are a terrible example. I should never write these things when I am hungry.
Look, my point is, there is something to be said for a truly amazing cheeseburger.
Our band this week keeps it ultra-simple. They have perfected post-punk garage rock. If you are looking for soaring glissandos and orchestral numbers that have multiple guest singers, this is not the band for you.
They are quick, they are dirty, and they are low-down. They are the spiritual heirs to The Ramones, The Dead Kennedys, and The New York Dolls.
You guessed it, today’s artist is none other than THE STROKES
About Them
If you have ever been to Italy, you know that pizza there is gourmet. You can have it multiple ways, with multiple doughs, and the fresh toppings are amazing. It is the OG of the pizza world, and no one does it like them.
If you have been to Chicago and had real Chicago Deep Dish, you know it is a religious experience. Almost lasagna like, the multiple seasonings and essences create a smorgasbord of savory and gooey goodness that will harden your arteries after the first bite. It is the most complex pizza to make and when it is done well, it is fantastic.
And then there is New York pizza. It is cheese and sauce and pepperoni on baked dough. It is by far the easiest one to make. It is simple. It is quick. It is greasy. And yet, New York Pizza is probably the hardest one to get right, because of its simplicity. There is nowhere for anything bad to hide. Anyone can do a mediocre simple pizza (looking at you, Little Caesar’s ) but it takes amazing talent to take something so simple and make it so good.
The Strokes are great at making New York pizza. Well, metaphorically that is. I mean, they may suck at cooking any kind of food. But these five guys from New York are amazing at making simple, driving garage rock.
This band has been together since 1998. They feature lifelong Mets fan Julian Casablancas on vocals, Nick Valensi on guitar, keys and backing vocals, Albert Hammond Jr. on guitar, keys and backing vocals, Nikolai Fraiture on bass, and Fabrizio Moretti on drums. Much like our epochal monarchs, the vocalist is the driving force in songwriting. Casablancas met all members back in his youth, and the five proved to be quite the talented live act. With a tight 14 song set, they made rounds on the small bar loop across Manhattan, and even got to a popular club called the Mercury Lounge. Their playing was impressive enough for the Lounge’s Booking agent to quit his job completely and become the band’s manager.
They found the time to record some demos, which culminated in the release of The Modern Age EP back in 2001. This thing was lightning in a bottle, and the labels knew it. And so, it sparked one of the most competitive bidding wars for a rock band in recent years. In the end, they signed with RCA and got to work on their debut album.
And God, is it amazing.
Is This It was a renaissance of sorts. In a time where the radio was (and still is) largely oversaturated by post production monsters of shitty pop, the Strokes are a breath of fresh air. They take their influences and wear them proudly on their sleeves, and shine new light on what made rock so much fun in the first place. This album was recorded on no more than 11 audio tracks: there are no gimmicks, no tricks, and no horses beaten to death.
The drums are energetic, punchy, and groovin’. The bass is driving, and harkens back to the urging simplicity of Punk Rock. The guitars dance from ear to ear with these wonderfully catchy, clean repeating lines that’ll be stuck in your head for days. And of course, Casablancas’ confident vocal delivery, recorded with compression & distortion, is as distinct and powerful today as it was back then. Interestingly, the album’s racy cover art garnered some complaints from their label, which led to delays and an alternate cover in the U.S. All the same, critics absolutely adored the record. The band set out on their first world tour, and hit the studio as soon as they got back.
As it turns out, Is This It was just the first slice (or the first 11 of them… learn some self restraint already, jeez). In 2003, The Strokes released their sophomore album, Room On Fire. If you liked their debut, you’re in for a treat. Most of the tracks on this record would be right at home on the first album - not that that’s inherently bad, since these ones are just as jammin’. Tracks like 12:51 and Reptilia scratch that itch for pure, catchy guitar rock so, SO well. Also, fun fact: the original producer for the record was going to be Nigel Goderich, but he was fired by the band when they found the efforts - and I quote - “Soulless”. This was notable since Goderich is famed for producing almost every Radiohead album. In the end, The Strokes just went with the same guy they had before.
But, when it came time for their third album, change was in the air. They once again tried for their first producer, but guitarist Hammond Jr. decided to introduce the band to a new producer half way through. As a result, there are some ever so subtle production changes, among other developments to their sound. First Impressions of Earth (2006) is a step away from their first two albums - They tried some weird stuff, they tried some new stuff, and they even threw in some old stuff for good measure. Overall, the album definitely has some stand out tracks, but was slightly less well received by critics. Following ANOTHER world wide tour, plus some more tours of the US, the boys were tired. A hiatus ensued.
And 5 years later, it was time to get Angular. Angles released in 2011, and if First Impressions was them testing the water, Angles was more like fully dunking in their head. They continued to experiment with the production, and even tried including more keyboard parts. They added backing vocals for the first time, and played around with overdubbing in general. Look, most of these changes sound like nothing today, but this is The Strokes here - this is like convincing your Italian grandfather to try chicken on pizza. All in all, some critics liked their experimentation, while others found the album a bit fractured and inconsistent.
