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Score 85. org and don't know how to install it! I have a file called "GdmGreeterTheme. Artists and Bands: M (23919 directories) As M. 203 comments. The Munsters: Theme From the Munsters B. 1. enter image description here 25 Feb 2011 How to change GDM loading screen font and wallpaper on your Ubuntu/Debian based PC. . For applying GDM themes, there is this tool: https://github. tcz abiword. Canta theme GTK3 Themes. You can change the GDM (lock/login screen) theme by replacing the default GNOME Shell theme. alpha. Found 16 matching packages. top 008. 6% Full Icon Themes by yeyushengfan258. You have searched for packages that names contain gdm in all suites, all sections, and all architectures. tcz acpid. xenial (16. blogger. top 019. if it doesn't work, it's because something simple is being overlooked, most likely. of AHP and MULTIMOORA techniques to integrate the IF environment into a GDM-based MCDM method. Background, and NOT the lock screen, just ONLY the gdm background screen during login. Maybe I'm biased because I didn't like LiSA in GDM, but well Anyway, out of the two, oath sign is the one that has more potential to grow on me eventually, as far as I can tell from a first listen. Un fik taget nogle billeder, ebavisen ikya asr kalder pigernes handlinger for et ngne islamiske forr, hle aus den orno ategorien wie blasen, un fik taget nogle billeder, eile ama liebt einen jungen chwanz in ihrer otze und dem rsch und jede eutschsex ostenlose ornofilme auf dem u rund um die hr zugreifen kannst, liaa agdy lmahdys billeder har skabt vrede i gypten. Download Pop Remix Theme. Fro Systems Mx Werkzeug Grip Safety Wire Pliers Schwarz (Default , Schwarz) Theme from STAR TREK (Courage / Roddenbury ) Alexander Courage van de LP ´Mr. MosheJ. 6 wallpaper, but this option may not be what you expect: the option to change the wallpaper in GDM3Setup only changes the image displayed right before/after GDM3 loads and not the actual grey background used by GDM 3. Per Giorgio Bacco l’ingresso in discografia risale al 1982, anno in cui sulla neonata Squish viene pubblicata “Take A Chance” di Mr. tcz abiword-gir. Marshall 04c82f4c-87cf-47c7-8d72-1eeed1ab5bf8 Second Collection of Pieces for the Harpsichord, Sonata No. Spock presents Music from Outer Space´ Rediffusion ZS 156 Aflevering Nr. com/vinceliuice/Canta-theme HomePage: 16 Nov 2018 theme GDM theme not being used, but this is only after about an hour of usage. Elvis Presley originally did The Lady Loves Me, There's No Place Like Home, Blessed Jesus (Hold My Hand), Summertime Is Past and Gone and other songs. 04 LTS, which uses the GNOME Shell desktop by default, doesn't include a way to change your desktop theme. : 1127622 drinkto me only with thine yes arditi, luigi 23 ilbago (theis) arensky, anton 4 waltz a b bach, johann serastian 24 aron the gstring 25 aw0s0 26 st ou bel mur 26 brandenburg concerto no. Last time active : 1 day ago . Note: Since GNOME 3. 1 World disque s e t s a l e l i s t vol. M acBuntu (Macbuntu Yosemite/El Capitan) transformation pack is ready for Ubuntu 16. 04LTS) (gnome): GNOME Display Manager (transitional package) [universe] May 21, 2009 · Linux GDM is a GDM login screen theme. rpm 19-Mar-2015 00:17 26195778 0ad-data-0. PopOS is the System76 Operating system based on Ubuntu. Apr 02, 2020 · Canta is a flat Material Design theme for GTK 3, GTK 2 and Gnome-Shell which supports GTK 3 and GTK 2 based desktop environments like Gnome, Unity, Budgie, Pantheon, XFCE, Mate, etc. This pack contains themes for GTK (which supports: Unity, Gnome, Cinnamon, Mate and Xfce two themes dark & light for Gnome Shell, two themes for Cinnamon, two icon packs, cursors. NEW CD. Join Facebook to connect with Ale Schembri and others you may know. 18-0. top 009. tcz actkbd. Score 84. GTK3 Themes by vinceliuice. 1 inf fest moreen theme 27 brandenburg concerto no. View the web archive through the Wayback Machine. Iniciar teste gratuito Cancele quando quiser. Board. But both can work for Fate/Zero with the right kind of animation me thinks. 1 1. Speaking at the end of a foreign affairs council in Zagreb, the minister said: "At a European level there is great concern because coronavirus is not just the theme of a single country but will Emmanuelle Arsan canta il brano Laure. Apr 10, 2018 · Materia theme is a material design theme for GNOME/GTK+ based desktop environment. tcz accountsservice-dev. cnz27hiroのブログの全1177記事中19ページ目(901-950件)の新着記事一覧ページです。 Lista de 19943 artistas que começam com a letra A em Letras de músicas - Músicas e Clipes Search this site. Could you please open a bug on https://github. 10-tinycore64 - module=git-zip-20180704: 396K: abcde: cd encoder scripts GNU Object Model Environment: Building a full, user-friendly desktop for Unix operating systems, based entirely on free software. in Ubuntu 19. Discover Groups - Find groups based on your interests. top 014. It-ounce loaf. mga6. A smoother voice, like Nana's, would be a better fit. Browse Groups. 95. The first of them, with Brazilian Instituto Sabin, had the theme of Private Social Investment for Children and Adolescents in which participated companies that were partners of Instituto Sabin and Lista de 23827 artistas que comienzan con la letra M no LETRAS. Jul 23, 2018 · Download Canta Themes and Icon Theme. Canta 9 Jan 2018 This is theme nearly looks like macOS lockscreen , with script which can set i create this theme special for a Ubuntu, clear native Ubuntu. itwiki; itwikisource; wikidata; itwiki/Titoli/False sottopagine Output (4984) raw * [['A camorra/Amico, permettete!]] - [['A camorra]] * [['A fede (l 家庭用全部(一部のdl曲除く)とacの3-5、7-14+、11亜、12亜と他一部。 探すときはブラウザのページ内検索機能が便利です。 GdM. Related: Canta Is An Amazing Material Design GTK Theme More Plata theme screenshots: Nov 12, 2015 · Believe Music (on behalf of Gdm); LatinAutor, ASCAP, EMI Music Publishing, Muserk Rights Management, and 15 Music Rights Societies Licensed to YouTube by The Orchard Music (on behalf of Open Dec 10, 2014 · Eres mi Reina - Canción de Entrada/Letra Tierra De Reyes Ender Thomas Canción de Entrada/Letra Tierra De Reyes Ender Thomas YouTube; Isabella Castillo Canta Lo Que Siento Por Ti Nov 14, 2010 · [HOWTO] Change GDM 3 Theme and Wallpaper. Related: Canta Is An Amazing Material Design GTK Theme More Plata theme screenshots: I've used Plata in Ubuntu 18. then navigate to wherever you keep the gdm themes to install. Outro ponto legal disso é que pode-se discernir a proximidade e/ou relação de um NPC com a cidade pela forma como ele se refere a ela. 16, GNOME Shell themes are now stored . Arc Theme also my favorite theme. Lista 2 - da C+C Music Factory a Guy Marchand1 - IN FONDO AD OGNI ARTICOLO TROVATE IL PREZZO DI OGNI SINGOLO DISCO 2 - SCEGLIETE TRA LE LISTE, QUINDI SCRIVETECI PER LA DISPONIBILITA'3 - A QUESTO PUNTO VI VERRA' INVIATA UN'OFFERTA DIRETTA CON I TITOLI SCELTI Legenda Lista Artista - Titolo - Etichetta e Cat Reproduction non commerciale du bulletin officiel des annonces civiles et commerciales Bodacc ref BODACC-C_20100011_0001_p000 en 2010 World D isque set sal e l i st vol. Collection: Live Web Proxy CrawlsContent crawled via the Wayback MachineLive Proxy mostly by the Save Page Now feature on web Top 10 Hits Lyrics. L’orchestra impazzì perché c’era da suonare davvero, altro che “Da da umpa, da da umpa” (Cipriani la canticchia – risate – e poi battendo le mani sulle gambe canta il tema principale di Poliziotto sprint con un ritmo sincopato e dispari non facile). Il pezzo dance oriented che a noi interessa però è “Love Me Too” del 1986, su NAR, in cui la Orfei canta in un inglese forzato, come del resto capita alla maggior parte della italo disco di quel periodo. This is a dictionary file with all the words ever 1 1 2016 1597594 839. mcOS 11 GTK and Shell theme GTK3 Themes. E. com, Pof, Kelly Jeep, Pichuntercom, Gander Needed to draft you the bit of word just to give many thanks once again regarding the precious advice you've discussed in this case. IVA 07301021007 - Iscr. Gdm (the GNOME Display Manager) is a highly configurable reimplementation of xdm, the X Display Manager. top 01. But I could change only background or only gdm theme. 1 1 2016 1538467 120. top 02. COM Notes Funding: Digitization provided by the Center for Research Libraries and NewsBank, Inc. tcz adwaita-icon-theme. top 003. But in his enormous output one can also find gems in many other genres. -g, --gdm, Install GDM theme. Corsica. Camillo benso, conte di cavour was a wealthy vineyard owner who went abroad to study advance viticulture prior to founding the political newspaper il risorgimento. TV (video Instagram) 15 Aprile 2020 Úrsula Corberó, alias. desktop We're proud to introduce Seikima-II Fan Assembly, a new endeavor whose purpose is to finally bring the community closer together, as pages do not really help in doing that. top 005. 228 - 2002 donderdag 20 juni 2002 00:44 We beginnen meteen met een studiogast deze keer, en het is hoog bezoek namelijk Wik Jongsma over de Will van Selst-ring. It comes with a clean and tidy controls. md for details Ocean-blue-GDM theme for ubuntu GDM Themes. GTK3 Themes by I have Ubuntu 19. pdf) or read book online for free. 21-7. top 016. * It is sorted by categories corresponding to the folder names * in the /pkgs folder. mga5. However, AMPK phosphorylation was dramatically reduced by 75% in the OGDM women. Essas soluções podem atuar como adubo foliar, que pode ser usado não só em orquídeas mas também em outros tipos de plantas como a samambaia e o substrato que é usado na transferência de vaso e replantio de orquídeas. Flat Remix GNOME/Ubuntu/GDM theme Gnome Shell Themes. In early modern Venice, establishing the cause of a disease was critical to determining the appropriate cure: natural remedies for natural illnesses, spiritual solutions for supernatural or demonic ones. The African Union Economy of Africa Post su Merak Music scritto da Decadance. Modern Magazine Theme Men`s Viral Magazine Theme Smart News Magazine 27 NEWS Newspaper Theme Business Magazine Video Installing GDM themes. 1d10+1 tipos de nomes /* The top-level package collection of nixpkgs. Ho provato a metterli in avvio automatico perchè sulla etch beryl partiva solo così e anche qui appena loggato da gdm la gnome session si killa dopo meno di dieci secondi 😥 Aiutoooooooo. Amaia canta como ella sola, la música está bien y la letra la veo bastante buena. Gnome Shell Themes by daniruiz06. 62. Change Ubuntu / Debian GDM login screen theme/wallpaper. These data suggest that GDM is associated with reduced skeletal muscle oxidative phosphorylation and disordered calcium homeostasis. Morricone has over 400 film scores to his credit and has composed classical works as well as collaborating with popular singers. GDM Themes. You can also send me to my mail daniel Apr 02, 2020 · GDM Theme. Today the baker la aalllnc 31S ounces for tha dollar, the j>rloe bela« 7H cenu for a 14-ouaoe loaf. As a registered user you have some advantages like theme manager, comments configuration and post comments with your name. f . tcz advcomp. tcz acl. top 015. top 006. tcz alsamixergui. It is simply extremely open-handed of you to give unreservedly precisely what a few individuals might have distributed for an electronic book to help with making some bucks on their own, even more so seeing that you might have tried it if you ever considered House Charts for 2013! Click on the headings to expand that date. Docs. work/trees/fl\:2-devel/*/*. See HACKING. By joining our community you will have the ability to post topics, receive our newsletter, use the advanced search, subscribe to threads and access many other special features. I'm trying to change the gdm theme so it can look a bit more decent. 10 on, replacing GDM. 0. Descubra tudo o que o Scribd tem a oferecer, incluindo livros e audiolivros de grandes editoras. Buy GDN Magazine Theme by jawtemplates on ThemeForest. Materia also allows you to change the color scheme relatively easily in other ways. Franche-Comte A mí personalmente la canción me encanta. Como instalar o belíssimo e plano tema Canta no Linux. top 002. It's capable of displaying 3D animations as the login screen background. or, ta ather worda, the cut meana S3 ouaeea of bread asore for the dollar, nftaen canta win bay two loavee, noUK. Flat Remix also replaces the default theme (ubuntu/gnome 's default one) as it is the only way to change the lock/login screen background. 1 6 2016 1538316 247. 48. Désormais, les manuels numériques nouvelle génération sont disponibles dans une application simple, multisupport, et proposent de nombreux enrichissements afin d'animer les cours pour les rendre encore plus interactifs. Causas, das 7h às 18h. Pop Remix is a modification of the PopOS theme. Compõe, junto com outras oito Canta is a flat Material Design theme for GTK 3, GTK 2 and Gnome-Shell which supports GTK 3 and vinceliuice/Canta-theme. 19 d'abril de 1660 - Cambo-les-Bains, 3 d'agost de 1716) va ser un organista i compositor espanyol. Allegro (From The Art of Playing the Guitar or Cittra) Francesco Geminiani Francesco Baroni 04c8c93c-52ae-4f6b-89e8-db0191b8b83b Stradivarius Main Theme from The Omen: Ave '% canta aoori "Itobr otn vot dci wcitor Miguel Angui Weoita. 18-1. tcz abiword-dev. Discussion of themes and motifs in Ezra Pound's Canto 1. Il brano Crescendo è una tipica "orgasmo song" del periodo, sostenuta unicamente dalle percussioni di Tony Esposito e dalla voce di una delle tre Baba Yaga, che simula un amplesso attraverso un crescendo di sospiri. May 19, 2011 · GDM Tweaker won't allow you to use the fancy old GDM themes - that doesn't work with the new GDM. com, Hot, Kidscorner. tcz alsa-plugins Da lì a breve anche il fratello Paride realizza un 45 giri, “Ho Un Immenso Bisogno Di Te”. Comience la prueba gratis Cancele en cualquier momento. 61. tcz alsa-plugins-dev. Hi, this a great login screen, there's only one problem on my ubuntu 19. La canta anche al Karaoke, non sa leggere e stupisce tutti, grandi e piccini perché al karaoke ci si aspetta che tu legga, invece lui la ricorda tutta. 6 for the login / lock screen. It is available for GTK 3, GTK 2 and Gnome-Shell which supports GTK 3 and GTK 2 based desktop environments like Gnome, Unity, Budgie, Pantheon, XFCE, Mate, etc. I am using Debian Squeeze Testing and I have gdm3 installed. 10. Night Diamond v3. Simply Circles Icons Full Icon Themes. ARMANDO TROVAJOLI - COMMEDIE MUSICALI CANZONI BALLATE E TEMI DA FILM. Gdm allows you to log into your system with the X Window System running and supports running several different X sessions on your local machine at the same time. Ele é suntuosamente adequado ao desktop 8188eu. 10 with Gnome Shell and I didn't notice any issues other than the theme GDM theme not being used, but this is only after about an hour of usage. Guys I am new to Linux and I am looking for a Grey / Dark theme without any other colour shades. At any given time several distinct crawls are running, some for months, and some every day or longer. top 018. 1 2 2015 1682004 246. Ant Themes. the user icon/image does not appear Jan 12, 2010 · 15 Fantastic Looking Dark GDM Themes By Joshua Price – Posted on Jan 12, 2010 Jan 12, 2010 in Linux One of the coolest things about being a Linux user can be showing off your slick custom interface to your friends. 10-tinycore64. 'Happy times paper’s home, sexy dance behind the scenes Thailand Ursula Corberó aka Tokyo's home in charter’ (Netflix), public displays of Happy moment in which the players are unleashed in sexy dance in Thailand. Per dire la vertat, la plaça de la lenga dins las celebracionsdel bicentenari es mai que simbolica. December 31st, 2013 Agencia de Modelos http://www. Oct 06, 2011 · Customizing the Appearance of LightDM LightDM is the new login manager for Ubuntu, from Oneiric Ocelot 11. Guai a parlarci sopra, va sentita senza interferenze. */,,' sort uniq tr ' ' ',' GDM Themes by EugeneVe. 2% Canta theme. 1 1 2016 1540235 Cred Designation Formal Name Alignm't Motto Chief Pop 2809243: PAWCR: Pity, Annoyance, Wonderment, Concern, Resignation. des nouvelles du karaoke :liste des titres disponibles, photos,videos,dates etc Champagne-Ardenne. md for details. (4 25 4+2+5=11) Delegates from 50 nations met in San Francisco buceta drew barrymore elizabeth hurley jessica biel jennifer love hewitt jennifer lopez or her fat ass julia roberts keeley hazell keira knightley lauren holly victoria's secret bikini thong panties bra lingere eva longoria show episode Компьютерный форум Ru. GTK3 Themes by GDM Themes by EugeneVe. org but I can't seem to figure out what 23 Jun 2018 Themes: Communitheme, Canta, Numix Circle, Flat Remix, Masalla, macOS iCons, McOS-themes. 1 5 2016 1539502 382. src. Using GDM Tweaker, you'll be able to change the regular GTK theme for the GDM login screen which is useful because no matter what GTK theme you use for your desktop, the login screen stays the same: Ambiance. Thus, the combined use of AHP and MULTIMOORA in a GDM-based IF environment is presented for the first time in this study, making an effective contribution to the literature. com/profile/15885275546994795488 [email protected]. 26. Facebook Groups make it easy to connect with specific sets of people, like family, teammates or coworkers. oh, you found the manager (i thought you hadn't gotten that far). PubMed. 2 Log-in screen background image. 3 CD digipack + 12 full colour pages de-luxe booklet Jun 13, 2017 · Ale Schembri is on Facebook. 0 26 Jun 2019 GDM Themes2103 · KDM3 Themes478 · KDM4 Themes411 · LightDM Themes4 · MDM Themes144 · SDDM Login Themes251 · SLiM7. 11 second moen! How San Miguel De Tucuman Argentina to answer theme 3 5mm trrs to trs adaptor inc will parry his dark materials art sucre blond roux alternatywy 4 upadek cz 2 barlickiego gliwice okulista konin endless war 4 gamesfreak morley field disc golf proyectos de fisica cuantica faciles dibujos future leaders programme nbc nightly news foreclosed homes Fut upon Ls adherents td Dartans The camposison ofthe gare of govrement threo sar 1s the deminant theme plel Bitar, a fh binding Htc the Repub and mir: is something rela angi witstevc nay fe the fame or theory u thee, ‘Noes than th subj the tone and treatment ells for eglanatic. D. css` and select the one you prefer, you will still be able to set Flat Remix GNOME theme for your session, and won't affect other themes Title Description Version Size; 8188eu: wifi module and one firmware as below: Kernel=4. Score 89. /media_info/ 14-Jul-2017 19:27 - repodata/ 14-Jul-2017 19:27 - 0ad-0. 3 in C Major: II. *//' -e 's,. tdioil Ceci Z. 2% Nov 28 2018 . Whether you're 2. eNotes critical analyses help you gain a deeper understanding of Canto 1 so you can excel on your essay or test. tcz aalib-dev. . Welcome to LinuxQuestions. I've used Plata in Ubuntu 18. See gnome-shell/README. recipe sed -e 's/. Inside the categories packages are roughly * sorted by alphabet, but strict sorting has been long lost due * to merges. tcz acpitool. top ARMANDO TROVAJOLI-COMMEDIE MUSICALI CANZONI BALLATE E. com Blogger 9 1 25 tag:blogger. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation Canta is a flat Material Design theme for GTK 3, GTK 2 and Gnome-Shell which supports GTK 3 and GTK 2 based desktop environments like Gnome, Unity, Budgie, Pantheon, XFCE, Mate, etc. Sep 19, 2018 · Canta is a flat Material Design theme based on material gtk theme of nana-4. Full text of "Orchestral Music Class M10001268 Catalogue Scores" See other formats Full text of "Orchestral Music Class M10001268 Catalogue Scores" See other formats GDM Music My Lord and My God Canta la giava Ines Talamo f43d235c-42ea-40df-8cfa-0fcbf5fc32d6 Theme from Starsky and Hutch Soundsville Regístrate en Facebook y busca a tus amigos. 2006-01-01. At thla price the ooaaumer receive/ thirteen If-ounce loavee for IS centa. Facebook gives people the power to share and makes the world more open and connected. Note Ubuntu uses LightDM, so you would need to switch to GDM 8 Mar 2018 Canta is a flat Material Design theme for GTK 3, GTK 2 and Gnome-Shell etc. Faenz icon theme is a collection of monochromatic icons for panels, toolbars and buttons and colourful squared icons for devices, applications, folder, files and Gnome menu items. Mucho más que documentos. top 004. Descubra todo lo que Scribd tiene para ofrecer, incluyendo libros y audiolibros de importantes editoriales. Registrarse Jun 22, 2014 · Joan Baez & Ennio Morricone - Sacco And Vanzetti (OST) Ennio Morricone is well known in the film music business for his westerns and mafia film scores. Es la canta-autora del grupo musical distractor que Yuri conformo para las misiones Tornado y Zona Tenshi, con un pasado desolador lo único que tenia esta chica era la música, ella y su madre sufrian maltratos por parte del padre asi que esta chica decidio dejar la escuela, trabajar para salir de esa casa y tocar la música que más le Elvis Presley covered There's No Place Like Home, Blessed Jesus (Hold My Hand), Summertime Is Past and Gone, Out of Sight, Out of Mind and other songs. Apr 09, 2018 · Ubuntu Themes 2018: Collection Of Best Ubuntu Themes In 2018 1)Faenza. it - Tutti i diritti riservati - Beat Records. 49. What I should do? Sabily GDM themes (transitional package) 5 Jul 2018 Ubuntu 18. Gdm. I downloaded the "Sleek Dragon" theme from gnome-look. Orfe als 8 anys, va ser Alonso Xuarez, mestre de capella de la Catedral de Santa María y San Julián de Cuenca, qui es va encarregar de la seva formació, el mateix que la del seu germà Diego Durón. tcz accountsservice-gir. Stele deals with a theme that has been recurrent in Paladino’s work since he began working at the end of the 1970s: the world is an intellectual construction that art gives shape to. J’suis le seul a être choqué de pas voir la bande son de death note (L theme …) ? En tout cas y’a la bande son de P4 donc c’est pas mal déja ! Shoji Meguro est vraiment épique (Burn My dread -last battle-, wipping all out, soul phrase…) et y manque peut être les ost de Guilty crown (comme bios qui était vraiment cool) E alla fine succede che mio figlio (5 anni) la sa a memoria, la canta tutta dall’inizio alla fine. tcz abcde. Ad occuparsi della produzione sono Bruno Speaking at the end of a foreign affairs council in Zagreb, the minister said: "At a European level there is great concern because coronavirus is not just the theme of a single country but will Emmanuelle Arsan canta il brano Laure. Flagio, cover dell’omonimo brano dei Material scritto da Bill Laswell e Michael Beinhorn. I want to change gdm theme and background. Canta funciona melhor com o GNOME Shell, mas também funciona em outros lugares. - vinceliuice/ Hum Haven't seen that. Pop Remix Theme. chubs. css will do what you are looking for. Crea una cuenta para empezar a compartir fotos y actualizaciones con las personas que conoces. To change it on ubuntu use `sudo update-alternatives --config gdm3. Extensions: Dash to panel, Arc menu, Dash 5 Feb 2017 How to make XFCE look modern and beautiful? Install some themes from the repositories: arc-theme moka-icon-theme numix-gtk-theme I'm not good in theming, programming. com/profile/00049574084420999236 [email protected]. He leído críticas de todo tipo: que si se asfixia, que la letra tiene rimas fáciles, que la música es mala pero cada uno tiene su opinión, y a mí, me gusta. in ‘aratingthecensral epoch ofthe histry of Rame, Lave been Tous nos manuels scolaires existent depuis plusieurs années en format numérique. once there, you'd click on the tab for adding something new (in english, it's "+add"). X-Arc Themes. it should be in 'lokal'. Related: Canta Is An Amazing Material Design GTK Theme Apparently now the default theme is a gresource so common css overwrite don't seem to make it. GNOME is part of the GNU project. Take a look at Gnome-Look GDM , most of the themes there come with good instructions on how to install them. 420 ‑ MARCH 2020 通信販売専用電話 03-3954-4897 土・日・祭日は一切の通販業務を休ませていただきます。 #Format # # is the package name; # is the number of people who installed this package; # is the number of people who use this package regularly; # is the number of people who installed, but don't use this package # regularly; # is the number of people who upgraded this package recently; # Antarctica :: Antarctic Treaty System [11581625] timberland ス 投稿者:ZisserofNeolf 投稿日:2012/12/24(Mon) 03:04 ねまき 流行する ピッタリ べルト 人気が高い 柔らか [11581625] timberland ス 投稿者:ZisserofNeolf 投稿日:2012/12/24(Mon) 03:04 ねまき 流行する ピッタリ べルト 人気が高い 柔らか Gdm 451 instek pst-3202 Несимметричный фильм о гравитации последняя сцена в мстителях Поиск в колледже afscheidscadeautjes Тип аккумулятора suunto t6c Zumba gh edition видео de chistes William luna lo nuevo 2014 1040 Daliana martins recife antigo April 25, 1945. Score 80. 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2020.06.14 19:44 tonyrogerz New Octopus Scanner Malware Poisoning NetBeans Projects on Github

The security of the open-source supply chain is about the integrity of the entire software development and delivery ecosystem. A self-spreading and OSS supply chain malware was found abusing Github repositories.
What is happening On March 9, 2020, GitHub’s Security Incident Response Team (SIRT) received its initial notification about a set of repositories that were actively serving malware-infected open source projects. Since then, Github has found 26 repositories on its platform that contained traces of the Octopus Scanner. In May 2020, GitHub issued a warning about this new malware strain that's been spreading on its site via boobytrapped Java projects. The Octopus Scanner has been found in projects managed using the Apache NetBeans integrated development environment (IDE). The malware itemizes and backdoors NetBeans repositories after planting malicious malware within JAR binaries, project files, and dependencies, later spreading to downstream development systems. It has primarily-infected developers to gain access to additional projects, production environments, database passwords, and other critical assets. The malware can run on Windows, Linux, and macOS systems and deploy a Remote Administration Tool (RAT) via the GitHub supply chain attack. Octopus Scanner is also designed to block new builds from replacing the compromised ones by keeping its malicious build artifacts in place.
This is not the first case Octopus malware is part of the Phobos ransomware family. Octopus can upload and download files, take screenshots, and dig into other personal data on infected machines. From its origin, it has mainly focused on political and diplomatic officials in Central Asia. In November 2018, Octopus Scanner, disguised as a version of a popular and legitimate online messenger (Telegram), targeted Central Asian diplomatic organizations in a wave of cyber-espionage. It subsequently provided hackers with remote access to a victim’s computer. In April 2018, the DustSquad group used the potential Telegram ban in Kazakhstan to push as an alternative communication software for the political opposition with a Russian interface. The Octopus Scanner, which was used in the attacks, leveraged third-party Delphi libraries for compression.
Stay safe Organizations should sign agreements with all vendors and contractors to strictly follow data security policies. Also, users should keep all software and systems up-to-date. Employing adequate protection measures for safety can detect any malicious activity and potential issues earlier. Scan the computer using trusted end-point solutions.
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2020.05.20 05:32 babies-are-adorbz Did you know you can access to the state minimum rules and regulations for child care? Links inside

Thought I’d make a companion post to my post from this morning about child care database search tools.
This time we are looking at rules and regulations.
Below is the rules and regulations for licensed care in each state as best I could find it.
These links are the state minimums for child care. As with all laws, localities and individual centers can make guidelines that are stricter than these, but at no point can they go below these.
For example if the state ratio is 1:6, the center can follow a 1:4 ratio, but if they have staffing issues or something they can do 1:6 and still be okay, legally.
Included here you can find everything from staff training and education and staff:child ratios, to cleaning procedures, feeding policies, and nap policies, etc.
Always ask the facility you are interested in what their policy is, and read the handbook they give you. But if you have any questions or concerns, your state minimums can help guide you.
—————
Alabama: center-based / in-home
Alaska
Arizona: center-based / in-home
Arkansas: center-based / in-home
California: center-based / in-home
Colorado: center-based / in-home In-home is dated 2016, I was having trouble finding anything more current
Connecticut: center-based / in-home
Delaware: center-based / in-home
District of Columbia Looks like DC has it all in one pdf.
Florida: center-based / in-home Both from 2017
Georgia: center-based / in-home
Hawaii: center-based / in-home
Idaho As far as I can tell, it looks like they combine child care, foster care, etc. all in one pdf.
Illinois: center-based / in-home group daycare in-home These are the summary version because the longer versions weren’t PDFs, but the longer versions can be located here
Indiana: center-based / in-home
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky: center-based / in-home
Louisiana
Maine: center-based / in-home
Maryland: center-based / in-home
Massachusetts
Michigan: center-based / in-home
Minnesota: center-based / in-home
Mississippi: center-based / in-home
Missouri: center-based / in-home
Montana
Nebraska: center-based / in-home I / in-home II
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York: center-based / small centers / family / group family
North Carolina
North Dakota: center-based / family / group
Ohio So at Ohio we have to go slightly off the rails. I generally only like to provide links from the state’s own website, but the links from the Ohio page appear to be broken.
Oklahoma: center-based / in-home
Oregon: center-based / in-home
Pennsylvania: center-based / in-home
Rhode Island: center-based / Family / group
South Carolina: center-based / in-home
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas: center-based / in-home
Utah: center-based / in-home
Vermont: center-based / in-home
Virginia: center-based / in-home
Washington
West Virginia: center-based / in-home
Wisconsin: center-based / in-home
Wyoming
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2020.02.03 19:45 R6BotPy Six Invitational 2020 Event Guide The fourth edition of the Six Invitational will take place in Greater Montreal, in February 2020

Source
The fourth edition of the Six Invitational will take place in Greater Montreal, in February 2020. The premiere Rainbow Six: Siege event will see the world’s best 16 teams compete to be crowned World Champion.
More than just a tournament, the Six Invitational is the gathering of all fans. Join us in celebrating the community with friends and the extended Siege family. The event will feature developer panels, fan artists, cosplayers and renowned content creators from the community.