Luckily, the wait for the next album was not quite so arduous. People didn’t even know this one was coming - the band pulled a complete media black out, and did not advertise at ALL. If we continue the water analogy, Comedown Machine (2013) is like saying “fuck it” and diving straight in to the pool. This thing sounds more like a new wave, 80’s revival record. The synth is more present than ever, and the vocals are a fair bit cleaner. Critics kind of just shrugged - some applauded the changes, while others questioned if this was even meant to be a Strokes album in the first place.
They then waited 7 years to release another record. Look, at least it wasn’t 13 years (COUGH Tool COUGH).
Okay, it wasn't really THAT bad, since the band released a 3 song EP back in 2016. Future Present Past was consistent with the style of their recent albums, and it even had some of that classic compressed-to-shit vocal sound. The songs left many hungry for more.
They took 4 years, set out some time to work on an album, and found a new creative partner in the form of Rick Rubin. This dude, if you don’t know him already, is a total master of the music world, and I think the only thing longer than his discography is his beard. The New Abnormal, which was released in April of this hell year, is his most recent production credit.
This album is their most different yet. As far as that water analogy, you’re now fully submerged, sitting on the bottom of the pool, making out with a fish. The band uses more 80’s sounds than ever before, heavily featuring the synth in places and leaning further into the New-Wave style in general. This time, critics were down for it, and hailed it as the best, most successful development of their sound to date.
And that completes their discography. It's an interesting one, and even if you’re not one for synthy-electronica pop, their first few albums are absolutely worth your time and attention. These guys are an inspiration. Much like Josh and the Boys, they pioneered their own sound and are one of the true greats of modern rock. They’ve influenced countless young musicians, including one notable arctic simian - Alex Turner (who really just wanted to be one of the Strokes).
Look, if you don't go listen to them right now, I will be angry, and I will revoke your pizza license.
Don't try me.
Links to QOTSA
The Strokes, influential garage rock bois that they are, have musical connections in almost every direction. And as we know, when we mention musical connections, all roads lead to Homme.
Julian Casablancas has worked directly on a QotSA album, lending his voice to everyone’s favourite audible grime bath, Sick, Sick, Sick. His distorted delivery was never more at home, since we all know just how slick, energetic, and infectious this song is. Josh and Casablancas have also worked together on a cover of Marvin Gaye’s Mercy Mercy Me, which released as a B-Side to The Strokes single You Only Live Once. Casablancas shares vocals with Eddie Vedder on this recording, and Josh provides the backbeat with his drumming talents.
Oh, and before I forget, Josh and Julian have also crossed paths on a charity album by the name of “Live from Nowhere Near You, Volume Two”.
Finally, there’s one last connection worth mentioning. Homme, wonderchild that he is, has a production credit on a side project related to the Strokes. Josh lent his hand to Nick Valensi’s band, a group by the name of CRX. Their debut, New Skin, was released in 2016. This record is definitely worth listening to if you’re a fan of the Strokes, and dont mind those 80’s influences. It even has some album art by Boneface, whom we all know and love, so it’s gotta be worth your time.
Their Music
Hard to Explain -- A throwback video launches a throwback band
Last Nite -- A video homage to appearing on the late show. Pretty sure they stole the set to the dating game. NOTE: Julian Y E E T S his mic stand at 1:03. THIS BECOMES IMPORTANT LATER.
Someday -- Guest starring Slash. We also get to play Family Feud. I watched this video twice and developed a hacking cough from all the smoking.
12:51 -- If you never saw the original Tron movie, just watch this 2:32 epic for a taste.
Reptilia -- EXTREME CLOSE UP
The End Has No End -- Late Night TV and Mila Kunis? Sign me up!
Juicebox -- A killer bass line anchors this tune ‘Juicy-Juice’ by ‘Stroke’.
Heart in a Cage -- a tribute to the indifference of NYC
You Only Live Once -- We have a concept video. We all wear white and the room fills with oil. WTF, you wore grey? Get your ass back behind the drum kit. Fuck. Maybe no one will notice.
Under Cover of Darkness -- A direct sequel to You Only Live Once, where everyone miraculously survived being imprisoned in a tank of oil only to have to go to an opera house. NOTE: Julian Y E E T S his mic stand AGAIN, this time at 2:07, when he sings the line “Everyone’s been singing the same song for ten years.” THIS VIDEO CAME OUT TEN YEARS AFTER LAST NITE. Coincidence?!?!?!
Taken for a Fool -- This is what a video looks like when you are on drugs, if it was shot by someone who is also on drugs. If you get the spins, steer clear.
One Way Trigger -- I can’t explain this video to you. You must experience it. You will not look at Captain America the same way again.
All the Time -- This video was made up of left over bits from other videos.
At the Door -- Heavy Metal meets Watership Down in this 80s-inspired video
Bad Decisions -- Man, do the boys ever love starting their videos with someone watching an old CRT TV. Oh, and the clones are a commentary on modern music. Sounds important.
Brooklyn Bridge to Chorus -- There is no official video. This is a fan made one set in Miami Vice and the 1980s. This song will make you want to break in someone’s house, toast all their bread, and put it back in the bag.
Ode to the Mets -- An endless pull back, through fandom and memory.
Show Them Some Love
/TheStrokes
Previous Posts
Tool
Alice in Chains
King Gizzard and the Lizard Wizard
Rage Against the Machine
Soundgarden
Run the Jewels
Royal Blood
Arctic Monkeys
Ty Segall
Eagles of Death Metal
Them Crooked Vultures
Led Zeppelin
Greta Van Fleet
Ten Commandos
Screaming Trees
Sound City Players
Iggy Pop
Mastodon
submitted by House_of_Suns to qotsa [link] [comments]


2020.09.11 04:23 soup100 Why Moana is the best modern Disney movie:

(Let me get this out of the way: I like the Disney Renaissance movies immensely, even if they become dated they are iconic and honestly just good stories with excellent hand drawn animation to back it up. And the Disney remakes are insulting and absolute garbage trying to recapture my nostalgia without actually putting in any effort to become it's own story or even capture the charm of the OG. They are disgusting.)
Anyway, on to why we're actually here. To praise Moana. Look, the modern (DECENT) Disney movies have charm, sure they may not have as many musical numbers, or even iconic moments, but they're good regardless. And then there was Frozen: Frozen took every Disney style aspect that they could think of and subverted it beyond belief, it had a few problems here and there (Hans) but it was overall an excellent film. Then Disney went through this no musical phase with Wreck it Ralph, Zootopia, Big Hero 6: All great movies in their own right. Then Moana Happened.
Moana was clearly the result of learning and growing with each film: it had songs that ranged from catchy to beautiful, it had characters that were hilarious and heartwarming, they had Hei Hei! They ironed out and fixed the twist villain in a way that wasn't infuriating, and they got in one of the beloved Disney villain songs (How I've missed the!) and unlike Frozen, it wasn't over bloated and overspread to the point of global domination. Moana is the best modern Disney movie, the best in the batch. Now please Disney, STOP MAKING LIVE ACTION TRASH REMAKES THAT INSULT THE MAGIC OF DISNEY AND ACTUALLY PUT SOME EFFORT INTO MAKING A GOOD EXPERIENCE!! And that is my TED talk.
submitted by soup100 to disney [link] [comments]


2020.09.11 02:15 removalbot 09-11 00:15 - 'This is the kind of pseudointellectual grift that passes as "debate" on Reddit. / First, you go off on some random tangent, identifying American Exceptionalism, an idea dating back to Tocqueville, so nearly 200 years, as b...' by /u/MarkusBerkel removed from /r/worldnews within 0-5min

'''
This is the kind of pseudointellectual grift that passes as "debate" on Reddit.
First, you go off on some random tangent, identifying American Exceptionalism, an idea dating back to Tocqueville, so nearly 200 years, as being exemplified by some idiot ambassador's idiot wife. She's a waste of oxygen, and I think everyone's agreed on that point. But that's like saying: "Man, Trump is the embodiment of the spirit of freedom." IDK how in the world you make this connection, since the pejorative meaning of the term has really only been around since the mid-oughts, which is so blatantly obvious that it even has its own subheading in wikipedia. It's been a while since I've seen such an egregious misreach.
No part of any definition outside of your (presumably short) lifetime would interpret "American Exceptionalism" to mean that Americans thought they were above the law. Nor is there, as you beg the question, any "textbook" definition of the phrase. There is definitely nothing to suggest that an inability to admit wrongdoing has any connection to any "definition" of Americanism or its exceptionalism--unless you count Trump's "exceptionalism" as having anything to do with America.
And if you'd read even the intro to that Atlantic article, you would see that the belief that America is exceptional has little to nothing to do with thinking that you can never be wrong. The threadbare connection you were attempting is that within AE is a deeply-held belief that the "American condition" is unlike that of other countries. And the author makes a lame attempt to suggest that someone harboring a belief in AE--which may have been an informative guidestar in foreign policy...100 years ago--would think that American's unique political ideologies would give America a unique microbiology; as in, if America doesn't have to follow 19th century European conventions in foreign policy, it also shouldn't have to accept the fact that detergents can break down a lipid viral capsule and thus Americans don't have to wash hands. I don't think anyone is that stupid, outside of Trump's administration...Well, maybe some of his supporters.
Plus, the fact that the initial observation was made by 1) a foreigner, and 2) a Frenchman--of all people--suggests that it wasn't Americans themselves who held themselves exceptionally in the first place, but rather that they simply were. To even suggest that they were exceptional had to have come from an outside observation, since that claim is relative and because there weren't any Google or Twitter bubbles to tell everyone what they should believe.
And then because you realize you're talking nonsense, you switch to ad hominem attacks because I called your bullshit "bullshit". Sorry, not sorry; when your analysis is aggressively bad, it opens you up to aggressive rebuttal. That my saying 'shit' triggered your vulgarity alarm...Well, you might need thicker skin if you're gonna play on the internet.
And then you spin off on corona and imperialism...You're just all over the place, except on your actual point. Which, BTW, is still terrible. Bad people are bad people; the ambassador's wife is just a fucking cunt, not some shining exemplar of a 200-year-old-idea that's been badly perverted by today's young people. Just like Boris Johnson doesn't make all Brits stupid, all Etonians terrible, and all Englishmen bumbling fools; he's just an absolute shit.
And, while it's tragically appalling that 1/3 of Americans don't believe corona is real, 76% of Canadians believe a dude in a robe with long hair lives in the sky, walks on water, turns blood to wine, and that women should obey their husbands and that homosexuality is a sin; Yeah--you heard me, 3/4 of Canadians are religious. Not unlike most of the world. You know, people who believe in the Caliphate, apostasy, original sin, immaculate conception, hell, heresy, blasphemy, eternal damnation, and various other combinations, depending on their particular brand of brain-dead. So, the laughable irrationality is everywhere. And, as vile as your cherry-picked stat sounds, it's not a whole lot different from Japanese kids who don't know they got their shit pushed in WW2 (and that the cancer clusters in Hiroshima and Nagasaki weren't the result of the bomb...Perhaps they teamed with the other nutcases and believe that some other dude in the sky just got really mad and made everything hot and cursed their great-grandparents) or Chinese kids who don't know about the history of Hong Kong or Italian kids who don't know they were on the side of the Nazis, but who have no trouble taking money from the rest of the Europe b/c their grandparents are lazy fucks. There's stupid shit everywhere, but Mussolini was not the "embodiment of the Renaissance".
I don't hate America or its northern annex. I, too, find ignorance unappealing. But, I think your particular fight with ignorance starts closer to home, dear neighbor.
'''
Context Link
Go1dfish undelete link
unreddit undelete link
Author: MarkusBerkel
submitted by removalbot to removalbot [link] [comments]


2020.09.09 16:00 Animescience101 Prosthetic Limbs in Violet Evergarden

Prosthetic Limbs in Violet Evergarden
First off, I want to say that Violet Evergarden does live up to the hype and is an excellent show. I saw the English dub on Netflix and loved it. The animation is some of the best I have seen in a long time and it is a joy to watch from a visual perspective. I feel like the English voice cast really nailed the characters, and I have no problems with the dub. As to the story itself, I do not want to say much other than it is something of a coming of age/discovering your emotions type of story. But you didn’t come here for a review of the anime, you came here for the science, so what is the science in Violet Evergarden.