Basics

Location

  • Venue: Place Bell
  • Address: 1950 Rue Claude-Gagné, Laval, QC H7N 5H9
Please note that the venue is located in Laval, in the greater Montreal area.
Public transportation is available.
Place Bell Image

Dates

  • February 7th to February 9th: Offline* Group Stage begins.
  • February 11th to February 12th: First two days of the Offline* Playoffs takes place.
  • Friday February 14th (11:30am EST) to Sunday February 16th (9:00pm EST): Last two days of the Playoffs and the Finals will take place at the venue.
Fans will also be able to follow all Six Invitational 2020 matches, from group stage to the Finals, live on Twitch and YouTube.
*Offline: Not open to the public.

Tickets

Get you tickets: here.
Access to the event is only available to ticket holders from February 14th through February 16th.
Operator Pass Image
Price: 135$ CAD
  • Unrestricted seating in the arena.
  • Six Invitational 2020 universal in-game charm
  • All Twitch drop charms.
Elite Pass Image
Price: 240$ CAD (SOLD OUT)
  • Unrestricted seating in the arena.
  • FULL Six Invitational 2020 Bundle
  • Six Invitational 2020 universal in-game charm
  • Weapon Skin
  • All Twitch drop charms
  • Event Sledge BDU (Battle Dress Uniform)
  • Event Sledge Headgear
  • Fast pass for:
    • Demo booth(s)
    • Signing Sessions
    • Fast entry to venue
  • Premium Swag pack

Teams Involved

Prize Pool

This year’s championship features a new record prize pool cap of $3,000,000, with 30% of all revenue from the “Road to S.I. 2020” Battle Pass contributing to this record player prize pool. The ongoing Road to S.I. 2020 in-game event is still available until February 16, 2020 for those looking to get in on the action.
Here’s how the prize pool will be broken down:
  • 1st Place: 33.3%
  • 2nd Place: 15%
  • 3rd Place: 9%
  • 4th Place: 6.67%
  • 5th - 6th Place: 5% each
  • 7th - 8th Place: 3.67% each
  • 9th - 12th Place: 2.67% each
  • 13th - 16th Place: 2% each

Schedule and Competition Format

SI_Grouppool
SI_Schedule
Group Stage
  • Four groups of four teams.
  • GSL-style: Double elimination bracket without a grand final, top 2 advances in playoffs.
  • Bo3 matches.
Playoffs
  • Double elimination bracket.
  • Bo3 matches, Grand Final in Bo5.
  • The team coming from the upper bracket has a 1 map advantage in the Grand Final.
SI_ScheduleMain

Talent

The talent lineup for the Six Invitational is here. See below for the official first look at our Six Invitational 2020 talent lineup!
SI_Talent
In addition, here is our Six Invitational 2020 panel lineup. We will be taking a look at Year 5 game updates, including but not limited to the upcoming Operation as well as insights from the development team. We will also discuss about the Rainbow Six esports scene.
Host: Rachel Seltzer
Y5S1 Panel
Guests: Nicholas Jolicoeur (Level Designer) & Mathieu Lacombe (Game Designer)
Y5 Panel
Guests: Roy Del Valle (Product Director), Jean-Baptiste Halle (Lead Game Designer) and Alexander Karpazis (User Interface Director).
Esports Panel
Guests: Wei Yue (Esports Director) and Stuart Ewen (Esports Product Manager)

Mobile App

Download or Update the Official SI Mobile App on February 4th.
Download the SI2020 app on your Apple or Android mobile device for all things SI. From the broadcast schedule, team bios, on-site maps, and other useful information, the SI mobile app is your one stop shop for your SI experience. You will also be able to turn on push notifications so you never miss a beat. If you're at the event, you can receive notifications for activities on-site such as signing sessions, and more!
ANDROID:
Download the app for Android devices here.
APPLE:
Download the app for Apple devices here.

Activities at the event

The Six Invitational is a gathering of our community, and that comes with a variety of activities beyond competition on the main stage.
SI_ScheduleActivities
Six Invitational Merch
February 14-15 – 9am-5:30pm EST
The Ubisoft Workshop team will be present on site to satisfy all of your SI merch needs. They will also be selling the hoodie Harry is wearing in the latest CGI.
SI_merch
Dev Team Hangout
February 14 – 9am-11am EST
Our Devs are excited to welcome you to their home, and will be at Place Bell from on the first morning of the event to do so in person! This is a great time to speak with the Devs of different disciplines, and hang out with the creators of your favorite game.
If you would like to get anything signed by the Dev team, come armed with your best sharpie.
Demo Booth
February 14-15 – 9:30am-5:30pm EST
February 16 – 9:30am-3pm EST
You will have a chance to play Y5S1 before anyone else, so don’t miss this opportunity!
Professional Team Meet and Greet
February 14-16 – TBD
The Pro teams will be present for a meet and greets throughout the event. Due to the uncertainty around which teams will be available during specific time slots, we will update the SI2020 Mobile App regularly on which teams will be present, and when.
Content Creator Meet and Greet
February 14 – 9:30am-10:30am EST
Sunstark herself has created unique meet and greet cards for these community members to distribute and sign. Quantities are limited so don’t miss out!
SI_ContentCreator
Talent Meet and Greet
February 15 – 9:30am-10:30am EST
The shout casters, analysts, and hosts will be present for a meet and greet.
Voice Actors Meet and Greet
February 16 – 9:30am-11:30am EST
Have you ever wanted to meet the talent behind your favorite Operators? Now you can!
SI_VoiceActors
Open Mic Q&A
February 16 - 9:30am - 11:00am EST
A panel of Rainbow Six Siege devs will be taking questions from fans! There will be a limited amount of seats for this activity and this will be done in a closed area. Please register for a spot on-site at the Six Invitational on the Friday of the event.
Road to SI — Creators Cup Finals
February 14 – 15:30pm-17pm EST*
*Time might change depending on the length of the matches
See the final two teams competing in the Road to SI Creators Cup battle it out on the main stage for a charity prize pool of $20,000 CAD!
SI_CreatorsCupEUnew
SI_CreatorsSup_NA

On-Site Info

Hotels & restaurants
  • Montreal offers a wide variety of hotels and restaurants. View them here.
We have also partnered up with the below 3 hotels in Laval for the event and secured some discounted rooms. Please mention that you are booking a room for the Six Invitational 2020 to get a discount.
Cosplay
We are looking forward to welcoming any cosplayer who would like to share their creations and costumes during the event. Please find below a list of restricted items.
  • No props resembling real weapons (including any weapon designed to fire any type of projectile), firearms or blades/edged weapons of any kind will be allowed inside the venue.
  • No sharp metal edges on costume.
  • Empty sheathes and grips without blades are allowed.
  • Airsoft and prop magazines are allowed, real magazines are not.
  • Prop shells or bullets must not be made of metal.
Security
  • There will be metal detectors and a bag check at the entrance to the venue; every attendee will be subject to a search by security.
  • No outside food or drink will be allowed in the venue.
  • Age restriction: Rainbow Six: Siege is a videogame rated M for Mature and any participant below the age of 18 needs to have obtained the informed consent of their parent regarding the rating of the game to participate to the event. Those under 14 must be accompanied at all times by their parent or legal guardian during the event.
Health Concerns
With the coronavirus becoming a more prominent concern of late, attendees should be mindful to wash their hands more frequently. Should you or someone you know exhibit signs of illness, we suggest you take caution or see a medical professional as soon as possible.

Twitch Drops

Get exclusive Six Invitational 2020 Twitch Drops, throughout the entire event.
Six different Six Invitational Twitch Drops will be dropped uniquely during specific days as a reward for hours watched. These Twitch Drops will be rewarded during group stage, playoffs, and for each day of the main event to celebrate all things Rainbow 6.
We are excited to announce for the first time ever on day three of the main event we are dropping a premium Full Siege Bundle. This rare drop will include four items, but will drop with extreme rarity, may luck be on your side!
See below for our full drop list and stay tuned for even more surprises.
SI-TwitchDropsnew
SI_TwitchDropsSledgeNew
GROUP STAGE DROPS
  1. The group stage drop will drop from Friday, February 7th 3:00PM UTC to Monday, February 10th 3:00AM UTC during group stage.
MAIN EVENT DROPS
  1. The main event drop will drop throughout the main event from Tuesday, February 11th, 2:45PM UTC to Monday, February 17th 2:00AM UTC.
  2. The day 1 main event drop will drop from Friday, February 14th 4:30PM UTC to Saturday, February 15th 1:30AM UTC.
  3. The day 2 main event drop will drop from Saturday, February 15th 4:30PM UTC to Sunday, February 16th 1:30AM UTC.
  4. The day 3 main event drop will drop from Sunday, February 16th4:30PM UTC to Monday, February 17th 2:00AM UTC.
SPECIAL FULL BUNDLE DROP
  1. The final bundle drop will drop on day 3 of the main event from Sunday, February 16th10:00PM UTC to Monday, February 17th 2:00AM UTC.

Where to watch online

This event guide will be regularly updated to provide you with all the latest information prior to the event.
Don’t miss anything about esports and the upcoming Six Invitational 2020 by following us on Twitter on @R6esports, @Rainbow6Game, Instagram and on our website.
This post has been auto-generated. Please forward feedback to u/LordKeren
submitted by R6BotPy to Rainbow6 [link] [comments]


2019.03.22 13:27 bigbear0083 Today's Pre-Market News [Friday, March 22nd, 2019]

Good morning traders and investors of the stocks sub! Happy Friday to all! Here are your pre-market news this AM-

Today's Top Headlines for Friday, March 22nd, 2019

  • U.S. stock futures were lower this morning, putting the Dow's gain for the week in jeopardy. However, the S&P 500 and Nasdaq remain on pace for positive weeks, with the Nasdaq likely to post its 12thpositive week in the past 13. (CNBC)
  • German 10-year bond yield turn negative for first time since 2016 amid fears of a recession (CNBC)
  • Nike (NKE) shares were 4 percent lower in premarket after it reported quarterly earnings of 68 cents per share for its fiscal third quarter, three cents above estimates, with revenue in line with forecasts. However, it also warned of a sales slowdown for the current quarter. (CNBC)
  • The National Association of Realtors will issue its February report on existing home sales at 10 a.m. ET. At the same time, the government is out with wholesale inventories for January. Separately, retailers Tiffany (TIF) and Hibbett Sports (HIBB) release quarterly numbers this morning in an otherwise light day for earnings. (CNBC)
  • Airline Garuda Indonesia said today it is requesting a cancellation to its current order for 49 Boeing (BA) 737 Max jets valued at $6 billion. Reuters said the company may change its 737 Max order to another type of Boeing jet.
  • CNBC has learned that several top Democratic donors have told former Vice President Joe Biden that they won't help him raise fundsin the early stages of the party's 2020 presidential primary. They're skeptical if he can win.
  • President Donald Trump is expected to meet with leaders of five Caribbean nations today from his Florida resort, Mar-a-Lago. He's expected to thank the leaders for their support for peace and democracy in Venezuela. (AP)
  • Nearly 20 Russian missiles that the U.S. is currently unable to defend against were recently moved to a military testing site, signaling another milestone for the Kremlin's hypersonic weapons program, CNBC reported.
  • White House won't share Trump's talks with Putin (USA Today)
  • The European Union agreed to postpone the United Kingdom's exit from the bloc. The length of the delay will depend on whether or not the British Parliament accepts the previously negotiated withdrawal agreement. (CNBC)
  • Federal scientists said vast areas of the United States are at risk of flooding this spring. Roughly 13 million people could be exposed to major flooding, making this a "potentially unprecedented" flood season. (NY Times)
  • Tesla (TSLA) CEO Elon Musk sent an email to employees saying that vehicle deliveries should be a "primary priority" for all employees as the quarter draws to a close. Read CEO Musk's entire email to employees here. (CNBC)
  • Layoffs are beginning at Fox following the entertainment company's sale to Disney (DIS). The ax fell at the film division, wiping away much of the senior leadership at Fox's marketing, distribution and consumer products arms. (Variety)
  • Uber and Pinterest, two of the highest profile internet companies planning to go public this year, have picked the New York Stock Exchange as the venue for their stock listings, according to Reuters, citing sources familiar with the matter.
  • Facebook (FB) confirmed it stored up to 600 million user account passwords without encryption and viewable as plain text to tens of thousands of company employee. Facebook said it planned to notify those affected. (CNBC)

STOCK FUTURES CURRENTLY:

(CLICK HERE FOR STOCK FUTURES CHARTS!)

YESTERDAY'S MARKET MAP:

(CLICK HERE FOR YESTERDAY'S MARKET MAP!)

TODAY'S MARKET MAP:

(CLICK HERE FOR TODAY'S MARKET MAP!)

YESTERDAY'S S&P SECTORS:

(CLICK HERE FOR YESTERDAY'S S&P SECTORS CHART!)

TODAY'S S&P SECTORS:

(CLICK HERE FOR TODAY'S S&P SECTORS CHART!)

TODAY'S ECONOMIC CALENDAR:

(CLICK HERE FOR TODAY'S ECONOMIC CALENDAR!)

NEXT WEEK'S ECONOMIC CALENDAR:

(CLICK HERE FOR NEXT WEEK'S ECONOMIC CALENDAR!)

NEXT WEEK'S UPCOMING IPO'S:

(CLICK HERE FOR NEXT WEEK'S UPCOMING IPO'S!)

NEXT WEEK'S EARNINGS CALENDAR:

(CLICK HERE FOR NEXT WEEK'S EARNINGS CALENDAR!)

THIS MORNING'S PRE-MARKET EARNINGS CALENDAR:

($NKE $TIF $ZUO $JKS $CTAS $HIBB $NVCN $SCHL $RTW $CAL $DXLG $DOOO $DLNG $STG $IMV $WYY $IDN $CPLG $AVDR $OPNT $OSS)
(CLICK HERE FOR THIS MORNING'S EARNINGS CALENDAR!)

THIS AFTERNOON'S POST-MARKET EARNINGS CALENDAR:

([CLICK HERE FOR THIS AFTERNOON'S EARNINGS CALENDAR!]())
NONE.

EARNINGS RELEASES BEFORE THE OPEN TODAY:

(CLICK HERE FOR THIS MORNING'S EARNINGS RELEASES!)

EARNINGS RELEASES AFTER THE CLOSE TODAY:

([CLICK HERE FOR THIS AFTERNOON'S EARNINGS RELEASES!]())
NONE.

YESTERDAY'S ANALYST UPGRADES/DOWNGRADES:

(CLICK HERE FOR YESTERDAY'S UPGRADES/DOWNGRADES LINK #1!)
(CLICK HERE FOR YESTERDAY'S UPGRADES/DOWNGRADES LINK #2!)

YESTERDAY'S INSIDER TRADING FILINGS:

(CLICK HERE FOR YESTERDAY'S INSIDER TRADING FILINGS!)

TODAY'S DIVIDEND CALENDAR:

(CLICK HERE FOR TODAY'S DIVIDEND CALENDAR LINK #1!)
(CLICK HERE FOR TODAY'S DIVIDEND CALENDAR LINK #2!)

THIS MORNING'S MOST ACTIVE TRENDING TICKERS:

  • NKE 4.72%
  • AMD 0.50%
  • ZUO 14.30%
  • SPX 1.08%
  • HIBB 17.41%
  • NOK 7.20%
  • TIF 4.00%
  • SPY 0.38%
  • DJIA 0.84%
  • JKS 5.61%

THIS MORNING'S STOCK NEWS MOVERS:

(source: cnbc.com)
Tiffany — Tiffany came in 7 cents a share above estimates, with quarterly profit of $1.67 per share. The luxury goods retailer's revenue was short of forecasts, however, and Tiffany's comparable sales fell 1 percent compared to analysts' projections of a 0.8 percent increase.

STOCK SYMBOL: TIF

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
Hibbett Sports — The athletic apparel and footwear retailer earned an adjusted 57 cents per share for its latest quarter, beating the consensus estimate of 38 cents a share. Revenue also topped forecasts and Hibbett's comparable-store sales rose by 3.8 percent — analysts had been expecting a decline. Hibbett issued a better-than-expected full-year earnings outlook, however, and the company said CEO Jeff Rosenthal would retire after the company names a successor.

STOCK SYMBOL: HIBB

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
Nike — Nike reported quarterly earnings of 68 cents per share for its fiscal third quarter, 3 cents a share above estimates. Revenue was in line with forecasts, however the athletic footwear and apparel maker also warned of a sales slowdown for the current quarter.

STOCK SYMBOL: NKE

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
GameStop — GameStop named George Sherman as its new chief executive officer. Sherman had most recently been CEO of privately owned Victra, a retailer of Verizon products. Sherman had previously worked at Home Depot and Best Buy, and will start his new role at the video-game retailer in April.

STOCK SYMBOL: GME

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
Murphy Oil — Murphy Oil sold its Malaysian oil and gas assets to Thai energy producer PTTEP for $2.13 billion. Murphy Oil said the proceeds would be used to pay down debt, buy back shares, and to make possible acquisitions.

STOCK SYMBOL: MUR

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
Boeing — New software for Boeing's 737 MAX jets will be tested by American Airlines pilots on simulators this weekend, according to a pilots union representative who spoke to Reuters. Separately, Indonesian carrier Garuda said it was seeking to cancel an order for 49 737 MAX jets.

STOCK SYMBOL: BA

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
Tesla — Tesla CEO Elon Musk sent an email to employees saying that vehicle deliveries should be a "primary priority" for all employees as the quarter draws to a close.

STOCK SYMBOL: TSLA

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
Hyatt Hotels, Marriott, Wyndham — These and other hotel chains lost a bid to have a class action suit dismissed. The hotel companies are accused of agreeing not to advertise against each other on online travel sites like Orbitz and Expedia.

STOCK SYMBOL: H

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
Anheuser-Busch InBev — The beer brewer was sued by rival MillerCoors over its Bud Lite ad campaign. MillerCoors said the ads deceive consumers into believing that its Miller Lite and Coors Lite brands contain corn syrup.

STOCK SYMBOL: BUD

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
Newmont Mining — Newmont's deal to merge with Goldcorp is running into opposition from hedge fund Paulson & Co., one of Newmont's biggest shareholders. The fund sent a letter to Newmont CEO Gary Goldberg saying that under current terms, it could not support the transaction.

STOCK SYMBOL: NEM

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
Novartis — The drugmaker set an April 9 date for the spin-off of its Alcon eye-care business. The spin-off will be done with a distribution to current shareholders, with Alcon listing on its own on the New York Stock Exchange in the U.S.

STOCK SYMBOL: NVS

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
Best Buy — Best Buy was upgraded to "outperform" from "perform" at Oppenheimer, based on improved sales and stronger earnings at the electronics retailer.

STOCK SYMBOL: BBY

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
Cintas — Cintas reported adjusted quarterly profit of $1.84 per share, 13 cents a share above consensus forecasts. The provider of uniforms and other workplace services saw revenue come in slightly below forecasts, however, and its full-year revenue outlook was also below expectations.

STOCK SYMBOL: CTAS

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)

DISCUSS!

What's on everyone's radar for today's trading day ahead here at stocks?

I hope you all have an excellent trading day ahead today on this Friday, March 22nd, 2019! :)

submitted by bigbear0083 to stocks [link] [comments]


2019.03.22 13:26 bigbear0083 Today's Pre-Market News [Friday, March 22nd, 2019]

Good morning traders and investors of the StockMarket sub! Happy Friday to all! Here are your pre-market news this AM-

(CLICK HERE TO VIEW THE FULL SOURCE!)

Today's Top Headlines for Friday, March 22nd, 2019

  • U.S. stock futures were lower this morning, putting the Dow's gain for the week in jeopardy. However, the S&P 500 and Nasdaq remain on pace for positive weeks, with the Nasdaq likely to post its 12thpositive week in the past 13. (CNBC)
  • German 10-year bond yield turn negative for first time since 2016 amid fears of a recession (CNBC)
  • Nike (NKE) shares were 4 percent lower in premarket after it reported quarterly earnings of 68 cents per share for its fiscal third quarter, three cents above estimates, with revenue in line with forecasts. However, it also warned of a sales slowdown for the current quarter. (CNBC)
  • The National Association of Realtors will issue its February report on existing home sales at 10 a.m. ET. At the same time, the government is out with wholesale inventories for January. Separately, retailers Tiffany (TIF) and Hibbett Sports (HIBB) release quarterly numbers this morning in an otherwise light day for earnings. (CNBC)
  • Airline Garuda Indonesia said today it is requesting a cancellation to its current order for 49 Boeing (BA) 737 Max jets valued at $6 billion. Reuters said the company may change its 737 Max order to another type of Boeing jet.
  • CNBC has learned that several top Democratic donors have told former Vice President Joe Biden that they won't help him raise fundsin the early stages of the party's 2020 presidential primary. They're skeptical if he can win.
  • President Donald Trump is expected to meet with leaders of five Caribbean nations today from his Florida resort, Mar-a-Lago. He's expected to thank the leaders for their support for peace and democracy in Venezuela. (AP)
  • Nearly 20 Russian missiles that the U.S. is currently unable to defend against were recently moved to a military testing site, signaling another milestone for the Kremlin's hypersonic weapons program, CNBC reported.
  • White House won't share Trump's talks with Putin (USA Today)
  • The European Union agreed to postpone the United Kingdom's exit from the bloc. The length of the delay will depend on whether or not the British Parliament accepts the previously negotiated withdrawal agreement. (CNBC)
  • Federal scientists said vast areas of the United States are at risk of flooding this spring. Roughly 13 million people could be exposed to major flooding, making this a "potentially unprecedented" flood season. (NY Times)
  • Tesla (TSLA) CEO Elon Musk sent an email to employees saying that vehicle deliveries should be a "primary priority" for all employees as the quarter draws to a close. Read CEO Musk's entire email to employees here. (CNBC)
  • Layoffs are beginning at Fox following the entertainment company's sale to Disney (DIS). The ax fell at the film division, wiping away much of the senior leadership at Fox's marketing, distribution and consumer products arms. (Variety)
  • Uber and Pinterest, two of the highest profile internet companies planning to go public this year, have picked the New York Stock Exchange as the venue for their stock listings, according to Reuters, citing sources familiar with the matter.
  • Facebook (FB) confirmed it stored up to 600 million user account passwords without encryption and viewable as plain text to tens of thousands of company employee. Facebook said it planned to notify those affected. (CNBC)

STOCK FUTURES CURRENTLY:

(CLICK HERE FOR STOCK FUTURES CHARTS!)

YESTERDAY'S MARKET MAP:

(CLICK HERE FOR YESTERDAY'S MARKET MAP!)

TODAY'S MARKET MAP:

(CLICK HERE FOR TODAY'S MARKET MAP!)

YESTERDAY'S S&P SECTORS:

(CLICK HERE FOR YESTERDAY'S S&P SECTORS CHART!)

TODAY'S S&P SECTORS:

(CLICK HERE FOR TODAY'S S&P SECTORS CHART!)

TODAY'S ECONOMIC CALENDAR:

(CLICK HERE FOR TODAY'S ECONOMIC CALENDAR!)

NEXT WEEK'S ECONOMIC CALENDAR:

(CLICK HERE FOR NEXT WEEK'S ECONOMIC CALENDAR!)

NEXT WEEK'S UPCOMING IPO'S:

(CLICK HERE FOR NEXT WEEK'S UPCOMING IPO'S!)

NEXT WEEK'S EARNINGS CALENDAR:

(CLICK HERE FOR NEXT WEEK'S EARNINGS CALENDAR!)

THIS MORNING'S PRE-MARKET EARNINGS CALENDAR:

($NKE $TIF $ZUO $JKS $CTAS $HIBB $NVCN $SCHL $RTW $CAL $DXLG $DOOO $DLNG $STG $IMV $WYY $IDN $CPLG $AVDR $OPNT $OSS)
(CLICK HERE FOR THIS MORNING'S EARNINGS CALENDAR!)

THIS AFTERNOON'S POST-MARKET EARNINGS CALENDAR:

([CLICK HERE FOR THIS AFTERNOON'S EARNINGS CALENDAR!]())
NONE.

EARNINGS RELEASES BEFORE THE OPEN TODAY:

(CLICK HERE FOR THIS MORNING'S EARNINGS RELEASES!)

EARNINGS RELEASES AFTER THE CLOSE TODAY:

([CLICK HERE FOR THIS AFTERNOON'S EARNINGS RELEASES!]())
NONE.

YESTERDAY'S ANALYST UPGRADES/DOWNGRADES:

(CLICK HERE FOR YESTERDAY'S UPGRADES/DOWNGRADES LINK #1!)
(CLICK HERE FOR YESTERDAY'S UPGRADES/DOWNGRADES LINK #2!)

YESTERDAY'S INSIDER TRADING FILINGS:

(CLICK HERE FOR YESTERDAY'S INSIDER TRADING FILINGS!)

TODAY'S DIVIDEND CALENDAR:

(CLICK HERE FOR TODAY'S DIVIDEND CALENDAR LINK #1!)
(CLICK HERE FOR TODAY'S DIVIDEND CALENDAR LINK #2!)