There are many elements of Violet Evergarden that could be examined, from PTSD, the struggles of rehabilitating child soldiers, to dealing with the grief from losing a loved one. While all of these are worthy of examination, I’m not a psychologist and I will be looking in a different direction, specifically Violet’s prosthetic arms.

https://preview.redd.it/vd4g5jbjo4m51.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=8109b9be1fcdb29b545ba7112c1311f51a2cd145
The female lead, Violet Evergarden, loses both of her arms during what I can only assume is this universe’s version of World War I, and has them replaced with highly advanced prosthetics that give her fully functioning arms and hands. (I’m still not sure how she didn’t die of blood loss from having both her arms shot off.) This is something of an anachronism as such highly advanced prosthetics did not exist in the real world yet, let alone could have been attached during World War I. Additionally, no explanation is given for the origin of her arms, and the characters treat her arms as unique, but not completely out of the ordinary. If you already haven’t figured it out, I am going to call Violet Evergarden’s arms busted, but this does give me the opportunity to talk about the history behind prosthetic limbs and look at where the real world prosthetic limbs are headed in the future.

First Prosthetic Limbs

I imagine most of you when you think of the earliest prosthetic limbs are probably picturing a peg legged pirate from the golden age of piracy (1650-1730). However, that is not actually the case, and while not common, prosthetics are far older. Currently the oldest known prosthetic is from a female Egyptian mummy dated between 950-710BC. The prosthetic in question was for a missing big toe and its design indicates that it was made for everyday use and was not a ceremonial part added for burial.

https://preview.redd.it/b1ejc0hmo4m51.png?width=300&format=png&auto=webp&s=3b9eeafa1ca4bda89971a3e99712a08c4a75642e

Roman Era

The next prosthetic limb is a bronze and wooden leg from the Romans circa 300BC, called the Capua leg.

https://preview.redd.it/h14ruvvno4m51.png?width=535&format=png&auto=webp&s=ea839e235c38feadaec21df9d785b00c8780c276
I couldn’t find out much about the leg, as it was destroyed during an air raid on London during WW2, but replicas were made before that happened. To my untrained eye it appears to be an above the knee prosthetic. This is due to the size of the upper half of the prosthetic and the way it narrows towards what could be considered a knee and expands back out for a calf.

Middle Ages

Despite the promising start during antiquity, prosthetic limbs do not appear to make much progress, despite how ornate they might look.

https://preview.redd.it/eof8zc5po4m51.png?width=624&format=png&auto=webp&s=3587b9cd71e99879a861430b3923906978c19c7d
The hinges and articulation might imply a high degree of functionality, but sadly that is not the case. The hinges allow the limb to be set in a variety of positions and allow the person to hold things, but it cannot be moved on the fly. In reality many of these limbs were designed to hide the fact that the individual was missing a limb instead of giving the wearer any degree of functionality.

Renaissance

The Renaissance brought significant advancements in prosthetic limbs and some of those enhancements are still used today. Some consider Ambroise Paré to be the father of modern prosthetics since he made several contributions that are still in use today. His above the knee prosthetic included knee locking devices that make standing and walking easier, and a harness system, both of which are still in use today. Lorrain expanded on these enhancements by making artificial limbs out of lighter materials like leather, paper and glue instead of metals like iron. The lighter prosthetics were closer to the weight of the original limb, and reduced the strain placed on the patient. (The weight of the prosthetic affecting the body is something that is mentioned in Full Metal Alchemist in regards to Edward Elric.) This of course begs the question of how Violet was able to move the way that she does with two above the arm prosthetics that are made out of metal, and durable enough to block gunfire. The first aluminum prosthetics appear after WW1 and if we assume that the war in Violet Evergarden is similar to WW1, then it is possible for her arms to be made of aluminum. The average density of human tissue is 985 kg/m3, while the density of aluminum is 2,700 kg/m3. This means her replacement arms could weigh almost three times the weight of her original arms. That should have impacted her ability to move.

Industrial Revolution

Prosthetic limbs continued to make small advancements in function and how they were attached to the patient’s body. The carnage of the American Civil War led to a large increase in amputees, which in turn led to an increased interest in artificial limbs. James Edward Hanger was a Confederate soldier and engineering student who lost his leg early in the war. After returning home, he designed and built the “Hanger Limb.” He then went on to found the Hanger Company, which is a billion-dollar prosthetic limb company today.

https://preview.redd.it/9ykk7q0ro4m51.png?width=450&format=png&auto=webp&s=0154a28b04772bb9c0ea9525cf3f95861849537b
It was also during this time period that we begin to see truly controllable prosthetic limbs. This was first done in 1812, by using straps connected to the opposite shoulder to control an artificial arm. This was a major advancement and does a lot to restore a limb’s functionality and this was the method used to control limbs until after WW2.

https://preview.redd.it/32rgspdso4m51.png?width=650&format=png&auto=webp&s=0f4409f4ee9abaa48bff7db9bd7d08188f5f8560
This brings us back to Violet, and while she initially struggled to use her replacement limbs, she quickly learned how to type and use her replacement arms just like she would her original limbs. There is just no way that level of precision and control of an artificial limb is possible using just the small muscle movements of the shoulders with the prosthetic technology of WW1.