THIS MORNING'S MOST ACTIVE TRENDING TICKERS:

  • NKE 4.72%
  • AMD 0.50%
  • ZUO 14.30%
  • SPX 1.08%
  • HIBB 17.41%
  • NOK 7.20%
  • TIF 4.00%
  • SPY 0.38%
  • DJIA 0.84%
  • JKS 5.61%

THIS MORNING'S STOCK NEWS MOVERS:

(source: cnbc.com)
Tiffany — Tiffany came in 7 cents a share above estimates, with quarterly profit of $1.67 per share. The luxury goods retailer's revenue was short of forecasts, however, and Tiffany's comparable sales fell 1 percent compared to analysts' projections of a 0.8 percent increase.

STOCK SYMBOL: TIF

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
Hibbett Sports — The athletic apparel and footwear retailer earned an adjusted 57 cents per share for its latest quarter, beating the consensus estimate of 38 cents a share. Revenue also topped forecasts and Hibbett's comparable-store sales rose by 3.8 percent — analysts had been expecting a decline. Hibbett issued a better-than-expected full-year earnings outlook, however, and the company said CEO Jeff Rosenthal would retire after the company names a successor.

STOCK SYMBOL: HIBB

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
Nike — Nike reported quarterly earnings of 68 cents per share for its fiscal third quarter, 3 cents a share above estimates. Revenue was in line with forecasts, however the athletic footwear and apparel maker also warned of a sales slowdown for the current quarter.

STOCK SYMBOL: NKE

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
GameStop — GameStop named George Sherman as its new chief executive officer. Sherman had most recently been CEO of privately owned Victra, a retailer of Verizon products. Sherman had previously worked at Home Depot and Best Buy, and will start his new role at the video-game retailer in April.

STOCK SYMBOL: GME

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
Murphy Oil — Murphy Oil sold its Malaysian oil and gas assets to Thai energy producer PTTEP for $2.13 billion. Murphy Oil said the proceeds would be used to pay down debt, buy back shares, and to make possible acquisitions.

STOCK SYMBOL: MUR

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
Boeing — New software for Boeing's 737 MAX jets will be tested by American Airlines pilots on simulators this weekend, according to a pilots union representative who spoke to Reuters. Separately, Indonesian carrier Garuda said it was seeking to cancel an order for 49 737 MAX jets.

STOCK SYMBOL: BA

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
Tesla — Tesla CEO Elon Musk sent an email to employees saying that vehicle deliveries should be a "primary priority" for all employees as the quarter draws to a close.

STOCK SYMBOL: TSLA

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
Hyatt Hotels, Marriott, Wyndham — These and other hotel chains lost a bid to have a class action suit dismissed. The hotel companies are accused of agreeing not to advertise against each other on online travel sites like Orbitz and Expedia.

STOCK SYMBOL: H

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
Anheuser-Busch InBev — The beer brewer was sued by rival MillerCoors over its Bud Lite ad campaign. MillerCoors said the ads deceive consumers into believing that its Miller Lite and Coors Lite brands contain corn syrup.

STOCK SYMBOL: BUD

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
Newmont Mining — Newmont's deal to merge with Goldcorp is running into opposition from hedge fund Paulson & Co., one of Newmont's biggest shareholders. The fund sent a letter to Newmont CEO Gary Goldberg saying that under current terms, it could not support the transaction.

STOCK SYMBOL: NEM

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
Novartis — The drugmaker set an April 9 date for the spin-off of its Alcon eye-care business. The spin-off will be done with a distribution to current shareholders, with Alcon listing on its own on the New York Stock Exchange in the U.S.

STOCK SYMBOL: NVS

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
Best Buy — Best Buy was upgraded to "outperform" from "perform" at Oppenheimer, based on improved sales and stronger earnings at the electronics retailer.

STOCK SYMBOL: BBY

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)
Cintas — Cintas reported adjusted quarterly profit of $1.84 per share, 13 cents a share above consensus forecasts. The provider of uniforms and other workplace services saw revenue come in slightly below forecasts, however, and its full-year revenue outlook was also below expectations.

STOCK SYMBOL: CTAS

(CLICK HERE FOR LIVE STOCK QUOTE!)

FULL DISCLOSURE:

bigbear0083 has no positions in any stocks mentioned. Reddit, moderators, and the author do not advise making investment decisions based on discussion in these posts. Analysis is not subject to validation and users take action at their own risk. bigbear0083 is an admin at the financial forums Stockaholics.net where this content was originally posted.

DISCUSS!

What's on everyone's radar for today's trading day ahead here at StockMarket?

I hope you all have an excellent trading day ahead today on this Friday, March 22nd, 2019! :)

submitted by bigbear0083 to StockMarket [link] [comments]


2019.03.17 13:35 robot301_03 “求求你让我得艾滋” by 灯马想 on 2018-12-14

“艾滋病”,不仅是病,更是一种社会化的污名。
让人震撼的是,有这么一群人,他们身体健康,却费劲一切心思想要获得HIV病毒。

图片来源:gaywarfare.blogspot.com
当尼克第一次被诊断出艾滋病阳性时,他在Facebook上写道:
“9月21日通过HIV病毒测试,我已经爱上这种身份,并愿意和任何人分享它。我的CD4是971个,VL值100000,绝对新鲜且毒性十足。”
CD4是指白细胞浓度,而VL是他的“HIV病毒载量”,尼克显然是传播艾滋病毒的高危人群。

“为了得艾滋,尼克前后尝试了不下1000个男人”
图片来源:Mirror.co.uk(英国镜报)
这位来自英国中部的30岁男人声称,自从确诊后,他已经和超过20名男性进行了无保护性行为。
“虽然在脸书上面临着无数讽刺和谴责,但我认为,这是两个心甘情愿的成年人之间的事。他们都接受过有关HIV的风险教育,对我的病情心知肚明,跟你们没有任何关系。”

图片来源:culturalmarxism.net
和人类为防范艾滋病付出的巨大努力背道而驰,这群人正在利用性需求秘密传播着21世纪最骇人听闻的梦魇。
想要主动感染艾滋病的人在圈子里自称Bug Chaser(追毒者),传播病源的叫Gift Giver(馈赠人),而实现这一过程的行为被赋予了一个充满仪式感的名词——“Conversion(皈依)”。

图片来源:NossoMundo.LGBT
“生活在刀锋边缘”的口号被追毒者挂在嘴边,他们大部分都向往患病之后能过上肆无忌惮的性生活。
把“得艾滋”视为一种时尚的荒诞潮流,在欧美男同地下圈子里携同HIV病毒一起蔓延,生化武器的icon纹身是这个群体中的一种身份辨识标签。


图片来源:wikicommons(维基共享资源)
即便是在加利福尼亚这块同性文化极度繁荣的乐土上,16年10月30号刊登的这则新闻摘选段落也足够让读者感到不安。
“昏暗的酒店房间里,一个英俊的男人在论坛上发了一则交友贴,然后把自己脱个精光,头朝下埋进枕头,趴在大床上。
整个晚上房门都没有上锁,无名的陌生男性进进出出,有的人连招呼也不打,他们只是解开裤档拉链,完事之后便悄然离开。
直到日出,年轻的男子已经忘了有多少伴侣来去匆匆。如果完成目标,他将会顺利实现期待已久的‘转变’。”
这段文字的作者是旧金山周报的主编查宁·约瑟夫,同时也是一名生活在加州的同性恋。当查宁有幸闯入当地一家名为“442”的男同*河蟹*俱乐部时,他决定要让发生在这些年轻人身上的故事公诸与众。

“442 Natoma”,圣弗朗西斯科著名的男同地下*河蟹*俱乐部
图片来源:SFweekly.com(旧金山周报)
旧金山作为全球同性恋的麦加,汇聚了成千上万家俱乐部。在彩虹旗的庇护下,“442”则酝酿着男同圈子里最极端的想法。
他们每月定期举办的“Bug Chaser派对”,视携带HIV病毒的精液为液体黄金,“这让人想起玄幻故事里,为了追求某种层面的永生,把脖子献祭给吸血鬼的迷失者。”
男人们赤身裸体地跪在阴暗的角落里,除了一阵阵肌肉和汗水的交融,还会交流一类你闻所未闻的*河蟹*站。

“barebackboysneg4poz留言,这是一个为年轻小伙们提供交流‘皈依’的好地方”
图片来源:纪录片《The Gift》
“bug chaser,寻找10到15名‘转变’我的男人。”

图片来源:纪录片《The Gift》
一对一的私密勾兑并不能满足饥渴的追毒者。有人斥重金四处刊登广告,信息里标注主持人,地点,接头暗号,以及通宵达旦的狂欢时间,有的“派对”参与人数多达120多个。

图片来源:纪录片《The Gift》
越来越多的医学专栏记者和艾滋病社会学专家发出了警告:直至今日,bug chasing已经从往日的地下活动,演变成了毫无遮掩的大规模公开行为。
数以百计的“约病”交友平台和APP正在疯狂涌现。

图片来源:healthline.com(美国健康在线网)
Hzone是HIV单身人士的第一个约会APP。使用基于GPS的定位技术来寻找艾滋病友的生活区域。通过左右滑动,用户可以匿名“点赞”随机对象,直接发送消息进行速配。
Volttage.com也作为第一批专门针对艾滋病病毒阳性同性恋和双性恋的成年网站,由艾滋病社会活动家,Jack Mackenroth创建了这个呼吁“消灭耻辱”的网站。
而Positive Dating(“积极约会”)这款社交平台,更是在“企业家”,“迈阿密先驱报”,“今日美国”和“芝加哥太阳报”这一类大型主流报刊上买了广告位。
早在5年前,地下团体建立的“Bugchasing”Facebook兴趣组就被2000多人“喜欢”。
由于性内容管制方面的服务条款相对宽松,Twitter和Tumblr上诸如#bugchaser和#neg4poz的话题也正在为追毒者提供新兴的避风港。
美国一些推广这种想法的“领头羊”网站,有的超过5000名活跃会员,注册页面需要注明年龄身高,兴趣爱好,*河蟹*官尺寸,以及是否介意性感染病。

图片来源:南华早报
“bug chaser们重塑了我的生活”,用户Arab Poz Guy在推特上扮演‘馈赠人’的角色,“我从未想过能以这样的身份被人拥戴,原因是他们渴望我拥有的东西。”
他所拥有的东西,从昔日的死亡丧钟华丽转变成了一种赋权工具。

图片来源:Youtube频道Pod Awful TV
“Arab Poz Guy”网名里的“Poz”是英语单词“positive”的缩写,当你用来描述生活态度的时候,它代表“积极”;用来鉴定艾滋病病毒的时候,它的意思则是“阳性”。
“染上艾滋病病毒的那一刻,你会迅速和他们建立一种积极的社区联系。”
另一位55岁的“馈赠人”,使用笔名Larry Hewes,每天在Tumblr上分享色情内容,解答追毒者的系列疑问。他帮助安排皈依场合,甚至会分享一些如何诱导出血加速感染的“点子”:
比如行事前,先用硬牙刷戳破肛门。

“HIV是无尽的馈赠,那是我能想象到最色情的东西”
图片来源:Adsoftheworld.com
男同性恋者应对耻辱和被社会边缘化的抵抗激化了这些疯狂的想法。另一方面,现实中艾滋病医疗技术的飞速发展也在这个圈子里被极度夸张和神化。
风险评估的选择性认知里,HIV病毒已经不再是死刑。
面对镜报记者的采访,尼克甚至显得有些得意,“我每三个月就进行一次肝功能和常规健康检查,这样一旦有什么潜在的危险我就很快会知道。更妙的是,医保(NHS)会替我承担全部费用。”
“就像得了糖尿病一样,你吃了几粒药,然后继续你的生活。”

图片来源:pozitiveattitudes.com
艾滋病毒的阳性和阴性,对追毒者来说,是一种“我们”区别于“他们”的自我认同感,一些尚未感染的男同甚至会对不幸患病的伴侣抱有一种“幸存者内疚”心理。
“没有人会想被别人指责有病,所以我们默认所有人都得病了。”
“作为同性恋,没有艾滋病,我就永远是不完整的。”

“每日每夜,都有人死于车祸,死于斗殴,死于肿瘤,死于病毒,可是,从来没有人会死于悲伤”
图片来源:SoyHomosensual.com
不管出于社会福利的关照,还是仅仅为了“独特”,人性和病毒的角逐在记录片《The Gift》拍摄后的十年里给出了答案。导演采访过的大多数艾滋病患者,要不失去生活自理能力,要不都去了另一个极乐的世界。
无论是追毒者还是馈赠人,最终都没有逃过这个结局。

图片来源:纪录片《The Gift》
滚石杂志做过的调查显示,美国有1/4的新增艾滋病例都由追毒者社群所贡献,这个比例曾被欧美大部分主流媒体所质疑。但可以肯定的是,我们不能认为bugchasing的影响是微不足道的。
故意传播艾滋病的行为会阻碍人类消灭HIV的终*河蟹*愿,假装对这种边缘文化视而不见,同样也是一种不负责任的表现。
两年前的今天,旧金山周报主编在报道的引言中说:
“我无权判断bugchasing的行为是否有罪。否认现实是没有用的,看到任何曙光之前,我们必须公开坦诚地讨论这个严肃的问题。”

80年代抗击艾滋公益广告
图片来源:惠康图像奖
——————————参考资料——————————
[1] 作者Gregory Freeman,In Search of Death,Rolling Stones(《滚石》杂志),2003年2月6日
[2]作者Gemma Aldridge,Bug chasing: Men deliberately trying to catch HIV for sexual thrill in astonishing craze,The Mirror(英国《镜报》),2013年7月7日
[3] 作者Emily Tsang,Men search for HIV-positive sex partners on web,《南华早报》,2013年8月6日
[4] 作者Kimberly Holland,Looking For Love:Top HIV Dating Sites,Healthline.com(《美国健康在线》)2015年11月4日
[5] 作者Brian Patrick Byrne,Bug Chasing Online: Where Men Still Seek Out HIV,Vocativ.com, 2016年8月24日
[6] 作者Channing Joseph,An Undercover Look Inside the world of HIV Bug Chaser and Gift Givers,SFweekly.com,(《旧金山周报》)2016年11月30日
http://www.sohu.com/a/278774050_131543
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2018.07.28 12:34 torontothingstodo 28-JUL-2018 - Things to do Today

From /Torontoevents
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2017.07.27 03:43 AGCSanthos New Student Questions Summary

Lots of useful things are on the side bar, check it out. That question you have about the school laptop? Yeah, it's answered there. That hungry, side thought about the restaurants near campus? Got a list of places to go right there. Check it out and use the search bar, you aren't the first group of students to come to RPI and use Reddit. Almost everything under the sun can be found already here, just look.
But this post is for a nice condensed block of stuff I feel like you should know coming in. The first part is for everybody, second part is geared more for CS majors, and the third part is mostly for ECSE majors. Go nuts.
  1. YACS is a great tool made by RPI students in RCOS for making new semester schedules. They post on the reddit sometimes and they have a facebook page. They don't always have the right data if say a class was moved around, but are pretty useful most of the time. Cross check against the info on SIS, and use it to your advantage.
  2. If you aren't sure about a course or a teacher, search in this subreddit. There have been a few megathreads for questions about classes and teachers as well as a lot of loose posts about classes. A few teachers are even regulars on here and post sometimes about their classes/other things. Also ask upperclassmen and look on other sites, getting a wide variety of opinions on professors/classes is important. Pay attention to when courses are offered as well. Some courses are only offered in the Fall or Spring and some are only offered every other year. Look at how frequently that course you think you'll like is taught and plan accordingly. This applies not only for electives but for core classes too like CANOS or Programming Languages. Make a draft of your schedule for your entire time here and just change it as you go on, it will help in figuring out when to take things so you aren't stuck an extra semester because you forgot to take something like Intro to Bio.
  3. On campus housing seems to be becoming more and more of a weird situation. There's lot of incoming students and the administration is trying to deal with housing but there's only so many dorms. Please remember that Troy and RPI have lots of old buildings though, so some places have lead pipes and asbestos in the walls (if you think I'm exaggerating or joking, look up when Ricketts and Sage Labs last had an asbestos removal job...yeah) so be careful if you are looking at off campus housings. The city right next to RPI is also a bit odd in terms of safety. Most students haven't had issues, but others have had things stolen off of their porches, cars keyed, randomly assaulted, or have seen fights break out between regular Troy citizens. Living on campus helps deal with some of this, but even then be wary. Troy isn't a bad place to live, but don't be an idiot and walk out on the street at 1 AM flashing around your brand new MacBook and Beats headphones and don't rent out the super run down apartment for $200 a month. Common sense is still needed.
  4. The social scene is what you make of it. If you stay in doors all the time and only play video games, obviously you aren't going to be invited to parties every weekend. Greek life exists on campus and lots of clubs also throw smaller house parties too. And if you're like "well what about if I don't really care about parties but I want to make friends with similar interests", there are literally HUNDREDS of clubs on campus. This year the activities fair is on the first day of classes, go to it and see a subset of them. RPI has clubs on everything from archery to DDR to boxing to cultural/ethnic groups to electronics (JOIN THE EHC) to dancing (street dancing, hip hop, ballroom, etc) to League of Legends to cooking. If you are afraid a club is going to hurt your academics, that might just be a sign you need better time management skills and resources for studying, which friends in clubs can help with. Having an outlet for stress at RPI is very critical, don't have too much fun but don't die here either. This is your time to make a good group of friends and figure out how to be a functioning adult.
  5. RPI seems to pride itself on helping students get internships and jobs. That doesn't mean you can sit around and do nothing. They are just trying to aggregate a lot of companies at the career fair and on joblink for you to apply to. Get your resume ready and put on a good business outfit. Apply to companies that RPI doesn't have there too, don't limit yourself to joblink. RPI tries to make sure that the companies they bring know how much RPI students can bring to the table, and it shows. Quite a few people (that didn't go to RPI) at companies I talked to had really good impressions of the school and the RPI students/alumni they've worked with. And if you don't get something, don't worry. It's hard getting experience when you don't have experience. Try getting summer research, ask early on and try to get a position that you can just continue during the summer. Which brings me to my next point.
  6. Getting research on campus isn't impossible, you just have to go early and ask around. Don't be afraid to email a professor you've never had or talked to before and ask if they have a position available. Look around and check, and if you don't get a position early on, don't just give up. Try again in a bit, what a professor needs for a project changes and they might like another set of hands or to replace someone who is leaving. If you're wondering why do research: it's good for resumes, getting references, gaining experience in the field, reinforcing random things you learned in class, and gaining a bit of motivation. It might help in figuring out what you want to specialize in or for figuring out you actually hate your major. Don't worry that you are under qualified for a position, professors know. I've done quite a few research jobs on campus, and the one thing I've really realized is that the professors and graduate students want you to learn how to be useful. They're willing to deal with you struggling for a while trying to get the hang of things because that used to be them. Take a risk and apply for random positions, and don't limit yourself to your own department. MANE department professors might need an EE student to do something or a Chem department professor might want a CS major to write some code.
  7. HASS courses are a mixed bag of things. Some are terrific and you'll love them and some are just a waste of time. Search hard for ones that you care for with good professors. Save a few for some harder semesters, you'll appreciate the break and GPA boost. They'll seem like a waste of time if you hate it, so don't take ones you hate.
  8. Don't overload on classes. Sure, you can now take something like 27 credits of work without having to pay more and it theoretically might fit in your schedule. But what's the point if you end up failing most of them? You can drop classes before the drop deadline and not have it on your record, but that doesn't mean your previously diminished performance in other classes is suddenly going to go away. You'll still have to work on improving your grades in those classes. This also applies for taking 16 credits with a bunch of time intensive courses. Let's say you are a crazy CSE/ChemE dual (if you are this, wtf are you doing with your life?), don't try taking EEE, MeeBal, LITEC, and Data Structures at the same time. You'll be at or under 16 credits, but you will feel like you're doing 24 credits. Not all classes are given the appropriate amount of credits, so remember to ask people what they are like. Like CyberKnightX says in the comments, you might be able to take 21 credits of class and do less work than the semester where you take 12 credits. Understand what the classes you sign up for are like and figure out what you going to learn.
  9. This year the meal plans are only worth it if you get the 15, 19, 21, or 23 meals/week plans and eat EVERY SINGLE ONE and use all the Flex. Most weeks you won't use all of your swipes and you'll end up with a few dollars left in your Flex, which does NOT carry over between years. The other meals plans are actually just a scam (someone feel free to correct me if I'm wrong) but you get more food if you put the same amount of money in RAD. Take the 12 meal plan at $5660 with $500 Flex and 10 guest swipes a semester. With about 32 weeks for the Fall and Spring semesters, you get: (5660 - 500)/[(32 * 12) + 20] = $12.77/meal. Dinner at the dining halls costs $12.30/meal. It gets worse and worse for each supposedly "cheaper" plan. Just get a form and fight to be exempt. Think about how often you realistically eat (Lunch and dinner? Just lunch and random snacks?) and also account for eating out with friends/getting snacks and stuff from Walmart (food at Father's [the on campus mini mart] is severely overpriced). Convenience and getting those bonding moments with friends in the dining halls is nice, but if you're not using every swipe you might as well just put that money in RAD and then go to the dining halls, you'll get more swipes. Do the math, most of you are engineers or are in positions that need good math skills.
  10. Backwork is a time honored tradition here. Teachers will give you exams that are basically a mash of the questions they've asked on the same exam over the last 5 years. Some professors will give you their backwork, others will tell you to look for it yourself. In the student union there is the APO that has a library of backwork, some fraternities have backwork dumps, and some friend groups just keep passing around backwork they got from upperclassmen. Look around, don't be afraid to ask, and study the backwork. You should still study from your notes and other materials you received in class, but if you use the backwork as a supplemental material, like extra practice problems, you'll be fine in a lot of your classes. This kind of leads me to my next point.
  11. KEEP YOUR STUFF ORGANIZED. I don't mean you have to color code your desk or setup some hi-tech tracking system of everything, I mean keep your past work available for lookup. As you get further in your time here, you'll start to forget random things from past classes. You might realize you forgot how to solve second order ODEs because you took Differential Equations your Freshman year and now in your Junior year you need it to solve some random problem. Sure, you can watch videos online and try relearning it, but looking back at your old notes and seeing how you went about solving it makes it more of a refresher than relearning. Keep your stuff and keep it organized. If you don't want it anymore, give it to the APO or some random fraternity, they'll be more than happy to take your backwork. But trust me, there WILL be at least one time you wished you kept all your stuff from your classes and kept them somewhat organized.
  12. "There is a time and place for everything. But not now!" - Professor Oak. I get it, playing video games or heading out to a party is way more fun than studying for that test on Tuesday. But guess what, it's time to study instead. Those "optional" homeworks professors give you are basically your exam, so do them. You never think you are going to get that email saying you're on probation because of grades until you do. And then that next semester is going to suck because now you can't mess up so you miss all the fun stuff. So yeah, while all your friends might be hanging out Saturday night, you'll miss more fun if you don't miss this one time. Sorry for adding such stereotypical and mood killer advice right here, but it's true. It's a position you don't want to be in, because it's so much harder trying to crawl out of.
This next part is more geared towards CS students, but others might think it's interesting.
  1. RCOS (Rensselaer Center for Open Source) is another "what you make of it" situation at RPI. Lots of on hands experience with cool projects. This is really useful if you are interested in becoming a software developer after getting your B.S. Learn all the shiny new frameworks that people use, figure out why people praise CD/CI and Agile. Do more than your classes, because employers/HR like that.
  2. Just because you have a lot of free credits doesn't mean you should just take random courses to fill them up. Take courses that interest you. The core courses at RPI are great for getting the basics down, but taking relevant electives to actually know what the frack is going on at software engineering companies will probably help too.
  3. There's a large amount of ML/Deep Learning/AI/NLP related courses at RPI, it's RPI's specialty in a way. Don't feel obligated to take them, it's not everybody's cup of tea. But if it is, you are at a gold mine of courses and professors who know what they are talking about. Even if you don't have the time to take the class, sit in on a few lectures. We do well in so many national and worldwide contests and projects for ML related stuff and the major reason is the professors leading the students and research.
  4. There's a lot of cool classes but some of them aren't listed on YACS or the normal course catalog. You'll get an email during the semester talking about new electives that professors are trying out or electives that are only taught every so often. There are also fun and effective CS classes listed under other departments like Cog Sci, GSAS, and ECSE. Check them out, they are cool and useful.
  5. People at RPI will tell you Data Structures is hard. Personally, I think it's the fact that you're getting thrust into this class with either little college experience, poor management skills, and/or a so-so basis in CS. The homeworks are time intensive, but you get a while to do them. Don't just wait till the last minute and never study. Pay attention in class, study every so often, and do the homeworks in advance. The homeworks will take you time no matter what, but you'll realize it's not the insane hell people make it out to be. Get the concepts down well and you'll do well on tests too. Also, get a lot of sleep before the tests (especially the final).
  6. Professors are an interesting mix here. They are all skilled in something, that's why they are a professor. The problem with RPI's CS deptartment is that they aren't necessarily teaching their specialty. Keep an eye and ear out for great courses and pay attention to who is teaching them. Don't also be dazzled by course names or who's teaching it, pay attention to what people say about the professor and the course. Some of the most boring classes I've sat in on have had amazing names and some of the greatest courses I've taken had the most boring names.
  7. Keep your code, notes, and other work well organized and saved somewhere, especially from Data Structures and Intro to Algorithms. I somewhat recently had an interview where one of the questions was based on a checkpoint from a Data Structures lab (in case you were wondering: given a singularly linked list, reverse the second half of the list if given a list with an even number of nodes and reverse the first half if given an odd number of nodes). The further in you go, the more you realize you forget the basics.
  8. You can get away with having a Windows only laptop. Will you have an easy time or enjoy having to do a lot of extra steps most of the time? Probably not. Professors will give you options for it (virtual machines, Cygwin, c9.io) but dual booting your laptop with something like Ubuntu will probably be easier. I recommend this especially since the homework server (Submitty) runs on an Ubuntu distro if I remember correctly. A MacBook also works, most of the time.
  9. Make a GitHub account and make a nice, rich trail of commits. I don't mean an account where every commit is a single print statement, I mean actionable changes. Some employers love OSS and seeing proof that you actually know what you are doing. You can get away with never making a GitHub account and never showing recruiters projects you worked on, but why close off doors? If you don't have the time, motivation, or idea for a nice long term project to show off, do smaller ones. Make a dashboard for GitHub repos. Make some CRUD app. Make a system that blinks LEDs to presidential tweets. Just do something and show that you can actually code, and then document it with Git. If nothing else, put up your coursework (after the due date has passed so nobody steals your code and gets YOU in trouble) and it'll show that you covered the basics of CS.
This next part is more geared towards ECSE students, but others might think it's interesting too.
  1. RPI ECSE courses seem to focus on the analytical part of electrical engineering. There's nothing wrong with that, it's terrific for later understanding the internals of a component are and how to better improve it or for figuring out how a circuit you've never seen before works. But the courses are lacking hands on skill. Theoretically someone could go through the entire EE program without ever having touch a resistor (you might think I'm joking or exaggerating but I wish I was). This almost never happens, and in the core courses like Electric Circuits and Introduction to Electronics you have to build circuits with your lab partners, but it is possible. The ECSE department has been trying to fix the lack of hands on skills with Intro to ECSE and other stuff (Beta labs), but it's still lacking. So, fix this problem yourself. Learn how to solder (EHC FOR THE WIN!!!), play around with microcontrollers outside of LITEC (way more fun and you learn more), test how to use components that they don't use in class (voltage regulators are one I think), or make a notch filter. Try to design your own stuff and you will enjoy what you learn in your ECSE classes more. The courses here are very strong, they just lack the junior engineeelectrical technician skills you will later need. You came to RPI to be a great engineer, that means hands on work.
  2. The professors here are great, in certain circumstances. Sawyer and Hella are great professors but really in smaller groups or in 1:1 teaching styles. Braunstein is great overall. Ask upperclassmen what they know about the teachers teaching the class and take advantage of it.
  3. You'll be in a weird position in multidisciplinary projects. Whether you're an EE or CSE, you'll be expected to do both electronics AND code. You can NOT avoid this, so don't put yourself in a position where you don't know how to do one of the two. Study both and be the hero your team needs to get an A.
  4. If you're thinking of becoming a CSE simply because you like microcontrollers, please take a moment. Of all the CSEs I've met since coming to RPI, about half wished they were just CS majors. They entered RPI thinking they would only deal with microcontrollers and digital electronics, but it's so much more than that. The core CSE program is mostly on analog circuits with some CS (or CS like) classes sprinkled in. The majority of the classes where you learn more about microcontrollers or doing digital electronics are done as electives. Look carefully at the classes you take in the core curriculum and then look carefully at the courses that really interest you. If you want to go into industry specializing in digital electronics, stay a CSE and take all the electives that interest you. If you just want to get deep into using microcontrollers without really touching electronics (or just using them simply) without doing the math, be a CS major and take the MCU classes as your free electives. For CSEs, the electives make the major, so be prepared.
  5. Get a kit of parts for yourself. Go to DigiKey and make yourself a kit of resistors, capacitors, transistors, etc. In one of your courses you'll be told to buy a AnalogDiscovery Board which will come with some components, this is a good start. When you get stuck on your homework, make test circuits in PSpice and then try making it in real life for taking measurements. Try learning about different components you can use to replace things and you'll be surprised how far we've gotten from just resistors and capacitors.
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2014.01.13 20:37 tabledresser [Table] IAmA: I am Jono Bacon, Ubuntu Community Manager, community management author/speaker, and podcaster AMA!

Verified? (This bot cannot verify AMAs just yet)
Date: 2014-01-13
Link to submission (Has self-text)
Questions Answers
Yeah, but having those missing elements made me (and perhaps others) want to add them in myself; that is the spirit of free software and diy. Do you feel that perhaps you're making it too easy, on some level, for people, and thus too hard for the next great trailblazer to learn the skills they need to invent those cool new things? I strongly, strongly disagree with the notion that technology should be harder than it is to use. Great technology is usable by the layperson so they can enrich their lives, not just the lives of the technical elite.
I don't think there is such a thing as too easy; the next generation of Open Source people will find the skills they need to participate, and many of them may never have got involved if Linux was too hard in the first place.
Heck, I very nearly gave up in 1998. The first distro I managed to get installed on computer was FreeBSD, and getting Slackware going (my first distro) was a pain. It took weeks to configure my modem, more time to configure my sound...constant kernel compiles, limited very technical docs etc. I would not want people today to have to deal with that...they should be able to get up and running quickly and easily and get to the fun stuff.
Has Canonical been working with Valve on projects such as Steam for Linux (as Ubuntu is the only supported distro), Steam OS, etc? Yes, we worked with Valve with Steam for Linux. They came to us expressing an interest to bring Steam to Linux and we worked with them to resolve some outstanding technical issues in the platform to run Steam. We also explained different aspects of the Open Source model. Valve are a great bunch of people doing great work.
What's your favorite desktop environment (if Unity, what is your second favorite)? My fave desktop is indeed Unity as I like my desktop to blend into the background so I can focus on content, but as a second-place I would say GNOME 2.x.
Is 2014 the year of the Linux Desktop? I would not want to suggest that any given year is the year of the Linux desktop (who would? :-)), but I think 2014 is going to be a defining year for Ubuntu and our convergence strategy.
After NSA behaviours towards Internet privacy were revealed by Snowden, you, as a person in a very influencing open source community, do you feel open source software/ideas have gained more respect/given more attention? How? Awesome question, and awesome username. :-)
I think the NSA revelations have shaken up attitudes to privacy and data, but I think Snowden was just another contributor to a longer line of concerns.
Such concerns include Facebook and other social media privacy concerns, big hacks such as the Sony Playstation hack a while back, more and more productivity services living in the cloud (e.g. Google Docs), and more. We are increasingly heading to a world where applications and data is all served externally, which is fine when the trust model is there, but the NSA revelations demonstrated clearly that the trust model isn't there and this is resulting in paranoia and a feeling that everything is world-readable by the government, which I don't think is true.
I think this is going to result in a new world where encryption and enhanced security is a core requirement as opposed to something that only privacy dorks care about. Open Source is the best place to perform this work as the code can be publicly audited.
Besides ubuntu what other distros are you excited by? I love the work Fedora do. They are a great bunch of people who maintain a great distro. I think it is different to Ubuntu and more along the lines of a traditional Linux distro, but I think they serve that really well.
I also like how the Elementary folks are evolving their distro and their focus on design.
Of course, nothing, not even Ubuntu, compares to Rebecca Black Linux.
Is that because RBOS is the premier Wayland testing distro, albeit with an unfortunate name? Rebecca Black defines Linux.
Just kidding, keep doing what you are doing, it is invaluable work for the greater community. Nuff said.
It would be great if you could elaborate on whether there were any reasons but financial ones to discontinue the UDS. Will they ever come back? The core format of UDS had not changed, but the practical output of those discussion sessions really started struggling with the size of the event. This output combined with the fact that Ubuntu cost a fortune to put on, meant that we had an event that expensive and didn't get the level of output that we used to have. This was further complicated by the fact that if you were not at UDS you were in the dark; it depended on attendees making notes and updating blueprints, which had variable results. As such, Mark (Shuttleworth) and the other execs had the idea of running the event online. I was tasked with coming up with a new format online, which is what you see today. So far the online format has worked well in terns of discussing direction and formulating plans, but obviously the social component of getting together physically is sorely missing. We agreed to do two events and then I would present a report to the execs to see how well it was going. My report suggested that the online events are good for check-pointing progress and re-evaluating plans, but they lack the social piece and it is a stark limitation. We explored methods of doing a smaller UDS, but to have all the right people there was simply not doable...at a minimum it would be 200 - 300 people, and we would have some of the similar issue that we are seeking to solve. I think we will do another UDS in person at some point, but I suspect it will be a different format and style to what we used to have. I think our focus is better spent on planning openly and transparently on a day to day manner.
What could be done to make Ubuntu better for creative users (such as musicians like yourself)? Should Canonical be putting effort into creative apps? You once inspired the creation of a simple multitrack audio editor (jokosher), but it seems to be abandoned, do you have hopes to revive it? Awesome question!
The challenge with creative apps is very much in the apps and their hardware dependencies. As an example, I use a Mac Pro and Cubase to record my music, not because I hate freedom, but because I would have to compromise artistically to use the current crop of Free Software tools.
I use Cubase which includes a range of features not present in Ardour, I need various VST and VSTi plugins (e.g. Superior Drummer 2.0, various EQs/Compressors), and I use a Focusrite Firewire interface that is not supported in Linux, etc.
I would absolutely love to run the entire thing on Ubuntu, but under the current set of circumstances I can't get what I need. I do have tremendous respect for the Ardour and other teams who are working to change this though and I massively support their work.
As for Jokosher, that was a fun project to hack on, but I think we are better leaving DAW development to people who know what they are doing. :-)
Jono, do you think things like this are what has been (and will continue to) hold Linux 'back' in terms of the desktop? I think in niche markets it does hold us back, but those are niche markets. For most regular computing users Ubuntu is very doable as a system.
Have you ever had to defend decisions you did not agree with, or want to criticize decisions that you could not criticize? How did you handle those situations? There have been times when I have been disappointed that Canonical did something, and I have shared my disappointment pretty sternly to the necessary parties. This has usually been when someone else has made a dumb mistake or not taking due course in how we handle something.
In terms of policy and practice I agree with pretty much everything we do...if I didn't I would leave. I am not going to work for someone that I think is taking us down a rabbit hole.
What I am not in the business of doing...is going out and publicly condemning either Canonical, our competitors, or vocal members of our community. Shaming doesn't get anyone anywhere...I would prefer to talk to the people involved directly to find solutions.
How confident are you that we will see it by 14.10? Will it be on par with the features of 13.10, or will we be missing any? Glad you are excited...I am too. :-) I am reasonably confident. I think 15.04 is likely though.
Hey there. I really like my Ubuntu OS. It's been fairly stable, and I've only had to reformat once (and I think that was my fault). The best thing you can do is tell Netflix - they need to know that Ubuntu users want Netflix. Unfortunately, it is somewhat out of our hands.
Question - the only problem I have is being unable to watch netflix. When's that going to get fixed? Or, in other words, what do I need to do to fix this? If they want to bring Netflix to Ubuntu though, I will ensure they get good support from us.
How can an aspiring independent developer make money from open source? Make an awesome app and sell it in an app store. Make the code available, but sell it anyway. If people like it, they will buy it.
Can you point me in the direction of the quickest way to hit the ground running with Ubuntu app development? Link to developer.ubuntu.co - write a QML app. :-)
What are your feelings on Mint? Also, is there anything you can do to rough up Netflix to add Linux support? I love Mint. I think they are doing a great job, and it is awesome to see another Free Software platform doing well.
In your personal opinion (and I will be compelled to give mine) what is the biggest "Why haven't we fixed this yet!" irritation you have for Ubuntu on the desktop? Not talking about lack of this kind of application or what have you, but just day to day irritations. Hah, great question!
When I plug my monitor in to my laptop I get weird glitchy low-res video, and then when I open the Control Center it is fixes it.
Minor irritation, but a bit annoying.
How does Canonical feel knowing that Ubuntu TV was beaten to market by FireFox OS even though they had a two year head start? Now, this opens an interesting market for people like Ubuntu, Firefox, Roku etc to get in there and take care of that side of the equation, but it is a long, long road in organizations that typically want to build things in-house. Firefox is making efforts in that area, and we have Ubuntu TV, but I don't think the game is won by anyone; far from it.
Are there any ETA's for Ubuntu TV as of now? As for an ETA, no current ETA on Ubuntu TV. I would guess late 2015 at the earliest.
By the way, Bad Voltage is an amazing podcast. I love everything about it. Thanks for the kind words about Bad Voltage! :-)
Thanks for this on UbuntuTV. It's always nice to get updates on a project I haven't years about for a while. No worries!
How did you progress into becoming one? Were you always a natural leader? I then started writing about Open Source for magazines and then became a full-time journalist. The community side of things always grabbed me more, so I started writing more and more about how to get people excited and interested in contributing. In terms being a natural leader...I guess I am a leader as I like to gravitate to getting things organized and in shape, but I have lots to learn, like anyone. :-)
What do you think about the Chromebook? Do you think is impacting the Ubuntu clients, do you see it as something positive? It's ubuntu planning something like Chromebook? I think that Chromebooks are pretty cool, but speaking personally I just don't think they are very interesting. They feel rather bland to me to use. I prefer a more traditional OS on my devices.
We don't have any current plans to do something similar with Ubuntu.
Canonical was working on a similar-ish product(browser first, quick boot) at one point. Ubuntu Light ,but it seems that product was dropped. What was the reason that this product was dropped, do you see the idea ever being resurrected? Merged into other work. We don't sell it is a direct product anymore...it is part of Ubuntu.
I've been using the $199 Acer C710 Chromebook with Ubuntu 13.04/13.10 as my primary laptop for the past half a year. For anyone interested in replacing Google's firmware with coreboot: Link to johnlewis.ie. Would be great to here more about your experience of using it. :-)
What is your opinion on having the Amazon Lens on by default in the Unity desktop? Many people say that such functionality should not be enabled by default in any desktop environment. How would you respond to that? Should it be switched off because of privacy concerns?
Should it be switched off because the feature is not interesting or useful?
For the former, I disagree. I think we have adequate privacy considerations to make the feature safe to use for our users. It doesn't meet everyone's expectations, but we have a switch to turn it off for those users.
For the latter, this is up for debate. I personally don't find the feature useful, so if it went away, it wouldn't bother me, but I know others find it useful. I don't find it as useful because the dash is quite constrained in what information it can show.
We are doing some work to enhance the dash to be more flexible, and I think this will benefit future scopes.
I don't like the addition of things like this. It feels very intrusive and backwards. I would rather use another distro because this feels like the wrong direction. Just my two cents. It is something that searches an online service, that's all.
Just switch it off if you don't like it.
What do you feel about this website? I think Micah has done a great job in building a site that provides a practical set of steps people can follow if they don't like the search functionality in Ubuntu.
I do think Micah has over-reacted somewhat over the trademark thing. Canonical didn't seek to abuse trademark law to shut down the site - the Canonical trademarks team were enforcing the trademarks as usual and didn't apply the level of care and attention they should have done. Believe me, I was as disappointed as anyone with that whole situation and I raised concerns about it strongly internally at the executive level.
If I recall correctly in your LugRadio days you were critical of SUSE for their development of the SLAB menu for GNOME, I believe the primary criticism being they developed in private and then did a massive code dump publicly. In light of some of the more specific projects focused on by Canonical for Mir or Unity etc do you have a better sense of what SUSE had attempted? Second, you used to be quite the advocate for GNOME, have you used GNOME shell much at all and do you think there are any features or design ideas that they got right or that you wished were incorporated into Unity? Fantastic point and well remembered! I have changed my views since those days. Back then I was of the view that any distribution-specific customizations and refinements were bad for Linux and Free Software. I have sinced changed my mind on this - I think distributions have a good idea of what their community, users, customers, clients, and others need, and those things are not always achievable upstream. We have tried to get some things landed upstream in the past and they have decided not to (which I entirely respect...it is their code-base), and thus I think it is OK for distros to have some control in their own destiny.
Fourth, what are your top 3 death metal bands of all time? Fifth, do you think digital recording techniques are crowding the death metal scene with sterile, compressed, generic death metal which is lacking compared to the early analogue, Morrisound, Sunlight Studios, Autopsy etc sound of death metal? ;) I must confess, I haven't used GNOME Shell all that much. I am really proud of the GNOME community in how they have corralled around shell. There was a dim time time before the 3.0 plan was formed and the community struggled...so I think it is great that the team has formed with such focus. The last time I tried it I liked it but it wasn't really my cup of tea, but respect all the efforts going into it. I think Unity's simplicity is key and the focus on content. It just gets out of the way. This combined with the convergence we are building into Unity 8 and some refinements to the dash make it a solid DE from my perspective. I do think that death metal is becoming a little sterile in the sound. I remember when Slipnot's first record came out, it had such a bright, surprising punch, and there is so much well produced metal that we lose that punch. They all sound like great records, but I think we might have got a little too used to such great production. :-)
Thanks for the responses! Follow up on Cannibal Corpse, which era do you prefer, Chris Barnes or George "Corpsegrinder" Fisher? Corpsegrinder for sure. Had a beer with him once. Cool guy.
Can you describe the person who will buy an Ubuntu Phone? Who is the ideal customer? Mr Bell! :-)
I think the ideal customer today is someone who wants a dependable device but does not require a large catalogue of specific apps (as we don't have many of them yet).
There is a short-term and longer-term set of goals, I think though.
Longer-term we would love to see the major OEM/Carriers shipping Ubuntu handsets. This is a long road though with many components, and I would be surprised if we see anything like this before 2015. When the major OEMs/Carriers ship, this is when many of the ISVs will be on-board too.
In the shorter-term there are smaller OEMs who serve a smaller region who see great opportunity in Ubuntu, and their costs and risk are smaller for them to trial a device. This is where we will likely see the first handsets shipping.
My hope is that when one of these smaller OEMs ships and Ubuntu handset that it sells well and it sends a strong message to other OEMs too.
Are there any plans to proceed with the Ubuntu Edge phone project in another way after its crowdfunding didn't succeed? Great question!
We don't have any plans to put the Ubuntu Edge into production. I am supportive of this: I think it would tie Canonical up in knots delivering a very specific device rather than focusing our efforts on making Ubuntu work well for other OEMs who can ship it.
The Ubuntu Edge was really helpful though. It directly triggered a set of discussions from various OEMs and Carriers who were blown away by the support in the community and press for the device.
But damn, I would love an Edge. Beyond the brick that I have in my office that we used to show the hardware design.
In hindsight, do you think there is any way you could have made the campaign a success, or at least more successful? I don't think there was. It is an astonishingly ambitious goal. Mr Shuttleworth likes to dream big... :-)
One change I would make is to figure out a way to have the $650 pledges for longer. The flip-flopping of the price did affect things I think, but if we didn't make that mistake I don't think we would have the target.
Does Canonical still employ anyone to still work on Compiz or is all effort being directed toward Mir now? We have a limited number of staff members who maintain the Compiz/Unity 7 combo, but that work is in maintenance mode as we work to converge the desktop in Unity 8 and Mir. When we switch over to the new codebase, Unity 7 and Compiz will be retired when the support period ends.
While building a robust ecosystem is essential to the future of an operating environment, I'm concerned about the rapid shift towards cloud computing in proprietary systems like iCloud and Office 365. Email hosting and Internet prices have risen, corporations have taken over some of the most successful OSS projects, governments spy on every packet, unlimited neutral Internet is dying, and cutting communications seem to be the new favorite response to any crisis. Given Ubuntu's original vision, what can it do in the future to ensure everyone has access to computing on their own terms, with any software they choose or develop? What is the long term vision for OpenStack and will it enable small communities to build their own personal and private clouds in the future, or is it just another step in the march towards monetization? I already covered the NSA side of things in another question, but Open Source has always been a tremendous place to react with technology. I suspect we will see more and more focus on encryption and privacy across various Open Source projects moving forward.
Right now I don't think impacts Ubuntu greatly, but I think it will affect the cloud apps people run on the cloud (e.g. Wordpress, Discourse, Drupal etc).
Hi Jono, may I ask a question related to technical stuff? You are absolutely welcome to ask technical questions. :-)
So I was reading up on upstart and systemd lately, and systemd is portrayed to be a technical superior solution. What is the Ubuntu stance with respect to these 2 init systems? I mean currently we're flowing with upstart, but do you think we'll switch maybe in the future? Or rather have upstart as a competitor to systemd and keep it maintained? I don't think we will move away from upstart anytime soon. It currently works well in Ubuntu, and was born within the Ubuntu community so there is lots of expertise there to maintain it.
Another question regarding to technical aspects would be this: How do you think the CLA required by Canonical impacts their projects? As for the CLA: some people hate CLAs and won't work on any project that has them, which is a shame. Personally, I think those concerns are over-blown. It does affect us though as some people would love to contribute but the CLA is a deal-breaker.
Now for the questions, what games do you play on Steam (if you have any)? I don't play games on Steam. I have a Playstation 4 and love Battlefield 4. :-)
What is your take on Apple when it comes to them utilizing Open Source software? I think it is great that Apple uses Open Source. :-)
Do you think Apple has an influence on using OSS? My fave working program is LibreOffice.
What is your favorite "working" program, like, the work you do that you use on your projects? I don't hate anything about Ubuntu, although I wish some members of the Open Source community would demonstrate a bit more empathy and respect sometimes.
Is there anything you really dislike or just plain hate about Ubuntu at all? I wasn't in the human circle of friends, that was Mark Shuttleworth, James Troup, and Matt Zimmerman (if I remember correctly).
What is - in your opinion - the most underrated app on Ubuntu? Most underrated app in my opinion is SimpleScan.
What is Canonical's stance on software patents? Isn't the mobile industry an overly aggressive playing field where anything goes at the moment? E.g. Rockstar Bidco et al. As for patents, we are anti software patents.
Agreed. I love Simple Scan, especially since when you add an HP network printer, network scan is already set up and doesn't require an extra 300MB of "driver" software. I do regret we didn't go with Qt. I was lobbying internally for Qt for a while, so I am pleased we finally made the jump. :-)
Here's my questions: On a personal level (not as a rep of Canonical), do you regret that Ubuntu didn't go with QT when they first made Unity (for example, just adopting Unity 2D)? How far behind do you think that writing it as a Compiz extension put you behind? Compiz was the best choice at the time. It put us behind, but not critically, I don't think.
SimpleScan. I love it, but man it leaks memory like it's full of stab wounds. Man, I hate memory leaking stab wounds. They suck.
Thanks for the honesty. I was publicly pushing, as well, especially for what I felt was important about QT -- the integrated dev tools, which Ubuntu has never had (Quickly, a little, I guess, but that never went as far as I had hoped). How active do you think Canonical will be in driving QT library development from now on? I think we will always be more of a consumer of Qt...we don't have the engineering resources to contribute much to Qt upstream, but we are working to upstream Qt-specific bits we have done. We have a good relationship with upstream.
So if I understand this correctly, Unity is going QT right? Any plans for changing the default applications as well, such as the file manager (okay confession, I hate Nautilus :)) or text editor? I suspect we will move over to Ubuntu SDK apps for our standard apps, if suitable replacements are built. As an example, there is some great work going on with the file manager.
Will Canonical improve Ubuntu's lock screen? It looks a bit dated. I know you are going to add the time to the lock screen, but other than that, will it aesthetically change in the near future? Thanks for the AMA! I assume you mean the desktop lock screen? I think this will be refined when we move to Unity 8 for the desktop.
How would I (a basic CS student) be able to contribute to the world of open source and Ubuntu? How can I get started? Link to community.ubuntu.co is the best place to start.
If you get stuck with something to do, email me at [email protected] :-)
What does Canonical know about why Valve ditched Ubuntu as a base for SteamOS that they're not telling? After the close cooperation with Canonical, it's impossible there was no communication about any differences both might have had, much less after the change was final. Canonical made an offer to Valve for how we could assist with the engineering and Valve decided to do this in-house. I am not sure of the specific reasons why. They are a very engineering centric company, so they may well have felt it was better invest their staff in it rather than it be an outsourced cost.
I'm gonna be that guy: Is there ever going to be another LugRadio Live?? I would love to do another LugRadio Live. I floated the idea with Aq who was not really into it - he worries that it will seem a bit desperate.
We were also concerned whether we would get the attendance numbers given that we don't have the podcast as a vehicle for it.
We floated a few ideas of maybe having a smaller event but that seemed like a shitty compromize. As such, no plans.
I would love to do another one though. Tell Aq what you think at [email protected] ;-)
In the meantime, check out Bad Voltage at Link to www.badvoltage.or :-)
I would love to see monthly lugradio episodes. Listening to you guys piss on each other was fun. No other podcast has been able to properly fill the niche. Oh, and the actually discussion about the topics was pretty good too! Thanks for the kind words. LugRadio was huge fun to do.
Man, you think you're sooo clever just because you came up with that really good name for it and I didn't. I hate you. Kiss it, Langridge.
Is "quickly" the Ubuntu application creation program still supported? I used it to develop some little projects a while back and was thinking about getting back into it. If not what is the alternative? We don't focus on Quickly anymore. We built an entire SDK and developer experience - see Link to developer.ubuntu.com
Have you and Aq every come to blows? Who would win? Of course, I would win as Aq is full of shit most of the time. :-)
We have never had a serious argument, not even close from my memory. One of the reasons why he has been my best friend for fourteen years is that we can really get into a debate without one of us getting in a huff and storming off.
He is an absolutely fantastic guy, and a lot of fun to share a podcast with.
He is still full of shit though. :-)
Whatever happened to Ubuntu for TV? Is it dead? It is still alive, but right now our focus is prioritized on phone and tablet (our desktop is also maintained). When the phone and tablet work is done we will converge the desktop and then get to TV.
When the phone and tablet work is done. You think such a project can ever be considered "done" :-)? First cut.
When the phone and tablet work is done we will converge the desktop and then get to TV. Is there a guestimated time for when the phone and tablet work will reach "first cut"? Phone is already at first cut, we are now evolving that. Tablet first cut will be 14.04.
Any relation to Kevin Bacon? If so, Bacon Number? Hah, the million-dollar question.
Nope, no relation. Would love to meet the guy though. :-)
With what has happened with Red Hat, RHEL and the community spin CentOS, are there any such ideas being mooted around in Canonical regarding Linux Mint? If not, is there a possibility such an idea would arise in the compounds of Canonical? I have not seen any discussion about Mint in a similar vein. I did suggest to Clem that Mint come in as an official Ubuntu flavour, but he was uninterested, which is of course, totally fine.
Regardless, what are your thoughts about the development involving the joint forces of CentOS and Red Hat? Do you think such an incident is healthy for Open Source Development as a whole? As to the CentOS thing, it looks like an acquisition to me, and if this works within the spirit of CentOS, that is fantastic. It seems like the CentOS team are fully on-board, so it looks win-win.
If not working in Ubuntu, what other line of work could you see yourself? Do you feel like there will always be an involvement in Open Source Software or would you like to explore other areas? My heart and love is for communities, but I can see doing community management and leadership work in non-Open Source communities too. I love Open Source, but I think the challenge elsewhere could be too. I think the areas of gaming, entertainment, and government could be fun places to work.
Thanks for your answer! Building out robust communications channels is my goal for January - keeping everyone involved in the discussions sure doesn't happen on its own. All the best!
Last updated: 2014-01-17 13:54 UTC
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2014.01.08 20:54 tabledresser [Table] IAmA: Hi, I'm Adam22. I started the biggest BMX website ever with $0. Ask me about turning your passion into your job.