Modern

Necessity is the mother of invention and sadly the necessity that drove major advancements in prosthetic technology in the 20th century was two world wars. The US federal government founded the Artificial Limb Program to help deal with the large number of limb amputees caused by warfare. One such example of the advancements made during this time was that of Ysidro M. Martinez, who made a new type of limb in 1970 which took a slightly different approach to artificial limbs. Instead of focusing on giving a leg amputee a normal looking leg and gait, he focused on making the walking easier for the patient.
An extreme example of this would be the now disgraced Olympian Oscar Pistorius. His leg prosthetics look nothing like normal legs, but they allow him to run like an individual with completely normal legs.

https://preview.redd.it/nn2k5uxto4m51.png?width=650&format=png&auto=webp&s=f9a144696f4d493fcb5f4af1b356aeaabd618b59
In fact, it actually brings up a second point which science fiction loves to bring up, the idea of super powered artificial limbs. While his unique blade like legs are not super powered they are actually slightly more efficient than human legs in rebounding off the ground. This led to some questioning whether or not he had an unfair advantage, but these questions did not stop him from participating in the Olympics.
Violet’s limbs do not show any instances of enhanced strength beyond being bullet proof. Just in case you are wondering about that scene at the end of the series, the strength needed in that scene would come from the legs and back, not the arm.

Modern Prosthetic Limbs

1-The socket is where the limb attaches to the body. In modern prosthetics the socket is made out of things like silicon and other material that can give a firm soft fit to the body. This is actually carefully fitted and unique for each patient as everyone’s body is slightly different. In some cases, the limb can be attached to the patient’s skeletal system in a process called Osseointegration. Titanium is one of the preferred metals for this process due to its ability to integrate with bone.

https://preview.redd.it/oddc97jvo4m51.png?width=721&format=png&auto=webp&s=09422e6ca76a4957ace26ae7fa8cc2c06f243add
If I had to guess, I would say that Violet’s arms are connected in this manner, due to how she didn’t rip her arms off her body during the climactic scene at the bridge.
2- The pylon is the part of the artificial limb that provides the structural support. They are typically made out of aluminum, carbon fiber, and plastics to remain lightweight and strong. The pylon can be covered by other materials and shaped to make it appear more like a normal limb. The limb below is covered by a plastic mesh so it looks normal when wearing clothing.

https://preview.redd.it/5034af0xo4m51.png?width=300&format=png&auto=webp&s=1d56cf03cee8edb6201ef7bf7b7ca817b751ebb7
3- The suspension works with the socket to provide a secure comfortable fit to the patient’s body.

Control

There are a number of ways that modern artificial limbs are controlled including myoelectric, computer chips, or neural interfaces.
Myoelectric control is a more advanced version of the old method of using straps attached to still functioning parts of the body. In myoelectric control small sensors are attached to the muscles on the remaining part of the limb. When you slightly move one of the muscles the artificial limb reacts in a preset controlled way. This would allow a patient to grip things with an artificial hand or rotate an artificial wrist. This works great for an artificial arm, but it is more difficult for a leg replacement, especially prosthetics that include a replacement knee. This is due to the constantly changing conditions that occur while walking. This is where microprocessors come in by helping to regulate the artificial leg, improving function.
The neural interface is the most advanced and cutting-edge version of prosthetic control. It is accomplished using targeted muscle reinnervation or TMR for short. This might sound very complex, but it is actually simple in concept. When you lose a limb, everything in your body works up until the point where the limb was lost. This includes the nerves which control the muscles.
Imagine cutting the electrical wire leading to a lamp. The lamp will no longer work because the wire is cut, but the wire leading to the lamp will still carry electricity, which can’t reach the lamp because of the break.
What TMR does is try to connect the nerves that would have gone to the missing limb to the prosthetic. The trick of course is connecting the right nerves to the prosthetic, and then training the brain to use the prosthetic like a normal limb.

https://preview.redd.it/7tihjoryo4m51.png?width=400&format=png&auto=webp&s=c0988aa0ff006fa9407f29e34384906d01298a0b
This is currently very cutting-edge technology and not something that is possible in a post WW1 setting. Now one area where I will have to give Violet Evergarden credit is the adjustment period where Violet struggles with her new arms, specifically her hands.

Conclusion

I hope that you enjoyed learning a little about the history of prosthetic limbs and how it applies to Violet Evergarden. Just in case you are wondering, you could replace Violet Evergarden with Edward Elric from Full Metal Alchemist and the result would be the same.
submitted by Animescience101 to anime [link] [comments]


2020.09.09 01:45 vivek_david_law In defence of Catholic view on old earth creation

So there's a back and forth discussion on this form that I want to respond to. I don't want to defend all old earth creationism, because most are not defensible. I'm merely defending the Catholic view. Specifically the following beliefs:
  1. When the church makes a declaration it must be true for all people for all eternity - ie. things like the Nicene Creed must be true for all people for all time. It can't be subject to change and if it does change it means it was not inspired by or guided by the holy spirit.
  2. The churches position on both evolution and the age of the world is that old earth and evolution does not contradict with scripture within the following guidelines:
a) must believe in adam and eve and the fall as either literal or figurative story - ie there was one or a group of people in god created paradise who did fall
b) Genesis 1 represents real history even if told in figurative language - ie god was responsible for and directs all creation
b) must believe the human soul is a creation of god and not a product of evolution
So why is this a justifiable position?
Imagine this - imagine if robots take over mankind is placed in the matrix. Imagine within that matrix all the evidence shows that evolution did happen and we uncover evidence that interspecies evolution did actually happen - perhaps we actually observe an animal evolving or we find a bunch of new fossils of actual transitional forms or we find new dating methods that are indisputably 100% accrate like the star trek triquater.
So as a person living in that matrix world and unaware of it, and seeing this evidence, would you deny God and the bible, or would you assume that you misinterpreted scripture and must revise your world view. Any good Christian would, living in that matrix world, choose the second approach and revise their world view.
This sort of thing is not without precedent. For example in the 6th century to the renaissance there was debate about the firmament with some thinkers calling it solid, some calling it a type of liquid.
“Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.” Thus God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament; and it was so. And God called the firmament Heaven. So the evening and the morning were the second.
Some thinkers said it was clouds which would seem to contradict scripture given there are no waters above clouds and there is no throne of God above . Also it's strange to have a firmament in the midst of the waters dividing waters if it weren't a solid object. Thus the popular thinking among people like Clement, Augustine and Aquinas was it was solid based on what people believed and what seemed to be the clear teaching of scripture at that time. That there was something solid above the earth which divided the waters above from waters below.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Firmament
Of course today we know they were all wrong, there is no solid firmament above the earth and there is debate about what this firmament is but many seem to think of something that exists in another spiritual dimension. But just imagine if the Catholic church had taken a position based on how we interpreted scripture then and declared during 600 or 800 AD that there was a solid firmament above the world and that this was doctrine. One bad result is that it would show that the church was not really being guided by the holy spirit. More importantly every single living Christian in the world at the time would have been misled about what scripture taught (given that the there had been no schisms before 1000 AD orthodox Catholic split) . That's a pretty huge negative consequence.
The reality is while the scripture is infallible, humans are and good Christians like Augustine and Aquinas have been misled about what they thought was the clear reading of scripture. This means that as Christians we can and certainly should take positions on scripture and positions on scientific issues such as evolution. God wants us to use our reasoning abilities and to think about and judge reality. And people will disagree, and some will be right and some will be wrong.
However, churches are not ordinary people they cannot afford to simply be wrong on matters of scripture or doctrine. Because when a church is wrong the faithful are misled. Thus, unless there is clear guidance from the holy spirit, churches should be very careful about making declarations of doctrine and we should all be open to the possibility that we are mistaken and have been wrong in how we read scripture.
Perhaps a protestant will argue that we are all individually responsible for reading and interpreting scripture and being individually guided by God. I do not believe that scripture allows for such an anarchy of belief. Jesus contemplated sheep and Sheppards. Jesus did not build his church on individual interpretation, he built his church on the rock that was Peter. When there was a debate in the early church about Jewish traditions and unclean food it was not left up to individual reading and interpretation of scripture, Peter, guided by the holly spirit decided and the church followed. We would all agree that the churches in Asia who rejected Paul's teachings were wrong to do so. There are Sheppards.
While I agree that Jesus is the sole intermediary between God and man scripture is not so easy for the individual to understand. I have seen disastrous readings of scripture from notions of alien Nephlim to Jehovah's witnesses. I have seen extremes in churches where every individual was considered a prophet and given full leeway to give advice and direct the church based on private inspiration and claims of visions.
The reading and interpretation of law cannot belong to the public, it must be in the hands of trained lawyers and judges or anarchy and lawlessness will result. Even though lawyers and judges may be corrupt it is still better and more orderly than the anarchy that would result if we allowed for private individuals and groups to interpret the law however the see fit. Similarly, the interpretation of scripture must be left to those studied and trained in such matters, they must be the Sheppard to the people , and they must be inspired by the holy spirit on matters of doctrine so they do not teach the teachings of men as the word of God.
A solid faith cannot be built on shaky ground. We cannot be led by groups like the Episcopalians who look back and say "oh some of our doctrines were wrong or for the past so we will change them" No! If the doctrines you taught were wrong then you are not led in your doctrines by the holy spirit. And if you are not led by the holy spirit you are not the Church of god you are some other kind of church for some other kind of spirit.
And despite all the corruption, all the bad evil popes, the holy spirit has never failed us in that regard. The church has never taken a position in its 2000 year history that was scientifically inaccurate. Even when we contradicted science which once believed that the universe had no beginning, when said no the universe had a beginning in God, science caught up with us and proved us right with the big bang. The church has never given wrong doctrine, even as many protestant groups adapt false teachings to bow to worldly manners, even if we have a pope like Francis who is just as bad as they are, even Francis has to this day, not made a single encyclical or papal bull that contradicted proper teachings. His declarations while often contrary to scripture - were always private declarations to the media, never on official statements of church doctrine Thus the holy spirit is at work and for now, has chosen not to reveal too us completely the mystery of the act of creation and the world's origin. Instead we are left with the teachings of Genesis and told by the spirit to interpret it the best we can.
submitted by vivek_david_law to Creation [link] [comments]


2020.09.08 20:33 A35821363 September 13. On this date in 1885, Alain Leroy Locke was born. He was the father of the Harlem Renaissance, a Bahá'í, and an open homosexual who called his sexual orientation his "vulnerable/invulnerability," viewing it as a risk but also his strength.