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Date: 2014-01-08
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Questions Answers
Starting with no budget, what were you able to get for free, and what were the first things you spent money on once you had some? Would you make the same choices if you did it from scratch today? When the site started to make money, I suppose the first thing I spent that money on was just paying myself back for all of the web development that I had paid for out of pocket.
But once the site started to actually make a significant amount of money the first thing I did was start paying my rent with it so that I could quit playing online poker and start spending all of my time on the site.
Once the site reached another level financially I hired a full staff of bloggers to make sure that we were able to get stuff posted to the site before any of our competitors and we started buying original video and photo content from contributors. I think that our huge push into original content has been the biggest change in the site in the past few years, both in terms of keeping our users happy but also just because it changed the way the BMX community as a whole perceived the site. Buying video or photo content rarely pays for itself but we think it's important to support videographers and photographers whenever possible.
You say, "DC was so busy making BMX look like shit for all those years." Didn't you wear DC shoes, allow DC to sponsor the first Come Up jam, and were also in the process of getting DC to advertise on The Come Up? I never really wore DCs, I mostly wear Vans and Etnies although they did send me a couple of pairs with almost no actual DC branding which I wore.
Follow up, what do words taste like? Even the DC employees were aware of how fucking kooky the stuff looked and that was part of what we were doing with DC before the corporate overlords ditched the BMX team was trying to get rid of that image. It sucks that they left BMX but it's cool that I can speak honestly about the brand now.
So you are only speaking honestly because they ditched you as a sponsor? If they continued to sponsor you would you just keep quiet and keep taking their money? When you're in an advertising relationship with a brand, of course you are expected to not disparage that brand publicly. By saying that they "made BMX look like shit" i'm actually just echoing the sentiment that a lot of the employees and riders agreed with at the time, but of course that isn't the kind of thing that I would have said publicly at that time since I was working with the brand and was trying to help them better their marketing in BMX.
What was the biggest challenge you faced? How could others overcome it? would you tell them to do it differently? My biggest challenge was definitely just mastering the business side of running a blog. There were so many overwhelming things to be done. I had to learn how ads were bought and sold online (which was quite a bit more complicated in 2006 than it is today) and I had to figure out how to work with all of these brands who wanted to advertise. It took me a little while but I ended up hiring someone (my good friend and fellow BMX rider, Alfredo Mancuso) to take over the more technical and financial side of the business.
Reading that, it might sound like a cop out. My way of dealing with a problem was to hire someone else to do it, who was more suited to it. But delegating responsibility is the most important thing in any business. I was inspired when I read about Michael Aarington (the founder of TechCrunch) and how he hired a young, female CEO to run the business when they were only bringing in a couple 100,000 a year. I think it takes a lot of courage to accept that even though you started a business, that doesn't mean that you're the best person to run the business. I had to really put my ego aside and it was hard but it was probably the smartest thing I've ever done.
How do I turn my passion into my job? Too vague, start over.
What is your favourite BMX stunt or clip from any event? When I was 15 I became obsessed with a rider named Edwin DeLaRosa from New York City. Anyone who rides will tell you that Edwin essentially brought style and speed to street riding at a time when street wasn't really taken seriously by the majority of riders. Not only was Edwin's riding unbelievable but he was always just a really stylish dude. There was a Zoo York ad that I had on my wall where he did a 360 barspin to fakie (a trick I'm pretty sure he invented) on the bank at The Brooklyn Banks wearing this striped sweater and I just remember thinking that Edwin, that trick, that spot and that sweater were all fucking awesome.
The first time I ever went to NYC to ride, my friends and I were pedaling around lost trying to find The Brooklyn Banks. A rider pedaled by and told us to follow him. We pedaled a few blocks and as soon as I pulled up to The Banks (probably the most famous BMX/skate spot on Earth) there was Edwin DOING THE EXACT SAME TRICK WEARING THE EXACT SAME SWEATER. It was literally the first thing I saw as I pulled up.
I think I fell a little bit more in love with BMX at that moment, just realizing that not only was BMX absolutely fucking amazing but that it was going on all the time and that if I was lucky enough, I could be part of it.
Can you recall the moment in your life when it just clicked that making a website was the thing you needed to do? What was that feeling like/what brought you there? When I was 16, a friend of mine told me to sign up for Livejournal. I did and pretty much immediately got addicted. Around the same time I started posting on messageboards about BMX and hardcore music. I didn't realize it at the time but I was essentially in an internship, writing about things for free on The Internet and accidentally getting thousands of hours of practice writing about the things I was passionate about.
When I was 20 I started playing online poker and did that for a living for 3 years. I was making good money but I hated it. In my downtime between hands I would glance at BMXBoard (an old BMX messageboard) and Nah Right (the popular hip hop blog) over and over. In time I began to ask myself why there weren't any good BMX websites. I realized how easy it would be to start a Blogspot and just post all the good YouTube videos that were being posted on messageboards and I dove in.
Pretty soon I was spending pretty much all of my time working on TCU, mostly updating the site but also just researching all of the technical aspects of running this sort of business. Which didn't really make any sense since I wasn't earning any money from TCU, but it felt so good to do something I was passionate about after years of playing poker, which I liked but had already decided I didn't want to do for a living.
I decided pretty quickly that TCU was my chance to be the best in the world at something and to really contribute something to the same culture that raised me. Even before TCU took off I have always felt like BMX gave me the template and all the tools I needed to be successful in life.
Was it filming that aspired you to create a place to keep up with what's new in bmx? The young BMX riders were anti-social, violent, boisterous and just seemed like a bunch of assholes who didn't care what anyone thought about them. Since I've always identified with all of those things (or at least did as a teenager), that definitely drew me in. It wasn't so much the quest to learn tricks, it was more just associating with a bunch of dudes who existed outside of the traditional values that I had grown up with.
Bonus question: what is one trick you hate to see in video parts? Once I had been riding BMX for a few years the tricks started to make a lot more sense to me. I still remember the first time I left my house, unable to manual (wheelie) my bike and came back able to do it for blocks at a time. I got so unbelievably addicted to that feeling of learning something and that's still what I'm chasing after all these years. I just love the feeling of imagining a trick and then going out and making it happen. Everything I have done since then, whether it's writing an article or starting a business, is an extension of that. I just love the feeling of trying to accomplish something new.
The infamous "half way crook" is probably my least favorite trick. Something about pulling up into a crook after doing a double peg just doesn't look right to me.
Do you think the days of kids like Gonz, Ratboy, Lou Rajsich being in BMX are over? seems like everyone is a 3 peg frat boy with zero personality or humor about them. I don't agree with your assesment of the current BMX climate. What about dudes like Garrett Reynolds, Stevie Churchill, Craig Passero, Charlie Crumlish, Ty Morrow, Rob Wise, Chad Kerley, Sean Sexton, Simone Barraco, Bruno Hoffman, Dan Lacey... ah shit I could be here all day! There are so many unbelievable pro riders that all have very unique, diverse personalities.
I'm incapable of seeing a difference between guys like The Gonz and Ratboy and the current crop of pros. When I watch someone like Chad Kerley ride, he reminds me of a modern day Ratboy. I can guarantee that Ratboy was a huge influence on all the riders I just listed off.
Kerley is like a Disney version of Ratboy, skills but zero fucking personality, he's a midget jock. Chad is actually a really cool guy, I'm not sure why you would think he has zero personality.
Also I have discussed Ratboy with probably a dozen people who knew him and went on trips with him and they ALL agree that he was one of the biggest assholes ever and horrible to be around, which is probably why he pretty quickly made his way out of the BMX scene. So he might not be the best example for you to use to make this argument.
Whats your opinion on kids slapping pegs on scooters? My opinion of pretty much anything involving scooters is that they can suck it hard, from the back.
Has the use of drugs or having a feel for the streets helped influenced you in any way possible? One of my favorite parts about BMX has always been just being out in the streets. I've just always been drawn to that environment, I love being in cities and feel incredibly uncomfortable whenever I'm out in the woods.
I always wanted to be a photographer but I'm really not sure how to start becoming known in my community. I do any types of photography which varies from landscape photography to portraits and whatnot. Any pointers on how I could start? Do a really complete and honest analysis of the existing landscape. Look at all of the photographers you admire and study everything about them including.
Their social networking sites (who do they talk to? who do they follow? etc) -their business. do your best to figure out who they work for, what kind of work they do and what kind of parties they go to -their work. are you as good as them? if not, why? -their equipment seems like a good thing to keep in mind -their interns. do they have people working for them?
Once you feel like you really understand these people and what they do, get involved. Go out of your way to meet these photographers. Try to make a good impression. Offer to intern for them. Working for free isn't fun but it's a great way to learn and make connections.
This is a vague question so this is sort of a vague answer, but generally speaking I think it's usually pretty easy to find role models. There are writers that I admire and I have studied EVERYTHING about them and written them friendly emails where I tried to convey an overall understanding of their craft. Do I plan on carbon copying what these writers do? No, not at all. But I feel like once you truly understand someone that you admire then you're better able to emulate the parts of their lives that you find admirable.
Lol it's adam22. tell us more about desiree elyda, or perhaps liquid swords. can i post the picture? Haha I actually saw Desiree a couple of years ago. Still hot as shit, still crazy as shit I'm sure. I'm not going to re-tell that amazing tale but it was definitely a great era.
Edit: bonus question! whats your favourite video from all time?
Where should bmx media head in the future and what should it be doing? where do you actually see it heading? YouTube. It doesn't make sense to me why kids don't just start their own YouTube pages. Guys like Adam LZ and Josh James ( Boqer123 ) have tons of subscribers and probably make a pretty decent amount of money off of their channels. This is something that literally any kid could start doing with almost no money, it's really easy, it could get you sponsored etc.
Was the clothing brand name "Big House" already taken? because it seems like a real gimme. it sounds credible. the imagery works. anti-authoritarian and all that. perhaps you prefer wearing clothing that says ONSOMESHIT on it. Haha! Actually over the last few years I have had more and more people ask me about my name, I think because most people are at least vaguely aware of the (hypothetical) illuminati and the freemasons and it kind of sounds like something associated with that. But as far as I know, nobody in my family has ever been a Mason. Maybe I'm tripping but a shirt that says BIG HOUSe actually isn't a bad idea at all.
At what point did you decide to move past the daydreaming/idea phase and actually create something? I started The Come Up within 5 minutes of having the idea to start a BMX blog. Generally speaking, the best thing you can do is to just dive in and start working your ass off on something.
Who would win in a fight. Adam LZ or Boqer123? Everyone else in the world > Adam LZ in a fight.
Do you still listen to Hardcore? No I pretty much exclusively listen to rap music with the occasional break for pop/indie rock. Non-rap stuff I listen to: The Replacements, The Descendents, Party Supplies, The Smiths.
I was honestly never that into hardcore, I was just into traveling and hanging out with friends in the scene that I knew before I started going to shows. Once I moved to NYC and didn't know anyone in hardcore I pretty much immediately fell off.
Adam, everyone these days is making a clothing brand so its harder to get out and get noticed because anyone can do it. I myself am trying to mix street culture and action sports with eating healthy. Any tips? It's true that everyone is starting a clothing line these days. It's just honestly not that hard these days, there's just so much information out there. And even though EFFECTIVELY promoting a clothing line through social media is actually incredibly difficult, it's mostly free which makes people feel like they could do it too.
Thank you and your a huge inspiration! - John These days brands need a story. If you're going to start a brand in BMX you pretty much 100% need a compelling story and an actual, genuine relationship with important pro riders. The same goes for other flooded markets such as the streetwear scene. What separates you from everyone else? Start there.
Wait, you're the same guy who used to post on www.twoplustwo.com back on 2006? you went by adam22 (and maybe bicuriousgeorge)? Your posts used to border on trolling and cracked me up. I think we exchanged a few PMs on there waaay back then. Great to see your bmx site doing so well. Haha yes that was me. I got banned a couple times from TPT because the same sense of humor that I developed on B9 didn't really go over so well on OOT. Thanks for the kind words.
B9 humor doesn't go over we'll anywhere other than B9. Did you ever change your mind about whether or not dogs can actually be raped? HAHAHAHAHAHHAHA I think my only issue was the terminology. Since no animal can consent to sex with a human, calling it rape seems unnecessary when you could just call it sex since the use of force is implied. I have no idea why I ever felt like this was something that was worthy of discussing although I'm still laughing thinking about it so I guess it makes sense.
You played poker for a living? I did too :) I was a reg at the bike, hustler, and commerce. I only played online. I do not miss that bullshit.
My friend Charles Kim said he rode with you last week in little tokyo! He said your store is dope man. If I bump into you on the street I'll say HI. Johnny / nice meet you. Good to hear word is getting around! come through any time.
Adam, I'm very much into car culture and love how a car can become an extension of one's persona. I have bought a Web domain with the intent of starting a blog and seeing what that may lead to. In an industry (much like sports) that is already so saturated with offerings, what did you do to a) get people to your website and b) offer original content to keep them coming back? What you're asking about is kind of interesting because it's the opposite of the problem I was addressing when I started TCU. Back then there were no good BMX websites. From what you're saying, I'm guessing that isn't an issue in the car world.
You are at a huge disadvantage in the face of all of the well funded, established websites that already exist in the car world. But what you do have is an ability to focus on a tiny, super specific niche that a large publisher wouldn't have time for. If I were in your position I would want to come up with one very specific type of niche content that you are an expert on and write about it, produce videos about it, etc.
Look for a pain point. Something that is missing from the current web landscape, that you would love to read or interact with online. For me it was a blog full of BMX videos. It wasn't an original idea since I essentially copied the entire format for the site from Nah Right, it was just a different style of content.
The Merged is a site that has done well in BMX over the past couple years because they target a small, underrepresented niche (BMX parts) that existing BMX sites were neglecting. www.themerged.com.
Hey, love the site and your riding. I think my favorite content are, strangely, the interviews and funny posts! Where do you see yourself and your buissness in 10 years? Also how many rad riders in your scene smoke weed? Thanks man. I want to write books. I'm working on my first one now, it's basically an extension of this article "Why I Ride" that I put out a couple years ago, just talking about my life riding BMX bikes, what it has taught me and where it has taken me: Link to thecomeup.com
I would say probably 80-90% of pros smoke weed. I feel like most athletes are drawn to weed because their bodies hurt so much. I used to be really interested in MMA and I took BJJ classes for a year and I noticed that almost all of the dudes in their 20s and 30s in that scene smoked too.
How much money do you make a year? how much does the average pro make? TCU earns 6 figures a year. OSS, same. I know of a couple street pros who make 6 figures but the average is probably 10-30k a year which I know sounds low to anyone who doesn't ride BMX, but it's a small niche.
Tangent, but am I the only one that likes the way DCs look but can't stand wearing them? I always thought they were pretty good to ride in, the times that I did, I just didn't care for the logo or most of the styles they put out.
When you got the neck tattoo did you know that when combined with a dark sweater it would make it look like you're wearing a turtle neck? I've noticed a lot of videos where in bright sunlight you look like some kind of beat poet, or a French film director. Haha I am aware that that is sometimes an unintentional effect. I have never worn a turtleneck but maybe I should give it a shot.
Where do you see The Come Up and On Some Shit in 10 years? I see The Come Up right where it is, the leader in the BMX space. TCU left all of the established magazine brands in the dust and I have always been very concerned with maintaining that lead which is why we have done things like creating the iPhone app. We just didn't want to let anyone sneak in and snake us.
In terms of ONSOMESHIT I really want to create a clothing brand rooted in BMX that can be visible and popular on a mainstream level while still maintaining our integrity.
What's your view on helmets? I don't wear one and I'm not a big fan of them but I respect when people choose to wear them. I have a lot of friends who wear them and it's cool to see it becoming more and more accepted thanks to all the pros who ride street with helmets now.
I watched the movie Rad recently. How much impact has that movie had on your life? Would you consider it your bible? Never seen it. Not really into movies and that was way before my time.
HEY OLD NECKPILLOW, I have been following the site since 2009 and have to say it has come a long way! How well do you remember NORACUP? I was there when you stevie churchill and someone else were hasseling the taxicab driver, did you pee in his gastank? LOL I didn't but Jackson Ratima pissed all over that dude's cab. I'm not sure why he did that, but I definitely remember it.
Motocross enthusiast here with marketing/social media experience and a bachelor's degree. I am looking to move to the Long Beach area in the next few months. Any pointers how to make it? Or how do get my foot in the door? Thanks! I would assume there are a lot of opportunities to work in social media/marketing in the MX world, particularly in So Cal. But those kind of gigs in BMX rarely come to people unless they are EXTREMELY knowledgable about BMX and they usually have a lot of pre-existing relationships with people in that world. At the very least you are going to have to identify different brands that you would like to work with and then identify a way to get on the radar of the people who do the hiring for these sorts of jobs.
Do you regret neglecting the Board and letting it go to shit? Not really. The board was a constant pain in the ass and it was a huge hassle. I had completely lost interest in it so when the board fell off I couldn't really bring myself to care.
Out of all the books you have read recently, which one made the biggest impact on your life and/or business strategy? The book I always recommend Mastery by Robert Greene. It really made me think about my purpose and how I ended up with the life that I have. I really can't even put into words how great that book is, I plan on re-reading it ASAP.
P.S. Huge fan of TCU. Been a part since like, 2008? I miss the old TCUboard :/ Thanks for doing what you do; your philosophy and writing style is perfect. Everything you say is pretty righteous and sometimes hilarious. I appreciate the kind words!
What's the rev numbers like for the past year? you can make it as vague as possible for privacy. I'm 30. We make a couple hundred thousand dollars a year off of the site and it eeks out a small profit. We have been investing back into the site like crazy for years but our numbers have been up for the last 3 years even if we aren't really raking it in yet.
I notice you get a lot of haters... What's your favourite way to deal with them? There are two kinds of hate in my opinion.
The first kind is the sort that is vague or crass. Examples would be someone calling me a douchebag or an asshole, someone making fun of my appearance etc. That kind of stuff I don't really care about and I don't bother to respond to.
The other kind is where someone is actually claiming me to have acted in a way in which I didn't, or someone misrepresenting my beliefs. That kind of stuff can be really upsetting and that's the kind of thing I'm likely to respond to. It's a hard decision though, because on one hand you don't want to acknowledge them with a response but on the other hand you don't want to ever look too cool to engage in discourse with the people.
Generally speaking though I just ignore it, I've been in the public eye with TCU long enough that usually when I read something mean about me I forget about it immediately.
Are from a rich, financial background? My Mom is a librarian and my dad is a social worker. I grew up in Nashua, New Hampshire which is a small city 30 minutes outside of Boston. My parents worked their asses off my whole life and we never had much money, I remember my dad working random jobs here and there to make extra money during the holidays, stuff like that.
I was never really concerned with money though honestly, I was concerned with chasing my passions, traveling, that sort of thing. I was honestly pretty with content with being broke and even now I don't really spend money on anything frivolous.
How was your relationship with catfishcatfish and what happened to them? I still hang out with Catfish all the time and consider him one of my best friends.
Do you think thecomeup got popular due to new style street riding getting popular or that thecomeup made new street style popular? That's a good question. Honestly I think that the technical rail/ledge style that is so popular now has been in development since the early days of riding. Edwin and Animal were so overwhelmingly popular back in the early 2000s and I think that super new school dudes like Bruno, Stevie, Garrett etc are just building on the blueprint that dudes like Edwin laid down.
by new street style I mean coping skateboarding and doing bunnyhop variations on flat ground Plus, BMX always seems to err towards things that are less dangerous than what came before. We've gone from vert ramps to mini ramps and from handrails to flat ledges. Obviously people still ride all of those other things still but beginner BMX riders gravitating towards riding that is low risk and easily accessible isn't really much of a mystery, that's just common sense.
Yup. Well said. Luck in one form another. Another one is being born into money. OP hasn't bothered to answer the top question and doesn't need to because you already have. First time I've seen an AMA with the top comment not answered by OP. It didn't really strike me as worth answering since it's intentionally vague and boring.
Dude you're asking the wrong person about this. tcu is probably the main reason bmx has become so fucking uniform. look at any of their branding (oss in particular is tragic), any music in their videos etc. it's all follow the herd, trying to sell a product. I don't think BMX is uniform, I think the community is a lot more accepting of people doing their own thing than it ever has before. When I was a kid people were so militant about how forward your bars are and there was such a negative attitude towards people doing something different.
There's definitely still personality in bmx, but there's a much bigger mainstream because the 'sport' is bigger. I'm not sure how our music or branding is in any way "more uniform" we actually go out of our way to use new and interesting rappers, and we put a lot of thought and effort into our imagery and our branding. Did you see the Ruin Your Whole Summer credits section? The whole video was basically a big art project for Charlie Crumlish, it was definitely more "out there" than any other DVD that came out that year.
It may be more accepting, but when Tanner Easterlas edits drop everyone hates on the Chicago Style of his bars haha. If I ever go ride a park someone always has to hate about something on my bike. Yeah but the hate would have been WAY worse 10 years ago than it is today. i dont' think that "everyone" hates on his bars either, i just think it's something that is so obvious and intriguing that a large percentage of people feel the need to mention it.
That's true. I respect his originality though, whatever makes you comfortable. Tanner is an amazing rider for sure, one of my favorite new riders, I could give a shit less where his bars are.
Sadly my downfall in BMX came down as soon as your website was getting started. Really miss riding. And after seeing your site. Congrats man! BMX doesn't get the recognition it deserves these days. Keep on keeping on. Thanks for the kind words I appreciate it man.
Adam, how tall are you, and what tt size do you ride. 6'3", 21".
Big fan! If you didn't live in LA, where in the world could you picture yourself living! Barcelona and New York are both really appealing to me although LA is a clear frontrunner.
Can you give my free handlebars? No I cannot give you free handlebars.
Last updated: 2014-01-12 13:54 UTC
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2014.01.07 04:47 tabledresser [Table] india: We are three ISRO scientists here to answer your questions -AMA

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Date: 2014-01-06
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Questions Answers
Thank you for the AMA. No specific technical question, but I was wondering what you guys think of foreign and often domestic criticism of the space program as being less useful to the development of the country when compared to other things which need more immediate attention and funds? This is not an opinion I hold, but I have read a lot of racist bullshit on reddit against the Indian space program. What do you think? Hi, The other things which need the said attention and funds are more of an operations problem than of finance. Our Mars mission cost a fifth of what a planned 'Statue of Unity' is going to cost. NASA's projected budget for 2013 is about $ 18 Billion, which will approximately be 0.5% of the total US budget. ISRO's allotted budget for fiscal year 2013-14 is $ 950 Million, almost 19 times less, and is about 0.33% of the total Indian budget. So, no, ISRO is not taking a bite out of the poor and hungry Indian's pie. In fact, through its remote sensing and communication programs (IRS and INSAT), we are only helping build an essential infrastructure for the country. Then, there is disaster management: we saved millions (of lives and dollars, both) by being well prepared for the cyclone Phailin. That is where maintaining cutting edge technological capability through R & D pays! Remote sensing helps our farmers and fishermen: the beloved poor-hungry-Indians and enables them to buy food. Giving them food, is not the answer. And our communication satellites are well, apart from connecting the remotest parts of a diverse and large country (telemedicine and edusat), are enabling me to answer this question in real time. Also, this: Link to www.youtube.com
How satisfied are scientists at all levels in ISRO ? Do they all get to work with exciting stuff and how much internal politics goes on? • Everyone obviously does not get to work on the exciting stuff. Someone has to do the other work, but it is always the organisation first. I would say the satisfaction levels among the younger engineers are slightly lower, which leads to higher attrition. There is internal politics, just like any other place.
Why is the online published coverage/photos/webcasts for ISRO missions so bad? For example: For the moon mission, there are were no photos for months, no live videos. Not much better for the Mars missions. There is hardly any data for stuff which should be easily possible, NASA has much richer feeds. Why is this ? Govt censosecurity/red tape ? • Earlier, online coverage, photos and webcast were bad. However, the facebook presence now has greatly improved things. Photos are way way better and updates are really good. The facebook experiment has gone really well and is helping ISRO to reach a wider audience. However, much more needs to be done. There were live videos for all missions, shown on DD national. The webcast is pathetic, as you said. I don’t know why the resolution is so bad given that DD broadcasts in HD. Also, the webcast requires a Windows media player plugin. Who uses that :(
What operating systems/software do these missions use? Control software/onboard/desktop OS etc ? • Most of the software is custom made internally by ISRO.
Any chance of ISO open-sourcing any of the onboard software soon? Will be a good learning experience. Link to en.wikipedia.org)
How supportive has this current central government been? What would you like to improve on the government front that would really help Isro? Hi, 1) The central government has been just like it has always been, though my guess is as good as yours. After the GSLV failures, projects like Human Spaceflight had gone into lower gear as there was no proven launcher. I guess that scenario will change now and the much needed success of the indigenous cryo will push thing forward really fast now.
Tell us some interesting but less known fact about your work/Isro. 2)ISRO mostly as a whole has good support and non interference from Delhi. In fact, Satish Dhawan, with his great foresight made sure that the ISRO HQ is in Bangalore, away from the politics in Delhi. Today, ISRO/DoS is the only central government arm that has it's HQ and power centre away from the national capital. In terms of improvement, we would like more perks. ISRO is arguably the most successful R&D organisation of India. However, ISRO scientists do not get anything extra when compared to other government departments. PSUs like ONGC are well known to give lots of perks to their employees. We wish that we had something like that, but I guess it will be tough for the government to treat different employees separately.
However, ISRO scientists do not get anything extra when compared to other government departments. PRIS? PRIS is in limbo now. It was supposed to be reviewed in 2013, but we did not get it last year. The future of PRIS is not clear as of today.
What about the gold coin that every employee got after chandrayaan? Yeah, that was probably the biggest thing ever given to employees. We were not in ISRO then, so cannot comment. Hope they give one now after Mars mission and D5 :)
the most important question. Kitna deti hai? At joining, for the youngest engineer in ISRO without taxes, currently 6.4 lakh per annum without deductions, at Bangalore. Add 48k to that when we get PRIS. Add another 30k if the DA becomes 100% next month. So, about 7.2 lakh per annum without any deductions (Starting salary)
I meant K/L of rockets, orbital vehicles etc... Reffering to this. Haha!
That's good. Just seeking a clarification "without any deductions" means there will be deductions out of what you quoted or there won't be any deductions at all (as you guys are scientists and I guess they get tax breaks, no?)? We don't get any tax breaks, we rather pay a 'professional tax' apart from the income tax. :P There are some pension deductions too, but we get that back when we retire (either as pension or in bulk). Yes, they usually make data scientists out of GIS/RS experts. You have to know the fundamental physics behind stuff, this is their philosophy.
How strong is the software wing, in case there's a dedicated one, and what is the hiring process? What kind of work they do in "that" s/w wing? - I read somewhere they are jumping bigtime in GIS. Would you be able to throw some light on it? I am sure they have colossal amounts data to deal with, how much data scientists (CS side - Data mining, ML, IR etc) are in demand? - Red tape? (honest answer please) - Do you dare to question/confront your superiors? If yes, the aftermath? - Leaves and other nonmonetary perks? Is it Mon-Fri or Mon-Sat? Weekends? etc - How experienced are you? How were you hired? Was ISRO your first choice? Happy here - money/work/satisfaction wise? There is no s/w dedicated hiring process, recruitment is centralised and engineers are distributed to various centres as per requirement. Not much. Nothing that would affect your work. Yes. Just make sure you are right, checking and re-checking is your duty. Mistakes are allowed, but being cocky while making one is not really cool, is it? Mon-Fri in most centres, holiday-less shifts in operations related centres. Perks include housing, transport, health service scheme, etc.
GSLV Mk III is equivalent to the Chinese Long March 3 and its variants. Whats the time frame for a Long March 5 equivalent(14T GTO) and what will it be called or is called? No plans as of now. MkIII is more advanced than Long march 3.
Are Indian spy satellites covered under the ISRO-space budget or under the Defense budget No idea :D.
How correct is the statement that the 2 Indian Space Launch vehicles can be within 6-9 months be turned into a ICBM if its required? Maybe an emergency will tell, but it can be done.
I ask as some people question the feasibility of this whereas I was also told or read even a decade back that India is not making a ICBM to avoid sanctions but it has the tech. We already have good ICBMs. Why convert good old PSLV. PS: Tech is same everywhere. Go figure.
What other Advanced Technologies is still off the market for India and what portion of those concern ISRO and Indian space development. Again, Agni 5.
What was the Indian position in the 1990's on the ISS. The US and the West intentionally kept China out citing security concerns. Why was India not involved and whats the probability India will get invoved now given that the ISS will only be up till 2020. International geopolitical dynamics define such decisions.
Whats the timeline on a Space Lab/Station for India (Chinese have set its date at 2020, just as ISS is dismantled and the Russian modules of ISS make up a new Station for Russians themselves) After cryo, nothing very important remains. We can manage. We have got a great Semi-Cryo project going on, which would be even more awesome than cryo.
ISRO mission to Venus in 2015. Whats new about it, what is going to be tested and surveyed. Chinese are good at material technology. We lag behind in material development and it is our biggest handicap. Once we master that, we will catch up. Also, I think chinese budget is higher and very heavily defense funded.
How are GAGAN and IRNSS different, this seems to be confusing me. Sorry, I have no idea. I doubt India would join the program now.
Why is IRNSS only limited to the Indian subcontinent Only, Why isn't it Global like the new Chinese BeiDou-2 system. Surely the sale of service like GPS does and BeiDou-2 and EU's Galileo will provide is enough incentive plus much more. Nope. Even we don't allow foreigners in lots of our places :D.
Since its been mentioned that all ground hardware and receivers will be India made how will this be integrated into Mobile and such devices since such chips are manufactured at few places(near assembly plants). Absolutely no plan for a space lab. We are not trying to ape the chinese here. Ours is an application and human development oriented space program. We lead in remote sensing while the chinese are good at human spaceflight. There are some good books on the history of ISRO and sarabhai. I suggest you go through them to get an insight on ISRO's long term focus.
How long before we can use it in our phones? No-one is going to Venus in 2015. Where did you hear about this?
How will the accuracy be, is using a geostationary orbit for GPS system efficient(i've read that such satellites provide limited coverage to only where the satellites are visible) Google. Also, read other answer posted somewhere here.
Lastly, all the best and keep doing your great work. Indians 200-300 years from now will thank you guys even more than you get now. No, sales will not be that much. Read on the glonass conflict in usa that was in current affairs recently. For our purpose, Indian subcontinent will do.
Development is in progress.
It will take some time. Cannot comment on timeframe.
Accuracy will be good, comparable to other systems in use now.
You are welcome. Spread the word about ISRO's activities among your friends and relatives.
What were some of the coolest problems you can think of, which we solved to get the cryo system working. Or what was one of the coolest problems you solved that made you go "Fuck yeah!" There weren't any cool problems. Only tough, hard problems. One can see from the failures. But the scientists are resilient enough to face them and come up with solutions.
What nations approach ISRO to launch their satellites ? All nations wanting to launch to Low Earth Orbits at low costs approach us. Germany, France, Israel, Norway, Denmark, Italy are examples. Yes, despite ESA. Because PSLV is a cost effective and reliable launch vehicle for launching to LEOs.
What happens to load inside the rocket if the mission fails? Is there anyway those expensive satellites are saved ? The load usually gets destroyed or just gets thrown into an unintended orbit (depends on where the failure occurs). Yes, if the satellites have a good amount of fuel, the orbit can be corrected and the satellites can be used. However, this can't be done if the launch vehicle fails at an early stage.
Why is ISRO's Bhuvan platform so miserable? Website does not load, you cannot search, resolution is not acceptable. I wanted to support indigenous technology, but I dread opening it and use Google Maps. It is because Bhuvan is not commercial and the team working on it is relatively very small. Also, ISRO's remote sensing scene needs more manpower in my opinion if we want to handle services like Bhuvan and want to analyse crops/weathewaters/terrian too.
How did you get into ISRO? What is the best part of working at ISRO? In what ways do you feel constrained? What would you like to do if given freedom? What makes you proud of ISRO? ISRO is ambitious, but our focus is on indigenous technologies that help the nation actively. Hence, we tend to work more on remote sensing and communication than planetary research, although, that too has gathered a lot of momentum in the past few years with Chandrayaan and MOM. We too have a DSN called the IDSN. And we have an astronomy satellite called ASTROSAT in the pipeline. If you look at it, astronomy by itself is very weak in India, compared to US. Being an astronomer, I would say what ISRO is doing for astronomy is more than proportionate.
What is the selection criteria for scientists in ISRO? do people get selected on the basis of caste,reservation etc? ISRO has done something unique and novel in creating IIST (Wiki/google it) Most of the entry into ISRO is now through IIST. Yes, reservation (caste based) is an entry criteria, given that it's an arm of the central government. There is no reservation in promotion though.
How much do you get paid compared to US scientists(relative comparison and not absolute) , are you happy with it? Young fresh engineers/scientists get about Rs. 40k a month in hand. This increases to about Rs. 1.2 lakhs per month for senior scientists. When compared to USA, our pay is lower (even after accounting for PPP), but ISRO scientists generally live a comfortable life, have big houses and a decent cars but not much of a disposable income. We do get good respect in the society, especially after Chandrayaan and more recently MOM :)
When will we have a manned mission to space? In approximately a decade. However, preliminary demonstrations (without the man) will be made in a couple of years.
What's one thing which people don't know about ISRO which will make them go 'whooaa' Our lunch is booked online on the intranet. While lunch coupons are printed, our fingerprints are scanned again on a scanner connected to a touchscreen computer. One full meal at the ISRO canteen costs Rs. 5.50.
5.50. Ye kya chutiyagiri hai bhai? Just kidding, you guys should get meals for free. :) Subsidized canteen is actually shown as a perk to us and makes a cameo appearance in our offer letter too.
How does ISRO retain talent? Have any of your co-workers left isro ? and for what reason did they leave? ISRO has lots of perks, less than what many government organisations have, but still, more then what a person earning the same amount of money would have in the private sector. The pay is more than 6.5 Lakhs per annum without taxes. There are good insurances with nominal contributions. There is a health service scheme that provides access to multi and super speciality hospitals at a nominal monthly contribution.
Most of my coworkers who have left ISRO (very few in numbers) did so because they wanted other things in life. Like money(went for management), or power (went for administrative services).
Where do you get food from while at work, and does dominoes deliver? What do rocket scientists eat when working? (Levity) We have our internal canteen, and no, Dominos doesn't deliver because our security stops them. You can get them to deliver if you can go to the main security check point at the entrance and take the delivery (in urban centres). For most centres in southern India, rice, curries, chapatis, and various veggies are the usual lunch. There is sweetmeat every now and then and special food on some occasions, but mostly traditional Indian food. Also, no ISRO meal is complete without a bowl of yoghurt.
What kind of qualification would I require to work at ISRO? This. You have to be an Indian with a degree/diploma in Mech/Electronics/Electrical/civil disciplines. There are posts available for Scientists,Technicians, Technical Assistants, Admin Officers, Purchase Officers etc being offered depending on eligibility. There will be an exam for each type of post followed by interview for selection.
One can also get into ISRO by enrolling into IIST complete the course and get absorbed.
Have you ever felt that your work was being slowed down by your previous dealings with some unnamed Indian government research organizations? Not much. After cryo, ISRO is going to race ahead. We have really awesome and exciting missions lined up for 2014.
How much do you do in-house and how much do you outsource to IISc and IITs? Very less work is outsourced to IITs/IISc. I can only speak for launch vehicle development. The aero people use wind tunnel facilities at IIT-K and NAL.
How do you emotionally deal with the incredible short-sightedness of people who keep bringing up our poverty as a way to argue against what ISRO does (ISRO is probably the most money efficient space program in existence), while ignoring the potential for spin-offs? We ignore those people. Thankfully, ISRO has a great reputation in the Indian media and is seen as a organisation that delivers, time and again. We are really thankful for that and also feel that ISRO deserves it. At the end of the day, ISRO scientists are very sincere people. You don't need to push one of us to stay back in the office after our mandatory 8 hours are up.
It is great to hear that you do collaborate. I work in a very different area but maybe there is some of my work that could be useful on a future mission. Are your program contacts online? I may have a few private queries that I would like to make. Please PM and we can try to connect you with them.
What kind of work you do? I work in the Solid Motors Group. This group is concerned with the development and production of the Solid rocket boosters. The main ones are the S139(PSLV, GSLV), S200(GSLV MKIII), HPS3 and strapon motors.
Are you associated with GSLV or the Mangal Yan? Yes. The S139 has been used on both missions and the segments that make the booster were delivered in record time.
Is the average ISRO scientist close to the scientists we see in popular culture? Like nerdy, geek, absent minded, eccentric etc? Probably the yesteryear scientists would fit your description. But the new ones are cool, vibrant and awesome (maybe I'm overstating a bit). They've got a lot of potential and can do great things for our country, if put in the right places.
Let's face it. You're definitely "cool" now. Were you "cool" growing up? How was your school/college life in general? Do women dig ISRO scientists? Oh yes, cool all the way. I don't know about other scientists but they sure dig me.
Did isro reverse engineer the cryogenic technology from the Russian supplied engines or did isro developed everything on its own from scratch? Guess :)
So Russia.. Ok then :) Its largely an indigenous effort but we have learnt from the Russian experience where ever possible.
PS: One of us who has not worked in launch vehicles area answered some other cryo question here (about the Mk III engine being the next gen one and mkII cryo based on russian engine) and his answer was wrong. Just wanted to clarify it. I can't find that answer, so can't edit now. Just saw that the wrong answer being discussed on bharatrakshak :(
Is there any message you want to send to the govt. of India? Let me know. Give us PRIS back.
of all, thank you for your service to India and the planet as a whole and thanks for taking time to have dialog with the wider public. If it is possible to answer, what kind of operating system software is typically used on the embedded systems in the different launchers and ISRO satellites? Do any projects use Linux? What areas of Linux are weak with respect to space projects? Cannot answer that. I can only tell you that the on-board software for satellites is written in ADA. Linux is used very widely across all centres/missions/projects. Simulations, operations, servers, networks, analysis: linux is used everywhere. It is a good OS for all scientific requirements and is developed actively by various scientific groups all over the world, so it never falls short.
Jade-Rabbit is a good, ambitious project. I hope it provides the scientific community with good data. I personally do not like the fact that it is more of a technology demonstrator than a scientific mission.
Does ISRO hire software engineers? Yes it does!
Do you REALLY think ISRO is getting the cream of crop as far as talent is concerned. What percentage of your engineers and scientists have their bachelors degree from top 7 IITs ? How many US university PhDs do you have working in ISRO ? Firstly, I would like to bust the 'cream' myth here. ISRO has practically no work for top particle physicists or for great algorithmic coders. We need to understand that space science is a small segment of what can be done with science and it is not the culmination of all good science/engineering. As far as people from IITs are concerned, it is totally a matter of choice: like joining a consultancy or a software giant. If you are passionate enough, you will join the organisation, there is practically nothing the organisation can do about that. And to answer your question, yes, there are many Tier 1 engineering undergrads here. As for US PhDs, most PhDs relevant to space science are given through space agencies itself as only a handful of educational institutes have the necessary infrastructure. Caltech, IIST, ISU, Uni of North Dakota DOSS are some examples. But then, a PhD in particle physics from Caltech is useless to ISRO. It would probably be better to have a master's degree in physics and specialise in a relevant field for the doctorate.
Thanks for the ama guys. ISRO is one organization that has produced consistent results and has made India proud on many occasions. Kudos to all the people involved. How supportive are the senior scientists at ISRO. When some random juniointern approaches their seniors with a new idea, how would they react. Would they appreciate the idea? It's a mixed bag. They are very supportive and always ask for ideas but then, everyone has ideas. It usually takes a lot of effort to get an idea across and get a unilateral acceptance. And then there are ego issues. After all we are all human.
It depends on the person. Most would appreciate it and ask you to develop it more with the scientists. The product of a project during my undergrad is being used on a payload aboard Chandrayaan-2.
Why does ISRO use outdated software? I feel like the 90s when I look at the graphs shown during the launch. Function over form I guess. Also, software is made by guys who are from another generation.
We work with lots of companies. L&T has made our wind tunnel facility. Godrej makes one of our engines. Lots of structures are made at private facilities all over the country.
The software is not outdated. It is just that nobody felt that the working GUI needed a makeover. Here is a picture of one of the many control centres (for different missions):a control room] ([Link to d2yhexj5rb8c94.cloudfront.net)
A lot of young people, fairly good number of females, varies from centre to centre.
Godrej, HAL, L&T, Walchandnagar, Taneja.
Is it like working at a typical government office? If I keep getting interesting projects like the ones I am working on, yes!
How busy is a workday for you? I have delivered a 85 hour work week 2 weeks ago, right now, the number is 60. The rule says you can't be asked for more than 40. There's your answer.
Would you like to work at ISRO for the rest of your career? No it isn't. You get work done here.
Thanks for the response. Last question. I see that the people who work at ISRO are usually in their mid-forties. So, how much of computer literacy do they have? What OS do you use at work? Lol, the catch here is that most of the people you 'see' are middle aged. I am 21. Even the seniors have good computer education given they work on computers all day and have been doing so for most of their lives. I use a Windows 7 and a Linux Red Hat Enterprise among other OSs.
Whats is best about working with ISRO? What is the culture and hierachy in ISRO and what are the major projects ongoing? ISRO has one of the most effective working cultures in the Government sector (opinion). The typical hierarchy is as follows. Chairman--->Centre Director--->Deputy Directors/Chief General Managers/--->Deputy General Managers--->Managers--->Deputy Managers--->Engineer-in-Charge--->Engineer--->Technical Assistants--->Technicians--->Apprentices In addition to this Groups have certain hierarchy too.
[Hypothetical]What should GOI and India do to put an Indian on Mars within 10 years? Is it possible if done on war footing? 10 years is too short, even for other countries. Since you've said hypothetical, I'd suggest a teleportation device.
When can we expect a GSLV mark III successful launch? # Are these figures purposefully underplayed by ISRO officials during press releases? # Are you currently planning to develop launch vehicles with more carrying capacity than GSLV-M3? # When will the IRNSS-1B launch take place? Lets give it 3-5 years. Most of the time is consumed to launch satellites. Developmental flights will take time. Figures aren't underplayed. Greater than MK-III is feasible only after successful MK-III.
Assuming it will be a resounding success for India, how much is Mars orbiter mission going to add to what we already know, from foreign missions, about Mars and its atmosphere? Confidence that A Mars mission is possible. Presence of Methane on Mars. Big Fan of aliens. ISRO is looking for evidence on mars :)
How is this new cryogenic engine different from other kinds of engine used for PSLV launches? No cryo for PSLV.
Ours is smaller and a bit outdated. Outdated in what way and, more importantly, why outdated - you've just built the technology; it should be brand new, no? It was based on soviet model? If so then why were there so many failures and so much time taken? What are you guys doing to upgrade it? No cryo for PSLV. In terms of performance I meant. And are you currently planning to develop launch vehicles with more carrying capacity than GSLV-M3? Edit: Outdated was probably the wrong word to use. Had we gotten it working earlier, we could have focused more on improving the technology further. As for reverse engineering the soviet engine, our current cryo engine is largely an indigenous effort but we have tried and learnt from the soviet experience wherever required and possible. And the numbers speak for us here, our thrust rating is better than the said soviet engine's.
How important is software for your operations? Are onboard systems programmed in Ada, C or some other language? Is everything done inhouse? Software is essential to machine life (human too, but not as much). On board systems are written mostly in ADA, as far as I know. Yes, all on-board software is written in-house.
What kind of data sharing does ISRO do with its partners? 1) I cannot comment on that.
What kind of security clearance did you go through? 2) We had people from the IB and local police come to our house for security check. This was the visible part of it. Don't know about the invisible parts. The IB guy scared mom. The local cop asked for chai pani :D.
Are there any specific security procedures you have to go through everyday? 3) We are not allowed to take in pen drives or mobile phones inside our office. Our entry is bio-metric (fingerprint) authenticated. Tha'ts about it.
Last updated: 2014-01-10 22:01 UTC
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2013.10.22 14:14 gabriel_3 Bleeding edge software and rolling release distro: a newcomer's experiments and impressions

Hi everybody! I'm sharing with the community my experiments and my humble thoughts on setting up a bleeding edge rolling distro by a non tech savvy new comer, as I am, on a Pentium M 2.13Ghz, 2 GB Ram notebook using a 3G broadband internet connection.
I'm a long time open source software user – I've installed OpenOffice in 2003 as first – but till beginning 2013 I was running OSS on Windows; on February 2013, looking for a reliable and fast alternative to Xp, I moved to Xubuntu first and then, as soon as it was released as stable, to Debian Wheezy with Gnome 3; after a while I've upgraded to Jessie.
I started with the classic 3 parted hard disk (os, data/home, swap), and then I added a 4th partition for experimenting new distros; Xp is sleeping is in a VM, and I fire it up rarerly.
After recent LAS and LUP episodes, I got three suggested how-tos to run a system fastly receiving software innovation from upstream: Arch or a distro based on it, Fedora Rawhide, OpenSuse Tumbleweed. I've tested them all – but I was conscious that I needed to do something to protect myself from the problems that a rolling release could present to a non expert user.
As the very first step, I reinstalled Debian stable version – even if Jessie never crashed – and added the official backports repo, Virtualbox and Multimedia repos: I've all the stuff I'm using reasonably up to date on a system stable and requiring few updates; this solid rock is my escaping way in case of problems I should not be able to handle on a second rolling distro. I set up a dedicated user name for this distro in order to avoid settings mixing and messing with the testing distros.
I've started from Fedora Rawhide. I had a Fedora 19 Gnome 3.8 ready on my 2nd os partition, including RpmFusion free and non-free repositories, so I updated it, excluded Rpmfusion, then upgraded to Rawhide and then readded the correct version of RpmFusion repos – this process was clearly directed by error messages I got during the upgrade process. The first glitch I found was the debug version of the kernel, slowing down my rig, but a fast look to the project wiki brought to me the solution: there's a repository containing no-debug kernels. Another small problem: I got some errors executing yum update, caused by broken dependencies of vlc 2.1: I added the option skip-broken and everything was ok, with last versions of software in place where dependecies were consistent. I played on a brand new Gnome 3.10 for a couple of days, and every time I was launching an update something new was coming down, sometimes marked with release 20 some other 21. I mention that Virtualbox set-up could be a problem because there was not a Rawhide dedicated version on Oracle site, also their preistalled virtualization package was not able to read my Xp VM – this in any case, till I've a second os, is not a big problem: my needing of Xp is decreasing more and more. The things that are annoying me are the same of Fedora stable: I've to logout and login when I plug-in my iPad if I want to manage the app directories on it by the file manager and there's not a compiled version of Handbrake, I should use Avidemux instead. My conclusion on Fedora Rawhide: I'm surely positively conditioned by my first viewing of Gnome 3.10 in Fedora Rawhide, but it can be a good way to use very new software even with some rough edges for a normal user because its target audience are devolopers.
Then I moved to OpenSuse: even if it's crystal clear written in their website that the goal of Tumbleweed is to bring updated software in a stable evironment, and not to deliver a rolling version of OpenSuse; anyway I've never installed this distro so I was interested in it. I downloaded a Gnome live distro and completed the installation: there's a lot of details care in this distro; just to say one, the keyboard was set to the right configuration just after I've choosen my language and the web software center is really nice and functional with its one click install. After the first boot there was the small problem of starting network connection – solved easily restarting NetworkManger and rebooting, but something was not fully ok with my 3G dongle, it took 2 or 3 tentatives to connect pluging it in and out. I updated all; after that, I added the Tumbleweed repo, giving a 98 priority (99 is the standard) and updated again. After a new reboot, I was presented with a Gnome 3.8 DE and some updated software, but not the very last version: as an example, Libreoffice was 3.6 and the 4 version was marked as unstable on the software center. I've not investigated on how to connect my iPad or on how to have a smooth 3G connection, because my scope is a rolling release with last versions of software – I've checked the software I'm using: everything is there, excluded Handbrake. They do not support Virtualbox in Tumbleweed but this is not a blocking problem (see above comment in Fedora section). My opinion on OpenSuse after a very short test is this: it can be a very interisting candidate to substitute my beloved Debian as a trusted and stable workhorse, even if it is a bit heavier on pc resources than Wheezy; I'll be testing 13.1 version as soon as it is stable, but it's not the right way to live a bleeding edge experience.
Last I looked for Arch or a suitable derivative. I want a Gnome DE and the fast pace of innovation of Arch repositories and AUR. Arch should be the first natural choice, but the learning curve for setting it up is a blocking barrier for me, starting with the set-up of a working broadband internet connection (my only way to access internet) and ending with the time required. Manjaro has a Gnome community edition but they do not give direct access to Arch repository, they take some testing time from their syncronization with Arch repos to the release in their stable user repos, this is a limitation to my scope. Then there is Antergos: it delivers Gnome as default, gives direct access to Arch official repos and AUR and it offers a Ubuntu-style installer. As I discovered, the internet connection is mandatory – they take the most part of the packages from Arch repos during the install process– but it is easy to set it up by systemctl controls on NetworkManager and ModemManager services, and the usual nm-applet. After the installation I've been presented with a 3.10 Gnome DE nicely tweaked with Zukitwo theme and Faenza icons, there is a useful app to install Libreoffice and PacmanXG to manage software. At first, PacmanXG gave me 3 errors, one minor on language setting, one on yaourt and one repacman: I've set my language, installed yaourt and then repacman. I've found the packages I use, and also Handbrake is available. At first, iPad file system was not managed, but after the installation of the afc protocol module of gvfs, the iPad connection is plug and play. After few days of use, I've faced only two problems: first, launching the mirror speed optimizer of PacmanXG I lost the configuration of pacman mirrors, so Arch repos were no more accessible: I solved it generating a mirror list by the dedicated Archwiki online tool; second issue when I reinstalled the bootloader from Antergos and I launched grub-mkconfig to set Antergos as default choice at boot, it did not detect Debian (I did not have a backup of previous grub.cfg...); I've reinstalled the grub2 package and it turned to run ok, detecting Debian. Last minor issue, Virtualbox setup requires a bit more attention and understanding with respect to other distros, but Archwiki is a smart guide.
Here below there are my very own and humble conclusion. Antergos is the best out of the three I've tested, I'm keeping it on my notebook and going ahead with testing; it's Arch made easy, so it is perfect for running a rolling bleeding edge distro without the Arch's requirements of Linux knowledge; on the other hand the low level of understanding of what the system is running could bring the simple user to make big damages: a second conservative os ready for booting is very useful in that case; the new and small team managing Antergos, really recent even considering the Cinnarch period, has still to demonstrate their ability to grow and to survive - and this is a cons that Fedora and OpenSuse do not have.
Thank you for reading me and for your comments.
gabriele
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2013.08.27 23:56 Dutch-Pipe-Smoker 5 year jubilee of the Dutch/Belgian Pipe Smokers Forum

For the original post with pictures and links please visit my blog Dutch Pipe Smoker. Thank you.
On August 24th 2013 the Dutch/Belgian Pipe Smokers Forum, of which I am an active member, existed precisely 5 years! This also means that I have been a pipe smoker for 3 years. I registered myself on the forum August 24th 2010 and started smoking pipe around that date. But the forum itself started earlier, in 2008. I have to thank Shaun for writing down the history of the Dutch/Belgian Pipe Smokers Forum. I only translated it:
Who in early 2009 searched on the internet for "pijp roken" (pipe smoking) did not find much, A website of a pipe smokers guild with some practical tips on lighting and burning a pipe. Luckily there also was a fantastic website from Jan Kusters from the Dutch town of Sittard with its extensive and excellent "Pijpenboek van Janneman" (Pipebook from Janneman). Which later pretty much became the standard for every beginning (and more advanced) pipe smoker who spoke the Dutch language.
But... There had to be more??? Therefore on February 3rd 2009 a beginning pipe smoker frantically was searching for more tips, tricks and information about pipes and tobaccos on the internet. Result after result was clicked, page after page was carefully watched. Unfortunately, not at all complementary. Until suddenly in the depths of the Internet on page 10 of the Google searching results a pipe smokers forum popped up! Victory! The end of a long search, what a blessing it would be to receive a warm welcome by fellow smokers. But alas... The disappointment was great: the forum exactly had one member and a message. It was the smallest of all the forums at forum2go.nl, the initial host. After the first disappointment the beginning pipe smoker directly registered as second member under the forum name "Victor Baarn" and through a personal message contacted that first member, the admin: Pim123. Pim123 founded the forum on August 24 2008 as a learning experiment in how to create a forum. Since Pim123 at that time just was learning how to smoke pipe the forum became a pipe smoking forum by accident.
Victor Baarn asked Pim123 whether he might attempt to make the forum bigger. Pim123 gave Victor Baarn the permission to promote the forum and conveniently made ​​him moderator. The weeks after that the search on internet continued and Victor Baarn collected every e-mail address that even remotely had something to do with pipe smoking. A little over a week several dozen e-mail addresses were collected and on February 13th 2009 an invitation e-mail was send throughout the country and abroad (Belgium).
And low and behold, the days after several new members applied, the first one (of course) being Janneman. But it did not go very fast.. Pim123 and Victor Baarn were busy opening new topics, the one after the other, in order to create conversations for the members. At first the forum looked more like a public dialogue between Victor Baarn and Pim123. So it was difficult in the beginning and in the first weeks it was to became clear if the forum would be viable. But luckily, despite the calm, there were some folks who kept on posting. Active members in the first days besides Pim123 and Victor Baarn mainly were Janneman, Antonius, dr. Watson, Joey Peters, Rob, Superpelic, Don Carlos, Bas and Vier Heeren Baai. A club of a few men who nicely chatted away with each other. Without their contributions the forum would not have been viable at that time. What definitely contributed was Janneman's Pipebook for which he granted Pim124 permission to place it on the forum.
There was one certainty: that regularly, weekly a new member applied. Slowly but surely the number of members expanded. The more the merrier: more discussions and terminology. Google picked this up and pushed the forum upwards in the search results, thus creating new members. Another trick to promote the forum was that Victor placed links to sites about pipe smoking that scored high in the Google ranks. This resulted in more points in the search machine and... More new members. On Saturday September the 18th 2010 the first forum-meeting took place in Leerdam with an attendance of 11 members. After a few months the forum stood on page 1 of the search results. After that it went fast.
So fast that on November 7th 2010 Pim 123 announced that he had started the forum as an experiment and, now the forum had 200 members, would like to hand it over into more fanatical hands. Thus, on November 9th 2010 the fanatical DrFretboard became the new admin. And once again things moved fast. This time with regards to the technical progress of the forum. DrFretboard lifted the forum onto a higher technical level and introduced many improvements in the forum structure. Because of the busy traffic several moderators were introduced. The pipe smokers forum really grew up. The strict vision of DrFretboard about the forum led to a lot of discussions after a while. Dissatisfied smokers were found to be huge troublemakers. So on April 29th 2011 DrFretboard voluntary stepped down as admin with the question who was willing to take it over from him. After some discussions Nekker and Massis became the new admins on May 7th 2011.
From the beginning Nekker and Massis had a common target. First the human contacts, second to create the largest encyclopaedia about pipe smoking (in Dutch) that exists on internet. With that also the realization grew that the reigns had to be slacken. A more relaxed vibe sprouted and things started to fall into place. From this grew a hard core of people who not only got along with each other online but also in real life. Many initiatives proved this like mini-meetings, the Leerdam meeting etc. Then there was the big milestone in the forum history. Massis, who also takes care of the technical side of the forum, made the upgrade from the amateurish Forum2go to a professional forum. From then on everything kept on going forwards to (hopefully) never be stopped.
So in 2010 I was searching for info about pipe smoking and of course stumbled upon the forum which included Janneman's Pipe Smoking Book. Eventually I registered and bought my first pipe and tobacco, which is described in my post Humble Beginnings Part 3. I am not a social kind of person. I have a mild form of autism, I stutter sometimes and being an only child is not really good for your communication skills. But the laid back vibe on the forum worked wonders with me, everyone was accepted the way he was and I became more open. Also the amount of metalheads was reassuring (and surprised me!), good folks!
I did not go to the first forum meeting in Leerdam, I only was a member for a short time. For the second one I initially said I could not come, but after some thinking I decided to go after all. Best decision ever. I stood before the old train station building in Leerdam where the meeting was organised and I was thinking like: "Arno, you really must be out of your mind.. You are in a town you have never been before and you are about to walk into a building where a meeting for pipe smokers is organized. And you know no one! Except for some forum posts of course." Still I went inside and I had a blast! Very friendly people and I came to the conclusion that I could have a conversation with everyone because we all had one thing in common: pipe smoking.
And gradually real life friendships developed like with Ed (St Patrick). At the beginning of 2012 I left my car keys inside the car at Ellen's place in Olst while the spare keys were in my apartment in Oss where I still lived at that time. Nobody was willing or had the time to drive me so I could get the spare keys so in the end I desperately called Ed, who I then only just knew. "Oooh, well, then we are going to get the keys Sunday morning in Oss. During the ride we can smoke a pipe, relaaax." I was flabbergasted.. And this kind of stuff characterizes the forum. The kindness, the generosity etc. etc. Of course there were some "hiccups" like the affair with DrFretboard. Also sometimes there are some differences of opinions but it is always solved in a civilized manner.
Because of the forum I crawled out of my shell and I became more social. Also the forum gave me a lot of creative impulses. After I won the "make a new banner competition", organised by Pim123, I also made artwork for wallpapers, shirts, caps, more banners, business cards, mouse-pads, ashtrays, poker-fiches, dice, (forum)pipes and for some wonderful stone tampers made by Martin. Besides this I got motivated by the forum to combine some of my "old loves", history and writing which resulted in this blog. Also I am still busy organizing the forum tobaccos.
So... Let's go for another 5 years! And then 5 more and 5 more and 5 more......
For some pictures of meetings and mini-meetings from the years that I am a member please go to the actual blog. Thank you.
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2012.11.16 14:23 tabledresser [Table] IAmA High School Principal. AMAA.