September 13. On this date in 1885, Alain Leroy Locke was born. He was the father of the Harlem Renaissance, a Bahá'í, and an open homosexual who called his sexual orientation his submitted by A35821363 to OnThisDateInBahai [link] [comments]


2020.09.08 18:04 Squallbait Quick Master Unit List and Eras Question

Recently had a game where a Catapult CPLT-K3 (pilot 0/5) decimated everything, as the opposing force was pre renaissance late succession war (~3/4 pilots). Obviously ER PPC with a 0 gunnery is gonna destroy, but how much of does the difference in eras impact balance? The BV was about 170 off, favoring the catapults side. The catapult could never overheat while the opposition had to work hard to keep heat in check, one mech shutting down. All mechs were pulled from the Succession Wars Record sheets released by Catalyst.
Anyways, I was working on making balanced Lances both in BV and matching eras using infor from MUL. Obviously "Date introduced" is when it was first built, but is the "Era" date range the timeframe that it was most commonly seen on the battlefield? For example, the AWS-8Q model would not be a commonly deployed during late succession wars (2910-3019), but the AWS-8V would be? Of course exceptions are possible, but a standard fight in 3015 would not have AWS-8Q's or a AWS-8T (since it was an early succession war model, 2781-2900)? I'm trying to make a list of standard mechs available to use for a particular date, not including mechs that "survived" into an era.
I basically want to keep lances balanced and era appropriate
submitted by Squallbait to battletech [link] [comments]


2020.09.08 05:10 Tyler_Zoro The Protestant Reformation which was a major influence on the Enlightenment, was largely influenced by the influx of Jews exiled to Central Europe from points west and the rationalist ideals they brought with them.

This is an offshoot of a recent side-discussion, which is why I'm posting twice about Judaism in such a short span...

Leading up to the the Reformation

The 13 and 14th centuries were a both an amazing and in turn horrific time to be a Jew in Spain. Judaism was a hotbed of intellectual development in Spain during that time as well as expansion of the religious context of Judaism with the introduction of the Zohar and the first historically verifiable example of an initiatory esoteric practice within Rabbinic Judaism (Kabbalah, as mentioned in my previous posting).
During the 15th century, however, things started to move very quickly for both the Jews and European awareness of Judaism. In Spain, the Alhambra Decree mandated the conversion or expulsion of Jews from the country. This was part of a long wave of expulsions from nearly every part of Europe, with many Jews ending up in Poland, but also in some sympathetic parts of Germany and surrounding nations.
Every time Jews arrived in a new region there were eddies of cultural interaction, and one of those eddies was formed by contact with the concepts of the Talmud. While Jews were often persecuted over misunderstandings regarding the nature of the Talmud, it's authorship and study fascinated many Europeans. In part, this was because it was such an alien concept: every Jew with a certain level of education was not only allowed, but expected to learn and challenge the ideas therein. The Talmud and associated scholarship was essentially a record of the most influential arguments of Jewish rabbis over the course of centuries about the interpretation of the Torah, the cultural, legal and religious strictures of the Jewish people and so on.
This might not sound very shocking in a debate sub, but to Christendom it was gobsmacking. Christians were forbidden to perform their own interpretations of the Bible and there was no history of debate, so much as establishment of orthodoxies.
This was also the start of the Italian Renaissance, spurred by increased trade and communication with Arab, Indian and Chinese cultures. One of the effects of this was the rediscovery of many early Jewish, Hellenistic and Islamic texts through their translation into Latin largely from Arabic.

The Reformation

In the mid 16th century, the Protestant Reformation began and lasted well through the 17th century. It began with one German, former Catholic monk who was excommunicated. His first act was to translate the Bible into German so that every believer could begin to study and interpret the faith.
This wasn't just a new thought in a sea of similar thoughts. It was a fundamental epistemic shift in Christianity from an authority-driven epistemic foundation to a rationalist view. Remember, rationalism was largely seen as heretical prior to the Reformation and the subsequent "Age of Reason".

To the question

Where did this notion come from and why did it find such fertile ground in Germany? There aren't many candidates for this influence, but the prime suspect is a combination of the various influxes of pre-Catholic Jewish and Hellenistic works via the Italian Renaissance and the influx of modern Jews with their rabbinic version of early rationalism from Western Europe.
Any other view would have to rely on both Luther and those who seemed so ready to accept this shift simply shrugging off centuries of a vastly different epistemic footing!

Counter-point

While I assert that my conclusion, above is true, it is also incumbent upon me to observe that it is an over-simplification. Intellectuals of the Church from Peter Lombard to Thomas Aquinas to William of Ockham to Duns Scotus significantly pre-dated the events that I discuss above. It's not that Catholics were not aware of reason or failed to apply it in powerful ways. But the Church held that such intellectual pursuits were for the clergy alone and that reason within the Church was always and fundamentally subservient to the authority of Magisterium. Note that every one of the examples above was a member of the Catholic Clergy.
I should also be clear that Jews were not the sole influence on the Reformation, nor were Jewish works the only influence on the Italian Renaissance. These were profound and largely ignored influences, and I think it might even be safe to say that without them those events may have played out very differently or much later. But I am not claiming that we can ignore all of the other sources of influence (including the discovery of non-Jewish Hellenistic and (and sometimes in) Arabic texts).
Another counterpoint that I should not ignore is the fact that these currents of influence flowed in both directions. The Protestant Reformation had profound impacts on Jewish communities and the the radical turn that Spinoza and many of his contemporaries would take owes much to the intellectual tumult that the Reformation kicked into gear. In essence, the Enlightenment was the product of the interaction between cultures and religions, not just of Christians or Jews or the newly emerging secularists and Deists on their own.