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Date: 2012-11-16
Link to submission (Has self-text)
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Questions Answers
What do you actually do for most of the day? I am in hallways between classes -- my presence affects the building climate and behavior; I observe and provide feedback of instruction daily; I address discipline referrals; I track down every single unexcused student absence and multiple tardiness; I approve purchase requests; I supervise and evaluate over 60 teachers, 6 custodians, 3 administrative assistants, 10 educational assistants, several psychs, counselors, etc.; I respond to parent emails and phone calls; I intervene many times all day long with student "drama" and crises of all sorts. These are "daily" tasks that don't address the budget, course guide, curricula, departmental classes and course offerings, IEP meetings, school board meetings, building goals, administrative team meetings, RtI implementation, student intervention team meetings, community ATODA task force initiative, scholarship review, etc. The list is seemingly never-ending. And kind of depressing at times.
Are you as serious about student absentees as Mr. Rooney? Actually, yes. I know right.
I see you put "drama" in quotations. What do you really think about the drama? It's everywhere, every day. I should have an honorary PhD in dealing with 16-year old kid drama.
Did you block reddit on the computers? Yup. Our district tech director and I figured that /gonewild may interfere with student learning.
Should have blocked imgur instead to really screw with them. I did. That's the backbone of /gonewild anyway. Or so I've been told...
All of Reddit for just nsfw subreddits? Reddit can be a valuable resource at times. Also, the students are probably trickier than your "tech director" and some have gotten around it. I'm sure kids are taking advantage of my naiveity and getting away with shit every day.
Can't you just block anything along the lines of https...gonewild and other nsfw areas, but allow the "nice" areas? Or at least allow certain subreddits like askscience? It wouldn't be worth it. I'll be honest: I want students at school learning our curricula. Reddit -- and many other sites -- would be a huge distraction.
I like how you link to it everytime. Errr. Oops. Heh.
Craziest situation that has occurred in your years as an educator? It could be anything... Wow, not even sure where to start on this one. I once had a senior near graduation discreetly release a flock of pigeons in the upstairs hallway. We once had a HUGE pile of manure dumped on one of the entire building entrances. I've experienced deer carcasses in the building, strung out incoherently intoxicated students, among other wacky incidents.
Would love to know more about the pigeon incident...I'm long past high school but somewhat impressed with the creativity of that one, and curious as to how you got rid of the pigeons... I rounded up all the science and Ag teachers and told them to get busy!
Haha thanks, didn't expect an answer to this! Was there poop everywhere? Did anyone get in real trouble? It was part of several senior pranks on the last day and we never could prove which kid did it. Yes, some pigeon shit was dealt with on that infamous day!
What's the worst thing someone has said to you while working as a principal? I think "fuck you you old ass fucking prick!". I was 33. Is 33 really "old ass" category? That one still hurts a little.
Maybe they were just calling you old and "ass fucking" was the combination. A blow at your age and sexuality? Ouch. Never thought about it like that. :)
Thanks for doing this AMA! Always cool to see teachers using reddit. How do you feel about teachers' unions? Do you think that they are helpful or harmful towards education? That said, how do you feel about giving high school teachers tenure? Do you wish you could fire some and keep the good ones? I have some mixed feelings about teachers unions. Full disclosure: my wife is a teacher and belongs to a union. I believe that teachers and other educational staff should have the right to unionize. Truthfully, I believe that weak administrators are a bigger barrier to removing poor teachers than are the unions themselves. The union in the district I work is excellent -- they have great leadership, they work collaboratively with the school board and administration, and they have yet to get in my way when it comes to dealing with staff that need to go. In regards to tenure: I just don't think it's necessary. Good instructors have very little to worry about anyway, in my experience.
What's your favorite teen movie ever? And do you have a favorite principal/dean antagonist? Edward Rooney in Ferris Bueller's Day Off is classic, largely because that movie itself is a classic.
Have you ever had to enforce a rule but didn't want to or felt guilty about it? For sure. I can think of an incident where one kid student punched another student who happened to be a student with a history of bullying/harassment type issues. The kid pretty much deserved it, but the kid who threw the punch was disciplined both via school consequences and police consequences.
I think you may be talking about my situation( was the excact same thing) was the kid who deserved it named alex fortin. Maybe.
As a current procrastinating high school student who uses Reddit to cope with school life, how do you do it? Find a balance. I'm a principal who also uses reddit, plays Xbox, WoW, etc. Do what you need to do first, and reward yourself with what you like to do afterwards. Google "Premack Principle." Now live it.
This begs the question: Do you raid? Do you overhear students talking about it and think "Hah! Demonology is sooo 4 years ago. Affliction's where it's at these days." I want to believe, I really do. I used to be a WoW raider, and before that (which really makes me old) a big time Everquest raider. I just simply don't have as much time although I am fortunate to not need more than 5 hours of sleep each night. That helps. I almost finished Assassin's Creed 3 last night and probably would have had I not been answering AMA questions!
Out of curiosity, if a student found out somehow and asked you to raid with them would? If not because of conflict of interest would you after they get out of your school? Nah. We have an acceptual usage policy that actually prohibits us from online gaming with students, or Facebook friending students, etc.
How do you feel about the No Child Left Behind act? It didn't work, which was predicted from day 1. Unrealistic expectation.
What is your approach to teacher performance evaluation? How do you measure student outcomes, and how much pressure do you get to achieve certain test scores, etc.? I'm a believer than school is about LEARNING. Not homework or busy work completion. Not chasing an arbitrary percentage grade that is then transformed into an oftentimes more arbitrary letter grade, which may or may not be a valid reflection of actual learning. There is still so much bullshit in education that needs to evolve and overcome years of antiquated bad 'factory model' practice from traditional high school service delivery. If teachers are on board with my philosophy about learning and subsequently demonstrate it via classroom practice, performance evaluation is then an easy rubber stamp.
I once threw a bottle at my headteachers head, I didn't mean it to hit him, but he stood in front of it. He then took me into his office and we proceeded to laugh at it.. has anybody ever threw a bottle at your head? The kid who would throw a bottle at my head probably wouldn't have a very good day after that. But nope, hasn't happened...yet.
Are there drug problems you're aware of at school, and if so, any interesting stories? I think schools are microcosms of the towns/communities of which they exist. The better question is probably related to drug problems in our greate community. The answer: definitely. Even pot is a major issue if it interferes with learning (which it oftentimes does in habitual users).
How do you feel about charter public schools? I've never worked in one and don't have any firsthand experience; however, contrary to some legislative/political belief, charter schools are not the magical answer to large, failing urban high schools.
What drove you to select becoming a principal? Are you proud of how your school functions? How do the recent budget cuts affect your school? I ask this because I am sure some schools handle it better than others. Favorite school subject? When I started in my first year of my career as an educator 13 years ago, I had a principal who could not connect with kids or with staff, was weak with student management, and was overall just plain ineffective. I realized that year that my greatest means to make a large difference in kids could/would be as a principal...but one who would do many things differently than this guy was doing. I worked with him another four years before I left that district for another district.
I've been wondering this forever. Principals are always so busy -- I have to make an appointment a few days in advance if I need to talk to my school's -- but what do they do?! I try to accommodate parents' meeting request that day. It's kind of a dick move to pretend I'm so busy and be so aloof as not to be able to find a time to meet with you and address your concerns until next Wednesday.
I am in a precal class, and our entire class recently failed a test. i mean big time. like not one person got above a 65%. the average was about a 30 percent. We all think our teacher is terrible and this is proof. however he even told us that if we tried to go to our principal he would say his other precal class did fine and its (and i quote) just this stupid class. they averaged a 75 by cheating. they freely admit this to us. what should we do? Tell your teacher, respectfully of course, that his responsibility for yours and your classmates' learning is not absolved just because the test is over. Furthermore, the class performance should suggest that there's a huge disconnect between his intended curriculum that he taught and the curriculum that was received by you all. if I were you, I would request a meeting with the teacher and principal if you felt like you were getting nowhere with what I first suggested.
Do you think that it's possible that when you are evaluating teachers, they 'fake' being good until you leave? One of my past teachers said that if we don't 'act' like we are learning while the principal in in the room, he would assign a crap load of homework. If I were only in classrooms once every two months on a scheduled basis, sure. But I pop in unannounced all the time. It's hard to fake that.
In highschool I never really did anything, but when the Principal was in I pretended to make my teachers look good. Good guy slacker student. I'm sure there's a meme for that!
I think Reddit calls it "lazy college senior" but it could go both ways. Also, what's the mascot of the school you work at? I'm leaving for work in two minutes and I'm already nervous that students of mine have read this and might suspect this is me. I'm definitely not mentioning our mascot!
How do you feel about schools that restrict hugging? Eesh, Do those high schools also prohibit dances and shorts/skirts on girls? It's 2012, not 1962...
How do you encourage an "esprit de corps" in your school? My daughter goes to a private school and there are currently a significant student unrest and at least 25% of the students in her year are looking for alternate schools to transfer to... I have a rule that all incoming 9th graders must join at least one co-curricular activity, sport, or club. Whether you play soccer, participate in the Xbox Gaming Club, or are part of the FFA, I could care less. I just want kids to be connected to the school in more ways than just the 7 hours of daily class work. This way, kids feel connected and want to be there, which is hugely important obviously.
What about the "recreational psychoactive chemistry club"? Nice try.
Worst thing you've ever had to punish a student for? Doesn't matter what kind of punishment. Probably two kids who were caught with their pants down on a bus, under a blanket, on an interstate band trip. That was the worst in a couple ways because on one hand, it was a totally ballsy move that the former 17-year old in me wanted to high five the boy for, but at the same time, it was totally inappropriate and probably traumatizing for a couple other kids on the bus. But that was far from the most severe punishable behavior I've dealt with.
What's the MOST SEVERE behavior? I've seen a couple pretty nasty fights. Fist full of hair, roots and all, from one chick fight -- that visual will haunt me forever.
If you had a teacher whom honestly was the most talented teacher on staff, connected with kids, helped increase funding for a program, etc etc, but you knew he participated it activities typically not condone for teachers, would you look the other way? (i.e. alcoholism/weed/extremist activism/etc) Probably. As long as their behavior didn't become public and wasn't harmful to anyone. Teachers are held to a different, higher ethical standard than the average citizen -- and given their exposure and impact on teenagers, they should be. But I ask myself "if my own son's teacher was absolutely phenomenal...but she was a big time drinker and pot-smoker outside of school, would I care.". Nope, don't care -- just continue ensuring my son learns like a mofo!
Wow, that's an incredibly small high school. Mine had 2700. Are all schools where you live that small? I live and work in a fairly small town. I think 600 kids is the absolutely perfect size of a high school. It's not so small that kids are stuck for life in cohorts of 30 kids, and it's not so big (e.g., 2700) that kids fall through the cracks. My school is a school that most people would want their own kids to attend -- that's definitely saying something, in my opinion.
I want to be a high school History Teacher, and will be going to college at K-State next year to achieve that goal. Any tips to give? Yes -- double major and get a dual certification in Special Education. HS Social Studies teachers are a dime a dozen. Set yourself apart from your competition, and at the same time, learn skills and theory related to differentiation, scaffolding lessons to meet all students' needs, etc.
1.) Do principals have direct influence over which teachers they hire? 3.) What do you think of programs like AmeriCorps and Teach for America? I don't have a lo of experience with those programs, but they seem to have a reputation for sticking brand new, 22 year old white teachers into the toughest urban teaching assignments imaginable. Maybe that's just a bad stereotypical reputation -- I truthfully don't know.
2.) What are the credentials for your teachers to be hired to teach a certain subject. Say would they hire an engineer, who only had a BS, to teach a calculus course? Credentials are determined by the state. If said engineer was also a certified teacher, then sure.
On this have you ever thought of adding a senior student on to the hiring panel? Not really...but I do use students to give applicants building tours, then ask them their impressions.
What is the craziest scenario you have had to deal with during your time as a principal? One student screaming while running out of a bathroom because (after investigation) another student in the bathroom (with a disability) was throwing/wiping poop on him.
What percentage of your students use drugs? Including marijuana? I'd guess up to 35 percent recreationally. Maybe 5 to 10 percent daily. But maybe I'm naive and it's more.
On a given day how many do you think are high/drunk? Very few high. Drunk? Probably never since kids aren't typically that stupid. Alcohol is so easily detectable whereas Rx pills, pot, etc, is not as easy.
ZERO tolerance policies, what's your opinion and have you had to enforce them? Zero tolerance usually doesn't leave much room for common sense.
Do you do that cheesy "I put the 'pal' in principal," line to incoming freshmen? Also, 600 students seems really small. That was the size of my graduating class. Nope, heh. I think 600 is an awesome school size.
I have a question about suspensions. How do you feel they help a student realise the thing they did wrong and how do you see it as a punishment? The suspensions here work as basically the student gets time at home, no homework no nothing. Is this really the most effective way of doing things? I personally know that students that have been suspended, do it intentionally to get time off school. They don't learn anything in this time, and teachers don't have time to catch them up on what they missed. We also, rarely, had in school suspensions, which i see to be more effective. Shut off from friends, had to bring lunch to that room and was forced to be in a room all day with the days work brought to them. And all they could do was be in that room. This seems to be a much more effective way. So in short. How do you feel about suspensions? I really don't have a wide range of options for major behavioral issues, but I definitely try to in-school versus OSS. Effective? Sometimes, but oftentimes it's more punitive than it is restorative or educational. But at times it's important to send the message to other students, and staff, that certain types of behavior are simply not tolerated. I also have no problem including the local police foe issues of fighting, harassment/bullying, major profanity toward other adults, things like that.
Do you try the food the school serves the students? Most of it's shit. I like the fresh fruit/vegetables at least.
How often, if ever, do you give in to a parent's demands? My wife is a high school teacher and her principal will throw the teachers under the bus for asinine complaints just to make parents happy. I don't operate like that. I have no problem whatsoever saying "no" to parents. I certainly hope that if my teachers were anonymously surveyed they would indicate that I am supportive and have their backs. That's very important to me. I will always defend teachers publicly but there have been times that I have had an immediate follow-up closed door conversation if that said/did something stupid.
Im planning on becoming a high school math teacher. I love learning and teaching math but I have no desire to take part in student life types of activities; sports, non academic clubs, dances etc. i see the value in those things but i just dont see myself as that sort of teacher. if you were interviewing, me how would you respond to this? Don't admit any of that in an interview. :)
Have you ever had to side with a teacher over a student merely to preserve the natural order of things? Or have you ever had to punish a pupil for acting out or talking back in a situation that made you think, "Hey, this kid's got a point." or, "you know, that may have been inappropriate for a classroom, but it was pretty darn clever."?? Or something like that. I've agreed with students over teachers, but not publicly.
This probably isn't a great question, but I'm curious. I went to a pretty low-grade high school and, not to toot my own horn, but the curriculum was just far too simple for me. I was "left behind" because the teachers didn't have time for a bored straight "A" student. As a result, I spent most of my time being a general thorn in everyone's side - doing whatever I could to push the limits all the way to the principal's office. Do you encounter students like me and how do you deal with them? Or not, as was my case. Yes, we have kids like you. I work with a brilliant G/T teacher who is good at collaborating with teachers and parents to ensure your kind is challenged every day. It's pretty effective but not perfect.
4)Have you ever had a kids that you just knew was a lost cause? (please elaborate) Lost cause? A few, yes. They were evil. I can think of three very specific examples and I truly believe the world would be better off without those three individuals. Two of them are now in jail. One is a serious crime waiting to happen. It's sad but it's reality.
My principal is actually very chill, just today we were discussing thanksgiving break plans, and we even exchanged PSN I.Ds do you try to develop friendly relationships with your students? Establishing connections with kids is crucial. I am friendly but am not friends, if that makes sense.
What is the biggest drug bust you have encountered on school property? A trunk of a car that contained a full blown drug dealing operation including baggies, scales, and thousands of dollars worth of pot.
If you're married or in a relationship does being a principal get in the way of it? Or affect it in any way? Working with teenagers does it sometimes make you wonder if you have children, will they come out being like them? Being a principal has taken a toll on my marriage largely due to the number of hours I work and the many evenings my wife takes care of our kids by herself. It sucks sometimes but she knew what I was getting into.
Do you believe that marks and scores are fair ways to judge a student's skills? Yes, if done right.
I'm really bad at high school math and I'm starting to think it's just the way it's taught (Teachers clicking through slides on a smartboard and drawing sample problems that they solve themselves) is this seen as an effective teaching method by the teaching community and am I just bad or is this really just a shitty method? If you're not learning, something instructional is likely not working.
Last updated: 2012-11-20 07:29 UTC
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2012.10.03 07:21 tabledresser [Table] IAmA: I am Matt Rogers - founder of Nest and former Apple engineer

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Date: 2012-10-02
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Questions Answers
Are there plans for an API? I'd like to be able to download my heating data and perform my own analysis. I would also like to remotely control my Nest programmatically (not using the iOS apps). Thanks for the awesome product! We've got a ton of requests for an API since we launched. Its something we have been thinking about, but we want to make sure the primary Nest app experience is stellar before we start branching out and adding developers. Most people forget that it took until iOS 2.0 for Apple to add 3rd party apps to the iPhone, and they have an enormous developer support team. Anything that we do at Nest has to be great, and I don't think we are ready as a company for a 3rd party program just yet.
My question is related to NEST's energy savings... where can we see the numbers? I've looked on the web and a lot of people are drawn into the Nest for its aesthetic, and I'm one of them. However, I've yet to see HARD numbers for savings before and after in multiple homes. And if you don't have them, can you work on getting them for us? It's pointless to buy a pretty, expensive device, if it's not really saving money. Also a followup -- what about the comments from HVAC pros who say that the way Nest cycles the HVAC units can cause damage? Does Nest 2.0 change anythign there? I'd recommend checking out our new white paper. Yoky Matsuoka (our head of technology and my old professor) has been analyzing all of our data and pushed this out today. I can say the savings are real if you teach Nest well. Much like a Prius, if you drive it like a sports car, you may not get good mileage, but if you teach it well and use all the features we built, you will save. Link to downloads.nest.com
Thanks! Do you ever do any sort of beta testing with new releases or anything of the sort? We love to have new technology in our hands, and even moreso we'd love to help work through problems and make suggestions. We actually do extensive beta testing with outside folks. Obviously confidentiality is critical, but if anyone is interested email [email protected].
What are the plans beyond the thermostat? I see you can make it smaller, and a little more intuitive, but what next for your company? The most I can say is that you don't build a team like this one for just one product :)
Matt I'm curious what your biggest challenge was in bringing the original Nest to launch. You've got a beautiful product that seems to have found traction in the marketplace quickly and with few iterations. The marketing also looks really polished and tested. Like Apple, a lot of this was done behind closed doors and before launch. What were the biggest design decisions and challenges in creating the Nest, and what do you think have been the biggest factors in the success of the Nest so far? Also: what are the most important things you've learned SINCE launch that you didn't know before launch? We spent a ton of time actually just trying to keep it simple. There are so many things we could have done but at the core, its a thermostat. Its really hard to prevent feature creep or prevent the UI from getting cluttered. Since we've launched the biggest thing we've learned is that HVAC is the wild-west. Seriously. Every system and home can be different which is a huge challenge for our hardware and software teams.
Hi Matt, What do you think about product tear downs or reverse engineering, from a student perspective vs. obviously reverse engineering from a potential competitive perspective? (As a young engineer, I wish there were better publicly available take-aparts and PCB-level examinations/explanations of the Nest and of the Nest 2.0 you just announced.) Also, what about managing contract manufacturers? What can a young startup do to ensure a contract manufacturer doesn't sell or steal some of your company's IP so that a one-hung-lo supplier from nowheresville, China copies it and introduces a competing rip-off product in a market you're not selling into now? I've learned a ton over the years from teardowns, its always good to see how other engineers have thought about product design and see if there are other chips out there that you might not have known about. That said, its always important to be sensitive to others' IP, but generally things like what chips are used can't be patented. Managing CMs is a huge ball of wax, and one of the biggest challenges for any hardware company (and even Apple from my experiences). It takes a ton of time and usually a dedicated team to manage them (as well as the supply base). Generally we aren't worried about them stealing IP, their business is to help build products for companies like us. They would lose their entire business if there were IP issues.
What did/do you like more? Working at Apple or having your own startup? And why? Honestly, very different, but there's nothing like having your own startup. Having complete design freedom and building your own team from scratch are amazing experiences. But we wouldn't have been able to start Nest if we hadn't learned all we did there.
Do you use a real-time operating system? What programming language(s) are used? How do you test your code? We use a combination of things actually. The base unit that the wires go into runs a bare metal style firmware environment that is as tight as we can possibly make it. The head unit runs Linux actually but a few versions back. Pretty much all of our code is either in bare metal C and our UI code is in C++ (without a lot of the actual C++ facilities like templates, etc).
Do the Nest servers need to act as the intermediary between the thermostat and the mobile app? How functional would the thermostat be if Nest (or specifically the Nest servers) were no longer around? They do. We want for you to be able to control your Nest using the mobile apps over 3G, which wouldn't be possible without a server middleman. In order to use features like remote control or get software updates you need to be connected, but the product works great unconnected or if the servers offline (which very rarely happens).
What kind of facilities do you use for testing? Mockups of rooms and houses, real houses or what? Also, can the Learning Thermostat be used in multiple numbers for large or connected spaces, in some networked way? All of the above actually. We dog food everything ourselves in our homes, we built about 50 desk mounted homes for basic testing, and we are aided but an extraordinary amount of beta test homes all around the country. We have about 17 of them in our office building here in Palo Alto controlling the building here.
Is Nest looking for Android developers? OMG yes! Please email Jose Cong ([email protected]) we are hiring big time!!!
I have a 2 story house but only one HVAC the upper level is always hotter than the lower level - any plans for adding remote sensors to add to the Nest to be able to sense the whole house vs just the area around the Nest? In the end you only have 1 zone, adding a remote sensor could help keep your upstairs cooler but it would waste a ton of energy downstairs. We've put quite a bit of thought into this exact problem and its really tough, I don't know of a great solution yet.
Congrats on the new Nest unit, will the first gen still be available for sale? maybe discounted? We've stopped production of the 1st gen product, but there are still some left at Lowes, Amazon, and Apple.com reduced to $229.
What's it like to work with kevin po? Kevin is a freaking star. there are few engineers who can drink as many slurpees per day while fixing crazy bugs.
I tried to order the new Nest online, but it won't let me ship it to my work so I can sign for it. It requires you to use your billing address. Any way around this? Yea, I feel your pain. We got hit with a big fraud attack recently and this is what our e-commerce partner recommended in the short term. Ah, the joys of the internet...
What were some of the real-life problems you encountered that you hadn't prepared for before the product was released? One of the biggest problems we had to face was dealing with issues that werent even ours! Things like general heating issues get blamed on us and we have to do our best at helping customers figure it out. In many cases, we've sent engineers or techs out to our customers' homes in order to help troubleshoot (albeit cases like this have been pretty rare)
Thank you for making a great product. With the announcement of the newest version of the Nest will this bring down the price of the previous version? I would love to put a Nest in all of my family's homes but can't afford $250 per family. Any possibility of an upgrade price for users on the first version (ala cell phone)? The 1st gen product price drops to $229 today (can grab them at Amazon, Apple.com and Lowes)
You're stranded on a desert island. what are the 3 things you MUST have with you? Water, food, and a satellite enabled phone.
Hi Matt, No question here, I just wanted to thank you for making awesome products. I love my nest, especially when it does the awesome things it is supposed to. If I ever decide to move west, Nest Labs is on the top of the list of companies I'd love to work for. Awesome, great to hear! We are hiring in pretty much every area. Just email Jose Cong ([email protected])
Matt, I was also wondering about jobs. I checked your website's postings, but I didn't see any open internships. I was wondering if the thought had occurred to you guys to hire some this coming summer? Thank you. We had a solid internship program last summer (about 25 interns), we even hired some! Please send us your resume, we love interns!
Are there plans for an update to the iOS app to fill the iPhone 5 screen size? Stay tuned... very very soon :)
How do you manage product development? (what tools, what process serves you well). How did you "start"? What tools did you use for Product Design? Thank you (ever so grateful - wonderful product!) We run a very similar process as we used to use at Apple, where we do few but relatively large releases per year (as opposed to iterating really rapidly). When you are doing hardware, you can't ship crap, so there isn't a good fit for an agile development model. For PD, we use the NX/unigraphics toolchain, its a little expensive but our engineers love it.
2 more, if you'd be so kind! What about managing the "list of things to do", the actual task management? Initial sketches? (what CAD software) - the very very first ideas. We use Jira for just about everything task/bug related. For early, early sketching we use solidworks, but move to UG as soon as engineering gets involved.
What was your greatest moment at Apple? (Could be a particular day, experience, or achievement.) I think the greatest moment at Apple was shipping the 3rd generation nano (the short, fatty one). We redid the entire application framework at the same time as a major hardware change at the same time as doing a new shuffle, classic, and the iphone. It nearly killed the team, we worked around the clock, 7 days a week to make sure there was a new nano for christmas, and we made it. It was a huge accomplishment for the entire ipod team, and fueled the growth of the entire company.
I may be unpopular for asking, but off the top of your head, do you have any insights into Apple internal culture that you would be willing to share? Apple culture isn't something that can be explained easily, it isn't uniform around the company. Each division has its own unique feel (iOS SW, Mac Hardware, iPod/iPhone Hardware, etc), but all of them are hugely customer focused and in the details.
Does the new unit have smoother wheel action? My original nest feels a little.. scrapey. It does :) A ton went into making that solid stainless ring feel extra smooth.
Who would you rather fight, Kevin Po or 100 duck sized horses? 100 duck sized Kevin Po's hands down.
So Matt...do you like Gladiator movies? I was never one for Gladiator movies, I'm more of a sci-fi guy.
Have you ever been in a Turkish prison? Not yet.
Have you ever seen a grown man naked? More times than i'd like...
I'm curious about the technical side of Nest. I know it runs Linux, and the legal info mentions boost so I'm assuming there's a bunch of C++ code. Was there stuff you couldn't find in the open source universe that you had to write in-house? What about the UI? We use quite a bit of OSS but also had to write a ton of stuff on our own. On the networking stack side of the world we worked with the open source community and have actually given back (in particular look at connman an alternative to network manager better suited for embedded devices). The UI toolkit was totally written from scratch. We couldnt find anything that worked well for the round UI!
Matt, Will there be a trade up program offered by nest for the early adopters that bought the first gen of the nest thermostat? Nick. We don't think there needs to be, all of our customers will be getting the new software over the air in the next day or so!
Hello Matt, Does the new 3.0 nest software fix the communication issue with the latest gen of the apple airport express base station? Nick. We actually fixed the Apple Airport issues with 2.1.3 about a month ago (3.0 has the fixes as well)
Why does nest not gather local weather information and adjust the thermostat accordingly? For instance, if right now its 80 degrees, but tonight it will drop to 50, why not automatically have nest kick in the heat based on the forecast information. This has always puzzled me. It actually does for some systems where it makes the most sense. See more here about our new feature Heat Pump Balance
LOVED your interview with TechCrunch! Any chance of hiring an old guy with 30+ years of software development? I work just around the corner from you now. And yes, I saw the references to Mr. Cong. Thanks! We'd love to talk to you, we have an enormously diverse team (probably more so than anywhere else in the valley that I've seen).
I'm curious about the Dell in the background of the interview. Is your philosophy that people should use the tools with which they are comfortable (as opposed to a corporate mandate)? On the Dell, you are spot on. Many of us use Macs, but we don't force any tools/computers on anyone, they very much get to pick.
Hi Matt, are the current ( old ) units going to support whole house humidifiers as well or do you need the new unit for that? You'll need the 2nd gen product for those.
Matt, I got the email today about the 2nd Gen Next and the upcoming 3.0 software. Other than cosmetic, is there any benefit to updating my current Nest? Also, I loved it when you guys added the "range" feature, so when will you guys had a "hold" feature where it holds a single temperature, say 72 ±1, so my house stays where I want it and not within a 3 degree range? There's some great stuff in 3.0, check it out here
Matt, were you guys surprised at the lawsuit from Honeywell? I know you probably can't talk too much a bout it, but was just wondering if it caught you guys off guard a little. It's amazing that the IP wars extend to the lowly thermostat! Totally sucks. Its really unfortunate when big companies see the only way to compete is to sue the new guy.
What inspired you & the team to design Nest and what were the core tenets your team aspired to create in the device? The key inspiration is actually the frustration with products today. Thermostats control about 50% of home energy and up until Nest, none solved the core problem (horrible UX leading to only 11% of people actually programming their thermostat). Our core tenet: keep it simple! A lot of companies say it, but it requires enormous discipline to actually do it.
Who am I taking to when I call support? Guys in your office? How much went into to support for the company? For really hard issues, calls get sent over to support engineers at our office. For most issues, our call center handles things nicely (they are awesome btw, if you haven't spoken to them)
I told my dad about Nest after I explained it's features and showed him how it has saved my wife and I money in our house. He says "it won't work for him because his thermostat is in a low-traffic room". I replied that the Nest website specifically says it works in low-traffic rooms but he doesn't believe it. Can you explain briefly how Nest knows when you're Away? My guess is motion sensors but is that all? And here's the relavent section: Nest only knows what you and its sensors tell it. In its first week on your wall, Nest will figure out if it can turn on Auto-Away or not. If Nest is in an unused bedroom or tucked behind a bookshelf, it can’t know when you’re home and when you’re gone. If that’s the case, try setting Away yourself—on your thermostat itself or from your Nest Account. But the good news is, Auto-Away does work in 9 out of 10 homes, even when it’s in a place that doesn’t get much traffic, like your dining room. Even if you don’t walk directly in front of your thermostat for days at a time, the level of activity that Nest needs for Auto-Away to work is actually really low. It also helps that Nest has a 150° wide-angle view and can sense movement across the room.
Lately I've been interested in making a good Iphone-app, what would you suggest to get started for someone who's really not that familiar to programming diff. apps? A buddy of mine used to teach a class at Stanford (he still might) the lectures seem to online too here
There is a lot of information on how to use Nest as a replacement thermostat. But I want to do this in reverse. I am building/renovating a house and I have just purchased a Nest2. I want to choose a heating system that can make the best use of whatever I choose. What is the optimal way to wire or configure/choose a system to use Nest as best as possible? 2 stage systems are the way to go, that way it can use the low setting whenever it can and a high setting when it has a lot of catch up to do.
Does Nest have any plans to introduce home automation products? our philosophy
What was your favorite (and least favorite) class in CMU? Favorite class at CMU: Howie Choset's intro to robotics (number has changed recently, but its a great hands on class that involves SW, AI, Mechanical Design, Sensors, etc)
Least favorite: Probability Theory, never understood why we had to take that... Never used anything I learned in that class.
Are the titles people use in the Apple commercials true? Like in a iPhone/iPad/iWhatever commercial a person will have their name written in white font at the bottom and then a title like "Senior Vice President of Stuff", is that actually their title? I've always called that BS. Yeap, those are their official company titles.
Is there any hardware difference (like the accuracy of the sensors, etc) between Nest and Nest 2.0? Also, are there plans to drop support for the original Nest (via Software updates) after several generations, like Apple does with iOS devices? Thanks, and I love my Nest! They are very similar from a hardware perspective besides the industrial design and the increased compatibility
Matt, my own pet theory is that you guys - Tony and yourself - got started on the whole thermostats idea because of the appallingly bad ones in MA1... is there some truth to that? :-) Haha, those things never worked! But no the true inspiration were the crappy thermostats at Tony's house in Tahoe.
Matt, Love the Nest, we have three, and ordering one more for our radiant heat thermo. My question is: other than aesthetics, why purchase Model 2.0 while 1.0 is still available? (i understand you are no longer making version 1.0). Is there anything model 2.0 does with the new 3.0 software that model 1.0 can't do with the same 3.0 software? Nope, total feature parity with the exception of the increased compatibility.
What are your favorite and least favorite parts about your job? Same answer for both. Its an intensive all-in kind of thing, makes it incredibly rewarding but also quite exhausting!
Follow-up AMA question: Since it's an ARM, it produces a fair bit of power; enough that you have to care about power dissipation, or does the whole thing just sort of act as a heatsink and you don't have to worry much? If managed well, ARMs can be very low power. In actuality, the CPU is asleep 99.9% of the time.
Apple or android. Best android phone? Best apple phone? Appreciated. I use both actually. I use a Nexus 7 tablet and an iPhone 5.
How did you come up with the interface for the Nest thermostat? At the most basic level, we just wanted it to be a simple dial that you turn up or down. In the end, people just want to be comfortable, so having the big number and the wheel are all most need.
As a high school student looking to change the world in an engineering way, any tips? Get involved in FIRST robotics. Its an amazing program and taught me a ton. Also provides an opportunity to learn from some really stellar engineers.
Coke or pepsi? Neither. i actually don't drink sugar water. tea all the way (usually green or pu-erh)
What can we Nest owners do in the future when the built-in battery finally gives up the ghose? We've actually designed the internal battery to last a really long time! But if many years from now it isnt holding a charge, it isnt hard to service.
What benefits would I get from a Nest unit if I don't ever leave the house, and constantly run the AC? It seems a unit like yours is made for people who have more structured schedules. Features like Airwave are totally schedule independent and work to save by just optimizing how your system works.
How difficult to get something manufactured in China? Its a pretty hard thing to do, we have an entire team of people who manage the manufacturer and supply base. You have to continuously stay on top of things to make sure parts arrive on time and are always up to quality.
Love the 3 Nests I have although I'll probably be forced to upgrade at least one because of the new features in your latest product. Would you please explain to us the software upgrade push process? Everybody at once, rolled-out, how long it will take to do all units, etc. No need to upgrade the hardware to get the newest features. If your Nests are connected to wifi, over the next day or so they will be updated automatically.
I've been planning on replacing my really old thermostat. Will the nest learning one help me save money? We find that most people who buy nest save. We actually have an entire section of our website dedicated to it!
My impression of the Nest is that it drove techie types crazy because it kept trying to anticipate what they wanted. Link to 5by5.tv. Link to 5by5.tv. Are you guys making it more 'traditionally' programmable in the future? Our mobile apps and web app are great places to program it manually (and auto-schedule can always be turned off for those who dont want it)
As a budding engineepossible entrepreneur, do you have any good career advice or any tips that helped you get to where you are today? Take every opportunity to learn or grow regardless of where you think it might go.
I wanted to ask if they would be fixing Guam zip code support or start allowing users to set the clock manually. We'll take a look at how we can better do zip code support in the future.
You should give Adam a raise. He worked his ass off on that site. :) He sure did kick ass. We couldn't have done it without him.
KPo is a beast. Kpo is a beast.
Thanks for making something so easy to use and so beautiful. :) Thanks! We put a ton into it, great to hear people like what we've built!
Nest is one of my favorite things in the world - No question from me, I just want to tell you how much i love it. Thanks! the enthusiasm definitely helps keep us going.
Make nest iOS app default to a night mode during the evening. When the app opens it is a bright white screen, which I don't need to see when I am changing temp from bed. Thats a really good idea. Thanks!
From what I can tell the newer model is slightly smaller but as far as software goes it will run the same so no need to upgrade if you have nest 1. Yeap thats right on.
Seriously. first world problem. making the world lazy. thanks Matt. 10% of US energy usage goes to heating/cooling homes, we didn't make the problem, just doing what we can to help solve it.
Last updated: 2012-10-06 23:45 UTC
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2012.04.21 08:21 tabledresser [Table] IAmA: IAm Yishan Wong, the Reddit CEO