A few anti-debate seeds

References and further reading

submitted by Tyler_Zoro to DebateReligion [link] [comments]


2020.09.04 18:43 swingerlover What You Need to Know About The #Goetia

What You Need to Know About The #Goetia
https://preview.redd.it/656one0kt5l51.jpg?width=3392&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=a92bc66476b9dc5841a006538f74b45a48ac8622
The Goetia is the primary part of a 17th-century grimoire known as The Lesser Key of Solomon the King. Basically, the most prosperous and generally read version of this Goetia is a 1904 book written by Aleister Crowley with Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers.
The Lesser Key of Solomon highlights an Ars Goetia as its primary section. It comprises records of the evocation of 72 demons. The Ars Goetia was the caption of the first part of The Lesser Key of Solomon, it is bearing accounts of the seventy-two demons which King Solomon is supposed to have evoked and restrained in a bronze container sealed by mysterious symbols, and that he commanded to work for him.
Starting from the Middle Ages to the current, Goetia is a term meant for a category of magic which summons or conjures spirits, particularly demonic ones. The word originates from the well-known Greek, Goeteia, which was initially the art of the goes, basically a ritual mourner at burials (the goes is a Greek word which is archaic for a moan for the dead-and later as per the literary sources, turns out to be a necromancer who had the ability to summon spirits back from Hades). In some instances, goes referred to “sorcerer,” and the magic of every kind until it acquired a strong contradictory implication to the point that magicians began avoiding the term asserting that they were not goetes.
Notwithstanding, the ritual for summoning different sorts of spirits has been an important part of the classical magic as observed in the Greco-Egyptian mystic papyri. As the classical world disintegrated and the Middle Ages advanced, those who practiced these rituals developed subcultures, initially in the Muslim cultures, and afterwards in medieval Europe.
Though it seems difficult to believe, the expansion of goetic magic took place within the Christian church itself. Actually, there developed a secret loosely knit or unrestricted underworld of magical practitioners of monks, priests as well as clerics. The consciousness of the Latin coupled with the experience of the practice of exorcism presented these clerics the essential background, and the reserved literature of the grimoires given the rituals as well as the technical information. Going as per the modern literature, the goetic underground was actually securely in place by the eleventh century and by 1200, it was operating everywhere in Western Europe. It endured the relentless influence of the church during the Middle Ages and largely led to the magical organization of the Renaissance.
The practice of the Goetic Magic was popular during the Renaissance. However, it faded as did the other magical systems or practices with the coming of the new Scientific Revolution in both the seventeenth and the eighteenth centuries. Nevertheless, because quite a number of goetic works promised riches, the magic in the underground remained alive even throughout this period. The well-known Christian figure dealt in some cruel blows though it as attained more extensive application with the coming up of the anti-Christian and non-Christian sentiment, notably within the twentieth century.
To date, there have been some few writers and some who have come up with their own version and altered this Lesser Key of Solomon because it was written for a period long ago. No matter your concern might be, learn to be cautious. Do not just presume everything. Again, never try to elicit a spirit of any sort simply to justify its occurrence- you might end up learning the hard way how authentic it actually is.
Want a spell cast by me? Visit my Magick Spell Shop
Magic Spells by Izabael DaJinn The World’s Premiere Spell-casting Genie ***Many Thousands of Successful Spells Cast since 2007***

originally posted at: https://izabaeldajinn.com/2018/10/what-you-need-to-know-about-the-goetia
submitted by swingerlover to occultspells [link] [comments]


Heroic abandoned CASTLE in France dating back to the ... A Renaissance Cabinet Rediscovered - YouTube Marriage-relationships - YouTube DATING my BESTFRIEND for 24 HOURS - YouTube Dating: Don't Waste Your Time - YouTube Thoughts on Interracial Dating w/ Makeda Voletta The Guild 2: Renaissance - Dating advice and other shenanigans! - Part 4 The Dating Game - Renaissance Style Pero Like Goes To The Renaissance Faire - YouTube

Renaissance Dating Site - Renaissance faire dating sites

  1. Heroic abandoned CASTLE in France dating back to the ...
  2. A Renaissance Cabinet Rediscovered - YouTube
  3. Marriage-relationships - YouTube
  4. DATING my BESTFRIEND for 24 HOURS - YouTube
  5. Dating: Don't Waste Your Time - YouTube
  6. Thoughts on Interracial Dating w/ Makeda Voletta
  7. The Guild 2: Renaissance - Dating advice and other shenanigans! - Part 4
  8. The Dating Game - Renaissance Style
  9. Pero Like Goes To The Renaissance Faire - YouTube
  10. The art history class you never had

Part 4 Due to patching the game I had to start a new save... But this time... WITH BLOOM! After five re-uploads, I'm glad to FINALLY get this on the j00tuebz. so in todays video im doing a 24 hour challenge and dating my best friend for 24 hours! KEEP UP WITH ME: INSTAGRAM • baddieemadi TWITTER • @baddieemadi SNAPC... Explore renaissance dating and get the best quotes of Martin Luther. Watch the dating drama of young Princess Aemilia of Saxony unfold and learn about female hygiene in the renaissance. The Renaissance Amazon. Loading... Unsubscribe from The Renaissance Amazon? ... Black Women Discuss Interracial Dating Black Women OWN the Conversation Oprah Winfrey Network - Duration: ... A cabinet J. Paul Getty acquired in 1971 was for many years believed to be a fake made in the 1800s. Through scientific, visual, and archival analysis, schol... We're just students! Help us to explore more of these places with a few dollars https://www.patreon.com/explomo or support us through a one-time donation o... Claudia surprises the gang with a trip to The Original Renaissance Pleasure Faire! For more info about the Original Renaissance Pleasure Faire check out: htt... Genesis of Dating part 5 - Put your focus on what you should do and not on what you shouldn't Why does the world of dating seem so complicated? Lauren Chen, host of Pseudo-Intellectual on BlazeTV, offers some useful navigational tools. It starts with ... Host - Hello everyone, welcome to the Medieval Dating Game, where three lovely wenches will compete for the affection of one lucky peasant. Let's get started right away. Bring out our three ...