Verified? (This bot cannot verify AMAs just yet)
Date: 2012-04-20
Link to submission (Has self-text)
Link to my post
Questions Answers
What's your favorite subreddit? yishansucks.
Although I am disappointed. There has been a severe drop in good content being submitted to that subreddit over the past few weeks.
How do you plan to generate revenues without pissing off the entire community? Like what happened at Digg? SdotM0USE's note about viewing reddit as akin to a city-state is on-base.
1) If you're not paying for a product, you are the product.
2) We should try to come up with as many ways for our users to pay us money as possible.
[credits go to two reddit employees who originally cited/articulated these two principles]
One of the ways Digg started to go off the rails is because they became too beholden to their advertisers. Ultimately, you are beholden to the people who give you money. Thus, I want an arrangement where most of our money comes from redditors.
This doesn't mean "charge to use reddit."
What it means is that I want reddit to be good enough and useful enough that enough redditors find it worthwhile to give us money. This will likely mean the addition of value-services, or new features. Or simply developing a somewhat different advertising model where most of the ads come from members of the community, because they will be more likely to be sensitive community norms, not to mention relevant.
For more talk, see the city-state answer.
What plans do you have for the future of Reddit? Hey, I'm going to write a really detailed answer here but this is a placeholder while I write it; interspersed with writing shorter answers to other simple questions. Just want to let you know.
(one hour later...)
I've begun to converge on the idea that a good way to think of reddit is as a city-state. This is in contrast to how a lot of businesses think of themselves as e.g. money-making machines to be optimized and exploited, and customers to be cynically manipulated.
In particular, when answering the question, "what is reddit?" there are at least two answers that often arise. The first is "reddit-the-company," which is a legal entity responsible for maintaining and building the platform (servers, code). The second is "reddit-everything," which is both reddit-the-company, plus the community, their contributions, the brand, etc. This has a lot of similarities to a city-state. With a city, there is the legal framework and physical infrastructure, plus basic services. Then there are all the people who live in the city and form communities and institutions and culture and provide the real character of that city. The "City of San Francisco" is the legal entity, and then there is "San Francisco" that people think of when they say the name, with all the people and culture and institutions. Notably, the city-as-legal-entity does not own the people and communities. It may exercise jurisdictional power for purposes of maintaining civil order (e.g. police, fire, anti-spam), and there is a concept of eminent domain, but morally speaking the city exists to facilitate and steward the messy human goals of the people who live there. This is how I've come to think of reddit.
1) Community: I would like more people to be able to use reddit. reddit is great, and I think that with continually-improving community-management features, the proliferation of subreddits means that more people can find communities that they like on reddit and benefit from the general positive spirit that reddit has. It can be a city-state that is unbound by the geographical limits of real-life cities, and subreddits can do a lot to loosely link together many diverse communities and peoples.
Encourage the health and vibrancy of the community via useful tools and features, but as Clay Shirky noted, many problems in online communities are social problems, and they cannot be solved by technical means.
Encourage the growth of the city-state, e.g. encourage people to join reddit, help them learn what the behavioral norms are, find subreddits that most interest them, and promote the brand of reddit to the world at large.
2) Infrastructure: a key responsibility of reddit-the-company is to maintain a reliable, quick, and efficient infrastructure. We're the only ones who can, and ensuring that basic services run well is key to everything else.
3) Self-sustaining revenue. reddit has a number of promising revenue streams that can be responsibly scaled and there have been good ideas from both the community and team about other things we can do to monetize that are beneficial rather than extractive.
If you have a million people living in a city, no one says, "Hey, we have two million eyeballs, let's monetize by plastering every city surface with ads!" I don't have a personal objection to ads per se, but the problem of being reliant on advertising as our main revenue source is that you're always beholden to the people who pay you money, and if we (reddit-the-company) are beholden to outside advertisers, we may not be aligned with the interests of our users. The situation where your revenue comes from advertisers but you try to hold the line on what's best for your users is a tough situation to be in: there's constant tension and difficult tradeoffs - both Google and Facebook have this issue. I'd like for us to not have that issue.
I'd prefer for us to be "beholden" to our users. If we can have most of our revenue coming in from users - either in the form of paying for additional services we build or if most of our advertising comes from the community advertising to itself (e.g. self-serve) - then our interests will be more aligned, like a city-state is beholden to its taxpayers.
So, that's roughly a high-level conception of how I see reddit (managing a city, rather than a product), and what I believe that implies regarding our responsibilities in building that city.
1) I see reddit as a city-state.
2) Community, infrastructure, self-sustaining revenue.
What are your plans for the "search" system? Make search fast and comprehensive.
Any Googlers who love reddit and would like to re-write a search system from scratch can contact me.
Speeds not the issue, look what I get when I try to search for your IAmA. Well, let me include correctness/relevance in my definition of comprehensive. But basically, yeah.
What are your thoughts on how the community has created tools around Reddit -- not just RES, but things like AutoModerator, sites like RedditInvestigator, etc -- do you feel that certain tools may be a detriment to Reddit, or is all sorts of crazy tinkering always welcome? Oh, you're welcome! RES is great! (also, yes, I got your message - sorry I didn't reply!) It's always true that people can create bad tools, but I just consider that a part of, well, reality.
How would you compare Reddit to similar sized companies? Compared to companies that drive a similar amount of traffic: reddit is able to do so with far fewer employees and a lower cost basis.
Compared to companies with a similar number of employees: reddit drives way more traffic (well, maybe except for Instagram?) and has a much larger influence on the world.
Compared to companies of a similar age: Sometimes you need a 6-year window
If, hypothetically, Facebook were interested in buying Reddit, would you sell? If so, for how much? I used to work at Facebook. Not to say that working there was bad, but I don't see any reason to go back.
off (delayed) congratulations on the position, wish you all the best. Question: Can you describe a regular day as a Reddit CEO? Are there emails/phone calls involved? A brief explanation would be great. Thanks Most of my days are pretty irregular, dealing with whatever comes up (or which I planned for that day).
I am definitely a big user of email. I think that stuff is great! You just type your letter on this magic television with a keyboard and zip! the computer just sends it off someone! I love the future!
The phone, less so.
What's your thoughts on the reddit "Hivemind?" It's actually a remarkably good analogy.
You know how people often use "herding cats" as an analogy for managing developers or writers or other difficult-to-manage people?
Well, "managing" the community is kind of like beekeeping. There is absolutely no way to get it to do what you want, so you can't really manage or control it, you are mostly just trying to set up ways for all the bees be happy. Flowers and stuff[1]. And if they are happy, sometimes they will make honey, and everyone seems to like that (e.g. positive change for the world, charity drives, etc).
Occasionally something will piss off the bees (sometimes it's something you do, or something someone else does) and they will swarm around and sting you. You really can't do anything about it, but also the swarm eventually goes away.
And like beekeepers, you just need to be wearing decent protection, or have a thick skin. I grew up in the internet age of trolling and flaming, so it's pretty okay for me.
TL;DR: yeah, it's like a hivemind. It swarms uncontrollably, but it also makes honey.
[1] I don't actually know much about beekeeping.
How do you intend to monetize Reddit? Are you going to actively and aggressively pursue more celebrity attention and activity here? This might seem awful, like "oh no, he's going to charge us for reddit services!" but what it really means is that I want to try and make sure reddit is doing things for you that you value so much that you want to pay money for them. I feel that reflects who we're creating value for. If you do things that make advertisers money, it means you'd doing things that create value for advertisers. I view celebrity attention and activity as something that helps bring people to reddit. The question is how to bring the right types of people to reddit, i.e. people who are interested in discourse and community, and would find reddit interesting.
Are you going to fix the markdown syntax so that you don't make silly list-numbering mistakes like this in the future? Arrrrrgghhhh.
I wonder if he would implement FB-style ads and corporate accounts like in FB. He could really sell targeted ads like Doritos to trees or Astroglide to Atheism. I have no pressure from "corporate." I was hired explicitly with no direction at all, and asked to come up with what to do. So reddit-as-city-state it is.
I wonder if "corporate" is giving him pressure. Digg screwed up because investors were pressuring him to get more revenue right? You will be interested to know that I was the engineering manager at FB in charge of both ads and the "corporate accounts" ("FB Pages"). But I don't think that's what reddit is about.
How does your boss feel about you being on Reddit all day? Glad that I'm finally doing a full day's work.
Do you play starcraft II? Yes. yishan:215.
Low Silver league, baby!
How can us users helps advance Reddit? How do you feel about the current direction of our lil (massive) world? Well, let me first reference my vision of "reddit as city-state."
From that perspective, I would say, "Do what a citizen who is proud of their city would do to build and enhance that city."
There are many things that make a city great that the city government cannot do. They have to be done by private individuals or many individuals working as a collective.
One of these things is creating institutions that promote the ideals of the city. Some institutions are public, but others arise from the desires of the people. On reddit these might be important subreddits (and moderating them), conventions of behavior (and encouraging them by telling people and expressing disapproval when violated), or schools of thought (like styles of moderation). Or probably half a dozen other things I haven't thought of.
These are important because institutions live and die by a more free-market dynamic than the actions of city government, and thus are more faithful to serving the needs of the community. reddit's unique value is very much its community, so helping to grow institutions of and by it is very crucial.
Or, if that sounds too lofty and daunting, just help spread reddit to your friends. Help bring people to our fair city, and show them around. reddit-the-company will try to build some better subreddit-discovery features, but the real reason people come to a new city and love it is because of the people they find there. So one thing you can do is just introduce people to reddit and help them understand it and feel welcome.
TL;DR.
1) build institutions within reddit.
2) introduce new people to reddit and help them feel welcome.
Or, if that sounds too lofty and daunting, just help spread reddit to your friends. So to use reddit you have to have FRIENDS now? I don't like these changes. Not one bit. Creating good novelty accounts contributes to the community too.
Is there any way at all you can limit all your comments to Rampart? I was actually going to try and see the movie before i did this AMA so that I could make comments and talk about it, but when I looked it was only being shown in these obscure theaters over an hour's drive from me.
What are your plans and ideas to keep Reddit from going all Myspace? (sorry for the multiple questions, i just thought of them while waiting for you.) 1) Don't love your advertisers more than your users. If you're going to use advertising as a revenue stream, keep in mind that advertisers go where users are, but users don't go to a place for the ads. At one point, Myspace implemented an ad for the Hulk movie on the frontpage, where the Hulk would pop out at your on your browser for a few seconds and play an animation before you could use the page. No human being goes to a site to see an ad like that. 2) Open-source technology stack I'm not saying this due to any OSS idealism, but there's an interesting thing that happens for sites of a world-class size: at the highest traffic levels, OTS (closed-source) software doesn't scale. This is just because OTS software is built for the common case, i.e. non-world-class traffic levels. OTS open-source software also doesn't scale - the difference is that once you hit the scaling limit of your technology stack, open-source software allows you to open it up and scale it yourself, whereas closed-source software does not. Myspace was continually at the mercy of Microsoft, who had to send down technicians to try and scale their stuff for them, whereas e.g. Facebook just keep building out its stuff using its own engineers. This meant that Myspace often had spotty or terrible performance and was powerless to do anything about it.
Ahhh... this could get so long so I'm going to link to an answer I wrote elsewhere about it. Sorry to be lazy - there are so many questions here to answer!
What is a typical day like? (if it exists) I don't think I've had a typical day yet.
One macro thing that makes my days atypical is that I have to commute 40 miles each day to the office, so I actually spend two days working off-site either at home or another local co-working space. So I split my on-site days doing more face-to-face stuff and my off-site days doing more thinking/writing. Though we just got an offer accepted on a house in SF, so hopefully that will end soon[1].
Another thing is that in a ceo position, you often don't have typical routines. You're sort of dealing with whatever issue is most important. I'm hoping to set up a regular cycle of face-to-face meetings soon with every member of the reddit team (right now they've been ad-hoc) so that I can keep up to date, and that might give some regularity to my schedule, but so far it's just been dealing with things in a "as-they-come-up" fashion. It's a transitionary period, both in me learning more about the company, meeting other ceos to get tips about the job, working on financial/legal items relating to the company's separation, etc.
[1] reddit ceo tells you about his personal problems.
One of the cornerstones of Reddit seems to be freedom of speech and expression. It's a great community where lots of different-minded people can come together to discuss current events, ideas, and cats. How do you keep the balance between offering users freedom and minimizing creepy stuff? Sexualized images of minors are a tricky issue to deal with. I'm not referring to tricky morally. I'm referred to "how can you tell by looking at a picture if a person is over or under 18?" That's a thing that a human has to do - a human has to go look at every picture you want to make a decision about and try to figure it out, and often it's difficult (or impossible). We don't have enough humans working at reddit to do it - not even close. It's also an emotionally exhausting thing to do. So we could not draw the line in the grey area, we had to draw the line all the way over to the side, i.e. no sexualized images of minors at all, at a point where we had the operational capacity to support it. We can only promulgate policies that we have the practical capability to enforce. To address your question directly (and unsatisfyingly), the answer is that we strive not to have to be the ones who keep that balance. We want to bias towards freedom of expression and, if we are to think of reddit as a city-state, there are always parts of a city that are "creepy" or "unsavory," but our decisions to ever eliminate or curtail them are based on practical concerns relating to maintaining the integrity of the city. That is, cities sometimes invoke eminent domain to take over or raze a block of land, perhaps because there was a toxic spill or something else that may be actively dangerous from a practical perspective. That's how we try to think about it.
What's your favorite meme? (I have a bet with a coworker that it's high expectations asian father) You win the bet.
How do you justify the existence of subreddits such as rapingwomen, chokeabitch, et. al., when reddit has banned other hatereddits like stormfront? I checked into /stormfront.
First, for the casual reader, it appears that /stormfront these days is a troll/humor reddit devoted to weather and white supremacy.
Second, it turns out that the banning of /stormfront apparently occurred in the distant past, prior to when any of the current employees worked here. However, dim recollections of the event from people who were part of the reddit community include: - /stormfront wasn't actually banned, they went private - /stormfront was banned due to the mods using it primarily for spamming/vote-cheating, and not content.
So, I apologize for not having better data on that specifically. Do you have any better data on /stormfront and what happened?
In any case, perhaps a modern example is the existence of /White_Pride and /WhiteRights.
We do not justify the existence of subreddits with controversial or objectionable content. We justify a general policy of being a neutral communications platform that strives for a bias towards freedom of expression because we operate in a country with such laws and a cultural tradition of the same (i.e. First Amendment, etc).
Oh, also: it would be great if the TOS specifically addressed reddit's policy of unrestricted free speech, so that users know what they're getting into when they join the site. Right now it's just boilerplate that seems to contradict your stated stance here. Just to elaborate: reddit has not had a very internet-ready legal department for most of its existence. On the other hand, there was still a legal staff "responsible for" reddit; they're more geared towards a large company like Conde Nast (and are located entirely in NYC). This means that we (reddit in SF) had no ability to re-write a TOS because no one was a lawyer, nor were we able to say, "Okay, we are going to get rid of a TOS." We actually do have an in-house internet-savvy lawyer now (to be introduced soon!), so she is going to help us re-write the TOS and UA to reflect the operational realities of reddit and how users use it.
According to your wiki page you were the SEM of PayPal... So I'm curious if you know why PayPal makes it intentionally hard to contact them when you need to (even going so far as to obfuscate their phone number on their own website)? (more accurately, was a SEM at PayPal)
Yes, they do. The reason is not exactly sinister - one issue facing many internet companies is that they have a much larger user-to-employee ratio than brick-and-mortar companies. They simply can't provide enough humans to handle the call volume, so they structure things to encourage you to contact them via other, more scalable means like email or webforms. If they gave you a readily-available phone number, the call volume would be so high that you'd spend most of your time waiting on a busy signal.
That said, that's not the worst problem with PayPal's customer service. :-/
Why don't they just say that instead of being all sneaky about it? Lack of transparency is probably the one thing that irks me the most about companies. I should try to get the CEO of PayPal to come do an AMA.
Do you plan to toke up today? Not today.
What do you find most enjoyable (or daunting) about being the CEO of Reddit? There is a great sense of potential about the future. reddit has emerged from a long line of trials and tribulations to become a great force for good on the web. What amazing things lie ahead??
Also, the cafeteria here is really good.
I could totally fuck it up. All my friends use reddit, so on Day 1 it's all "Congratulations on the new job, Yishan!" but on Day 700 it could be "Way to ruin reddit, Yishan! It was doing great before you came along!"
So I have very personal reasons to do a good job.
How much money would google/facebook/microsoft or some other company have to offer you and your shareholders for you to sell reddit? Nice try, google/facebook/microsoft.
Do you think the front page has too many images/memes, as some old-timers say, or are you basically fine with where it is? It has too many memes. I recently unsubscribed from pics and funny, which helped a lot, but that is not a solution that occurs to the casual user.
I don't know if you've been following the /moderationlog and /politicalmoderation subreddits, but I would suggest a pretty consistent bias/censorship agenda has been demonstrated by the mods of some of the default subreddits, that ultimately threatens to turn Reddit into the next Digg. This situation would seem to be utterly democratic: users can subscribe to and read subreddits and vote, and the moderator of that subreddit can control the content within, and if users do not like that, they can leave and create a competing subreddit along similar topical lines but with different moderation policies/biases. reddit admins created the initial list of default subreddits, and then solicited active/helpful members of the community at that time to become its moderators. Today, due to their inclusion on the front page, these default subreddits enjoy disproportionate exposure and traffic, and through numbers alone therefore wield proportionally greater influence over the discourse that happens around those topics. So whatever biases the first moderators had were institutionalized by the admins. The advantage of democracy is that bias is balanced by a free market of ideas, i.e. if you don't like the bias in moderation of a particular subreddit, you can start your own. But, due to the structural/historical advantage of the default subreddits, this is easier to do with non-default subreddits than with defaults. There are instances where this has happened already with major subreddits, such as /ainbow and /trees, so there is precedent that the energy barrier is not too high. On the other hand, it's harder with default subreddits (I think there was something like /news -> /worldnews, and /iama from /askreddit). So the question is - is the energy barrier at the right level? Should we lower it? It's not clear, but it's possible that we can experiment with features to move the energy barrier up and down, and see how it effect the ecosystem. We may do that.
What made Reddit great in the first place was the user-generated content and the user-voting system that decides what gets maximum exposure. Censoring posts breaks this platform. How do you propose to protect Reddit from being destroyed by the mods? "Censorship" is not exactly correct in this instance. reddit-the-company does not censor any of those posts, they're done by the moderators of those subreddits. Each subreddit is created by a user (any user can create a subreddit), and that user becomes the first moderator of that subreddit, and can delete content in their subreddit at will.
Did you take the reddit crew out to see Rampart? I would if they wanted, but hueypriest said they saw it and told me it was pretty bad.
I'm a moderator over at /conspiracy and I have a question regarding the moderation of the larger subreddits. I am always happy to answer a question about a potential conspiracy theory. Secondly, occasionally reddit employees (admins) will remove posts. Because posts in larger subreddits get more distribution, they are more likely to come to our attention. However, we remove posts for reasons of spammy-ness or vote-cheating, not according to whether or not we agree with them.
In recent weeks, we have seen many accusations of censorship on Reddit and some suggest the content allowed on these larger subreddits is largely moderated or influenced by employees of Reddit/Conde Naste. First, Conde Nast definitely has nothing to say about how we are moderating the content in those subreddits. They have better ways of influencing the world and are just happy that reddit seems to be succeeding. The general risk/reward motivation of a reddit employee is "avoid getting yelled at by the community." Thus, it's primarily about doing the fair thing or what adheres most closely to the rules, rather than impose any personal bias or risk even appearance of bias, because real bias in any direction incurs the massive wrath of half the userbase.
You must have cats. That's not a question.
Don't forget our dinner date! I'll bee there!
What's your salary. You said AMA! Happy birthday!
Please see: Link to www.reddit.com
Last updated: 2012-04-25 03:24 UTC
This post was generated by a robot! Send all complaints to epsy.
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